Женский фандрайзинг в период Американской революции.
Article dedicated to the women's participation in supplying of Continental Army during the Revolutionary War. Association of American women collected money, clothing and provisions helping troops to survive the crisis moments in the war life.
During the Revolutionary War, women applied their traditional skills they learned as homemakers to espionage work. Often at great peril they secretly provided critical intelligence data to military and civilian leaders. There were several women in the Setauket Spy Ring that operated during revolution and kept general Washington supplied with information regarding the movements of the British troops in New York and Long Island.
This article is about Deborah Sampson (1760-1827) - a remarkable woman serving in the Continental Army. Inspired by the events of the American Revolution, she dressed in men's clothing and enlisted in Massachusetts Regiment under the assumed name of Robert Shurtlieff. She became the first woman who received a pension based on her service in American Army. She was the first female who lectured on her experience as a soldier in the war.
Sculpture has always been a purely masculine matter. However, history has known a number of women’s names in this art. One of them is Patience Lowell Wright (1725–1786). She molded her figures out of wax since childhood. After the death of her husband,to earn a living for herself and her children, she turned a hobby into a job. In the 17th century, the activities of professional sculptors in America were limited to the production of tombstones and nose pieces for ships. Patience’s sister showed how to model life-size figures. Patience decided to specialize in creating images of outstanding contemporaries. In short, a traveling exhibition (the first in the US) of figures of famous public figures was created. Two years later, the number of figures was enough to organize two permanent exhibitions in Philadelphia and New York. But on June 3, 1771, a fire destroyed many of her works and she decided to move to London. Owing to the patronage of Benjamin Franklin, she was quickly accepted into London society. She made many famous British figures including Th. Penn, Ch. Fox, W. Pitt, C. Macaulay. She had a friendly relationship even with the royal couple, but only before the start of the Independence War. The sculptor openly sided with the colonists. It is believed that she even sent spy information,hidden in her figures, to the members of the Continental Congress. Another sphere of Wright’s activities was the liberation of American prisoners that started with the “Platt Case”. After the struggle for independence resulted in an open conflict, Wright’s business declined sharply. Left without a job in 1780, she went to Paris, hoping to open a new wax studio. By making a bust of Franklin, she tried to find a way to Parisian society, but failed. In 1782, she returned to London and began writing to American leaders, including G. Washington and Th. Jefferson, for permission to make their models. By 1785, she decided to return to New Jersey. However, when preparing for the departure, she fell and broke her leg. A week later, on March 23, 1786, she died. Her sister Rachel was trying to get financial assistance from prominent Americans and the Continental Congress to pay for her burial, but to no avail. Ultimately, P. Wright was buried in London, and her place of burial is unknown now.
This article is about legendary maker of the first American flag. According to family tradition, she made flag of stars and stripes in early June 1776 for a secret committee consisting of G. Washington, R. Morris and G. Ross. Although this fact is undocumented her identity is well established in public, government and historical records.
In this book, readers are presented with several women's diaries (Quakers, loyalists and Baroness of Brunswick), written by an eyewitness of the War for the independence of the USA, which are published in Russian for the first time.