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Regular version of the site

Article

Long-Period Oscillations of Sunspots by NoRH and SSRT Observations

Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan. 2013. Vol. 65. No. SP1. P. S13-1-S13-12.
Irina A. Bakunina, Abramov-Maximov V. E., Nakariakov V. M., Lesovoy S. V., Soloviev A. A., Tikhomirov Y. V., Melnikov V. F., Shibasaki K., Nagovitsyn Y. A., Averina E. L.

Long-term oscillations of microwave emission generated in sunspot magnetospheres are detected with the Nobeyama Radioheliograph (NoRH) at a frequency of 17 GHz, and the Siberian Solar Radio Telescope (SSRT) at 5.7 GHz. Significant periodicities in the range of 22–170 min are found in the variation of the emission intensity, polarisation and the degree of circular polarisation. Periods of the oscillations are not stable: they are different in different sunspots and in the same sunspot on different days. A cross-correlation analysis shows the presence of common significant periods in both NoRH and SSRT data. The cross-correlation coefficients are typically lower than 0.5, which can be attributed to the different heights of the emission formation, and different mechanisms for the emission generation (gyroresonance and thermal bremstrahlung at 17 GHz, and pure gyroresonance at 5.7 GHz). The observational results are consistent with the global sunspot oscillation model.