Патримониальные предпринимательские сети и конкурентная борьба
We consider the socio-economic phenomenon - patrimonial business networks that are prevalent in the domestic economy. It is shown that these networks are formed by entrepreneurs as protection from the external environment, primarily - from misconduct government representatives.
The author notes that Russian authorities have to comply with competition rules established in the legislation and current practice. The grounds are for this. President holds consultations with representatives of political parties and business. The government creates Advisory platform. Several parties represented in Parliament. Other organs included in the rules of competition as well. Although the experts evaluate the quality of competition is not always positive.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.