The article represents a sort of prologue to the debate about the political form as a phenomenon and as an analytical category. In the first part of the article published in this issue, M.Ilyin, having briefly touched upon morphology as a special method of scientific analysis of reality, tries to answer the question of why people perceive as a phenomenon of the same order and use the same word “form” (or its analogues) to describe very dissimilar analytical tools; considers the ratio of different real political forms (plural) with an abstract political form (singular); and introduces a distinction between political form, political orders and political formulae. The first part of the article concludes with the review of the real forms, orders and formulae that existed before, exist now and are capable of existing through times and civilizational spaces of politics with the help of the scientific apparatus of evolutionary morphology.
The article represents a sort of prologue to the debate about the political form as a phenomenon and as an analytical category. After the excursion into morphology and its inherent interpretations of forms (morphs, patterns, types, images etc.), as well as into the chronopolitical scheme of evolutionary morphology undertaken by the author in the first part of the paper (seePoliteia, 2014, № 4), M.Ilyin starts discussing specific ideas and proposals put forward by S.Kaspe in the article “On Notion of Political Form” published in Politeia, 2012, № 4. He focuses on the issues related to the conceptualization of political forms and evolutionary sequence of forms’ development.
The article deals with the problem of social justice. Justice is generally regarded as the first virtue of social institutions. Any political society may be more or less just. The contemporary theory of justice is comprised of a number of competing doctrines belonging to John Rawls, Robert Nozick, David Gouthier and some other. In this article I use the theory of justice as an instrument for the analysis of the social realations in Russia. I hold, that we have got a very specific justice in Russia, which may be intitled as a patrimonial justice. The patrimonial justice is a hierarchycal one. To some extent many of the traditional Russian problems, such as corruption are related to the specificity of the Russian justice. At the same time there are some indications that the values of equality and freedom, constituting the core of liberal values are on the brink of extinction not only in Russia but even in the West. There is every reason to believe that the global society, which slowly emerge, has a tendency to become a society of global patrimonialism. This is a dangerous tendency and something must be done to prevent it from coming true
In result of intensive personnel replacements in 2014 - first half of 2016, Russian political regime has strengthened its personalistic character and shifted from the 'corporate' to 'sultanistic'.