Определение критериев системной значимости банков в России
In July 2013. Basel Committee on Banking Supervision published a new version of the document concerning the identification and regulation of systemically important financial institutions. In this paper modified version of the Basel Committee’s method is proposed, taking into account the features of the banking sector in Russia and approbation of the proposed method on official statements of the largest Russian banks.
According to recent empirical studies, the new regulatory proposals concerning capital and liquidity standards as well as monitoring of global systemically important financial institutions may lead in a decline of the annual growth rates of GDP due to increase in lending rates and reduction of lending activities of commercial banks. At the same time, some studies show that the new measures may stimulate stability of financial system and help to reduce the probability of banking crises. This paper reviews the results of empirical studies on potential influence of new Basel III standards on functioning of the banking system, economic growth and financial stability.
Collection of research papers prepared on the basis of a multi-disciplinary scientific-practical seminar "International sanctions: threats, challenges and opportunities for the modernization of the Russian economy" (October 29, 2014). In the collection covers a wide range of problems related to the influence of the international situations on the Russian economy and development potential of importsubstitution.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.