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This is the first fundamental textbook on the problems of regulation football. It introduced the concept of football law as the latest substructure of sports law and part of the legal system. The author generalized, systematized and commented the existing legal base in the field of football. The practice of application of regulations is analyzed, areas of improvement is identified. The experience of football relations regulation in foreign countries is analyzed. For students, graduate students and teachers of economics, jurisprydence and physical cultura schools and faculties, researchers, sports managers and sports agents, legal specialists, employees of sports organizations and the relevant governing bodies, athletes, coaches, referees and sports doctors, to all citizens engaged in physical culture and sports.
In this paper we deal with mathematical modeling of team sport games based on cellular automata (CA). We describe some developments of CA models of football. Presumable learning and optimization problems in team modeling based on CA are discussed. Some general problems are discussed which are related to the accounting of mentality of game participants.
Recent developments in international football governance seem to be progressively leading toward an increasing use of technological devices for refereeing purposes. Opponents to change are often portrayed as old-fashioned or conservative. Philosophy might be of some help to overcome the dispute. In this paper, we first explore several concepts that are central to the current debate on football refereeing. Then, we determine the business of referees in relation to rules. We assess different arguments displayed regarding the role of chance and skills in competitions. Finally, we argue for the idea of referees as full players in football games.
Football in Russian poetry
This paper analyses the impact of national level social capital on national football team success. There is a growing literature on sport economics and in football in particular. The role of social capital in economic problems dealing with collective actions is often investigated by researcher in different context, however this phenomenon has not been studied for the case of national football teams yet. The regression analysis of 59 countries data demonstrates that national football team performance is negatively affected by generalized trust, while the effect of the importance of mutual help and a coach and team culture identity is positive. The results obtained in the article can be applied to improve national football team performance, what in turn leads to strengthening national proud and unity, development of professional mass sports and human and social capital accumulation.
The new concept of football law as a modern substructure of sports law and legal system element is introduced. The existing legal base in the field of football is summarized, organized and analyzed. It is substantiated football law as the latest sphere of scientific jurisprudence and academic discipline, their content and structure are defined. Much attention is paid to the regulation of administrative relations in football.
Research question: This paper investigates how football sponsorship influences the financial performance of sponsors. We suggest a new instrumental variable to avoid endogeneity.
Research methods: We use an instrumental variable regression framework combined with a fixed effects model. The number of tweets containing both team and sponsor names are collected to use as the instrumental variable.
Results and findings: We analyze top European leagues. Our results show that football sponsorship is more charity than commercial investment. The analysis of determinants of becoming a sponsor and sponsorship amount shows that companies owned by individuals are more likely to become a sponsor.
Implications: Shareholders should be aware of sponsorship deals, and senior management should analyze the financial assumptions of such projects carefully.
Institutions affect investment decisions, including investments in human capital. Hence institutions are relevant for the allocation of talent. Good market-supporting institutions attract talent to productive value-creating activities, whereas poor ones raise the appeal of rent-seeking. We propose a theoretical model that predicts that more talented individuals are particularly sensitive in their career choices to the quality of institutions, and test these predictions on a sample of around 95 countries of the world. We find a strong positive association between the quality of institutions and graduation of college and university students in science, and an even stronger negative correlation with graduation in law. Our findings are robust to various specifications of empirical models, including smaller samples of former colonies and transition countries. The quality of human capital makes the distinction between educational choices under strong and weak institutions particularly sharp. We show that the allocation of talent is an important link between institutions and growth.