The Working Paper examines the peculiarities of the Russian model of corporate governance and control in the banking sector. The study relies upon theoretical as well as applied research of corporate governance in Russian commercial banks featuring different forms of ownership. We focus on real interests of all stakeholders, namely bank and stock market regulators, bank owners, investors, top managers and other insiders. The Anglo-American concept of corporate governance, based on agency theory and implying outside investors’ control over banks through stock market, is found to bear limited relevance. We suggest some ways of overcoming the gap between formal institutions of governance and the real life.
In the process of developing an information system for logistics transportation, there is a need to determine the initial rating of the new carrier within the parent company. The presence of the rating helps to more accurately carry out the formation of orders and build forecasts of its interaction with the parent company in the future
The paper demonstrates the necessity of forming models and procedures of management decision making for improving the quality of higher education management. The authors examine monitoring results of some higher education institutions effectiveness, alumni employment, student surveys as information resources of such an approach. Structuring of these resources is carried out by means of the indexing theory. In order to implement this multistep procedure of management decision making the authors processed and analysed data through the integral estimation, built ranking arrays and clusterized the educational institutions. As well, the authors used neural simulation of depending the rates of quality education upon the factors characterizing conditions and resources. Optimization models and numeric procedures of decision making providing compensation of the revealed deviations from standard requirements are also developed.
The concept of Umwelt introduced by J. von Uexküll is important not only for biosemiotics, but also for the development of cybernetics, general system theory, and management theory. Umwelt is not just an environment of a living organism, but also a certain cut of reality, a subjective world of perception and action of the organism. This concept is connected with concepts of ecological niche, negative feedback, homeostasis, and mobile equilibrium, as well as the concept of sustainable development. The semiotic turn in the life sciences and in cognitive science influences the management theory. In it, such conceptual tendencies as constructivism, active adaptation, the choice of possible and preferable futures, and the extended ecological approach are methodologically significant.
В статье представлен аналитический обзор литературы по метрикам публикации как инструменту управления эффективностью в академических кругах. Вопросы количественной оценки исследований исследуются в свете современных взглядов на мотивацию, в частности через призму теории самоопределения (SDT). Статья дает представление об эмпирических исследованиях влияния внутренней и внешней мотивации на производительность публикаций, качество исследований и субъективное благополучие. Накопленный международный опыт в управлении эффективностью используется в качестве основы для разработки рекомендаций по улучшению академического управления.
The distractive effects on attentional task performance in different paradigms are analyzed in this paper. I demonstrate how distractors may negatively affect (interference effect), positively (redundancy effect) or neutrally (null effect). Distractor effects described in literature are classified in accordance with their hypothetical source. The general rule of the theory is also introduced. It contains the formal prediction of the particular distractor effect, based on entropy and redundancy measures from the mathematical theory of communication (Shannon, 1948). Single- vs dual-process frameworks are considered for hypothetical mechanisms which underpin the distractor effects. Distractor profiles (DPs) are also introduced for the formalization and simple visualization of experimental data concerning the distractor effects. Typical shapes of DPs and their interpretations are discussed with examples from three frequently cited experiments. Finally, the paper introduces hierarchical hypothesis that states the level-fashion modulating interrelations between distractor effects of different classes.
This article describes the expierence of studying factors influencing the social well-being of educational migrants as mesured by means of a psychological well-being scale (A. Perrudet-Badoux, G.A. Mendelsohn, J.Chiche, 1988) previously adapted for Russian by M.V. Sokolova. A statistical analysis of the scale's reliability is performed. Trends in dynamics of subjective well-being are indentified on the basis the correlations analysis between the condbtbions of adaptation and its success rate, and potential mechanisms for developing subjective well-being among student migrants living in student hostels are described. Particular attention is paid to commuting as a factor of adaptation.