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Article

Интегральный традиционализм: между политикой и эзотерикой

This article describes the various interpretations of the integral traditionalism, discusses his role in the political and religious movements of the 20th century. The author suggests two possible options: traditionalism as a political or religious ideology. On the example of political movements and individuals which associated themselves with traditionalism (C.Z. Codreanu, J. Evola, Baron Ungern von Sternberg) author concludes that the political ideology of integral traditionalism is not tenable, since its main objectives lie not in the material world, but in the world beyond. Traditionalists as politics were more directed to the spiritual world (or that they're under this world understand) and this fact lead them to the situation in which actual role of those movements on the political stage was minor. It’s better to consider integral traditionalism as religious or semireligious ideology, with its practical expression in various forms of social action. This ideology contains a number of specific features of Western esotericism and it seems that the most appropriate strategy of research of this movements lies within the field of studies in Western esotericism. This approach has been taken in a number of works by western researchers and has already brought results, while in Russia scholars often want to reduce to traditionalism to its purely political forms, this approach leads to an underestimation of these movements and thinkers or too hasty judgments about them.