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Книга
Moss P., Gillian W., Marian B. et al. L.: Institute of Education University of London, 2014.

The review covers Maternity, Paternity and Parental leaves; leave to care for sick children and other employment-related measures to support working parents; and early childhood education and care policy. As well as policies, it provides information on publications and research.    The review is based on country notes from each participating country. Each country note follows a standard format: details of different types of leave; the relationship between leave policy and early childhood education and care policy; recent policy developments; information on take-up of leave; recent publications and current research projects.    The review also includes definitions of the main types of leave policies; and cross-country comparisons. These comparative overviews cover: each main type of leave; total leave available; the relationship between leave and ECEC entitlements; policy changes and developments since the previous review; publications since the previous review; and ongoing research in participating countries.

The 2014 review includes one new country, Israel. Altogether, it covers 35 countries. In addition to Israel, these are: Austria, Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Russian Federation, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom, United States of America.

Добавлено: 4 октября 2014
Книга
Moss P., Gillian W., Marian B. et al. L.: Institute of Education University of London, 2015.
Добавлено: 21 октября 2015
Книга
Abankina I., Alashkevich M., Bolotov V. et al. M.: National Research University Higher School of Economics, 2018.

Human capital is produced primarily by the education system. Today it is the most important factor in the development of economy and society. By investing in human capital, economic growth rates above the average world-level can be achieved, which is necessary in order to strengthen Russia’s positions in the context of increasing global competition. The report proposes 12 projects, aiming not only for the development of education, but for making a decisive contribution to the “breakthrough” of the country in economic, social and technological development by activating the creative potential of the Russian population as a whole and self-realization of each individual. The ultimate result of all the proposed 12 solutions will be a steady increase in the quality of life of the Russian people.

Добавлено: 26 сентября 2018
Книга
Под редакцией: M. M. Komarov, S. V. Maltseva, D. Aveiro et al. Vol. 2: Volume 2 – Workshop Papers. Los Alamitos: IEEE Computer Society, 2014.

We warmly welcome you to the proceedings of the 16th IEEE Conference on Business Informatics (CBI 2014). The CBI series (www.cbi-series.org) started in 1998 as a workshop on Dependable and Real-Time E-Commerce Systems (DARE) and then continued as a Workshop on Advanced Issues of EC-ommerce and Web-based Information Systems (WECWI) that in 2003 evolved into a conference named IEEE Conference on e-Commerce and Enterprise Computing (CEC). In 2013, the CEC, in its turn, enlarged its scope and became the IEEE Conference on Business Informatics (CBI). Today, the CBI conference brings together different research domains related to Business Informatics and offers a venue to researchers and practitioners in this field to stimulate discussions, synergy and integration of their respective research results and activities. Business Informatics is a scientific discipline targeting information processes and related phenomena in their socio-economical business context, including companies, organisations, administrations and society in general. Business Informatics is a fertile ground for research with the potential for immense and tangible impact. As a field of study, it endeavours to take a systematic and analytic approach in aligning core concepts from management science, organisational science, economics information science, and informatics into an integrated engineering science. The field of Business Informatics involves a broad spectrum of more specific research domains that focus on important aspect of informatics in the context of organizations, ecosystems and society at large. These domains include: Business Model Innovation, Business Process Engineering, Empowering & Enabling Technologies, Enterprise Architecture, Enterprise Engineering, Enterprise Modelling, Enterprise & Business Transformation, Method Engineering, Service Innovation & Engineering, Social & Frontier Technologies, Business Data Engineering and Analytics, Model-driven Engineering, Industrial Services and Decision Support Systems. The CBI conferences use a format that enables in depth discussions amongst researchers in their respective domains during the conference. In addition, the best contributions and fruitful discussions among the different domains are channelled towards a book series dedicated to Advances in Business Informatics. This year, CBI is organized from July 14-17 in Geneva, Switzerland, and continues the already well established CBI tradition. The conference received 102 submissions, 28 of which have been selected for the main conference and 9 recommended to the collocated workshops. Each submission was reviewed by three Program Committee members and received a recommendation from the corresponding Domain Coordinator. This two level review process allowed us to select the most relevant and highest quality papers and to offer the audience an exciting program including 11 technical sessions. In addition to the paper presentations, the program of CBI 2014 features seven keynote presentations. We would like to thank Ron Tolido for his industrial keynote on The Black Swans Of Digital Transformation. We are also grateful to the presenters of the domain-specific keynotes: Jean Bezivin for the presentation on “Towards Cross-Disciplinary Practices: Software Modeling for Enterprise, Business and other Domain Engineering Fields”, Ralf Gitzel for the presentation on “Industrial Service as a Research Discipline”, Chris Stary for the presentation on “S-BPM (Subject-oriented Business Process Management) Revisited”, Henk Sol for the presentation on “Enhancing Issues that Matter: Providing COLLAGEN for Ennovations”, K.-J. Lin for his presentation on “Informatics Driven Business: Exploring New Frontiers Created by IT” and Jolita Ralyté for her presentation on “Fundamentals and Challenges of Situational Method Engineering”. One of the aims of the CBI series is to bring the different domains within the Business Informatics scope together. This year, four CBI domain coordinators took the lead in providing an integrated perspective across domains. We would therefore also like to thank Stephan Aier, Antonia Albani, Eng Chew, Henderik A. Proper, Jorge Sanz, José Tribolet and Robert Winter for their (joint) domain keynote on “Engineering for Value Co- Creation: A Research Roadmap”. For the first time, with the support of CUSO, CBI 2014 hosts a Summer School on Business Informatics, which aims at providing doctoral students with lectures broadening the horizon towards selected domains identified as cornerstone of the IEEE Conference on Business Informatics. The programme of this school features lectures by prominent professors: Antonia Albani (HSG, Switzerland), Eric Dubois (CRP Henri Tudor, Luxembourg), Ulrich Frank (University of Duisburg- Essen, Germany), Jan Mendling (Vienna University of Economics and Business, Austria) and Alain Wegmann (EPFL, Switzerland). We would like to thank Birgit Hofreiter, Stephane Marchand-Maillet and Jaques Savoy for their successful efforts on enriching CBI with a summer school. The program of CBI is further complemented by six co-located workshops all of them aiming to attract participants from both industry and academia. The 8th TEE Workshop: Transformation & Engineering of Enterprises promotes the use of methods and techniques from business process management, business engineering, organizational change management, enterprise architecture, enterprise modelling, and information systems engineering, and offers a forum to present related industrial practices. The workshop on Lowering Adoption Barriers to Enterprise Modeling (LABEM) aims to raise the awareness on human dimensions immanent to enterprise modelling, and to underline the need for their better support by modelling technologies. The workshop on Cross-organizational and Cross-company BPM (XOC-BPM) claims that coordinating stakeholders belonging to different organizations needs corresponding methods and tools. Therefore, the workshop explores multiple approaches allowing to improve participation, collaboration and social interaction for managing cross-organizational and cross-company business processes. The workshop on Capability-oriented Business Informatics (CoBI) investigates the use of the notion of capability in the context of business-IT alignment, and in particular, in enterprise modelling and architectures as a foundation for sustainable Information System planning and management in the presence of varying social and business contexts. The Workshop on Web 3.0 and Smart Commerce (W3SC) is about business transformation according to Web 3.0 and its definitions, about new types of services and innovative business models stemming from the high impact of Web 3.0 and Smart Commerce as the next step in globalization. Finally, the Workshop on Enterprise Engineering Theories and Methods (WEETM) seeks to develop a foundation of sound theories over which methodologies can be built and used to effectively engineer and manage enterprises. We thank Sybren de Kinderen for taking care of the workshops at CBI 2014 and we appreciate all the efforts of the workshop chairs: Wolfgang Molnar and Henderik A. Proper for TEE, Jean-Sébastien Sottet and Marija Bjeković for LABEM, Albert Fleischmann, Lutz Heuser, Andreas Oberweis, Werner Schmidt, Frank Schönthaler, Christian Stary, and Gottfried Vossen for XOC-BPM, Pericles Loucopoulos, Oscar Pastor and Jelena Zdravkovic for CoBI, Svetlana V. Maltseva and Mikhail M. Komarov for W3SC, and Artur Caetano and David Aveiro for WEETM. The organization and successful running of CBI 2014 would not be possible without the valuable help and energy of a large number of highly motivated people. We would like to express our gratitude to the Program Committee members, the Domain Coordinators and additional reviewers for their valuable work in selecting the papers for the scientific program of the conference; to the authors of the papers for submitting their work to CBI 2014; and to the Session Chairs for making this conference going smoothly. For the proceedings, we are grateful to our Publication Chair Birgit Hofreiter and the production manager Lisa O’Conner from IEEE. Our special thanks goes to all members of the local Organizing Committee at the University of Geneva for their hospitality and the organization of scientific and social events. Finally, we thank all participants both from academia and industry and we hope that you enjoy IEEE CBWe warmly welcome you to the proceedings of the 16th IEEE Conference on Business Informatics (CBI 2014). The CBI series (www.cbi-series.org) started in 1998 as a workshop on Dependable and Real-Time E-Commerce Systems (DARE) and then continued as a Workshop on Advanced Issues of EC-ommerce and Web-based Information Systems (WECWI) that in 2003 evolved into a conference named IEEE Conference on e-Commerce and Enterprise Computing (CEC). In 2013, the CEC, in its turn, enlarged its scope and became the IEEE Conference on Business Informatics (CBI). Today, the CBI conference brings together different research domains related to Business Informatics and offers a venue to researchers and practitioners in this field to stimulate discussions, synergy and integration of their respective research results and activities. Business Informatics is a scientific discipline targeting information processes and related phenomena in their socio-economical business context, including companies, organisations, administrations and society in general. Business Informatics is a fertile ground for research with the potential for immense and tangible impact. As a field of study, it endeavours to take a systematic and analytic approach in aligning core concepts from management science, organisational science, economics information science, and informatics into an integrated engineering science. The field of Business Informatics involves a broad spectrum of more specific research domains that focus on important aspect of informatics in the context of organizations, ecosystems and society at large. These domains include: Business Model Innovation, Business Process Engineering, Empowering & Enabling Technologies, Enterprise Architecture, Enterprise Engineering, Enterprise Modelling, Enterprise & Business Transformation, Method Engineering, Service Innovation & Engineering, Social & Frontier Technologies, Business Data Engineering and Analytics, Model-driven Engineering, Industrial Services and Decision Support Systems. The CBI conferences use a format that enables in depth discussions amongst researchers in their respective domains during the conference. In addition, the best contributions and fruitful discussions among the different domains are channelled towards a book series dedicated to Advances in Business Informatics. This year, CBI is organized from July 14-17 in Geneva, Switzerland, and continues the already well established CBI tradition. The conference received 102 submissions, 28 of which have been selected for the main conference and 9 recommended to the collocated workshops. Each submission was reviewed by three Program Committee members and received a recommendation from the corresponding Domain Coordinator. This two level review process allowed us to select the most relevant and highest quality papers and to offer the audience an exciting program including 11 technical sessions. In addition to the paper presentations, the program of CBI 2014 features seven keynote presentations. We would like to thank Ron Tolido for his industrial keynote on The Black Swans Of Digital Transformation. We are also grateful to the presenters of the domain-specific keynotes: Jean Bezivin for the presentation on “Towards Cross-Disciplinary Practices: Software Modeling for Enterprise, Business and other Domain Engineering Fields”, Ralf Gitzel for the presentation on “Industrial Service as a Research Discipline”, Chris Stary for the presentation on “S-BPM (Subject-oriented Business Process Management) Revisited”, Henk Sol for the presentation on “Enhancing Issues that Matter: Providing COLLAGEN for Ennovations”, K.-J. Lin for his presentation on “Informatics Driven Business: Exploring New Frontiers Created by IT” and Jolita Ralyté for her presentation on “Fundamentals and Challenges of Situational Method Engineering”. One of the aims of the CBI series is to bring the different domains within the Business Informatics scope together. This year, four CBI domain coordinators took the lead in providing an integrated perspective across domains. We would therefore also like to thank Stephan Aier, Antonia Albani, Eng Chew, Henderik A. Proper, Jorge Sanz, José Tribolet and Robert Winter for their (joint) domain keynote on “Engineering for Value Co- Creation: A Research Roadmap”. For the first time, with the support of CUSO, CBI 2014 hosts a Summer School on Business Informatics, which aims at providing doctoral students with lectures broadening the horizon towards selected domains identified as cornerstone of the IEEE Conference on Business Informatics. The programme of this school features lectures by prominent professors: Antonia Albani (HSG, Switzerland), Eric Dubois (CRP Henri Tudor, Luxembourg), Ulrich Frank (University of Duisburg- Essen, Germany), Jan Mendling (Vienna University of Economics and Business, Austria) and Alain Wegmann (EPFL, Switzerland). We would like to thank Birgit Hofreiter, Stephane Marchand-Maillet and Jaques Savoy for their successful efforts on enriching CBI with a summer school. The program of CBI is further complemented by six co-located workshops all of them aiming to attract participants from both industry and academia. The 8th TEE Workshop: Transformation & Engineering of Enterprises promotes the use of methods and techniques from business process management, business engineering, organizational change management, enterprise architecture, enterprise modelling, and information systems engineering, and offers a forum to present related industrial practices. The workshop on Lowering Adoption Barriers to Enterprise Modeling (LABEM) aims to raise the awareness on human dimensions immanent to enterprise modelling, and to underline the need for their better support by modelling technologies. The workshop on Cross-organizational and Cross-company BPM (XOC-BPM) claims that coordinating stakeholders belonging to different organizations needs corresponding methods and tools. Therefore, the workshop explores multiple approaches allowing to improve participation, collaboration and social interaction for managing cross-organizational and cross-company business processes. The workshop on Capability-oriented Business Informatics (CoBI) investigates the use of the notion of capability in the context of business-IT alignment, and in particular, in enterprise modelling and architectures as a foundation for sustainable Information System planning and management in the presence of varying social and business contexts. The Workshop on Web 3.0 and Smart Commerce (W3SC) is about business transformation according to Web 3.0 and its definitions, about new types of services and innovative business models stemming from the high impact of Web 3.0 and Smart Commerce as the next step in globalization. Finally, the Workshop on Enterprise Engineering Theories and Methods (WEETM) seeks to develop a foundation of sound theories over which methodologies can be built and used to effectively engineer and manage enterprises. We thank Sybren de Kinderen for taking care of the workshops at CBI 2014 and we appreciate all the efforts of the workshop chairs: Wolfgang Molnar and Henderik A. Proper for TEE, Jean-Sébastien Sottet and Marija Bjeković for LABEM, Albert Fleischmann, Lutz Heuser, Andreas Oberweis, Werner Schmidt, Frank Schönthaler, Christian Stary, and Gottfried Vossen for XOC-BPM, Pericles Loucopoulos, Oscar Pastor and Jelena Zdravkovic for CoBI, Svetlana V. Maltseva and Mikhail M. Komarov for W3SC, and Artur Caetano and David Aveiro for WEETM. The organization and successful running of CBI 2014 would not be possible without the valuable help and energy of a large number of highly motivated people. We would like to express our gratitude to the Program Committee members, the Domain Coordinators and additional reviewers for their valuable work in selecting the papers for the scientific program of the conference; to the authors of the papers for submitting their work to CBI 2014; and to the Session Chairs for making this conference going smoothly. For the proceedings, we are grateful to our Publication Chair Birgit Hofreiter and the production manager Lisa O’Conner from IEEE. Our special thanks goes to all members of the local Organizing Committee at the University of Geneva for their hospitality and the organization of scientific and social events. Finally, we thank all participants both from academia and industry and we hope that you enjoy IEEE CBI 2014 in Geneva and that you find these proceedings a valuable source of information on business informatics. Henderik A. Proper, CRP Henri Tudor, Luxembourg Jolita Ralyté, University of Geneva, Switzerland Program Co-Chairs Stéphane Marchand-Maillet, University of Geneva, Switzerland, K.-J. Lin, University of California, Irvine, USA General Co-Chairs

 

I 2014 in Geneva and that you find these proceedings a valuable source of information on business informatics. Henderik A. Proper, CRP Henri Tudor, Luxembourg Jolita Ralyté, University of Geneva, Switzerland Program Co-Chairs Stéphane Marchand-Maillet, University of Geneva, Switzerland, K.-J. Lin, University of California, Irvine, USA General Co-Chairs

 
Добавлено: 18 июля 2014
Книга
Авраамова Е. М., Бурдяк А. Я., Гришина Е. Е. и др. М.: Издательский дом «Дело» РАНХиГС, 2016.

В докладе оцениваются проявления экономического кризиса 2014–2015 гг . в социальной сфере . Выполнен детальный анализ изменений реальных располагаемых денежных доходов и уровня бедности населения, изменений потребительского поведения . Исследованы реакции рынка труда на кризисные явления, в том числе в ненаблюдаемом сегменте экономики . Акцент сделан на рассмотрении ситуации на региональных рынках труда, а также изменении региональных систем социальной защиты при сокращении бюджетной обеспеченности . В работе анализируется изменение социального самочувствия российского населения через призму восприятия кризисных процессов, исследованы оценки ожиданий и изменение стратегий поведения на фоне сокращающихся доходов и растущей неопределенности . На фоне отсутствия оптимистичных прогнозов относительно начала и продолжительности периода восстановления остро ощущается недостаток аналитики в социальном измерении кризиса, столь необходимой для принятия взвешенных решений . Настоящий доклад способствует устранению этого пробела.

Добавлено: 13 ноября 2017
Книга
Karminsky A. M., Дьячкова Н. Ф. Vol. 1: 21st IEEE Conference on Business Informatics. M.: IEEE, 2019.

In our research, we study what macroeconomic factors drive and influence the credit cycle. Also, our study contains four sections with theoretical and empirical parts, in which we describe how to measure credit cycles for developed  and developing countries, and then we introduce an important indicator credit gap. Our results show the comparative analysis of credit cycles between different countries with various economic growth, and we built up an econometric model, which shows us the impact of macroeconomic factors according to credit cycles  for developing and developed economies.

Добавлено: 29 октября 2019
Книга
Safonov G., Waisman H., Spencer T. et al. Iss. 15/16. P.: IDDRI, 2016.

The piblication provides the key lessons learnt from DDPP project experience on designing long-term pathways of low carbon development for 16 world largest economies. The Paris Climate Agreement requires countries to build their concrete vision of the national low-emission transition, consistent with global climate goals that would widely shared by domestic stakeholders and explicitly articulated with domestic socio-economic priorities. We analyze the experience of USA, France, Germany, Russia, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, UK, Mexico, Canada, Italy, Brazil in projecting the deep decarbonization scenarios for their economies by 2050.

Добавлено: 24 января 2017
Книга
Kuchmaeva O. Vol. 5: Science and Society, Issue 3.3, Sociology and Healthcare. STEF92 Technology Ltd., 2018.
Добавлено: 29 октября 2019
Книга
М.: Эксперт, 2009.
Добавлено: 8 июня 2013
Книга
Novatorov E. V. Saarbrücken: Scholar's Press, 2016.

The book is about public recreation.The critical theory approach to the study primary used non-empirical procedures data collection and analytic procedures which included investigative research, negative case analysis, and theoretical triangulation. These procedures were supplemented with empirical data collected from in-depth interviews with five scholars and with three parks and recreation managers. Results of the non-empirical procedures revealed the biased selective nature of the current conceptualization of public park and recreation marketing and the existence of alternative conceptualizations which have been ignored. The existing and alternative models were discussed with scholars and park and recreation managers. Support was found for the alternative models. From these data an alternative conceptualization of public recreation marketing was developed and named the concept of administered marketing. Implications for recreation managers are discussed. Directions for future research into the administratively managed recreation marketing concept are suggested.

Добавлено: 25 июля 2016
Книга
Leonard C. S. United States of America: Cambridge University Press, 2011.

This book examines the history of reforms and major state interventions affecting Russian agriculture: the abolition of serfdom in 1861, the Stolypin reforms, the New Economic Policy (NEP), the collectivization, the Khrushchev reforms, and finally the farm enterprise privatization in the early 1990s. It shows a pattern emerging from a political imperative in imperial, Soviet, and post-Soviet regimes, and it describes how these reforms were justified in the name of the national interest during severe crises – rapid inflation, military defeat, mass strikes, rural unrest, and/or political turmoil. It looks at the consequences of adversity in the economic environment for rural behavior after reform and at longrun trends. It has chapters on property rights, rural organization, and technological change. It provides a new database for measuring agricultural productivity from 1861 to 1913 and updates these estimates to the present. This book is a study of the policies aimed at reorganizing rural production and of their effectiveness in transforming institutions.

Добавлено: 20 марта 2013
Книга
Dr. Carol S. Leonard. United States of America: Cambridge University Press, 2011.
Добавлено: 13 марта 2013
Книга
Vol. 661. Switzerland: Springer, 2017.

This book constitutes the proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Analysis of Images, Social Networks and Texts, AIST 2016, held in Yekaterinburg, Russia, in April 2016. The 23 full papers, 7 short papers, and 3 industrial papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 142 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on machine learning and data analysis; social networks; natural language processing; analysis of images and video.

Добавлено: 19 октября 2016
Книга
Korotayev A. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995.

The main research subject of this book is the phenomenon of the "positive deviation" in Sabaic epigraphy, i.e. the use of the plural in the places where one would expect the singular or dual. The quantitative analysis of this phenomenon undertaken in this book leads me to the supposition that its main causes are social and not purely linguistic, though the linguistic trend towards the supplanting of the dual by the plural observed in Middle Sabaic epigraphy can partly (but only partly) explain the positive deviation from the dual. Hence, the study of this phenomenon leads me to the following suppositions with respect to the social history of ancient Yemen: (1.) Clan organization seems to have played an important role in the social life of Middle Sabaean society (= the Middle Sabaean cultural-political area = the Northern part of the area of the Middle Sabaic epigraphy, the 1st century BC - the 4th century AD): (1.a.) All the main types of immovable property (fields, vineyards, houses, irrigation structures, wells &c) were considered as a rule almost without exceptions to be the property of clan groups, but not of the individuals. (1.b.) Clan groups (not individuals) were considered to be chiefs of the tribes.

1.c. Clan groups were often considered to be both objects of the client dependence, and the patrons of the clients ('dm).

1.d. Tribes were often considered to consist of clan groups (not of individuals).

2. In the Ancient Sabaean cultural-political area (the 1st millennium BC) the role of the clan organization was remarkably less important.

2.a. It is impossible to say that almost all kinds of immovable property were considered here to be in the possession of clans. In the majority of the cases individual (not clan) possessions are mentioned in the Ancient Sabaean inscriptions. Though private ownership might not have become completely universal in the Ancient Period, it is quite evident that the process of the formation and proliferation of this form of ownership went quite far in this Period.

2.b. In the Ancient Period the individual forms of cliental dependence seem to have played a much more important role than the clan ones. In the majority of the cases individual persons (not clients) were considered to be both "patrons" and "clients".

2.c. Individual persons (not clans) were usually considered to be leaders of tribes and communities in the Ancient Period.

2.d. Tribes were always considered to consist of individuals (not clans) in this period.

3. One may suppose that the process of the formation of the state and civilization in the Lowlands went far enough in the Ancient Period to cause a considerable decline of the clan organization and the ejecting of it to the periphery (both in the spatial and social senses of this word) of the social system.

4. Hence, it is possible to suppose that with the transition from the Ancient to Middle Period the clan organisation in the "North" significantly consolidated, its social importance considerably grew.

5. The "archaization" of the social life in the Southern (Himyarite-Radmanite) part of the area of the Middle Sabaic epigraphy (most of which was a part of the Qatabanian cultural-political area in the Ancient Period) was less strong than in the Northern ("Sabaean") part. The Ancient "individualized" tradition survived in the South to some extent, and the positions of the clan organization were not so solid here as they were in the North.

6.The above-mentioned social changes fit quite well in the general picture of the Pre-Islamic Yemeni history.

6.a. Several factors described in Chapter 4 caused a significant decline of the Sabaean state and civilization by the end of the 1st millennium BC. The weakening state organization seems to have become incapable of providing guarantees of life and property to individuals, and it was the clan organization that took on these functions to a considerable extent. As a result we can see by the Middle Period the consolidation of the clan organization which acted as a partial substitute for the weak state. This process can be also considered as quite an adequate social adaptation to the new situation which appeared in the Sabaean cultural-political area by the end of the 1st millennium BC with the relative decline of the Sabaean Lowlands (caused by the above-mentioned factors) and the rise of the importance of the "Sabaean" Highlands. Indeed, the Middle "Sabaean" political system, which was much less like a regular state than the Ancient one which included strong clan and tribal structures as its integral elements, turned out to be a really effective form of socio-political organization for a complex society in the Northern Highlands. Most political entities which appeared in this region from that time till the present have showen evident similarities to the Middle "Sabaean" socio-political organization.

6.b. The Middle Sabaean political system may be also characterized as consisting of a weak state in its centre and strong chiefdoms on its periphery. However, there is no doubt that this was a real system, i.e. it had some integrative properties which could not be reduced to the characteristics of its elements. It should be also taken into consideration that the state and chiefdoms were not the only elements of this political system. It included as well e.g. a sub-system of temple centres and the civil community of M_rib, as well as some true tribes (not chiefdoms) in the area of the Sabaean Lowlands, primarily the tribes of the Amirite confederation. With the transition from the Ancient to Middle Period the Sabaean political system was essentially transformed, becoming as a whole very different from the "state", but remaining, however, on basically the same level of political complexity. Without losing any political complexity and sophistication, the Middle "Sabaeans" managed to solve in quite different ways the problems which in complex societies are normally solved by states, such as the mobilization of resources for the functioning of the governing sub-system, the territorial organization of a vast space and the provision of guarantees of life and property. The Middle "Sabaean" experience seems to demonstrate that a large, complex, highly developed (in comparison with for example an average chiefdom) and integrated territorial entity need not necessarily be organized politically as a state. This appears to show that for the "early state" the transition to the "mature state" or complete "degeneration" into "tribes" and "chiefdoms" were not the only ways of possible evolution. One of the possible alternatives was its transformation into a "political system of the Middle Sabaean type". The real processes of political evolution seem to have been actually much less "unilinear" than is sometimes supposed. A significant transformation appears to have occurred in the area in the Early Islamic Period, and by the late Middle Ages the political system of the former "Sabaean" region seems to have consisted mainly of a stronger state in its centre and true tribes (not chiefdoms) on its periphery, whereas regular state structures persisted in the Southern (former Himyarite) cultural-political area.

6.c. The decline of the Ancient Qatabanian state took place significantly later than that of the Ancient Sabaean one. As a result the social continuity between the Ancient and the Middle Period in the Qatabanian cultural-political area was stronger, and the social transformation in the "South" turned out to be less dramatic. As a result in the Middle Period the state organization in the "South" appears considerably stronger than in the "North"; whereas the clan organization seems to have been much weaker. Quite an impressive feature of Yemeni history is that we find a more or less similar picture in 20th century Yemen: very strong clan-tribal structures and very weak state ones in the Yemeni Uplands to the north of Naq_l Yili (in the "Sabaean Highlands") and relatively weak clan-tribal structures and relatively strong state ones to the south of it, in the "Himyarite Highlands". Thus the above described picture appears as almost invariable in Yemeni history since the first centuries AD. This fact leads one to the supposition that there must be some fundamental basis for such a stable difference between the "North" and the "South". Its main objective factor is evident: the significant difference in the geographical conditions. It is really remarkable to find that the Highland territories of the two Middle Period cultural-political areas are practically identical  with  two main ecological zones of the Yemeni uplands.

7. The clan organization was not universal, even in the Middle Sabaean cultural-political area. The dense network of the clan relations was considerably weaker near the king and, perhaps, the most important temple centres, as they stood outside the clan organization and above it. In spatial dimensions, the zone of the weaker clan relations could be localized in the area of Marib and, perhaps, Nashq, Nashshan and San'a'.

Добавлено: 8 марта 2013
Книга
Beijing: Social Sciences Academic Press, 2017.
Добавлено: 20 сентября 2017
Книга
Netherlands: Springer, 2016.

This book aims to identify promising future developmental opportunities and applications for Tech Mining. Specifically, the enclosed contributions will pursue three converging themes:

The increasing availability of electronic text data resources relating to Science, Technology & Innovation (ST&I) The multiple methods that are able to treat this data effectively and incorporate means to tap into human expertise and interests Translating those analyses to provide useful intelligence on likely future developments of particular emerging S&T targets.

Tech Mining can be defined as text analyses of ST&I information resources to generate Competitive Technical Intelligence (CTI). It combines bibliometrics and advanced text analytic, drawing on specialized knowledge pertaining to ST&I. Tech Mining may also be viewed as a special form of “Big Data” analytics because it searches on a target emerging technology (or key organization) of interest in global databases. One then downloads, typically, thousands of field-structured text records (usually abstracts), and analyses those for useful CTI.  Forecasting Innovation Pathways (FIP) is a methodology drawing on Tech Mining plus additional steps to elicit stakeholder and expert knowledge to link recent ST&I activity to likely future development.  A decade ago, we demeaned Management of Technology (MOT) as somewhat selfsatisfied and ignorant.  Most technology managers relied overwhelmingly on casual human judgment, largely oblivious of the potential of empirical analyses to inform R&D management and science policy.  CTI, Tech Mining, and FIP are changing that.

Добавлено: 20 июня 2016
Книга
Vol. 4: Gestión y política pública [Administration and public policy] . Mexico: Editorial Miguel Ángel Porrúa, 2011.

The book contains articles studying public policies in the State of Hidalgo, Mexico.

Добавлено: 23 января 2014
Книга
Oppong R., Талипова А. С., Benson L. A. Prt. Technical and Legislative Risks Associated With Arctic Development Case Study - Russia and Norway. Society of Petroleum Engineers (SPE), 2016.
Добавлено: 15 декабря 2016
Книга
Storchevoy M. Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan, 2018.
Добавлено: 26 января 2018
Книга
M.: ЦАГИ, 2014.
Добавлено: 4 октября 2016