The raise and peel model of a one-dimensional fluctuating interface (model A) is extended by considering one source (model B) or two sources (model C) at the boundaries. The Hamiltonians describing the three processes have, in the thermodynamic limit, spectra given by conformal field theory. The probability of the different configurations in the stationary states of the three models are not only related but have interesting combinatorial properties. We show that by extending Pascal’s triangle (which gives solutions to linear relations in terms of integer numbers),to an hexagon, one obtains integer solutions of bilinear relations. These solutions give not only the weights of the various configurations in the three models but also give an insight to the connections between the probability distributions in the stationary states of the three models.Interestingly enough, Pascal’s hexagon also gives solutions to a Hirota’s difference equation.
We consider the totally asymmetric exclusion process in discrete time with generalized updating rules. We introduce a control parameter into the interaction between particles. Two particular values of the parameter correspond to known parallel and sequential updates. In the whole range of its values the interaction varies from repulsive to attractive. In the latter case the particle flow demonstrates an apparent jamming tendency not typical for the known updates. We solve the master equation for N particles on the infinite lattice by the Bethe ansatz. The non-stationary solution for arbitrary initial conditions is obtained in a closed determinant form.
We study the joint exit probabilities of particles in the totally asymmetric simple exclusion process (TASEP) from space-time sets of a given form. We extend previous results on the space-time correlation functions of the TASEP, which correspond to exits from the sets bounded by straight vertical or horizontal lines. In particular, our approach allows us to remove ordering of time moments used in previous studies so that only a natural space-like ordering of particle coordinates remains. We consider sequences of general staircase-like boundaries going from the northeast to southwest in the space-time plane. The exit probabilities from the given sets are derived in the form of a Fredholm determinant defined on the boundaries of the sets. In the scaling limit, the staircase-like boundaries are treated as approximations of continuous differentiable curves. The exit probabilities with respect to points of these curves belonging to an arbitrary space-like path are shown to converge to the universal Airy 2 process.