We study the explicit formula (suggested by Gamayun, Iorgov and Lisovyy) for the Painlevé III(D 8) τ function in terms of Virasoro conformal blocks with a central charge of 1. The Painlevé equation has two types of bilinear forms, which we call Toda-like and Okamoto-like. We obtain these equations from the representation theory using an embedding of the direct sum of two Virasoro algebras in a certain superalgebra. These two types of bilinear forms correspond to the Neveu–Schwarz sector and the Ramond sector of this algebra. We also obtain the τ functions of the algebraic solutions of the Painlevé III(D 8) from the special representations of the Virasoro algebra of the highest weight (n + 1/4)2.
В статье расссматриваются разложения тау функций иерархии BKP и некоторых многократных интегралов по характерам ортогональной и симплектической групп. В частности, мы рассматриваем разложения интегралов по ортогональной и симплектической группам.
We discuss quantum dynamical elliptic R-matrices related to arbitrary complex simple Lie group G. They generalize the known vertex and dynamical R-matrices and play an intermediate role between these two types. The R-matrices are defined by the corresponding characteristic classes describing the underlying vector bundles. The latter are related to elements of the center of G. While the known dynamical R-matrices are related to the bundles with trivial characteristic classes, the Baxter-Belavin-Drinfeld-Sklyanin vertex R-matrix corresponds to the generator of the center Z N of SL(N). We construct the R-matrices related to SL(N)-bundles with an arbitrary characteristic class explicitly and discuss the corresponding IRF models.
We find all formal solutions to the -dependent KP hierarchy. They are characterized by certain Cauchy-like data. The solutions are found in the form of formal series for the tau-function of the hierarchy and for its logarithm (the F-function). An explicit combinatorial description of the coefficients of the series is provided.