Ancient Civilizations from Scythia to Siberia
Ancient Civilizations from Scythia to Siberia.
This volume publishes materials of the International Conference (Humboldt-Kolleg) “Contact zones of Europe from the 3rd mill. BC to the 1st mill. AD” which was held at the Institute of World History of the Russian Academy of Sciences in Moscow from the 29th of September to the 2nd of October 2017, with the financial support of the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation and the Russian Science Foundation.
Metal jewellery votives discovered at the “barbarian” mountain sanctuary of Eklizi-Burun (Crimea) are dated from the 1st to the 3rd centuries AD. Most of these items belong to the female costume known from funerary contexts of Central Crimea, which differ by their localization (Foothills and the Southern seashore), as well as by the peculiarities of burial rite (“inhumation’ vs. “cremation). A small part of the jewellery is characteristic only for the cemeteries on the Southern shore containing burials with the remains of cremation.
An analysis of the cultural niches, in which the jewellery items deposited in the sanctuary of Eklizi-Burun of Roman times were produced and used, suggests that its adherents came from the societies that lived on the Southern macro-slope of the Main ridge of the Crimean mountains and practiced cremation of the dead. Apparently, these people got in the Greco-Roman narrative tradition and local epigraphic documents of the Roman period as “Tauri”, “Scythian-Tauri”, and “Tauro-Scythians” inhabiting “Taurica”. Presumably, they appeared in the Mountain Crimea in the 2nd and 1st centuries BC (migrating from the areas of LaTénoid archaeological cultures?) and maintained their cultural identity until the beginning of the 5th century AD.
The publication of materials from the burial-ground, excavated by the Dniester Archaeological Expedition of the Shevchenko State University in Transnistria between 1995 and 2012 near the village of Glinoe, can truly be regarded as a long-awaited event. This is not only because a comprehensive publication of this archaeological site makes it a more important source of information and will set in motion new research based on this study. Materials from the Glinoe Burial-ground relate mainly to the 3rd or 3rd-2nd centuries BC – in other words to the period, which many scholars regard as a lacuna in the historical development of the North Pontic region. This makes the data published in this work extremely important for specifying with greater accuracy the nature of the cultural-historical processes that were taking place in the area.