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Tag "employment"

Female Employees with Children Pay 'Motherhood Penalty'

Female Employees with Children Pay 'Motherhood Penalty'
Working mothers tend to earn, on average, 4.1% less than women without children, but this difference in pay – often termed a 'motherhood penalty' – only affects mothers with younger children: employers do not usually ‘penalise’ those whose children have grown up. Svetlana Biryukova and Alla Makarentseva examine possible reasons for this pay difference in the paper 'New Estimates of Motherhood Penalty in Russia'.