The subtitle of the book concretizes the object of study. In the preface, one of the compilers of the collection, Anton Oleinik, a senior fellow at the Institute of Economics of the Russian Academy of Sciences, explains: "The term" postsocialist reforms "is used to describe attempts to implement changes in the most diverse spheres of Eastern European countries and countries formed on the territory of the former USSR." At the dawn of post-communist transformations, everything seemed extremely simple: to move towards democratization in the political sphere, to a full-fledged market in the economy and to an open society in the social sphere. However, as early as the second half of the 1990s, it became obvious that good intentions were being broken about unforeseen difficulties. It is to these difficulties, deviations from harmonious theoretical constructions, that the articles included in the book are devoted. The international team of authors, including American, English, Canadian, German, Bulgarian and Russian scientists, is the undoubted advantage of this book before others. The reading public in Russia is overfed with analytical products of domestic experts, while the outside view has a charm of novelty.