A Mathematical Model of Technological, Economic, Demographic and Social Interaction between the Center and Periphery of the World System
We present a mathematical model that describes both the Great Divergence and the Great Convergence between the Center and the Periphery of the World System.
The European Conference on Research Methodology for Business and Management Studies was established 17 years ago. This event has been held in countries across Europe, including Ireland, England, France, Malta, Portugal, Spain to mention only a few of the countries who have hosted it. The conference is generally attended by participants from more than 25 countries. The Electronic Journal of Business Research Methods (indexed by Scopus) publishes a special edition of the best papers presented at this conference. Academic Conferences and Publishing Limited (ACPIL) promotes excellent academic research through its conferences and publications activities.
ACPIL works with more than a thousand research active academics who contribute to reviewing academic research and who contribute to conference committees around the world.
In spite of the “Lukashenko ultimatum” given to Belarusian science at the end of 2011, the status quo was still maintained and promised reforms were stalled. Attempts to initiate “internal competition” between academic and university science ran into obstacles due to the inertia of the former and inactivity of the latter. The announced transformation of the funding structure and the increased actual costs for financing scientific, technical, and innovation activity did not change the longstanding trend of science being chronically underfunded. The key problem of linking science with business and industry was still not resolved. Apart from some minor improvements to the situation regarding postgraduates in several disciplines, the general trend of downsizing and ageing of scientific staff continued. Positive results during the year included: improved research intensity figures (up from 0.7% in 2011 to 1% in 2012); Belarus’ rising international ratings (from 52nd to 45th place, according to the Knowledge Index; from 73rd to 59th place, according to the Knowledge Economic Index; and 6th place worldwide for the number of patent applications filed); and various successes in the information technology field.
In the first two months of 2014, the State Committee for Science and Technology (SCST) did not submit traditionally optimistic reports on the advancement of science in 2013. The National Academic of Science of Belarus (NASB) made even more optimistic one instead. In 2013, a reform of the science sector entered an open phase after the NASB presented a draft scientific development program.
The science sector saw a number of stuff reductions and reshuffles. Thirty-one legislative acts were issued to regulate scientific and innovative activities. However, taken together, all these measures create an ambivalent impression, showing the problem of coherence of education and science reforms.
This article presents data on the current state of Russian space industry and describes its short- and medium-term development prospects. The analysis is based on statistical, research and government policy documents which allow to identify key trends and development directions of space-related science and technology in Russia in the year 2012-2013. Significant attention is paid to analysing strategic and projected data and programmes approved by public authorities. These allow to identify the steps taken to regulate space industry, major government policy tools and, goals and objectives set for the immediate future. Of particular interest are projects implemented during the period in question, and those planned for the near future. These projects cover all key areas of space exploration and space-based Earth observation. Development prospects for space-related services are analysed for the following segments: manned spacecraft launches, space navigation satellites, and remote sensing of the Earth. An important topic in this article is international cooperation and its prospects for the near future.
The article is devoted to the methodological and practical issues of statistical measurement of innovation in the services sector. Specific traits of service sector as an object of the statistical observation have been studied taking into consideration the modern international standards. The paper also examines the main stages of development of the national methodology for innovation survey in Russia, overviews concretized definitions of key terms and concepts, which have been developed and offered by the authors for service sector. Innovation‘ resources base and effectiveness of service sector enterprises have been analyzed in the framework of the paper which also contains the description of the priority types of innovations in the sectors of communication and computer and related activities.