This is the first book on the U.S. presidential election system to analyze the basic principles underlying the design of the existing system and those at the heart of competing proposals for improving the system. The book discusses how the use of some election rules embedded in the U.S. Constitution and in the Presidential Succession Act may cause skewed or weird election outcomes and election stalemates. The book argues that the act may not cover some rare though possible situations which the Twentieth Amendment authorizes Congress to address. Also, the book questions the constitutionality of the National Popular Vote Plan to introduce a direct popular presidential election de facto, without amending the Constitution, and addresses the plan’s “Achilles’ Heel.” In particular, the book shows that the plan may violate the Equal Protection Clause from the Fourteenth Amendment of the Constitution. Numerical examples are provided to show that the counterintuitive claims of the NPV originators and proponents that the plan will encourage presidential candidates to “chase” every vote in every state do not have any grounds. Finally, the book proposes a plan for improving the election system by combining at the national level the “one state, one vote” principle – embedded in the Constitution – and the “one person, one vote” principle. Under this plan no state loses its current Electoral College benefits while all the states gain more attention of presidential candidates.
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the First International Workshop on Wireless Access Flexibility, WiFlex 2013, held in Kaliningrad, Russia, in September 2013. The 13 full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected for inclusion in this volume. The papers describe the latest results and novel research ideas in the field of flexible wireless access architecture design opening the door for innovative solutions significantly improving network performance. The following topics are covered in this volume: 4G and beyond, local area networks, multi-hop networks, sensor networks.
Traffic classification is a core problem underlying efficient implementation of network services. In this work we draw from our experience in classifier design for commercial systems to address this problem in SDN and OpenFlow. We identify methods from other fields of computer science and show research directions that can be applied for efficient design of packet classifiers. Proposed abstractions and design patterns can significantly reduce requirements on network elements and enable deployment of functionality that would be infeasible in a traditional way.