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Найдены 542 публикации
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Препринт
Semykina K. Sociology. SOC. Высшая школа экономики, 2018. No. WP BRP 81/SOC/2018.
The article analyses representation of LGBT-movement activity, namely Saint Petersburg LGBT prides, in Russia. Framing theory, which views the media as an arena in which groups of interest promote their frames, or interpretations of the discussed issue, is used. Frames juxtapose elements of the text in such a way as to provide the audience with a scheme to perceive the message. Social movements are viewed as a group of interest that introduces new frames in the public deliberation. Two types of frames can be distinguished, namely collective action frames and status quo frames. In this study, usage of two collective action frames were examined (equality frame and victim frame), and two status quo frames (morality frame and propaganda of homosexuality). Additionally, the sources of quotes used in news stories were analyzed. The study focuses on articles dedicated to Saint Petersburg LGBT prides in years 2010-2017 in the most popular local Internet websites. The analysis shows that the coverage of LGBT prides can be divided into two distinct periods: 2010–2013 and 2014–2017. In the first period, LGBT activists dominated the coverage, quoted about twice more actively than government officials. Equality and victim frames were prevalent. In the second period, activists were cited significantly less often, with the propaganda of homosexuality frame dominating in the discourse. However, contrary to findings of previous studies on social movement representation, across the whole period under consideration LGBT activists were quoted more actively than government representatives. This finding calls for further exploration of the conditions which allowed for such coverage in the context of political heterosexism and homophobia.  
Добавлено: 19 июня 2019
Препринт
Alexandrov D. A., Baranova V. V., Ivaniushina V. A. Sociology of Education and Science Laboratory Working Papers SESL. WP 001. Sociology of Education and Science Laboratory, 2012. No. 1.
Статья представляет предварительные результаты исследования детей из семей трудовых мигрантов в школах Санкт-Петербурга, проведенного на материале 104 школ, 419 классов, 7380 учеников.
Добавлено: 24 февраля 2013
Препринт
Denisenko M. B., Varshavskaya E. SEARCH Working Paper. WP3. Университет Барселоны, 2013. No. WP3/21.
За последние два десятилетия международная трудовая миграция в России стала заметным социально-экономическим явлением. В отличие от других стран в России информации о мигрантах – их социально-демографических характеристиках, сферах деятельности, условиях проживания и работы, мобильности, заработной плате – мало. Отсутствие достоверной информации порождает множество мифов о миграции, создает искаженный образ мигранта, ведет к необоснованным оценкам их места в российском  обществе и на рынке труда. В работе представлены результаты социологического исследования о трудовой миграции в России; проанализирована мобильность иностранных работников при переходе от последнего места работы в стране происхождения к первой работе в РФ и при смене работы на территории России; показано, что на российском рынке труда слабо востребованы профессиональные навыки, образование и квалификация мигрантов, в первую очередь высокого уровня.
Добавлено: 12 августа 2013
Препринт
Denisenko M. B., Choudinovskikh O. SEARCH Working Paper. WP3. Университет Барселоны, 2013. No. WP3/06.
The report is focused on both permanent and labor migration between the newly independent states, that quite recently were parts of one single country, and migration between them was internal rather than international. Until the late 1980-s migratory flows in the area were affected by the differences between the republics in the rates of population growth and quality of life. Immediately after the breakdown of the USSR, the volume and structure of international migration over its territory changed dramatically. Russia became the main destination for migrants from all over the former Soviet republics: between 1992 and 1999, about 6 million migrants from these countries arrived to the RF. The current migration situation in the CIS countries is characterized by absolute dominance of the inner flows within the region, the remaining position of Russia as the main destination for migrants from the other CIS countries, especially for the states of Central Asia, as well as significant volumes of temporary forms of migration. In 2000-2010 about 92% of permanent-type immigrants in the CIS area and about 75% of emigrants arrived from or moved to the counties of the CIS. Russia was a destination country for over 50% of all emigrants from CIS states on average, and in some cases - for more than 80% of the outflow. Despite the ongoing economic crisis scale of labor migration in the CIS is enormous. In 2011 Russian migration authorities issued over 1.2 million work permits and 0.9 million patents for work in private households. Migration regime in the CIS area is characterized by visa-free movements between the countries and implementation of a system of constraints: quotas for work permits, bans for professions for migrant workers, limited duration of stay and so on. Inefficient control over the enforcement of restrictive regulations supports the large scale of illegal employment of foreign workers in the CIS. Obvious differences between countries in the priorities of migration policy are connected with the different demographic trends and economic interests. Some countries try to encourage immigration from other countries, stipulate requirements for permanent residence of aliens and create preferences for naturalization. Other countries endeavor to influence the hosting countries to obtain guarantees for minimal social support and respect the rights of their citizens living abroad as temporary labor migrants. Gradually emerges common understanding for development of the organized forms of recruitment of foreign labor, training of migrant workers, integration programs, etc.
Добавлено: 29 марта 2013
Препринт
Nagornyy O. S., Koltsova O. Sociology. SOC. Высшая школа экономики, 2017. No. WP BRP 74/SOC/2017.
Благодаря развитию концепции Web 2.0, аудитория Интернет-СМИ получила возможность участвовать в производстве информации и предлагать собственные определения социальных проблем, которые зачастую отличаются от мнения медиа-экспертов. Анализ подобного пользовательского контента может предоставить социальным исследователям доступ к ранее неизвестной информации, но часто требует знания современных и нетривиальных методов анализа данных. В данной работе показано, как такие методы, как тематическое моделирование и анализ тональности, могут быть использованы для выявления и анализа тем, проблематичных с точки зрения аудитории новостных Интернет-медиа. Информационную базу исследования составили 33 877 новостных статей и 258 121 комментариев к ним, собранные с сайтов региональных новостных агентств. Сконструированные нами метрики позволили обнаружить, что заметность социальных проблем в текстах медиа отличается от их популярность среди аудитории. Предложенный подход также может помочь медиа-исследователям выявлять наиболее заметные и негативно воспринимаемые аудиторией темы, которые могут быть использованы в качестве индикатора наличия социальных проблем.
Добавлено: 16 мая 2017
Препринт
Artamonova A., Mitrofanova E. S. SSRN Working Paper Series. SSRN Working Paper Series. Social Science Research Network, 2018
Добавлено: 20 августа 2018
Препринт
Ibragimova D. Sociology. SOC. Высшая школа экономики, 2012. No. 11.
This paper reports the findings of an all-Russian cross-sectional representative survey (N=1600) that was carried out by HSE in 2011. It investigates money management in Russian families. Pooling is the most common money management style, however, the choice of budget management system does not fully account for financial control and power in the household. The regression results show that main determinants for choosing a budget management system are per capita household income, respondents’ gender, wives’ education, marital age, and the budget management system in the parental family. Moreover, the interaction between the parental budget management system and current practice of budgeting in the respondent's family varies between men and women. Among those respondents who repeat the budget management system in their parents family men are more likely to choose the male dominated system, while women are more likely to choose the female dominated system, or pooling system.
Добавлено: 28 августа 2012
Препринт
Gokhberg L., Kuznetsova T., Roud V. et al. Science, Technology and Innovation. WP BRP. Высшая школа экономики, 2013. No. 06.
“Monitoring innovation activities of innovation process participants” is a project which has been carried out by the Higher School of Economics (HSE) for several years to promote monitoring and analysis of innovation issues in general, and on specific activities of its particular actors from a scientific research perspective. The project is aimed at accumulating empirical knowledge about the nature and types of interaction between various actors of the national innovation system. In 2009-2010 the study was targeted at manufacturing and service sector companies while the 2010-2011 study targeted at R&D organisations. The specific objective for 2011 was studying various aspects of applied research organisations’ involvement in the innovation process (application of R&D results in the economy). The study yielded the following results: - A concept for monitoring R&D organisations’ innovation activities was proposed, including operational definition of such activities; - Survey programme and tools to monitor Russian R&D organisations were developed, including advanced methodological and procedural approaches as well as practical experience; - Results of R&D organisations’ innovation activities survey were analysed and compared with available statistical data; the collected data also allows to identify and systematise various factors and conditions affecting innovation activities of these organisations; Eventually areas for updating the survey’s concept and tools were identified.
Добавлено: 2 апреля 2013
Препринт
Karaulova M., Shackleton O., Gök A. et al. Manchester Institute of Innovation Research papers. October 2014. Manchester Institute of Innovation Research, 2014
Available in SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2521012 This work was supported by the Economic and Social Research Council [grant number ES/J012785/1] as part of the project Emerging Technologies, Trajectories and Implications of Next Generation Innovation Systems Development in China and Russia.   The project addresses research, management and policy issues related to advanced technological development in driving the growth of Rising Powers, with a focus on nanotechnology in China and This working paper presents findings from analyses of Russian nanotechnology outputs in publications and patents focusing on developments over the period 1990 through to 2012. The investigation draws on bibliometric datasets of scientific journal publications and patents and on available secondary English-language and Russian sources.    The document provides both an overview and detailed analyses of nanotechnology research and innovation in Russia. The examination of publications highlights sectoral trends, leading authors and organizations, and acknowledgements to funding sources. The analysis of patents adds further evidence about patterns of invention and ownership of intellectual property emanating from research and development in Russian nanotechnology.   The analyses in this paper have been undertaken to provide an information base for further research on the current state and trajectory of nanotechnology in Russia and on the broader development of Russia’s innovation system. Comparisons with Chinese publication and patent outputs can be seen in a parallel report on Nanotechnology Research and Innovation in China (2014).
Добавлено: 21 ноября 2014
Препринт
Rykov Y., Meylakhs P., Sinyavskaya Y. Sociology. SOC. Высшая школа экономики, 2016. No. 71.
Добавлено: 11 октября 2016
Препринт
Grigoriev P., Anatoli I. M., Vasily P. G. et al. MPIDR Working Paper . WP. Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, 2018. No. WP 2018-001.
Добавлено: 23 октября 2019
Препринт
Novatorov E. V. Social Science Research Network. Social Science Research Network. SSRN, 2014
Добавлено: 30 октября 2014
Препринт
Strelnikova A. Sociology. SOC. Высшая школа экономики, 2018. No. WP BRP 84/SOC/2018.
Добавлено: 14 декабря 2018
Препринт
Nora A. Kirkizh, Olessia Y. Koltsova. Basic research program. WP BRP. National Research University Higher School of Economics, 2018. No. WP BRP 58/PS/2018.
Добавлено: 28 января 2019
Препринт
Androushchak G., Poldin O. V., Yudkevich M. M. Education. EDU. Высшая школа экономики, 2012. No. 03.
We estimate the influence of classmates’ ability characteristics on student achievement in exogenously formed student groups. The study uses administrative data on undergraduate students at a large selective university in Russia. The presence of high-ability classmates has a positive effect on individual academic performance, and students at the top of the ability distribution derive the greatest benefit from their presence. An increase in the proportion of less able students has an insignificant or negative influence on individual grades.
Добавлено: 28 августа 2012
Препринт
Musabirov I., Bulygin D., Марченко Е. Ю. Basic research program. WP BRP. National Research University Higher School of Economics, 2019. No. 90.
Добавлено: 12 декабря 2019
Препринт
Kobyshcha V. Working Papers of Humanities. WP. Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2014. No. 79.
Добавлено: 4 декабря 2014
Препринт
Swader C. S., Kosals L. Sociology. SOC. Высшая школа экономики, 2013. No. 17.
Добавлено: 4 апреля 2013
Препринт
Kazun A. D., Semykina K. Political Science. PS. Высшая школа экономики, 2018. No. WP BRP 62/PS/2018.
The study analyzes the construction of the network links of Vladimir Putin and Alexei Navalny with various issues of Russian public discussion in the national print media. The theoretical framework is issue ownership theory, according to which political actors have a range of issues that are most strongly associated with them. Ownership by the politician of topics that are perceived as important in the society determines his popularity among the population. In this study, we use the Integrum database, which contains extensive print media archives of approximately 500 Russian magazines and more than 250 national newspapers. We analyze the period from 12.12.2016 to 12.12.2017, i.е., one year after Alexey Navalny's announcement of his intention to participate in the presidential election in 2018. The analysis shows that Putin has more opportunities to form an agenda, as he attracts much more attention from national media than Navalny does. Putin is often mentioned in connection with economic issues and international relations, which attract the attention of the population and are perceived as important, while his activity in these spheres is perceived as successful. Navalny is associated with the issues of corruption, NGOs and civic activism. Corruption is an important topic for Russians, but the low attention of the media to Navalny does not allow him to gain the maximum benefit from owning this story.
Добавлено: 17 мая 2018
Препринт
Kazun A. D., Semykina K. Political Science. PS. Высшая школа экономики, 2018. No. WP BRP 62/PS/2018.
The study analyzes the construction of the network links of Vladimir Putin and Alexei Navalny with various issues of Russian public discussion in the national print media. The theoretical framework is issue ownership theory, according to which political actors have a range of issues that are most strongly associated with them. Ownership by the politician of topics that are perceived as important in the society determines his popularity among the population. In this study, we use the Integrum database, which contains extensive print media archives of approximately 500 Russian magazines and more than 250 national newspapers. We analyze the period from 12.12.2016 to 12.12.2017, i.е., one year after Alexey Navalny's announcement of his intention to participate in the presidential election in 2018. The analysis shows that Putin has more opportunities to form an agenda, as he attracts much more attention from national media than Navalny does. Putin is often mentioned in connection with economic issues and international relations, which attract the attention of the population and are perceived as important, while his activity in these spheres is perceived as successful. Navalny is associated with the issues of corruption, NGOs and civic activism. Corruption is an important topic for Russians, but the low attention of the media to Navalny does not allow him to gain the maximum benefit from owning this story.
Добавлено: 19 июня 2019
Препринт
Janssen M. C., Parakhonyak A. N. Economics. EC. Высшая школа экономики, 2011. No. 03.
This paper examines the e ect of price matching guarantees (PMGs) in a sequential search model. PMGs are simultaneously chosen with prices and some consumers (shoppers) know the rms' decisions before buying, while others (non-shoppers) enter a shop rst before observing a rm's price and whether or not the rm has a PMG. In such an environment, PMGs increase the value of buying the good and therefore increase consumers' reservation prices. This increase is so large that even after accounting for the possible execution of PMGs, rms pro ts are larger under PMGs than without. We also consider the incentives of rms to choose PMGs and show that an equilibrium where all rms o er PMGs does not exist because of a free-riding problem. PMGs can only be an equilibrium phenomenon in an equilibrium where some rms do and others do not o er these guarantees.
Добавлено: 28 августа 2012