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Найдены 72 публикации
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Препринт
Lebedeva N., Schmidt P. Sociology. SOC. Высшая школа экономики, 2012. No. 04/SOC/2012.
This study investigated relations of basic personal values to attitudes towards innovation among students in Russia, Canada, and Сhina. Participants completed a questionnaire that included the SVS measure of values (Schwartz, 1992) and a new measure of attitudes towards innovation (Lebedeva, Tatarko, 2009). There are significant cultural and gender-related differences in value priorities and innovative attitudes among the Canadian, Russian, and Chinese college students. As hypothesized, across the full set of participants, higher priority given to Opennes to change values (self-direction, stimulation) related to positive attitudes toward innovation whereas higher priority given to Conservation values (conformity, security) related negatively. This is compatible with the results reported by other researchers (Shane, 1992, 1995; Dollinger, Burke & Gump, 2007). There were, however, culture-specific variations in some of these associations, which may be explained by cultural differences in value priorities or meanings and in implicit theories of creativity and innovation. Applying the Multiple-Group Multiple Indicators Multiple Causes Model (MGMIMIC) (Muthen 1989) has shown that the type of Values-Innovation mediation is different in the three countries. Whereas in Russia and Canada the effects of gender and age are fully mediated by the values, this is not true for China, where a direct effect of gender on innovation was found. The cultural differences in values, implicit theories of innovation, and their consequences for attitudes to innovation and personal well-being is finally discussed.
Добавлено: 28 августа 2012
Препринт
Lebedeva N., Bushina E., Cherkasova L. L. Sociology. SOC. Высшая школа экономики, 2012. No. 10/SOC/2012.
Данное исследование посвящено изучению взаимосвязей ценностей, социального капитала и отношения к инновациям. Респонденты (1238 человек) участвовали в социально-психологическом опросе, в который вошли: методика ценностей Шварца SVS-57 [Schwartz, 1992], шкала, изучающая отношение к инновациям [Лебедева, Татарко, 2009], методика оценки социального капитала [Татарко, 2011]. В результате корреляционного анализа выявлена положительная взаимосвязь ценности открытости изменениям и позитивного отношения к инновациям. Также обнаружено, что компоненты социального капитала (доверие, толерантность, воспринимаемый социальный капитал) положительно взаимосвязаны с отношением к инновациям. Эмпирическая модель, полученная с помощью моделирования структурными уравнениями,  в целом подтверждает гипотезы исследования и позволяет утверждать о позитивном влиянии воспринимаемого социального капитала и ценности открытости изменениям на отношение к инновациям в России.
Добавлено: 5 июля 2012
Препринт
Nastina E., Almakaeva A. Sociology. SOC. Высшая школа экономики, 2020. No. 95.
Добавлено: 7 октября 2020
Препринт
Lebedeva N., Tatarko A. Sociology. SOC. Высшая школа экономики, 2012. No. 03/SOC/2012.
This study has reviewed theoretical and empirical studies of values and behavior. The results of the research of the dynamics of basic personal values of Russians from the Central Federal district from 1999 until 2010 and the relations of basic personal values to economic attitudes are presented. Dynamics of values are presented on the basis of the 5 waves of measures (1999, 2005, 2008, 2009, 2010), each wave includes around 300 respondents. The sample from 2010 includes Russians and the respondents from the North Caucasus (N= 278). We have found that from 1999 until 2011, the value priorities and value structures of the Russians of Central Russia have remained stable. The data for 2008 demonstrates a small number of statistically significant differences with the data of the neighboring measures, which, probably, reflects the impact of the economic crisis of 2008. Statistically significant differences were found when comparing the value priorities of different groups of the Russian population: ethnic and religious groups. The relations between values and attitudes to different types of economic behavior were examined. The patterns of these relationships are similar as well as different among the representatives of Christianity (the Central Federal District and the North Caucasus Federal District) and Islam (the North Caucasus Federal District) in Russia. Thus, our study showed that values remain fairly stable within a single culture; however, they are different for people of different cultures and may have a different impact on attitudes to different types of economic behavior.
Добавлено: 28 августа 2012
Препринт
Koltsova O., Sergei Koltcov. Sociology. SOC. Высшая школа экономики, 2014. No. WP BRP 57/SOC/2014.
Добавлено: 16 февраля 2015
Препринт
Radaev V. V. Sociology. SOC. Высшая школа экономики, 2011. No. 02.
From the beginning of economic reform in 1992, the retail trade sector was one of the most liberalized market segments in the Russian economy. However, the state was suddenly brought back in during the late 2000s. A restrictive Federal trade law passed after continuous and furious debates in December 2009. It created a new precedent of administrative regulation imposed on a highly competitive industry. Where did the demand for state regulation come from? What interest groups stood behind this new helping hand policy? Which arguments in a course of political and expert debate were used to justify the state intervention? Who has benefited from the new formal institutional arrangements? The author addresses these issues by revealing the para-political practices of formal institutional building in the trade sector, which has been largely neglected by scholarly research. This paper uses data collected from two series of in-depth interviews with key market actors and political experts in 2008-2009 together with records from the expert meetings arranged by several Federal Ministries in which the author took part. Survey data of 512 retailers and suppliers collected in five Russian urban areas in 2010 are also employed to reveal interest groups that have benefited from the new regulatory policy. In conclusion, this paper argues that public officials used a liberal rhetoric of the competition protection to develop new instruments of political and administrative control over large and medium-sized businesses, and finds that the actual results of state intervention deviate remarkably from the declared goals.
Добавлено: 28 августа 2012
Препринт
Kazun A. P., Yakovlev A. A. Sociology. SOC. Высшая школа экономики, 2014. № 54.
В данной статье мы анализируем российское адвокатское сообщество с целью оценить потенциал для возникновения в нем коллективных действий в условиях несовершенной институциональной среды. Под коллективными действиями мы понимаем совместную активность адвокатов по контролю за соблюдением профессиональной этики, повышению качества юридического образования, представлению интересов профессиональной группы на уровне государства.  В конце 2013 года Институт анализа предприятий и рынков (ИАПР) Национального исследовательского университета «Высшая школа экономики» (НИУ ВШЭ) провел опрос 372 адвокатов в 9 регионах России. В данной работе мы проверяем две основные гипотезы: 1)  адвокаты с высокими этическими стандартами предъявляют более высокий спрос на коллективные действия; 2) негативный личный опыт столкновения с нарушениями прав клиентов со стороны сотрудников правоохранительных органов может дополнительно мотивировать адвокатов к совместным действиям. Подтверждая данные гипотезы на собранных эмпирических данных, мы делаем вывод о том, что при поддержке «здорового ядра» адвокатского сообщества, ориентированного на профессиональные ценности и репутацию, можно создать инструмент для компетентной и независимой оценки состояния правоохранительной системы в России. 
Добавлено: 27 октября 2014
Препринт
Magun V., Rudnev M., Schmidt P. Sociology. SOC. Высшая школа экономики, 2012. No. 06/SOC/2012.
Country averages are the most popular instrument for studying cross-national variability of values, and within-country value diversity is rarely taken into consideration in such studies. Furthermore, traditional value indices only measure distinct value priorities, but do not allow researchers to grasp a system of value preferences. In order to find an alternative way to study within-country value diversity and cross-country differences, we employed latent class analysis (LCA). Respondents from the 33 European countries were classified on the basis of their responses to 21 items on the Schwartz Portrait Value Questionnaire. LCA resulted in six value classes. Five of these classes differ by their patterns of value preferences, and the particular feature of the largest class (38%) is the lack of any pronounced value preferences at all. The results showed that each of the 33 countries is internally diverse in its value class composition, and that most countries have representatives of all six value classes. At the same time, Nordic and Western European countries are substantively different from post-Communist and Mediterranean countries by their shares of various value classes. As a formal measure of within-country diversity we have used the value fractionalization index, which measures the evenness of membership distributions between classes. Nordic and Western European countries have higher fractionalization scores than post-Communist and Mediterranean countries. This means that value class distributions are more even in the Nordic and Western countries, which highlights the fact that higher fractionalization scores happen to coincide with country advancement. In Mediterranean and post-Communist countries, low value fractionalization means that the people are divided into unequal value majorities and value minorities, with a risk that the voices of minorities are not heard in the public space.
Добавлено: 28 августа 2012
Препринт
Zhirkov K., Verkuyten M., Weesie J. Sociology. SOC. Высшая школа экономики, 2012. No. 08.
Focusing on the Muslim populations in five Muslim-majority countries and four Western European countries, we examine the levels of support for suicide bombings and other forms of violence. We found that support for terrorism among Muslims is present but the percentage of radicals is quite low. In both samples, support for terrorism is stronger among those who see democracy as a solely Western political system. This pattern of association is similar across the Western European countries, whereas the association varies considerably across the Muslim countries. The perceived economic dominance of the West is related to more support for terrorism among Muslims in Europe. In the Muslim countries, blaming the West for negative international relations is associated with greater support for terrorism. We suggest that improvement of the relationships between the West and the Muslim world can reduce support for terrorism and prevent radicalization within Muslim societies.
Добавлено: 28 августа 2012