• A
  • A
  • A
  • АБB
  • АБB
  • АБB
  • А
  • А
  • А
  • А
  • А
Обычная версия сайта
Найдено 3 628 публикаций
Сортировка:
по названию
по году
Препринт
Vishlenkova E. A. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2013. No. 29.
  Автор реконструировала направления и последствия разных архивных политик, которые проводились в российских университетах XIX века. Сопоставляя «старые» и «новые» описи документов, делопроизводство архивариуса и предписания министра, Вишленкова выявила комплексы уничтоженных в университетских и в министерском архивах документов, объяснила логику сохранения определенных типов документов и присвоения им адресов внутри архивохранилищ. Проведенное исследование позволяет понять противоречия в свидетельствах источников и в выводах исследователей, увидеть новые грани университетской культуры императорской России 
Добавлено: 15 мая 2013
Препринт
Penikas H. I., Selmier II W. T. Economics/EC. WP BRP. Высшая школа экономики, 2013. No. 15.
Данное эссе имеет целью осветить взаимосвязь между текущим банковским регулированием (а именно, разрабатываемым Базельским Комитетом по банковскому надзору) и экономической активностью, которая оценена уровнем индекса фондового рынка S&P500. Выявлено, что объем публикуемых регулятивных документов в год влияет на развитие фондового рынка, но только в течение следующих двух лет. В работе приводится обсуждение возможных причин наблюдаемого явления.
Добавлено: 17 августа 2013
Препринт
Andrievskaya I. K., Semenova M. Financial Economics. FE. Высшая школа экономики, 2014. No. 35.
There seems to be a consensus among regulators and scholars that in order to improve the  functioning of a banking system and to stimulate bank competition, it is necessary to raise the level  of bank information transparency. However, empirical studies which examine the determinants of  competition in the financial sector, the effect of competition on financial stability, or the  relationship between transparency and bank stability, leave aside the link between transparency and  competition. The aim of this paper is to fill this gap in the literature. To test the hypothesis that  greater bank information disclosure is associated with lower market power and lower concentration  in the banking system, we use country-level data covering 213 countries. The years under  consideration are 1998, 2001, 2005 and 2010, which correspond to the years of the World Bank's  Banking Regulation and Supervision Survey rounds. Our findings do not always support the  conventional wisdom: countries with higher levels of transparency have lower levels of bank  concentration, while the link between transparency and competition is less pronounced. The effect  from information disclosure grows – for both concentration and market power – with an increase of  bank credit risks. 
Добавлено: 13 октября 2014
Препринт
Semenova M., Andrievskaya I. Financial Economics. FE. Высшая школа экономики, 2016. No. WP BRP 52/FE/2016.
Добавлено: 3 февраля 2016
Препринт
Leshukov O., Platonova D., Semyonov D. Basic research program. WP BRP. National Research University Higher School of Economics, 2015. No. WP BRP 29/EDU/2015 .
Добавлено: 19 октября 2015
Препринт
Natalya V. Isaeva, Nadezhda V. Bycik, Rustam F. Bayburin et al. Management. MAN. Высшая школа экономики, 2015
Добавлено: 23 октября 2014
Препринт
Stepanova A., Ivantsova O. Financial Economics. FE. Высшая школа экономики, 2012. No. 10.
После финансового кризиса необходимость поддержки крупных неэффективных банков сильно повлияло на состояние экономики ряда европейских стран. Эта работа посвящена влиянию механизмов корпоративного управления на эффективность коммерческих банков на развитых и развивающихся европейских рынках. Мы тестируем модель рыночной эффективности банка на выборке из 150 коммерческих банков из 27 европейских стран за период с 2004 по 2011 год. Результаты исследования показывают, что значимое влияние на эффективность банков оказывают такие механизмы корпоративного управления как концентрация собственности, собственность государства, независимость совета директоров и пр. Мы также выявили ряд существенных различий между моделями эффективности банков в развитых и развивающихся странах, а также в разных географических регионах Европы. Изучение кризисных данных 2008-2009 гг. показало изменение зависимости между корпоративным управлением и эффективностью банков после кризиса: ключевые детерминанты эффективности теряют значимость после 2007 года. Тем не менее, из-за потенциальных проблем с эндогенностью в моделях необходимо аккуратно интерпретировать причинно-следственные связи между корпоративным управлением и эффективностью банков.
Добавлено: 17 января 2013
Препринт
Shcherbak A. Sociology. SOC. Высшая школа экономики, 2012. No. 05.
Is tolerance important for modernization? What can one say about the relationship and causality between tolerance and modernization? It is assumed that an increase in tolerance, expressed as a tolerant attitude towards homosexuality, gender equality, and a decrease in xenophobia, has a significant impact on modernization. Here modernization is understood in a ―narrow‖ sense, referring to economic and technological modernization. The author uses the ―cultural modernization‖ approaches of R.Inglehart and the ―creative class‖ concept of R.Florida. Based on data from 55 countries, the author concludes that tolerance does have a significant impact on modernization, with gender equality being the most predictive factor and proving to be important in three groups of compared models (Index of Modernization, Innovation Index, and Investment Index). A tolerant attitude towards homosexuals and a decrease in xenophobia play a less significant role. Gender equality is an important predictor for modernization because women are in the majority – not the minority – and lowering entry barriers for women leads to their inclusion in a post-industrial economy. The results show that this is extremely important for economic modernization. Two distinct patterns of modernization are revealed: A tolerant model and a catching-up model. The former model focuses on innovation, high levels of tolerance, and strong institutions, while the latter focuses on investment, a lower-level of tolerance, and weak political institutions. Institutions do matter – they seem to be a causal mechanism in the relationship between tolerance and modernization. Institutions play a significant role in the tolerant model, where a post-industrial economy is associated with a post-industrial society. However, some countries try to build a post-industrial economy without building a post-industrial society, putting the main emphasis not on innovation, but on higher investment rates.
Добавлено: 28 августа 2012
Препринт
Korolev A. S., Kalachyhin H. International Relations. IR. Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2019. No. 34.
The crisis in relations with the West and the subsequent sanctions hampered the development of Moscow’s cooperation with a number of foreign partners. Under these conditions, the role of the EAEU as an agent for promoting Russia's foreign trade interests has dramatically increased, including the formation of Greater Eurasian Partnership, Moscow’s flagship initiative. Russia’s officials have repeatedly stressed that ASEAN is one of the major pillars of the emerging geostrategic space. The 3rd ASEAN-Russian Federation Summit on Strategic Partnership held in Singapore in November 2018 resulted in signing of Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) between ASEAN and Eurasian Economic Commission (EEC) on Economic Cooperation which aims to unlock the potential of cooperation between two integration blocks. The paper addresses the following question – to what extent can RussiaASEAN strategic partnership create a positive spillover effect on the EAEU-ASEAN ties and trigger the Greater Eurasian Partnership concept. In doing so, the paper focuses on factors which stand behind ASEAN’s rising interest in Eurasian space, EAEU’s strive to develop relationships with Association and the limits of bilateral cooperation in a broader Greater Eurasian framework. It is concluded that the full engagement of ASEAN member states into Eurasian initiatives (even taking into account their successful implementation) depends on several factors. Firstly, to what extent EAEU member states can eliminate structural problems - institutional imbalances, limited export supplies, internal disagreements between the participants. Secondly, it will depend on whether Russia and ASEAN will be able to back up the status of strategic partnership with economic projects. Finally, will the EAEU partners be able to offer ASEAN an attractive interaction format, for example, the Great Eurasian Partnership, which needs to be conceptually filled and linked with ASEAN key initiatives and plans.
Добавлено: 30 октября 2019
Препринт
Polyachenko S. S., Nye J. V. Economics/EC. WP BRP. Высшая школа экономики, 2013. No. 40.
There is a worldwide tendency for more educated people to trust in markets, private business, and trade, and to distrust government regulation and public provision relative to the less educated even in countries where people generally favor regulation (Aghion, et al. 2010). Individual survey data drawn from the Russian RMLS indicate that for Russia, as for most of the world, respondents with higher levels of education are more likely to trust private businesses and privatization, to distrust government regulation, and to favor lesser provision of services by the State (vs. the private sector). This matches the macro survey findings of Aghion et al. (2010) for the transition economies and the work of Caplan (2001, 2002, 2007). However, it is not clear whether education is a causal factor in these preferences or whether education is proxying for different levels of cognitive ability, health, or other forms of human capital. We use individual height data as instruments for formal education to remove the contemporaneous effects of schooling itself on the education-trust link. We find that this IV estimation leaves us with clear and persistent links between education and market friendly attitudes in Russia. This human capital effect is also quite independent of the role of age in determining liberal attitudes and is not simply a cohort effect. This seems to conform to the worldwide observation that – whatever the independent changing institutions – greater health and cognitive ability seem to promote market liberal beliefs in and of themselves. In contrast, socially liberal attitudes are not correlated with education in the IV regressions.
Добавлено: 13 декабря 2013
Препринт
Tatarko A., Mironova A. A., Chuvashov S. V. Sociology. SOC. Высшая школа экономики, 2015. No. WP BRP 63/SOC/2015.
Добавлено: 29 ноября 2014
Препринт
Kuchin I., Gennady Baranovskii, Dranev Y. et al. Science, Technology and Innovation. WP BRP. Высшая школа экономики, 2019. No. 101.
Добавлено: 1 ноября 2019
Препринт
Bruhanov M., Nye J., Polyachenko S. S. Economics/EC. WP BRP. Высшая школа экономики, 2016
Does the educational process itself transform an individual’s world outlook towards pro-market values in transition? Much evidence indicates that education correlates with liberal values. However, it is not clear whether this association is the result of selection into education or whether education itself makes people liberal as education and liberal values both are linked to unobservable characteristics such as cognitive abilities, household traits, and the social environment, implying biased ordinary least squares estimates. We employ unique data from 2 waves of the Russian Longitudinal Measurement Survey (RLMS) which contains individual attitudes towards government price control. To overcome the issue of the mutual correlation of liberal values, education, and predetermined and time stable characteristics (fixed effects), we use regressions in first-differences. A negative link between obtaining higher education and support for government price control is documented. The results are also robust to different indicators of the dependent variable and for different sub-samples. Additionally, based on a cross-section sample, we provide evidence that the psychodynamic channel of educational impact on pro-market attitudes is important: white-collar occupations can be considered as insurance against possible market price shocks. The liberal effect of education shows the importance of research on educational policy in the process of the formation of pro-market attitudes in Russia and in other transition economies.
Добавлено: 23 августа 2016
Препринт
Veselova Y. A. Economics. EC. Высшая школа экономики, 2016. No. 152/EC/2016 .
Рассматривается проблема индивидуального манипулирования в условиях неполной информации, т.е. избирателю не известен весь профиль предпочтений остальных участников голосования. Избиратели получают информацию о результатах опроса, проводимого перед голосованием, которые могут быть представлены в виде списка победителей опроса, ранжирования кандидатов и др. В используемой математической модели результат опроса представлен с помощью функции публичной информации (ФПИ) π. Рассматриваются шесть правил коллективного выбора и восемь типов ФПИ, отличающихся по информативности. Чтобы сравнить манипулируемость правил, вычисляется вероятность того, что избиратель имеет стимул манипулировать при ФПИ π. Показано, что данный индекс не является показательным в случае неполной информации, и предложено два других индекса: вероятность успеха манипулирования и агрегированный индекс стимула к манипулированию. Проведены вычислительные эксперименты, а также сделаны теоретические доказательства некоторых наблюдаемых явлений.
Добавлено: 16 октября 2016
Препринт
Vakulenko E. Economics/EC. WP BRP. Высшая школа экономики, 2014. No. 53.
Добавлено: 14 февраля 2014
Препринт
Scherbak A. N. Sociology. SOC. Высшая школа экономики, 2015
Добавлено: 17 сентября 2015
Препринт
Gimpelson V. E., Oshchepkov A. Y. Economics. EC. Высшая школа экономики, 2012. No. 13.
Using the Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey data, the paper examines Russian workers' fear of unemployment under different economic and labour market conditions during the last 15 years. We employ two alternative measures for this fear. The first one looks at the workers’ fear of losing their current jobs, while the second deals with the fear of not finding relevant re-employment in case of displacement. In order to get the best possible measurement of unemployment for those local and social environments where our respondents live and work, we design unemployment rates for narrowly defined regional and demographic (peer) groups. Estimating ordered probit models for both fear measures, and controlling for various worker and job characteristics, we do not find significant causal effects of unemployment on these fears in most of our specifications. These results are robust to exclusion of potentially endogenous variables; they hold for different periods, subsamples, and levels of job security. Moreover, our simulations show that even a large increase in the unemployment rate has little impact on conditional probabilities of expressing a strong or weak fear of unemployment. These results suggest that the high level and persistence of fear of unemployment in Russia may be caused by non-economic factors.
Добавлено: 28 августа 2012
Препринт
Lokshin M. Policy Research Working Paper. WPS. World Bank Group, 2008. No. 4528.
This paper presents the first critical review of literature on poverty published in Russia between 1992 and 2006. Using a dataset of about 250 publications in Russian scientific journals, the authors assess whether the poverty research in Russia satisfies the general criteria of a scientific publication and if such studies could provide reliable guidance to the Russian government as it maps out its anti-poverty policies. The findings indicate that only a small proportion of papers on poverty published in Russia in 1992-2006 follow the universally-recognized principles of the scientific method. The utility of policy advice based on such research is questionable. The authors also suggest steps that could, in their view, improve the quality of poverty research in Russia.
Добавлено: 14 ноября 2012
Препринт
Loyalka P., Zakharov A. Education. EDU. Высшая школа экономики, 2014
Добавлено: 27 января 2014
Препринт
Menyashev R., Polishchuk L. Научные доклады Института институциональных исследований. WP10. Высшая школа экономики, 2011. No. 01.
In a number of studies social capital is shown to have substantial positive impact on econo-mic development, institutional performance, and quality of governance. So far no such analyses were available for Russia, and the present paper is intended to fill this gap. We propose a model which differentiates the impact on economic welfare of bridging and bonding forms of social capital. The empirical part of the study is based on 2007 survey data collected in the Geo-Rating project. We establish significant positive relationship between bridging social capital and urban development in Russia. Bonding social capital works in the opposite direction: its impact on development is negative. It is further shown that the transmission mechanism between social capital and economic outcomes is based on municipal governance: bridging social capital improves government accountability, whereas bonding social capital reduces the political costs of malfeasance and thus facilitates the abuse of power.
Добавлено: 29 ноября 2012
Препринт
Гомаюн Н. И., Penikas H. I., Titova Y. Financial Economics. FE. Высшая школа экономики, 2012. No. 09.
Добавлено: 17 января 2013