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Найдено 5 публикаций
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Препринт
Tatarko A. SEARCH Working Paper. WP5. Университет Барселоны, 2013. No. WP5/04.
This study analyzes the phenomenology of socio-psychological capital viewed as a resource for psychological relations which constitutes the basis for the formation of social capital. A crosscultural analysis of the impact of value orientations on socio-psychological capital has been performed. Based on a sample of 3 ethnic groups (Russians, n = 103; Chechens, n = 100; Ingush, n = 109), it has been demonstrated that although the impact of individual values on socio-psychological capital obeys logic, it may be culture-specific. Values of Self-Transcendence (Benevolence and Universalism) have a positive impact on the socio-psychological capital of a multicultural society, whereas values of Self-Enhancement influence it negatively. Openness to Change values positively influence civic identity but have a negative effect on perceived social capital. Conservation values positively affect the civic (Russian) identity of the representatives of the Ingush ethnic group.
Добавлено: 29 марта 2013
Препринт
Lebedeva N., Grigoryan L. SEARCH Working Paper. WP5. Университет Барселоны, 2013. No. WP5/10.
This study revealed and examined cultural differences in values, implicit theories of innovativeness and attitudes to innovation across three ethnocultural groups: Russians, representatives of the peoples of North Caucasus (Ingush and Chechens), and Tuvins (N = 804). Individual theories of innovativeness appeared to be more pronounced in Russians; whereas social theories of innovativeness are more discernible in the respondents from North Caucasus and Tuva. Using structural equation modeling was identified a culturally universal model of values’ effects – direct and mediated by implicit theories of innovativeness – on attitudes to innovation. The study demonstrates how the direct negative impact of Conservation values on positive attitudes to innovation is transformed into positive impact, promoting the acceptance of innovations, through the mediating role of implicit theories of innovativeness. The current research study sheds light on the important mediating role of implicit theories of innovativeness in the impact of individual values on attitudes to innovation in different cultures.
Добавлено: 29 марта 2013
Препринт
Tatarko A., Schmidt P. SEARCH Working Paper. WP5. Университет Барселоны, 2013. No. WP5/03.
The aim of the present research was to assess the effect of social capital on an individual`s economic behavior. Specifically, we examined three individual level components of social capital: trust, tolerance and civic identity. A total of 634 Russian adults (aged 20-59 years) completed measures assessing the three dimensions of social capital (perceived social capital, civic identity, generalized trust) and monetary attitudes (Russian version of the Money Beliefs and Behavior Scale, MBBS) A structural equation model relating trust, tolerance, and civic identity with economic attitudes was specified and tested while controlling for age, gender, and education. We found that higher levels of trust, tolerance, and civic identity were associated with adverse monetary attitudes. Attitudes towards money as a means of influence and of protection and the desire to accumulate it reflect a personal sense of dependency on money and lead to constant concern about money. Greater social capital, by providing social support that serves as an alternative source of security, influence, and protection, may reduce this dependence on money. An important finding of our research is that the component of social capital that was associated most frequently and strongly with monetary attitudes was civic identity. Generalizing from our findings, we postulate that the negative association between monetary attitudes and trust, tolerance, and civic identity suggests that when social capital decreases, people try to compensate by accumulating financial capital.
Добавлено: 29 марта 2013
Препринт
Lebedeva N., Schmidt P. SEARCH Working Paper. WP5. Университет Барселоны, 2013. No. WP5/08.
This study investigated relations of basic personal values to attitudes towards innovation among students in Russia, Canada, and China. Participants completed a questionnaire that included the SVS measure of values (Schwartz, 1992) and a new measure of attitudes towards innovation (Lebedeva, Tatarko, 2009). There were significant cultural and gender-related differences in value priorities and attitudes to innovation among the Canadian, Russian, and Chinese college students. As hypothesized, across the full set of participants, higher priority given to Openness to change values (self-direction, stimulation) was related to positive attitudes toward innovation whereas higher priority given to Conservation values (conformity, security) was related negatively to attitudes toward innovation. This result is compatible with the findings reported by other researchers (Shane, 1992; Dollinger et al.,, 2007). There were, however, culture-specific variations in some of these associations, which may be explained by cultural differences in value priorities and implicit theories of creativity. Applying the Multiple-Group Multiple Indicators Multiple Causes Model (Muthen 1989) we have found that the type of mediation between sociodemographic factors and attitudes to innovation is different in the three samples. Whereas in Russia and Canada the effects of gender and age are fully mediated by the values, this is not true for China, where a direct effect of gender on innovation was found. The cultural differences in values, implicit theories of innovation, and attitudes to innovation are discussed.
Добавлено: 29 марта 2013
Препринт
Lebedeva N., Osipova E., Cherkasova L. L. SEARCH Working Paper. WP5. Университет Барселоны, 2013. No. WP5/09.
This study examines the relationship of values and social capital with attitudes towards innovations. The respondents (N = 1238) were asked to fill in a questionnaire, which included the Schwartz value survey SVS-57, a selfassessment scale of innovative personality traits [Lebedeva, Tatarko, 2009], and a method of assessing social capital [Tatarko, 2011]. The results of the correlation analysis revealed a positive correlation between values of Openness to Change and a positive attitude to innovation. It was also found that the components of social capital (trust, tolerance, perceived social capital) positively correlated with attitudes to innovation. The empirical model obtained by means of a structural equation modeling generally confirmed the hypothesis of the study and demonstrated the positive impact of the values of Openness to Change and social capital on attitudes towards innovations in Russia.
Добавлено: 29 марта 2013