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Найдено 7 публикаций
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Препринт
Kuga I. T., Мухина Е. А. Labor markets and social policy. EERC, 2016. No. 16/01E.
Добавлено: 20 октября 2017
Препринт
Osharin A., Verbus V. A. Labor markets and social policy. EERC, 2015. No. 15/03E.
The present paper extends the traditional Dixit and Stiglitz set-up by introducing consumers’workers’ heterogeneity into a general equilibrium model of monopolistic competition. The model obtains a closed-form solution for a symmetric equilibrium and shows how the market outcome depends on the joint distribution of consumers’/workers’ taste and labor productivities. In contrast to the traditional framework, our model predicts that the short-run equilibrium price may vary with the number of firms, demonstrating both anti- and pro-competitive behavior, which is in accordance with economic intuition and empirical evidence. Proposed approach is also capable to explain variability of the long-run equilibrium markups, which is observed empirically. Unlike the standard CES model, where markups are constant, in our setting the equilibrium markups depend on the covariance of tastes and productivity
Добавлено: 8 марта 2016
Препринт
Lukyanova A., Oshchepkov A. Y. Labor markets and social policy. EERC, 2009. No. 09/02.
Although much research has been conducted on annual income inequality in Russia, little has been know about longer-run measures of income inequality and on income mobility. Using the data from the Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey, this paper investigates income mobility in Russia during the period of rapid economic growth. Employing a broad set of mobility indices, we show that there is much mobility in household incomes from one year to the next in Russia. There is some evidence of greater mobility for those in the tails of the income distribution relative to the middle. However, income movements in Russia over this period are largely associated with transitory rather than permanent changes.
Добавлено: 29 октября 2012
Препринт
Pokrovsky D. A., Behrens K., Zhelobodko E. V. Labor markets and social policy. EERC, 2014
Добавлено: 20 марта 2015
Препринт
Lukyanova A. Labor markets and social policy. EERC, 2003. No. 03/09.

The transition to market economic systems in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union involves fundamental shifts in the sectoral allocation of resources, in particular, dramatic changes in employment structures. Development of services in Russia turns to be more impressive than in many other transitional countries. This paper uses the Baumol-Fuchs model of the service sector expansion to estimate underdevelopment of services in Russia prior the transition and measure the progress in catching-up that has taken place thus far. Based on the Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey (1994-2000) empirical analysis demonstrates that sectoral variation in the difference between withdrawal from and entrance to the labor force is the main reason of changing distribution of labor. For job-to-job transitions low quality of current job matches, tenure effects and labor market segmentation are the most important explanation of inter-sectoral labor mobility.

Добавлено: 18 января 2013
Препринт
Lukyanova A. Labor markets and social policy. EERC, 2006. No. 06/03.

The paper documents the changes in the size of the wage distribution in Russia over the period 1994–2003. Developments in wage inequality varied a lot by sub-periods: overall wage inequality stayed stable in 1994–1996, then it jumped following the 1998 crisis and remained at higher levels for three years. In 2002 the trend reversed again and in the course of a single year wage inequality fell back to the level of the mid-1990s. We find that evolution wage inequality was largely driven by changes in the upper end of the wage distribution. Decomposition of wage inequality by population sub-groups shows that inequality has been higher for men, younger and low-educated workers, and rural inhabitants. The structure of inequality did not change much over the period from 1994 to 2003. Demographic variables (mainly gender and region) explain the largest proportion of wage dispersion (over 40% of the explained variation and 15% of total variation). Nearly equivalent is the contribution of firm characteristics with industry affiliation of employer playing the leading role. Our results show that returns to education continued to rise at all percentiles of the wage distribution converging at the level of about 8–9% of wage increase for an additional year of schooling.

Добавлено: 18 января 2013
Препринт
Лукьянова А. Л. Labor markets and social policy. EERC, 2003. № 03/09.

Переход к рыночной экономике в странах Центральной и Восточной Европы и бывшего СССР предполагал фундаментальные сдвиги в распределении ресурсов между секторами, в частности, серьезные изменения структур занятости. Развитие сферы услуг в России оказалось впечатляющим даже на фоне других стран с переходной экономикой. В данной работе используется модель роста сервисного сектора Баумоля–Фьюкса для определения масштабов отставания в развитии сферы услуг в начале переходного периода и оценки прогресса, достигнутого к настоящему времени. Эмпирический анализ, основанный на данных РМЭЗ (1994–2000 гг.), показал, что главной причиной изменений в отраслевой структуре занятости являлись различия между секторами в разнице между количеством ушедших из данного сектора в состояние незанятости и количеством вновь нанятых работников из числа впервые ищущих работу. Для лиц, меняющих место работы, основными факторами, объясняющими межсекторную мобильность, являются низкое качество соответствий между работником и работодателем, эффект стажа и сегментация на рынке труда.

Добавлено: 18 января 2013