Engineering and Technology
This volume offers profound analyses of the main theoretical and practical aspects of the concept of sustainable development: namely, current environmental problems; the building of green economies; climate policies; specifics of international cooperation in the sphere of sustainable development; specific features of business and government involvement in implementing sustainable development; the role of civil society; its social and gender aspects; and specific characteristics of national models of sustainable development. The focus on the international aspects of the implementation of sustainable development ideas makes the insights offered here fresh and unique.
The research on technical regulations and standards highlights that the EAEU is already implementing many EU standards as the basis for reforming and modernizing its former GOST regulations and standards. In addition the EAEU is adopting many standards of the international standards organizations (ISO, IEC, ITU), which work very closely in partnership with the European standards organizations (CEN, CENELEC, ETSI), such that international and European standards are to a large degree identical. This means that the legal and technical infrastructure for non-tariff barriers of the two parties is already converging. This makes non-tariff barriers a potentially fertile field for cooperation between the EU and EAEU, which in turn could mean easier access to markets and increased mutual trade. In this case, the potential format and extent of cooperation could extend to include a Mutual Recognition Agreement (MRA) on Conformity Assessment, through to the most ambitious formula (in EU practice) of the Agreement on Conformity Assessment and Acceptance of Industrial Products (ACAA). Such arrangements would in principle ideally form part of a free trade agreement. Such scenarios can be technically specified, but of course they would have to rely on demanding political conditions which today are not satisfied.
The materials of The International Scientific – Practical Conference is presented below.
The Conference reflects the modern state of innovation in education, science, industry and social-economic sphere, from the standpoint of introducing new information technologies.
It is interesting for a wide range of researchers, teachers, graduate students and professionals in the field of innovation and information technologies.
This book examines how Russia, the world’s most complicated country, is governed. As it resumes its place at the centre of global affairs, the book explores Russia’s overarching strategies, and how it organizes itself (or not) in policy areas ranging from foreign policy and national security to health care, education, immigration, science, sport, agriculture, the environment and criminal justice. The book also discusses the structures and institutions on which Russia relies in order to deliver its goals in these areas of national life, as well as what’s to be done, in policy terms, to improve the country’s performance in its first post-Soviet century. Edited by Irvin Studin, the book includes contributions from a tremendous list of Russia’s leading thinkers and specialists, including Alexei Kudrin, Vladimir Mau, Alexander Auzan, Simon Kordonsky, Fyodor Lukyanov, Natalia Zubarevich and Andrey Melville.
The main target of the East-West Design & Test Symposium (EWDTS) is to exchange experiences between the scientists and technologies of the Eastern and Western Europe, as well as North America and other parts of the world, in the field of design, design automation and test of electronic systems. The symposium aims at attracting scientists especially from countries around the Black Sea, the Baltic states and Central Asia. We cordially invite you to participate and submit your contribution(s) to EWDTS’16 which covers (but is not limited to) the following topics:Analog, Mixed-Signal and RF Test Analysis and Optimization ATPG and High-Level TPG Automotive Reliability & Test Built-In Self Test Debug and Diagnosis Defect/Fault Tolerance and Reliability Design Verification and Validation EDA Tools for Design and Test Embedded Software Performance Failure Analysis, Defect and Fault Functional Safely High-level Synthesis High-Performance Networks and Systems on a Chip Internet of Things Design & Test Low-power Design Memory and Processor Test Modeling & Fault Simulation Network-on-Chip Design & Test Modeling and Synthesis of Embedded Systems Object-Oriented System Specification and Design On-Line Testing Power Issues in Design & Test Real Time Embedded Systems Reliability of Digital Systems Scan-Based Techniques Self-Repair and Reconfigurable Architectures Signal and Information Processing in Radio and Communication Engineering System Level Modeling, Simulation & Test Generation System-in-Package and 3D Design & Test Using UML for Embedded System Specification Optical signals in communication and Information Processing CAD and EDA Tools, Methods and Algorithms Hardware Security and Design for Security Logic, Schematic and System Synthesis Place and Route Thermal and Electrostatic Analysis of SoCs Wireless and RFID Systems Synthesis
The materials of The International Scientific – Practical Conference is presented below. The Conference reflects the modern state of innovation in education, science, industry and social-economic sphere, from the standpoint of introducing new information technologies.
It is interesting for a wide range of researchers, teachers, graduate students and professionals in the field of innovation and information technologies.
The 18th International Vacuum Electronics Conference (IVEC 2017) helded on 24-26 April 2017 in London, UK. With technical co-sponsorship from the IEEE Electron Devices Society (EDS), the conference provide a forum for scientists and engineers from around the globe to present the latest developments in vacuum electronics technology at frequencies ranging from the UHF to THz frequency bands. IVEC was originally created in 2000 by merging the U.S. Power Tubes Conferences and the European Space Agency TWTA Workshops. Now a fully international conference, IVEC is held every other year in the U.S., and in Europe and Asia alternately every fourth year.
The Conference reflects the modern state of innovation in education, science, industry and social-economic sphere, from the standpoint of introducing new information technologies. It is interesting for a wide range of researchers, teachers, graduate students and professionals in the field of innovation and information technologies.
The piblication provides the key lessons learnt from DDPP project experience on designing long-term pathways of low carbon development for 16 world largest economies. The Paris Climate Agreement requires countries to build their concrete vision of the national low-emission transition, consistent with global climate goals that would widely shared by domestic stakeholders and explicitly articulated with domestic socio-economic priorities. We analyze the experience of USA, France, Germany, Russia, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, UK, Mexico, Canada, Italy, Brazil in projecting the deep decarbonization scenarios for their economies by 2050.
The Conference is focused on the actual problems in the field of Quality Management, Transport and Information Security, Information Technologies (Navigation and Information Systems, Information Security Systems and Computer Security, Transport Security Management, Information and Communication Technologies in Education, Scientific Research and Economy, Automation of Business Processes, Automated Systems of Control and Quality Management, Quality Management Systems including Integrated Systems of Quality Management of Information Systems (Implementation, Certification, Auditing), Engineering Management, IT Service Management, Management of Projects and Risks as well as other issues related to the field). Previous Conferences on these topics revealed great interest of both Russian and foreign researchers in this issues. Organizing and hosting the 2016 IEEE Conference on Quality Management, Transport and Information Security, Information Technologies (IT&MQ&IS) in Russia is of great value for exchange of research ideas and practical results in this field, for discovering new problems and development trends, for development of new effective practical methods and tools targeted on solving complex practical problems. During the IT&MQ&IS 2016 Conference sessions, it is expected and planned to discuss a wide range of issues, both of theoretical and practical value. One of the key Conference aims is also attracting young researchers and practitioners to discussions and exchange of ideas with the professional community.
This volume discusses post-socialist urban transport functioning and development in Russia, within the context of the country’s recent transition towards a market economy. Over the past twenty-five years, urban transport in Russia has undergone serious transformations, prompted by the transitioning economy. Yet, the lack of readily available statistical data has led to a gap in the inclusion of Russia in the body of international transport economics research. By including ten chapters of original, cutting-edge research by Russian transport scholars, this book will close that gap. Discussing topics such as the relationship between urban spatial structure and travel behavior in post-soviet cities, road safety, trends and reforms in urban public transport development, transport planning and modelling, and the role of institutions in post-soviet transportation management, this book provides a comprehensive survey of the current state of transportation in Russia. The book concludes with a forecast for future travel development in Russia and makes recommendations for future policy. This book will be of interest to researchers in transportation economics and policy as well as policy makers and those working in the field of urban and transport planning.
The 12th Siberian conference SIBCON-2016, the oldest conference of IEEE in Siberia, aims to offer opportunities to learn and to share information on the latest advances in communications, electron devices, and control systems.
This book constitutes the joint refereed proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Next Generation Wired/Wireless Advanced Networks and Systems, NEW2AN 2015, and the 8th Conference on Internet of Things and Smart Spaces, ruSMART 2015, held in St. Petersburg, Russia, in August 2015. The 74 revised full papers were carefully reviewed and selected from numerous submissions. The 15 papers selected for ruSMART are organized in topical sections on IoT infrastructure, IoT platforms, smart spaces and IoT cases, and smart services and solutions. The 59 papers from NEW2AN deal with the following topics: streaming, video, and TCP applications, mobile "ad hoc" networks, security, and clouds, sensor networks and IoT, cellular systems, novel systems and techniques, business and services, signals and circuits, optical and satellite systems, and advanced materials and their properties.
A novel triphenylamine derivative-linked ionic liquid unit, 1-(6-((4-(bis(4-(thiophen-2-yl)phenyl)amino)- benzoyl)oxy)hexyl)-3-methyl-imidazolium tetrafluoroborate (TTPAC6IL-BF4), was designed and synthesized successfully, and its corresponding polymer PTTPAC6IL-BF4 was obtained by the electropolymerization method. The highest occupied molecular orbital energy band of TTPAC6IL-BF4 is higher and the onset oxidative potential lower compared with that of 6-bromohexyl 4-(bis(4-(thiophen-2-yl)phenyl)amino) benzoate (TTPAC6Br) without modifying the ionic liquid unit. The results imply that introducing an ionic liquid unit to the side chain is an efficient method to improve the switching time of conjugated polymers and would be inspirational for the design and preparation of novel bifunctional electrochromic polymeric electrolytes.
We investigate a possibility of pair electron-electron (e−e) collisions in a ballistic wire with spin-orbit coupling and only one populated mode. Unlike in a spin-degenerate system, a combination of spin splitting in momentum space with a momentum-dependent spin precession opens up a finite phase space for pair e−e collisions around three distinct positions of the wire's chemical potential. For a short wire, we calculate the corresponding resonant contributions to the conductance, which have different power-law temperature dependencies, and, in some cases, vanish if the wire's transverse confinement potential is symmetric. Our results may explain the recently observed feature at the lower conductance plateau in InAs wires.
The article is devoted to the investigation of the structure of pressed palladium-barium cathodes. These cathodes are made from a polycrystalline palladium matrix with inclusions of the particles of the activator phase Pd5Ba. The high efficiency and durability of pressed palladiumbarium cathodes is ensured by the formation of an active-emission BaO layer on the working surface. The active metal Ba comes from the volume to the surface by diffusion of atoms on the defects of the crystal structure of the palladium matrix. When comparing the electrical parameters of the cathodes, the matrices of which were made from the same fractions but different batches of palladium powder, a considerable spread of electrical parameters was established. There were also revealed significant differences in the roughness of the cathode working surface. These differences affect the uniformity and stability of the emission current. This indicates the need for a detailed study of the characteristics of the initial palladium powder and their effect on the structure of the sintered material, and, consequently, on the physicomechanical properties of its surface. In this paper, the morphological features of eight batches of palladium powder in the initial state and after the purification annealing were studied by the method of electron microscopy. Significant differences in the form of particles and agglomerates of powder from different batches have been revealed. A metallographic analysis of microsections of the palladium samples prepared by solidphase sintering was carried out. The influence of the morphological features of the particles of the initial powder on the grain size and the mechanical properties of the sintered compact is determined. Studies have shown that to obtain a compact palladium with reproducible and predictable properties, stability of the morphological characteristics of the original powder is necessary.
In order to modify the gate dielectric of MIS structures we suggest to implement the injection-thermal treatment which consists in the high-field injection of electrons of set density into the thin dielectric film and the subsequent annealing of the structure. We investigate an influence of modes of the injection-thermal treatment onto the modification of MIS structures. We demonstrate that the processes of MIS structure modification taking place at the injection-thermal treatment in many respects are identical to the processes taking place at the radiation-thermal treatment. We study an influence of modes of the high-field electron injection into the gate dielectric of MIS structure onto densities of charge defects and the injection hardness of samples. Besides, we research an influence of doping of the silicone dioxide film by phosphorus onto the same characteristics.
The problem to identify pre-buckling states for thin-walled shell corresponds to the problem to identify pre-bifurcation solutions (the inverse bifurcation problem) for von Karman equations that govern the structure. Typical solution sequences similar to those of post-bifurcation solutions observed along the bifurcation paths of the nonlinear boundary problem for von Karman equations are extracted to serve as precursors of bifurcation (tools to solve the problem). The method allows one to divide all operations required to solve the problem under study into two non-equal parts. The most time-consuming part (to trace bifurcation paths and cluster the respective solution) is performed off-line, while the part of the algorithm that is carried out on-line (the identification algorithm) requires a relatively small number of arithmetic operations. This allows development of the efficient system of rapid identification of pre-buckling states.
The mixture of argon and mercury vapor is used as the background gas in different types of gas discharge illuminating lamps. The aim of this work was development of a model, describing transport of electrons, ions and fast atoms in the one-dimensional low-current gas discharge in argon-mercury mixture, and determination of the dependence of their contributions to the cathode sputtering, limiting the device service time, on the temperature. For simulation of motion of electrons we used the Monte Carlo method of statistical modeling, whereas the ion and metastable excited atom motion, in order to reduce the calculation time, we described on the basis of their macroscopic transport equations, which allowed to obtain their flow densities at the cathode surface. Then, using the Monte Carlo method, we found the energy spectra of ions and fast atoms, generated in collisions of ions with mixture atoms, at the cathode surface and also the effective coefficients of the cathode sputtering by each type of particles. Calculations showed that the flow densities of argon ions and fast argon atoms, produced in collisions of argon ions with slow argon atoms, do not depend on the temperature, while the flow densities of mercury ions and fast argon atoms generated by them grow rapidly with the temperature due to an increase of mercury content in the mixture. There are represented results of modeling of the energy spectra of ions and fast atoms at the cathode surface. They demonstrate that at low mercury content in the mixture of the order of 10–3 the energies of mercury ions exceed that of the other types of particles, so that the cathode is sputtered mainly by mercury ions, and their contribution to sputtering is reduced at a mixture temperature decrease.
The paper considers programs and devices of augmented reality, examines the general environments and methods of software development and the rationale for their selection. The work describes in detail the operating principle of the software, the pattern recognition algorithm, the UML class diagram, the UML usage diagram, and the architecture of the 3D rendering engine and a description of its operation. An example of practical application of software with pattern recognition is offered. The paper examines the impact of virtual reality on human health, as well as the problem of assimilation of educational material in preschool education. To solve the problem, various algorithms for the program are proposed. Based on the conducted studies, it was decided to create the software for the experiment on the basis of developed algorithms for preschool education. The results of the work can be used for further research in the field of expanded reality, for new developments in this field and improvement of the quality of education.
Relative equilibria of a pendulum attached to the surface of a uniformly rotating celestial body are considered. The locations of the tether anchor that correspond to a given spacecraft position are defined. The domains, where the spacecraft can be held with the help of such a pendulum, are also described. Stability of the found relative equilibria is studied.
Outage events caused by dynamic blockage of a radio signal propagation path are one of the key challenges in 5G millimetre-wave (mmWave) cellular networks. To mitigate them, Third Generation Partnership Project standardisation has recently ratified multi-connectivity techniques aiming to enable user connectivity to several base stations simultaneously, while switching between them whenever the currently active connection becomes blocked. A closed-form upper bound on the probability density function of the respective system capacity in a random field of moving blockers is obtained.