Engineering and Technology
This volume offers profound analyses of the main theoretical and practical aspects of the concept of sustainable development: namely, current environmental problems; the building of green economies; climate policies; specifics of international cooperation in the sphere of sustainable development; specific features of business and government involvement in implementing sustainable development; the role of civil society; its social and gender aspects; and specific characteristics of national models of sustainable development. The focus on the international aspects of the implementation of sustainable development ideas makes the insights offered here fresh and unique.
The research on technical regulations and standards highlights that the EAEU is already implementing many EU standards as the basis for reforming and modernizing its former GOST regulations and standards. In addition the EAEU is adopting many standards of the international standards organizations (ISO, IEC, ITU), which work very closely in partnership with the European standards organizations (CEN, CENELEC, ETSI), such that international and European standards are to a large degree identical. This means that the legal and technical infrastructure for non-tariff barriers of the two parties is already converging. This makes non-tariff barriers a potentially fertile field for cooperation between the EU and EAEU, which in turn could mean easier access to markets and increased mutual trade. In this case, the potential format and extent of cooperation could extend to include a Mutual Recognition Agreement (MRA) on Conformity Assessment, through to the most ambitious formula (in EU practice) of the Agreement on Conformity Assessment and Acceptance of Industrial Products (ACAA). Such arrangements would in principle ideally form part of a free trade agreement. Such scenarios can be technically specified, but of course they would have to rely on demanding political conditions which today are not satisfied.
The materials of The International Scientific – Practical Conference is presented below.
The Conference reflects the modern state of innovation in education, science, industry and social-economic sphere, from the standpoint of introducing new information technologies.
It is interesting for a wide range of researchers, teachers, graduate students and professionals in the field of innovation and information technologies.
This book examines how Russia, the world’s most complicated country, is governed. As it resumes its place at the centre of global affairs, the book explores Russia’s overarching strategies, and how it organizes itself (or not) in policy areas ranging from foreign policy and national security to health care, education, immigration, science, sport, agriculture, the environment and criminal justice. The book also discusses the structures and institutions on which Russia relies in order to deliver its goals in these areas of national life, as well as what’s to be done, in policy terms, to improve the country’s performance in its first post-Soviet century. Edited by Irvin Studin, the book includes contributions from a tremendous list of Russia’s leading thinkers and specialists, including Alexei Kudrin, Vladimir Mau, Alexander Auzan, Simon Kordonsky, Fyodor Lukyanov, Natalia Zubarevich and Andrey Melville.
Session 1. The uncertainty in the measurements and calculations. Probabilistic methods in the processing of information. The Bayesian approach Session 2. Systems simulation. Complex objects control in the condition of uncertainty Session 3. Neurocomputing networks, genetic algorithms and their applications Session 4. Methods and tools for the design of expert systems and decision support systems Session 5. Intelligent measurements systems. New approaches in measurements: intellectual, soft and fuzzy measurements Session 6. Environmental information systems Session 7. Application of decision support systems in the economy and the social sphere
The main target of the East-West Design & Test Symposium (EWDTS) is to exchange experiences between the scientists and technologies of the Eastern and Western Europe, as well as North America and other parts of the world, in the field of design, design automation and test of electronic systems. The symposium aims at attracting scientists especially from countries around the Black Sea, the Baltic states and Central Asia. We cordially invite you to participate and submit your contribution(s) to EWDTS’16 which covers (but is not limited to) the following topics:Analog, Mixed-Signal and RF Test Analysis and Optimization ATPG and High-Level TPG Automotive Reliability & Test Built-In Self Test Debug and Diagnosis Defect/Fault Tolerance and Reliability Design Verification and Validation EDA Tools for Design and Test Embedded Software Performance Failure Analysis, Defect and Fault Functional Safely High-level Synthesis High-Performance Networks and Systems on a Chip Internet of Things Design & Test Low-power Design Memory and Processor Test Modeling & Fault Simulation Network-on-Chip Design & Test Modeling and Synthesis of Embedded Systems Object-Oriented System Specification and Design On-Line Testing Power Issues in Design & Test Real Time Embedded Systems Reliability of Digital Systems Scan-Based Techniques Self-Repair and Reconfigurable Architectures Signal and Information Processing in Radio and Communication Engineering System Level Modeling, Simulation & Test Generation System-in-Package and 3D Design & Test Using UML for Embedded System Specification Optical signals in communication and Information Processing CAD and EDA Tools, Methods and Algorithms Hardware Security and Design for Security Logic, Schematic and System Synthesis Place and Route Thermal and Electrostatic Analysis of SoCs Wireless and RFID Systems Synthesis
The materials of The International Scientific – Practical Conference is presented below. The Conference reflects the modern state of innovation in education, science, industry and social-economic sphere, from the standpoint of introducing new information technologies.
It is interesting for a wide range of researchers, teachers, graduate students and professionals in the field of innovation and information technologies.
The 18th International Vacuum Electronics Conference (IVEC 2017) helded on 24-26 April 2017 in London, UK. With technical co-sponsorship from the IEEE Electron Devices Society (EDS), the conference provide a forum for scientists and engineers from around the globe to present the latest developments in vacuum electronics technology at frequencies ranging from the UHF to THz frequency bands. IVEC was originally created in 2000 by merging the U.S. Power Tubes Conferences and the European Space Agency TWTA Workshops. Now a fully international conference, IVEC is held every other year in the U.S., and in Europe and Asia alternately every fourth year.
The Conference reflects the modern state of innovation in education, science, industry and social-economic sphere, from the standpoint of introducing new information technologies. It is interesting for a wide range of researchers, teachers, graduate students and professionals in the field of innovation and information technologies.
The piblication provides the key lessons learnt from DDPP project experience on designing long-term pathways of low carbon development for 16 world largest economies. The Paris Climate Agreement requires countries to build their concrete vision of the national low-emission transition, consistent with global climate goals that would widely shared by domestic stakeholders and explicitly articulated with domestic socio-economic priorities. We analyze the experience of USA, France, Germany, Russia, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, UK, Mexico, Canada, Italy, Brazil in projecting the deep decarbonization scenarios for their economies by 2050.
The Conference is focused on the actual problems in the field of Quality Management, Transport and Information Security, Information Technologies (Navigation and Information Systems, Information Security Systems and Computer Security, Transport Security Management, Information and Communication Technologies in Education, Scientific Research and Economy, Automation of Business Processes, Automated Systems of Control and Quality Management, Quality Management Systems including Integrated Systems of Quality Management of Information Systems (Implementation, Certification, Auditing), Engineering Management, IT Service Management, Management of Projects and Risks as well as other issues related to the field). Previous Conferences on these topics revealed great interest of both Russian and foreign researchers in this issues. Organizing and hosting the 2016 IEEE Conference on Quality Management, Transport and Information Security, Information Technologies (IT&MQ&IS) in Russia is of great value for exchange of research ideas and practical results in this field, for discovering new problems and development trends, for development of new effective practical methods and tools targeted on solving complex practical problems. During the IT&MQ&IS 2016 Conference sessions, it is expected and planned to discuss a wide range of issues, both of theoretical and practical value. One of the key Conference aims is also attracting young researchers and practitioners to discussions and exchange of ideas with the professional community.
This volume discusses post-socialist urban transport functioning and development in Russia, within the context of the country’s recent transition towards a market economy. Over the past twenty-five years, urban transport in Russia has undergone serious transformations, prompted by the transitioning economy. Yet, the lack of readily available statistical data has led to a gap in the inclusion of Russia in the body of international transport economics research. By including ten chapters of original, cutting-edge research by Russian transport scholars, this book will close that gap. Discussing topics such as the relationship between urban spatial structure and travel behavior in post-soviet cities, road safety, trends and reforms in urban public transport development, transport planning and modelling, and the role of institutions in post-soviet transportation management, this book provides a comprehensive survey of the current state of transportation in Russia. The book concludes with a forecast for future travel development in Russia and makes recommendations for future policy. This book will be of interest to researchers in transportation economics and policy as well as policy makers and those working in the field of urban and transport planning.
The 12th Siberian conference SIBCON-2016, the oldest conference of IEEE in Siberia, aims to offer opportunities to learn and to share information on the latest advances in communications, electron devices, and control systems.
This book constitutes the joint refereed proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Next Generation Wired/Wireless Advanced Networks and Systems, NEW2AN 2015, and the 8th Conference on Internet of Things and Smart Spaces, ruSMART 2015, held in St. Petersburg, Russia, in August 2015. The 74 revised full papers were carefully reviewed and selected from numerous submissions. The 15 papers selected for ruSMART are organized in topical sections on IoT infrastructure, IoT platforms, smart spaces and IoT cases, and smart services and solutions. The 59 papers from NEW2AN deal with the following topics: streaming, video, and TCP applications, mobile "ad hoc" networks, security, and clouds, sensor networks and IoT, cellular systems, novel systems and techniques, business and services, signals and circuits, optical and satellite systems, and advanced materials and their properties.
We present the simple microprobe for the investigation of crude oil by a thermal desorption photoionization coupled to Orbitrap mass spectrometry. The droplet of crude oil was placed on the heating element with controllable temperature. The temperature was linearly increased, and crude oil vapors were ionized by a vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) lamp and detected by Orbitrap mass spectrometer. Use of modified Orbitrap allowed introduction of the heating element and VUV lamp directly into the ion funnel and performing experiment not only at atmosphere pressure but also at 20, 10, and 5 torr. We observed that at high pressure protonated CHN compounds dominate in the spectrum, while at the low pressure CH compounds dominate. Similar to previously reported thermogravimetry coupled to photoionization or chemical ionization mass spectrometry systems we were able to separate compounds with different desorption energy and reliably detect low-abundant compounds. Also, we were able to determine the desorption temperature for each compound of the crude oil. We found that temperature of desorption increases linearly with m/z for compounds that belong to the same homology series (same Kendrick mass defect). This may serve as indirect evidence that such compounds differ only by the length of aliphatic chains attached to some basic structure.
Aim. The main stages of scientific activity of V.A. Solntsev from the student's bench to the leader of the scientific school on radiophysics and microwave electronics are investigated. Method. Based on the primary publications, the main directions of the creative path of the scientist, whom determined the electronic age of the time, are analyzed. Results. It is shown how timely V.A. Solntsev found a substitute for research and calculation methods that ceased to satisfy the demands of science and production, and resolutely went on to develop new principles of amplification and generation, accurately determining the expiration time of previous methods and principles and giving way only to the routine apparatus. Discussion. Great educational work and scientific and organizational role of the outstanding scientist were noted. © 2018 Saratov State University. All rights reserved.
We report results of systematic measurements of charge transport properties of the 20.5-nm-wide HgTe-based quantum well in perpendicular magnetic field, performed under hydrostatic pressures up to 15.1 kbar. At ambient pressure, transport is well described by the two-band semiclassical model. In contrast, at elevated pressure, we observed nonmonotonic pressure dependence of resistivity at the “charge neutrality point.” For pressures lower than ≈9kbar, resistivity grows with pressure, in accord with expectations from the band structure calculations and the model incorporating effects of disorder on transport in two-dimensional (2D) semimetals with indirect band overlap. For higher pressures, the resistivity saturates and starts decreasing upon further increase of pressure. Above ≈14kbar the resistance value and the magnetoresistance character sharply change, which may indicate significant change of electronic structure due to new electronic phase formation or some structural transitions. The data also reveal strong influence of disorder on transport in 2D electron-hole system with a small band overlap.
The change in the structure of solid hydrogen upon compression along the isotherm of 100 K near the transition to the conducting state has been investigated within the density-functional theory. The dependences of pressure and electrical conductivity on the hydrogen density have been calculated. The pressure range from 602 to 836 GPa has been found where the first peak of the pair correlation function arises at a distance of 0.92 Å, which corresponds to the interatomic distance in the molecular H3+ ion. Notably, this distance does not change with an increase in density. A sharp increase in the electrical conductivity is also observed.
Cardiovascular disease associated with metabolic syndrome has a high prevalence, but the mechanistic basis of metabolic cardiomyopathy remains poorly understood. We characterised the cardiac transcriptome in a murine metabolic syndrome (MetS) model (LDLR−/−; ob/ob, DKO) relative to the healthy, control heart (C57BL/6, WT) and the transcriptional changes induced by ACE-inhibition in those hearts. RNA-Seq, differential gene expression and transcription factor analysis identified 288 genes differentially expressed between DKO and WT hearts implicating 72 pathways. Hallmarks of metabolic cardiomyopathy were increased activity in integrin-linked kinase signalling, Rho signalling, dendritic cell maturation, production of nitric oxide and reactive oxygen species in macrophages, atherosclerosis, LXR-RXR signalling, cardiac hypertrophy, and acute phase response pathways. ACE-inhibition had a limited effect on gene expression in WT (55 genes, 23 pathways), and a prominent effect in DKO hearts (1143 genes, 104 pathways). In DKO hearts, ACE-I appears to counteract some of the MetS-specific pathways, while also activating cardioprotective mechanisms. We conclude that MetS and control murine hearts have unique transcriptional profiles and exhibit a partially specific transcriptional response to ACE-inhibition.
In this paper we propose a method for solving systems of nonlinear inequalities with predefined accuracy based on nonuniform covering concept formerly adopted for global optimization. The method generates inner and outer approximations of the solution set. We describe the general concept and three ways of numerical implementation of the method. The first one is applicable only in a few cases when a minimum and a maximum of the constraints convolution function can be found analytically. The second implementation uses a global optimization method to find extrema of the constraints convolution function numerically. The third one is based on extrema approximation with Lipschitz under- and overestimations. We obtain theoretical bounds on the complexity and the accuracy of the generated approximations as well as compare proposed approaches theoretically and experimentally.
Electric vehicles (EV) are promising to become one of the most economically and environmentally viable transportation alternatives. Increasing gas prices, improvement of EV technologies and government policies supporting EV infrastructure development account for the rapid growth of electric transport. In this paper we present an approach to solve the load balancing problem in EV Charging Stations (EVCS) network, which will help network owners make most profit. Our methodology is the recommendation system that analyses EVCS customers' routes and balances the load on stations by motivating customers to charge their EVs at places with lower loads in terms of number of people at particular station. We use city simulation software to get the locations of charging stations and drivers' locations and routes. Based on that, we develop a mathematical model to calculate an optimal charging station for each customer taking into account routes of all customers. Web-based solution is developed to do the calculations and visualize the results. The solution is tested on artificial data from the simulation software to prove the efficiency of the implemented mathematical model and technical solution.
The article presents an analysis of the possibilities and limitations of the use of information and communication technologies, in particular the Internet of things as an effective tool for artistic and sociocultural practices in the context of transformations of cultural industries. It is revealed that such radical transformations lead to a change in the formats of cultural objects, their content and form. The prospects of technological development are analyzed and the framework of interdisciplinary research is set.
Considering two main trends in the field of culture - the fusion of art with science and the high demand for viewers’ participation in art-projects, we emphasize the role of technology in the development of media and focus on the prospects that can provide the Internet of things. In addition, analyzing the perspectives of contemporary technological tools as creative tools, we argue that the Internet of things and derivative technologies can have a strong influence on design, education and culture: today the society faces exponential innovative growth in all areas, but the most promising among them are those which provide the user with an active position, ability to provide feedback and an option to become co-author of the responsive, recipient-oriented projects that engage complex technical excellence in order to meet the expectations of a contemporary adaptive user, viewer or student.
Abstract. The article considers the features of super-scalar processors, their way of performing several operations on several pairs of operands simultaneously. The research focuses on the organization of processor pipeline execution operation of several machine instructions in one processor core. The simulating kit was developed for better understanding of a processor core microarchitecture. It includes two parts: program and methodical recommendations with multiple task options. The simulating kit demonstrates the pipeline architecture consisting of two clusters: front-end and back-end and the principle of translating complex multi-cycle CISC-like instructions into simpler RISC-like micro-operations. The main types of machine instructions are considered: data transfer between registers and memory cells (four variations), data processing of couple of operands from registers and memory cells (four variations), conditional jump to the specified address. The program-simulator makes it possible to conduct a more detailed simulation of one of the three mechanisms for calculations accelerating in the processor core: multi-functional (super-scalar) processing, out-of-order processing, speculative instructions execution after the branch prediction. The simulating kit is used in educational process when training masters of Higher School of Economics National Research University.