Engineering and Technology
Proceedings. - Prague, April 23–24, 2019. IEEE Catalog Number: CFP19P59-CDR. ISBN: 978-1-5386-6524-4.
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The materials of The International Scientific – Practical Conference is presented below. The Conference reflects the modern state of innovation in education, science, industry and social-economic sphere, from the standpoint of introducing new information technologies. It is interesting for a wide range of researchers, teachers, graduate students and professionals in the field of innovation and information technologies.
The 29th DAAAM International Symposium on Intelligent Manufacturing and Automation took place in Zadar, Croatia between the 24th and 27th October 2018, during the DAAAM International Week. The Symposium was organized by DAAAM International Vienna in cooperation with ÖIAV 1848, Vienna University of Technology, International Academy of Engineering and University of Applied Sciences – Technikum Wien and Under the Auspices of the Danube Rectors’ Conference & Rectors’ and Presidents’ Honor Committee of DAAAM International for 2018. The Symposium took place in Zadar, Croatia. This year’s symposium aimed at continuing the success of the previous years, focusing on the five-fold traditional objectives of the symposium: the presentation of the most recent high-quality results, support of development of young scientists and researchers, organization of international (summer) doctoral school, inauguration of new members of Central European Branch of International Academy of Engineering and the provision of the necessary setting for stimulating discussions, brainstorming and networking among European and international researchers coming both from the academia government agencies and industry.
The IEEE Russia North West Section, Saint Petersburg Electrotechnical University “LETI”, and the European Centre for Quality (Moscow) are pleased to present the Proceedings of the 2018 IEEE International Conference "Quality Management, Transport and Information Security, Information Technologies" (IT&QM&IS). The Conference was held in St. Petersburg, Russia on September 24–29, 2018, and it was proudly hosted by Saint Petersburg Electrotechnical University “LETI”. The Organizing Committee believes and trusts that we have been true to the spirit of collegiality that members of IEEE value whilst also maintaining a high standard as we reviewed papers, provided feedback and now present a strong body of published work in this collection of proceedings. The themes for this year's conference were chosen as a means of bringing together academics and industrialists, engineering and management research, manufacturing and teaching, and providing a basis for discussion of issues arising across the engineering and business community in relation to Quality Management, Information Technologies, Transport and Information Security aimed at developing engineers and managers for the future. The goal of these proceedings has been to present high quality work in an accessible medium, for use in a wide community of academics, engineers, managers, and industrialists, the community united by the key words Science, Education, Quality, Innovations in engineering. To achieve this aim, all abstracts were blind reviewed, and full papers submitted for publication in this journal of proceedings were subjected to a rigorous reviewing process.
This volume offers profound analyses of the main theoretical and practical aspects of the concept of sustainable development: namely, current environmental problems; the building of green economies; climate policies; specifics of international cooperation in the sphere of sustainable development; specific features of business and government involvement in implementing sustainable development; the role of civil society; its social and gender aspects; and specific characteristics of national models of sustainable development. The focus on the international aspects of the implementation of sustainable development ideas makes the insights offered here fresh and unique.
The research on technical regulations and standards highlights that the EAEU is already implementing many EU standards as the basis for reforming and modernizing its former GOST regulations and standards. In addition the EAEU is adopting many standards of the international standards organizations (ISO, IEC, ITU), which work very closely in partnership with the European standards organizations (CEN, CENELEC, ETSI), such that international and European standards are to a large degree identical. This means that the legal and technical infrastructure for non-tariff barriers of the two parties is already converging. This makes non-tariff barriers a potentially fertile field for cooperation between the EU and EAEU, which in turn could mean easier access to markets and increased mutual trade. In this case, the potential format and extent of cooperation could extend to include a Mutual Recognition Agreement (MRA) on Conformity Assessment, through to the most ambitious formula (in EU practice) of the Agreement on Conformity Assessment and Acceptance of Industrial Products (ACAA). Such arrangements would in principle ideally form part of a free trade agreement. Such scenarios can be technically specified, but of course they would have to rely on demanding political conditions which today are not satisfied.
The materials of The International Scientific – Practical Conference is presented below.
The Conference reflects the modern state of innovation in education, science, industry and social-economic sphere, from the standpoint of introducing new information technologies.
It is interesting for a wide range of researchers, teachers, graduate students and professionals in the field of innovation and information technologies.
This book examines how Russia, the world’s most complicated country, is governed. As it resumes its place at the centre of global affairs, the book explores Russia’s overarching strategies, and how it organizes itself (or not) in policy areas ranging from foreign policy and national security to health care, education, immigration, science, sport, agriculture, the environment and criminal justice. The book also discusses the structures and institutions on which Russia relies in order to deliver its goals in these areas of national life, as well as what’s to be done, in policy terms, to improve the country’s performance in its first post-Soviet century. Edited by Irvin Studin, the book includes contributions from a tremendous list of Russia’s leading thinkers and specialists, including Alexei Kudrin, Vladimir Mau, Alexander Auzan, Simon Kordonsky, Fyodor Lukyanov, Natalia Zubarevich and Andrey Melville.
Global warming is recognized as one of the most urgent challenges for human society in the 21st century. The international community has agreed to undertake necessary actions to prevent dangerous anthropogenic impacts on the climatic system. Based on the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (2014), the UNFCCC Parties adopted the Paris Agreement aimed at limiting the global mean surface temperature rise by “well below 2 degrees Celsius”. Such an ambitious “climatic” target requires unprecedented efforts to reduce carbon emissions to almost zero worldwide this century. Moreover, in order to keep the warming below 1.5°C, the global total emissions must be reduced by 50% or more by 2050 (compared to current levels) and reach net-zero levels afterwards. In practical terms, it means that most of the countries should deeply decarbonize their economies, energy systems, industries, transport, buildings, products and services, while continuing growth of GDP and the standard of living of the population. The developed countries agreed to take the lead in climate change mitigation under the UNFCCC; however, the largest developing countries and emerging economies have started playing substantial roles in carbon emissions nowadays. In this decade, China became the world No.1 CO2 emitter overcoming the United States. The Northeast Asian (NEA) region, including China, Japan, Mongolia, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, the Republic of Korea, and the Russian Federation, is responsible for annual emissions of over 12.4 billion tonnes of CO2 or approximately 40% of global energy-related CO2 emissions. These countries are huge contributors to global warming today and may increase their share further. The traditional way of combusting the huge fossil fuels reserves (coal, gas, and oil) available in the Northeast Asian region would emit greenhouse gases substantially exceeding the amounts that would warm the planet by 2°C. On the other hand, plentiful sources of renewable energy (solar, wind, hydro, tidal, and biomass, etc.) in combination with advanced technologies, investments, and land infrastructure developments can transform the Northeast Asian countries into decarbonized, climate- and environment-friendly economies with sustainable growth and development, fully consistent with the goals and commitments under the Paris Climate Agreement. Delays with the deep decarbonization of the Northeast Asian economies will impose higher risks for communities and life-supporting ecosystems, more losses and stranded assets for businesses, and slower technological progress worldwide. The analysis of challenges and opportunities in deep decarbonization pathways for the Northeast Asian region as a whole is presented in this publication. We raise many questions, and yet have not so many answers. By publishing this text, we want to invite all interested and concerned parties to start thinking about and debating these new, but very up-to-date issues of deep transformation of our economies, industries, consumer behavior, and ways of living in climate-neutral patterns, in order that we can urgently meet the need to save our planet and keep it in good shape for the generations to come.
Session 1. The uncertainty in the measurements and calculations. Probabilistic methods in the processing of information. The Bayesian approach Session 2. Systems simulation. Complex objects control in the condition of uncertainty Session 3. Neurocomputing networks, genetic algorithms and their applications Session 4. Methods and tools for the design of expert systems and decision support systems Session 5. Intelligent measurements systems. New approaches in measurements: intellectual, soft and fuzzy measurements Session 6. Environmental information systems Session 7. Application of decision support systems in the economy and the social sphere
The main target of the East-West Design & Test Symposium (EWDTS) is to exchange experiences between the scientists and technologies of the Eastern and Western Europe, as well as North America and other parts of the world, in the field of design, design automation and test of electronic systems. The symposium aims at attracting scientists especially from countries around the Black Sea, the Baltic states and Central Asia. We cordially invite you to participate and submit your contribution(s) to EWDTS’16 which covers (but is not limited to) the following topics:Analog, Mixed-Signal and RF Test Analysis and Optimization ATPG and High-Level TPG Automotive Reliability & Test Built-In Self Test Debug and Diagnosis Defect/Fault Tolerance and Reliability Design Verification and Validation EDA Tools for Design and Test Embedded Software Performance Failure Analysis, Defect and Fault Functional Safely High-level Synthesis High-Performance Networks and Systems on a Chip Internet of Things Design & Test Low-power Design Memory and Processor Test Modeling & Fault Simulation Network-on-Chip Design & Test Modeling and Synthesis of Embedded Systems Object-Oriented System Specification and Design On-Line Testing Power Issues in Design & Test Real Time Embedded Systems Reliability of Digital Systems Scan-Based Techniques Self-Repair and Reconfigurable Architectures Signal and Information Processing in Radio and Communication Engineering System Level Modeling, Simulation & Test Generation System-in-Package and 3D Design & Test Using UML for Embedded System Specification Optical signals in communication and Information Processing CAD and EDA Tools, Methods and Algorithms Hardware Security and Design for Security Logic, Schematic and System Synthesis Place and Route Thermal and Electrostatic Analysis of SoCs Wireless and RFID Systems Synthesis
The materials of The International Scientific – Practical Conference is presented below. The Conference reflects the modern state of innovation in education, science, industry and social-economic sphere, from the standpoint of introducing new information technologies.
It is interesting for a wide range of researchers, teachers, graduate students and professionals in the field of innovation and information technologies.
The 18th International Vacuum Electronics Conference (IVEC 2017) helded on 24-26 April 2017 in London, UK. With technical co-sponsorship from the IEEE Electron Devices Society (EDS), the conference provide a forum for scientists and engineers from around the globe to present the latest developments in vacuum electronics technology at frequencies ranging from the UHF to THz frequency bands. IVEC was originally created in 2000 by merging the U.S. Power Tubes Conferences and the European Space Agency TWTA Workshops. Now a fully international conference, IVEC is held every other year in the U.S., and in Europe and Asia alternately every fourth year.
The Conference reflects the modern state of innovation in education, science, industry and social-economic sphere, from the standpoint of introducing new information technologies. It is interesting for a wide range of researchers, teachers, graduate students and professionals in the field of innovation and information technologies.
The piblication provides the key lessons learnt from DDPP project experience on designing long-term pathways of low carbon development for 16 world largest economies. The Paris Climate Agreement requires countries to build their concrete vision of the national low-emission transition, consistent with global climate goals that would widely shared by domestic stakeholders and explicitly articulated with domestic socio-economic priorities. We analyze the experience of USA, France, Germany, Russia, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, UK, Mexico, Canada, Italy, Brazil in projecting the deep decarbonization scenarios for their economies by 2050.
The Conference is focused on the actual problems in the field of Quality Management, Transport and Information Security, Information Technologies (Navigation and Information Systems, Information Security Systems and Computer Security, Transport Security Management, Information and Communication Technologies in Education, Scientific Research and Economy, Automation of Business Processes, Automated Systems of Control and Quality Management, Quality Management Systems including Integrated Systems of Quality Management of Information Systems (Implementation, Certification, Auditing), Engineering Management, IT Service Management, Management of Projects and Risks as well as other issues related to the field). Previous Conferences on these topics revealed great interest of both Russian and foreign researchers in this issues. Organizing and hosting the 2016 IEEE Conference on Quality Management, Transport and Information Security, Information Technologies (IT&MQ&IS) in Russia is of great value for exchange of research ideas and practical results in this field, for discovering new problems and development trends, for development of new effective practical methods and tools targeted on solving complex practical problems. During the IT&MQ&IS 2016 Conference sessions, it is expected and planned to discuss a wide range of issues, both of theoretical and practical value. One of the key Conference aims is also attracting young researchers and practitioners to discussions and exchange of ideas with the professional community.
In the absence of traditional communication infrastructures, the choice of available technologies for building data collection and control systems in remote areas is very limited. This paper reviews and analyzes protocols and technologies for transferring Internet of Things (IoT) data and presents an architecture for a hybrid IoT-satellite network, which includes a long range (LoRa) low power wide area network (LPWAN) terrestrial network for data collection and an Iridium satellite system for backhaul connectivity. Simulation modelling, together with a specialized experimental stand, allowed us to study the applicability of different methods of information presentation for the case of transmitting IoT data over low-speed satellite communication channels. We proposed a data encoding and packaging scheme called GDEP (Gateway Data Encoding and Packaging). It is based on the combination of data format conversion at the connection points of a heterogeneous network and message packaging. GDEP enabled the reduction of the number of utilized Short Burst Data (SBD) containers and the overall transmitted data size by almost five times.
In the paper the content of individual elements (Fe, Co, Zr, Ca and F) contained in nanocomposites FeCoZr ferromagnetic alloy in the CaF2 transparent ceramics dielectric matrix, depending on the content of the metal phase x was determined by the X-ray diffusion microanalysis (EDX) method. The nanocomposites were made by sputtering by argon ions. Investigations of changes in the chemical composition of nanocomposites under the influence of high-temperature treatments were carried out using the thermogravimetry method in the temperature range from 25 °C to 1000 °C with a temperature increase rate of 10 °C/min. On the basis of the research, a model of changes of the structural-phase state of nanogranular layers of ferromagnetic alloy Fe45Co45Zr10 in the transparent ceramics CaF2 matrix occurring under the influence of high-temperature treatments was proposed.
A model of the thermo-field electron emission from the metal cathode with a thin insulating surface film at temperatures of 200–400 K is developed. An expression for the film emission efficiency in the gas discharge is obtained. The efficiency is equal to the fraction of electrons emitted into the film from the metal substrate, which enter the discharge volume and increase the effective secondary-electron emission yield of the cathode. It is shown that the thermo-field mechanism of electron emission influences noticeably the ignition voltage of the low-current discharge with such cathode at rather low temperatures exceeding the room temperature by less than 100 K.
The damage and structural state of the surface layer of Al–Li–Mg samples composed of Al–5% Mg–2% Li (wt %) under pulsed action of power streams of high-temperature deuterium plasma and highenergy deuterium ions in the Plasma Focus (PF) device have been investigated. The radiation power density was q ~ 106 W/cm2; the pulse duration was 50–100 ns. Pulsed thermal heating and rapid cooling is established to lead to the melting and solidification of a thin surface layer of the alloy for several tens of nanoseconds. At the same time, in the superheated surface layer of the alloy, microcavities of a spherical shape are formed which is associated with intense evaporation of lithium into micropores within the heated layer. Thermal stresses caused by abrupt heating, melting, and cooling of a thin surface layer of metal result in formation of microcracks in the near-surface zone of the samples. The evaporation by the power electron beam of the elements of the anode material of the PF device (copper and tungsten) and their subsequent deposition onto the irradiated surface of the investigated samples in the form of droplets of submicron size are noted. It is shown that the thermal and radiationstimulated processes generated in the alloy under the action of pulsed energy fluxes in the implemented irradiation regime lead to the redistribution of elements in the surface layer of the aluminum solution, contributing to an increase in magnesium content and the formation of magnesium oxide on the surface.
Abstract—We have performed computer simulations and experimental studies of characteristics of a standard analog device—the heterodyne employing a printed circuit board (PCB) made from a composite dielectric with a controlled dark conductivity. Simulation results show that an increased conductivity of the PCB smaller than 2 × 10^−7 Ohm^−1 · m^−1 has almost no effect on the operating characteristics of a heterodyne operating in the frequency range of 9–37 MHz, which are in a good agreement with the experimental data. Such PCBs are expected to exclude electrostatic discharges in spacecraft electronic devices otherwise occurring in them due to their internal charging by the ambient space plasma.
The purpose of the article is to present an analytical system that allows users to process data necessary for an industrial risk analysis and management, to monitor the level of industrial safety in a given site, and to fulfil essential tasks within the field of occupational safety. This system’s implementation will make the industrial safety management at industrial sites more effective. Multifactorial, probabilistic, determined models of accidents’ hazard and severity indexes are integrated into the computing core of the Information and Analytical System. Then, statistical methods determine the risk assessment of occupational injuries and diseases. The Information and Analytical System for Hazard Level Assessment and Forecasting Risk of Emergencies in the Republic of Kazakhstan allows users to work efficiently with large volumes of information and form a united analytical electronic report about the state of industrial safety. The main objective of the monitoring system is to conduct a comprehensive analysis and assessment of the state of accidents, traumas and occupational sickness rates at industrial sites, the results being classified by the degree of hazard and insalubrity of manufacture. The introduction of the computer monitoring system in the specialized services of the Emergency Management Committee and the Ministry of Investment and Development of the Republic of Kazakhstan, and at industrial enterprises throughout the country, will allow users to analyse the state of the industrial and occupational safety constantly and objectively; as a consequence, the implementation will go a long way towards comprehensively approaching the task of increasing safety levels at industrial sites.
This work is devoted to the study of communication subsystem of networks-on-chip (NoCs) development with an emphasis on their topologies. The main characteristics of NoC topologies and the routing problem in NoCs with various topologies are considered. It is proposed to use two‑dimensional circulant topologies for NoC design, since they have significantly better characteristics than most common mesh and torus topologies, and, in contrast to many other approaches to improving topologies, have a regular structure. The emphasis is on using ring circulants which although in some cases have somewhat worse characteristics than the optimal circulants, compensate by one-length first generatrix in such graphs that greatly facilitate routing in them. The paper considers three different approaches to routing in NoCs with ring circulant topology: Table routing, Clockwise routing, and Adaptive routing. The algorithms of routing are proposed, the results of synthesis of routers, based on them, are presented, and the cost of chip resources for the implementation of such communication subsystems in NoCs is estimated.
The paper deals with cyclostationarity as a natural extension of stationarity as the key property in designing the widely-used models of random processes. The comparative example of two processes, one is wide-sense stationary and the other is wide-sense cyclostationary, is given in the paper and reveals the lack of the conventional stationary description based on one-dimensional autocorrelation functions. It is shown that two significantly different random processes appear to be characterized by exactly the same autocorrelation function while their two-dimensional autocorrelation functions provide outlook where the difference between processes of two above-mentioned classes becomes much clearer. More concise representation by expanding the two-dimensional autocorrelation function to its Fourier series where the cyclic frequency appears as the transform parameter is illustrated. The closed-form expression for the components of the cyclic autocorrelation function is also given for the random process which is an infinite pulse train made of rectangular pulses with randomly varying amplitudes.
New SOS MOSFET design with the presence of high-resistance undoped silicon of intrinsic conductivity in the channel region near the source was proposed. 0.75 μm SOS MOSFET with the use of an "insertion" makes it possible to obtain the transistor with characteristics corresponding to a transistor with 0.5 μm topological channel length. This allows the factories to produce new competitive products without significant capital expenditures for the modernization of production capacities.