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Working paper

Recently Krichever proposed a generalization of the amoeba and the Ronkin function of a plane algebraic curve. In our paper higher-dimensional version of this generalization is studied. We translate to the generalized case different geometric results that are knows in the standard amoebas case.

Added: Feb 12, 2018

Working paper

We discuss a conjecture saying that derived equivalence of smooth projective varieties implies that the difference of their classes in the Grothendieck ring of varieties is annihilated by a power of the affine line class. We support the conjecture with a number of known examples, and one new example. We consider a smooth complete intersection X of three quadrics in P5 and the corresponding double cover Y→P2 branched over a sextic curve. We show that as soon as the natural Brauer class on Y vanishes, so that X and Y are derived equivalent, the difference [X]−[Y] is annihilated by the affine line class.

Added: Apr 10, 2017

Working paper

We describe intermediate Jacobians of Gushel-Mukai varieties X of dimensions 3 or 5: if A is the Lagrangian space associated with X, we prove that the intermediate Jacobian of X is isomorphic to the Albanese variety of the canonical double covering of any of the two dual Eisenbud-Popescu-Walter surfaces associated with A. As an application, we describe the period maps for Gushel-Mukai threefolds and fivefolds.

Added: Aug 19, 2020

Working paper

Debarre O.,

math. arxive. Cornell University, 2016
Beauville and Donagi proved in 1985 that the primitive middle cohomology of a smooth complex cubic fourfold and the primitive second cohomology of its variety of lines, a smooth hyperk\"ahler fourfold, are isomorphic as polarized integral Hodge structures. We prove analogous statements for smooth complex Gushel-Mukai varieties of dimension 4 (resp. 6), i.e., smooth dimensionally transverse intersections of the cone over the Grassmannian Gr(2,5), a quadric, and two hyperplanes (resp. of the cone over Gr(2,5) and a quadric). The associated hyperk\"ahler fourfold is in both cases a smooth double cover of a hypersurface in P5 called an EPW sextic.

Added: Sep 4, 2016

Working paper

We describe the moduli stack of Gushel-Mukai varieties as a global quotient stack and its coarse moduli space as the corresponding GIT quotient. The construction is based on a comprehensive study of the relation between this stack and the stack of Lagrangian data; roughly speaking, we show that the former is a generalized root stack of the latter. As an application, we define the period map for Gushel-Mukai varieties and construct some complete nonisotrivial families of smooth Gushel-Mukai varieties. In an appendix, we describe a generalization of the root stack construction used in our approach to the moduli space.

Added: Jun 8, 2019

Working paper

In this paper, we give a few results on the local behavior of harmonic functions on the Sierpinski triangle - more precisely, of their restriction to a side of the triangle. First we present a general formula that gives the Hölder exponent of such a function in a given point. From this formula, we deduce an explicit algorithm to calculate this exponent in any rational point, and the fact that the derivative of such a function is always equal to 0, infinity or undefined.

Added: Sep 26, 2018

Working paper

We study the question of realisability of iterated higher Whitehead products with a given form of nested brackets by simplicial complexes, using the notion of the moment-complex $\mathcal{Z_K}$. Namely, we say that a simplicial complex K realises an iterated higher Whitehead product w if w is a nontrivial element of the homotopy group $\pi_*(\mathcal{Z_K})$. The combinatorial approach to the question above uses the operation of substitution of simplicial complexes: for any iterated higher Whitehead product w we describe a simplicial complex $\partial\Delta_w$ that realises $w$. Furthermore, for a particular form of brackets inside w, we prove that $\partial\Delta_w$ is the smallest complex that realises $w$. We also give a combinatorial criterion for the nontriviality of the product w. In the proof of nontriviality we use the Hurewicz image of w in the cellular chains of $\mathcal{Z_K}$ and the description of the cohomology product of $\mathcal{Z_K}$. The second approach is algebraic: we use the coalgebraic versions of the Koszul complex and the Taylor resolution of the face coalgebra of $\mathcal{K}$ to describe the canonical cycles corresponding to iterated higher Whitehead products $w$. This gives another criterion for realisability of $w$.

Added: Mar 6, 2019

Working paper

We define a deformation of the triply graded Khovanov-Rozansky homology of a link L depending on a choice of parameters for each component of L. We conjecture that this invariant restores the missing symmetry of the triply graded Khovanov-Rozansky homology, and in addition satisfies a number of predictions coming from a conjectural connection with Hilbert schemes of points in the plane. We compute this invariant for all positive powers of the full twist and match it to the family of ideals appearing in Haiman's description of the isospectral Hilbert scheme. symmetry of the triply graded Khovanov-Rozansky homology, and in addition satisfies a number of predictions coming from a conjectural connection with Hilbert schemes of points in the plane. We compute this invariant for all positive powers of the full twist and match it to the family of ideals appearing in Haiman's description of the isospectral Hilbert scheme.

Added: Dec 28, 2017

Working paper

We discuss various results on Hilbert schemes of lines and conics and automorphism groups of smooth Fano threefolds with Picard rank 1. Besides a general review of facts well known to experts, the paper contains some new results, for instance, we give a description of the Hilbert scheme of conics on any smooth Fano threefold of index 1 and genus 10. We also show that the action of the automorphism group of a Fano threefold X of index 2 (respectively, 1) on an irreducible component of its Hilbert scheme of lines (respectively, conics) is faithful if the anticanonical class of X is very ample with a possible exception of several explicit cases. We use these faithfulness results to prove finiteness of the automorphism groups of most Fano threefolds and classify explicitly all Fano threefolds with infinite automorphism group. We also discuss a derived category point of view on the Hilbert schemes of lines and conics, and use this approach to identify some of them.

Added: May 16, 2016

Working paper

In arxiv:1602.04254, we have defined polynomial Witt vectors functor from vector spaces over a perfect field k of positive characteristic p to abelian groups. In this paper, we use polynomial Witt vectors to construct a functorial Hochschild-Witt complex WCH∗(A) for any associative unital k-algebra A, with homology groups WHH∗(A). We prove that the group WHH0(A) coincides with the group of non-commutative Witt vectors defined by Hesselholt, while if A is commutative, finitely generated, and smooth, the groups WHHi(A) are naturally identified with the terms WΩiA of the de Rham-Witt complex of the spectrum of A.

Added: May 18, 2016

Working paper

Let M be a holomorphic symplectic Kähler manifold equipped with a Lagrangian fibration π with compact fibers. The base of this manifold is equipped with a special Kähler structure, that is, a Kähler structure (I,g,ω) and a symplectic flat connection ∇ such that the metric g is locally the Hessian of a function. We prove that any Lagrangian subvariety Z⊂M which intersects smooth fibers of π and smoothly projects toπ(Z) is a toric fibration over its image π(Z) in B, and this image is also special Kähler. This answers a question of N. Hitchin related to Kapustin-Witten BBB/BAA duality.

Added: Jun 9, 2019

Working paper

Using Auroux's description of Fukaya categories of symmetric products of punctured surfaces, we compute the partially wrapped Fukaya category of the complement of k+1 generic hyperplanes in ℂℙ^n, for k≥n, with respect to certain stops in terms of the endomorphism algebra of a generating set of objects. The stops are chosen so that the resulting algebra is formal. In the case of the complement of (n+2)-generic hyperplanes in ℂP^n (n-dimensional pair-of-pants), we show that our partial wrapped Fukaya category is equivalent to a certain categorical resolution of the derived category of the singular affine variety x_1x_2..x_{n+1}=0. By localizing, we deduce that the (fully) wrapped Fukaya category of n-dimensional pants is equivalent to the derived category of x_1x_2...x_{n+1}=0.

Added: Dec 6, 2018

Working paper

We show that over an algebraically closed field of characteristic not equal to 2, homological projective duality for smooth quadric hypersurfaces and for double covers of projective spaces branched over smooth quadric hypersurfaces is a combination of two operations: one interchanges a quadric hypersurface with its classical projective dual and the other interchanges a quadric hypersurface with the double cover branched along it.

Added: Oct 11, 2019

Working paper

This paper concerns the relation between the quantum toroidal algebras and the affine Yangians of $\mathfrak{sl}_n$, denoted by $\mathcal{U}^{(n)}_{q_1,q_2,q_3}$ and $\mathcal{Y}^{(n)}_{h_1,h_2,h_3}$, respectively. Our motivation arises from the milestone work Gautam and Toledano Laredo, where a similar relation between the quantum loop algebra U_q(L\\mathfrak{g})$ and the Yangian $Y_h(\mathfrak{g})$ has been established by constructing an isomorphism of $\mathbb{C}[[\hbar]]$-algebras $\Phi:\widehat{U}_{\exp(\hbar)}(L\mathfrak{g})\to \widehat{Y}_\hbar(\mathfrak{g})$ (with $\ \widehat{}\ $ standing for the appropriate completions). These two completions model the behavior of the algebras in the formal neighborhood of $h=0$.
The same construction can be applied to the toroidal setting with $q_i=\exp(\hbar_i)$ for $i=1,2,3$.
In the current paper, we are interested in the more general relation: $\mathrm{q}_1=\omega_{mn}e^{h_1/m}, \mathrm{q}_2=e^{h_2/m}, \mathrm{q}_3=\omega_{mn}^{-1}e^{h_3/m}$, where $m,n\in \mathbb{N}$ and $\omega_{mn}$ is an $mn$th root of $1$. For any such choice of $m,n,\omega_{mn}$ and the corresponding values $\mathrm{q}_1,\mathrm{q}_2,\mathrm{q}_3$, we construct a homomorphism $\Phi^{\omega_{mn}}_{m,n}$ from the completion of the formal version of $\mathcal{U}^{(m)}_{\mathrm{q}_1,\mathrm{q}_2,\mathrm{q}_3}$ to the completion of the formal version of $\mathcal{Y}^{(mn)}_{h_1/mn,h_2/mn,h_3/mn}$. We also construct homomorphisms $\Psi^{\omega',\omega}_{m,n}$
between the completions of the formal versions of $\mathcal{U}^{(m)}_{\mathrm{q}_1,\mathrm{q}_2,\mathrm{q}_3}$
with different parameters $m$ and $\omega_{mn}$.

Added: Mar 16, 2016

Working paper

Ornea L.,

math. arxive. Cornell University, 2016
An LCK manifold with potential is a compact quotient M of a Kahler manifold X equipped with a positive plurisubharmonic function f, such that the monodromy group acts on X by holomorphic homotheties and maps f to a function proportional to f. It is known that M admits an LCK potential if and only if it can be holomorphically embedded to a Hopf manifold. We prove that any non-Vaisman LCK manifold with potential contains a Hopf surface H. Moreover, H can be chosen non-diagonal, hence, also not admitting a Vaisman structure.

Added: Feb 7, 2016

Working paper

Kiselev S.,

math. arxive. Cornell University, 2019
We consider a family of distance graphs in R n and find its independent numbers in some cases. Define graph J±(n, k, t) in the following way: the vertex set consists of all vectors from {−1, 0, 1} n with k nonzero coordinates; edges connect the pairs of vertices with scalar product t. We find the independence number of J±(n, k, t) for n > n0(k, t) in the cases t = 0 and t = −1; these cases for k = 3 are solved completely. Also the independence number is found for negative odd t and n > n0(k, t).

Added: Oct 21, 2019

Working paper

Added: Mar 9, 2020

Working paper

An affine algebraic variety X of dimension ≥ 2 is called flexible if the subgroup SAut(X) ⊂ Aut(X) generated by the one-parameter unipotent subgroups acts m-transitively on reg (X) for any m ≥ 1. In a preceding paper ([4]) we proved that any nondegenerate toric affine variety X is flexible. Here we show that if such a toric variety X is smooth in codimension 2 then one can find a subgroup of SAut(X) generated by a finite number of one-parameter unipotent subgroups which has the same transitivity property. In fact, four such subgroups are enough for X = A^n if n ≥ 3, and just three if n = 2.

Added: Dec 6, 2018

Working paper

We prove the conjecture of Berest-Eshmatov-Eshmatov by showing that the group of automorphisms of a product of Calogero-Moser spaces C_{n_i}, where the ni are pairwise distinct, acts m-transitively for each m.

Added: Dec 6, 2018

Working paper

We present the construction of an original stochastic model for the instantaneous turbulent kinetic energy at a given point of a flow, and we validate estimator methods on this model with observational data examples. Motivated by the need for wind energy industry of acquiring relevant statistical information of air motion at a local place, we adopt the Lagrangian description of fluid flows to derive, from the 3D+time equations of the physics, a 0D+time-stochastic model for the time series of the instantaneous turbulent kinetic energy at a given position. Specifically, based on the Lagrangian stochastic description of a generic fluid-particles, we derive a family of mean-field dynamics featuring the square norm of the turbulent velocity. By approximating at equilibrium the characteristic nonlinear terms of the dynamics, we recover the so called Cox-Ingersoll-Ross process, which was previously suggested in the literature for modelling wind speed. We then propose a calibration procedure for the parameters employing both direct methods and Bayesian inference. In particular, we show the consistency of the estimators and validate the model through the quantification of uncertainty, with respect to the range of values given in the literature for some physical constants of turbulence modelling.

Added: Jan 30, 2021

Working paper

We say that a formal power series $\sum a_n z^n$ with rational coefficients is a 2-function if the numerator of the fraction $a_{n/p}-p^2 a_n$ is divisible by $p^2$ for every prime number $p$. One can prove that 2-functions with rational coefficients appear as building block of BPS generating functions in topological string theory. Using the Frobenius map we define 2-functions with coefficients in algebraic number fields. We establish two results pertaining to these functions. First, we show that the class of 2-functions is closed under the so-called framing operation (related to compositional inverse of power series). Second, we show that 2-functions arise naturally in geometry as $q$-expansion of the truncated normal function associated with an algebraic cycle extending a degenerating family of Calabi-Yau 3-folds.

Added: Nov 8, 2017