• A
  • A
  • A
  • ABC
  • ABC
  • ABC
  • А
  • А
  • А
  • А
  • А
Regular version of the site
Of all publications in the section: 149
Sort:
by name
by year
Working paper
Fedyukin I. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2016
This article explores the policies pursued by the key "German" ministers of Empress Anna Ioannovna (r. 1730-1740). This period has been traditionally presented as a "reign of Germans" who allegedly acted in ways that were oppressive, ill-conceived, and detrimental for Russia's true interests. Recent scholarship successfully debunked the notions that the "Germans" acted as a cohesive political faction and demonstrated that their policies were largely sensible and successful. Did the "foreignness" of these German-born ministers matter, however? As this article argues, many of these policies could actually be linked to the influences of the Halle Pietism and represented an important "disciplinary moment" in early modern Russian history.
Added: Jun 22, 2016
Working paper
Kulikova M. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2017
Studies of interconnections between social, technological, economic and cultural forces belong to the trend of modernisation studies in the Russian Empire in the second half of the 19th century. Modernisation implies establishment and growth of institutions and infrastructures that are examined as a set of communication practices between different actors – the state, experts and various offices. This research is a historical study of interconnections between technologies and society. It is focused on the significance of materiality (namely natural oil resources) in these processes.
Added: Oct 20, 2017
Working paper
Dragalina-Chernaya E. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2012. No. 10.
The purpose of this paper is twofold: (1) to clarify Ludwig Wittgenstein’s thesis that colours possess logical structures, focusing on his ‘puzzle proposition’ that “there can be a bluish green but not a reddish green”, (2) to compare model-theoretical and game-theoretical approaches to the colour exclusion problem. What is gained, then, is a new game-theoretical framework for the logic of ‘forbidden’ (e.g., reddish green and bluish yellow) colours. My larger aim is to discuss phenomenological principles of the demarcation of the bounds of logic as formal ontology of abstract objects.
Added: Jan 17, 2013
Working paper
Dragalina-Chernaya E. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2012. No. 10.
The purpose of this paper is twofold: (1) to clarify Ludwig Wittgenstein’s thesis that colours possess logical structures, focusing on his ‘puzzle proposition’ that “there can be a bluish green but not a reddish green”, (2) to compare model-theoretical and game-theoretical approaches to the colour exclusion problem. What is gained, then, is a new game-theoretical framework for the logic of ‘forbidden’ (e.g., reddish green and bluish yellow) colours. My larger aim is to discuss phenomenological principles of the demarcation of the bounds of logic as formal ontology of abstract objects.  
Added: Dec 19, 2012
Working paper
Matveev S. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2013. No. 36.
This  paper  reviews  the “middle class”  concept based on  François Guizot’s memoirs. It  is presented  here  as  the results of  his  research and political activities. The author  pays  much attention to the historical and intellectual context, as well as  the concept’s genetic  relationship with the preceding and consequent traditions in its development. 
Added: Oct 31, 2013
Working paper
Mustafin A. R. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2019
This article uses the records of monastic account books to assess the level of prices in Russia in the second half of the seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries. The data from these books allow us to construct salt and rye price series, and identify prices of other goods for single years. The resulting numbers demonstrate that the prices remained largely unchanged. The exceptions were the mid-1640s and the early 1660s, when the price fluctuations were driven by the failed financial reforms. The available data shows the prices did not change synchronically in Russia and Europe. Our assumption, therefore, is that Russia stood apart from the price revolution of Western Europe in the seventeenth century.
Added: Oct 24, 2019
Working paper
Rezvykh P. V. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2015. No. 91.
Using a dialogue between the Moscow Pastor Karl Albrecht Sederholm with Schelling as an example, and referring to many unpublished archive documents and manuscripts, this article analyses the role of Sederholm in the cultural transfer between Russia and Germany and the complex interaction between theological, philosophical, religious, political and personal factors in the reception of Schelling's and Hegel's ideas in Russia in the firsthalf of 19th century.
Added: Apr 4, 2015
Working paper
Grigoreva N. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2015
The paper deals with Muong epic tales included into the cycle of ‘The Birth of the Earth and Water’. These tales, which represent a type of ritual narrative performed during traditional mourning rites (Mo), are analyzed in the context of Vietnamese folk stories from a 15th century collection entitled ‘A Selection of Wondrous Tales of Linh Nam’. The comparative analysis of two bodies of narratives is used to suggest an alternative vision of the ethnic and cultural history of the Muong and the Vietnamese (Kinh).
Added: Dec 15, 2015
Working paper
Chkhaidze V., Denis K., Vinogradov A. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2014. No. WP BRP 57/HUM/2014.
This research concerns the unique seal of a Byzantine aristocrat named Alexios Komnenos found in Tamatarcha (modern Taman’), which has only one parallel from Trebizond. The authors explain the meaning of images on the seal (the resurrection on its obverse and St George leading a warrior by the hand on its reverse) as an ideological program of the restoration of Byzantine power over Jerusalem. The warrior representing Alexios Komnenos is identified not as Alexios I Great Komenos of Trebizond (as usual), but as Alexios, son of the Emperor John II Komnenos, and the seal is re-dated from 13th to 12th century. Its find on the Taman’ peninsula corresponds with Byzantine political activity in this region.  
Added: Jul 25, 2014
Working paper
Iliushina M. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2014. No. WP BRP 64/HUM/2014.
Myth, legend, and history appear as constituent components in the ideology of a ruling elite. If the ruling elite is foreign, the ideology acquires a distinctive colouring. A noble lineage which could be traced to common roots shared with the autochthonous population of the country was seen by Mamluks as a tool to maintain and support their authority. A version concerning the origins of the Circassian Mamluks can be found in al-‘Ayni’s treatise which stated that the forefathers of the Circassian Sultan Tatar had been Arabs of the Ghassan tribe. The legendary version of the origin of the Circassian Mamluks narrated reveals an important aspect, which directed and shaped the development of the ideology of the Egyptian ruling elite: the eagerness of the Mamluk sultans and their entourage to find and demonstrate a relation, if remote and vague, to the country’s local population. In the Ottoman period of Egypt, a completely different political landscape together with a new socio-cultural reality necessitated the transformation of the myth: changed are the name of the forefather, his tribal affiliation and certain plot details. After the Ottoman conquest, the Mamluks of high military rank tried to recover and defend their lost positions. Another legendary version which was documented by an anonymous author of the 17th century authenticating the Quraysh origin of the Circassian Mamluks, proving their having a common ancestor with the prophet Muhammad was to sanctify the rule of the Mamluk Beys and make it seem legitimate.
Added: Sep 25, 2014
Working paper
Matveev S. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2014. No. 63.
The problem of sovereignty is one of the key issues of political philosophy as it prompts a key political question: “Who has the supreme state power?” Who is sovereign: the people, the representation, the monarch or God? The research of this topic was one of the most popular and fruitful areas in political philosophy of the 19th century. In his meditations on sovereignty François Guizot was seeking answers to specific questions, such as the causes of decline of the Revolution and the fall of the Napoleonic Empire, the fate of the Bourbon dynasty and vitality of the 1814 Charter. An examination of Guizot’s sovereignty conception would help to reconstruct an important part of political theory of this thinker, shed light on the philosophical roots of French liberalism, demonstrate the ideology’s relation to democratic tradition and reveal complex thinking concerning the status of the sovereignty problem in political practice.
Added: Sep 23, 2014
Working paper
Khvalkov E., Чиркова А. В., Агеева Д. А. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2018
The present study is devoted to the research into a set of the Venetian lettere ducali to the Marquises d’Este of the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries collected by N.P. Likhachev (1862-1936), Member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, stored in the Western European section of the Saint Petersburg Institute of History of the Russian Academy of Sciences and the preparation of their full-text critical publication. The lettere ducali are an excellent source to study the Serenissima and its continental and overseas domains. The source material of the Venetian lettere ducali have long and not without reason been considered and actively investigated by researchers as one of the most important sources on the economic, social, political, legal, environmental, cultural, and ethnic history of Venice. In addition, Venetian sources often provide researchers with important material on the history of other states of the Italian Peninsula, including, in our case, the domains of d’Este. This explains the exceptional importance of studying lettere ducali as the most important source on the history of the Western European Middle Ages and early modern times. This study revealed historical material on the specific cities and regions of Italy (Venice, Treviso, Ferrara, Verona, Padua, the Po Delta), as well as the Venetian colonies in the Mediterranean (Crete, Cyprus) and the Adriatic (Shkodra, Dalmatian Coast), history of international relations, history of economic relations, history of everyday life, history of state institutions and international law, history of a medieval document, history of Latin writing.
Added: Dec 15, 2018
Working paper
Dobrohotov A. L. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2017. No. WP BRP 148/HUM/2017.
The article is dedicated to the philosophical reaction offered by several Russian symbolists to the revolution of 1917. It demonstrates the “re-grouping” of the Silver Age Symbolism, which laid bare the underlying differences in its value foundations. The article considers this refracted unity in the ideational world of Symbolism in the journalistic writings of Vyach. Ivanov, Blok, and Bely.
Added: Apr 12, 2017
Working paper
Dragalina-Chernaya E. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2015. No. WP BRP 88/HUM/2015.
The purpose of this paper is four-fold. Firstly, various explications of the logical hylomorphism will be sketched. Secondly, I propose to revisit certain interpretations of Aristotle’s syllogistic. I attempt to answer the question why Aristotle was not the founder of logical hylomorphism. Thirdly, I try to qualify the logical hylomorphism of Alexander of Aphrodisias. Finally, I focus on the medieval discussions on syncategoremata and consequences. My larger aim is to discuss the origin of formality criterion for the demarcation of logic.
Added: Feb 25, 2015
Working paper
Shalaeva A. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2015. No. 100.
The present study seeks to investigate the arrangement of the science of mythology at the turn of the 19th century, and an understanding of the scientific work, which enabled to consider mythology a discipline. The research in a case of interpretation of the notions of myth and symbol explores prerequisites and framework for the study. The findings of the research illustrate the role of the disciplinary argument and publishing strategies in the debates surrounding mythology’s conceptual bases. The research demonstrates that at the turn of the 19th century mythology was established both as a subject of research and as a discipline in its own right on the crossroads of disciplinary arguments, knowledge differentiation and knowledge distribution strategies.
Added: Apr 15, 2015
Working paper
Lavrinovich M. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2014
Thе paper examines an attempt to implement modern disciplinary practices in the Sheremetev Almshouse in early 19th century Moscow. It was the first charity institution in Russia use practice of outdoor relief which was exploited patterns of relief employed in Central and Western Europe since Reformation. The focus of administrators on evaluating the social and moral conditions on the poor indicates that the Sheremetev Almshouse played a role generally associated with the state institutions established during the Catherine II’s reign in order to extend the modernizing efforts to a wider strata of the Empire's population.
Added: Oct 17, 2014
Working paper
Dobrohotov A. L. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2013. No. 15/HUM/2013.
This paper explores the implications of the central episode of the second part of «Faust» - the story of Faust and Helen of Troy’s marriage - and shows that the episode contains a more positive concept of the history of European culture than the conclusion of the tragedy.
Added: Mar 28, 2013
Working paper
Orlov I. B. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2014. No. WP BRP 50/HUM/2014.
In this paper, the institutional component, the volume and geography, and the specific forms of Soviet outgoing (foreign) tourism from 1955 – 1985 is reconstructed using documents from four central state archives on the basis of Soviet, post-Soviet and foreign historiography. A neoinstitutional approach allows the author to show the dependence of the above mentioned parameters from the essential principles which were the basis for the activities of tourism institutions being responsible for organizing foreign tours for the Soviet citizens and the ideological control
Added: Apr 29, 2014
Working paper
Fedyukin I. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2017. No. WP BRP 156/HUM/2017.
This paper is an attempt to reconstruct the social and cultural life of young aristocrats in mid-eighteenth century St Petersburg by focusing on one aristocratic circle, one that revolved around Prince Nikita Trubetskoi, the procurator-general. In particular it traces the ways on which sociable behavior and libertine practices intertwined with early traces of “Enlightenment,” affective turn, and discoursing on imporartnt societal issues such as the rules of noble service and the status of the nobility
Added: Nov 2, 2017
Working paper
Dobrushina N. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2013. No. 32/HUM/2013.
The Russian subjunctive particle by can be used in constructions that lack any finite verb form, including constructions involving infinitives, predicative adverbs or adjectives, and nouns. The properties of these constructions are compared, and a conclusion is made that verbless subjunctives share a common semantic component, namely a wish or necessity. A survey of the development of subjunctive verbless constructions with predicative adverbs and adjectives shows that the evolution of the optative meaning took place during the last two centuries.
Added: May 24, 2013
Working paper
Gorizontov L. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2016. No. 129.
The multi-volume edition “Picturesque Russia. Our Fatherland in its spatial, historic, ethnographic, economic and everyday life sense” (1879–1901, in 12 volumes and 19 books) contains a lot of data about the Slavic peoples – Russians, Ukrainians, Belorussians and Poles. Most of the essays on different regions were prepared by the men of letters often simultaneously known as novelists, journalists, literary critics, historians and ethnographers. The study analyses their choice by the publishers, literary reputations in the mid-1880s, national and political affiliations. A special attention is paid to the holders of various ethnic and regional identities among the authors, as well as to some specific roots and consequences of the unique large-scale project under review.
Added: Apr 12, 2016