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Of all publications in the section: 72
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Working paper
Lebedeva N., Schmidt P. Sociology. SOC. Высшая школа экономики, 2012. No. 04/SOC/2012.
This study investigated relations of basic personal values to attitudes towards innovation among students in Russia, Canada, and Сhina. Participants completed a questionnaire that included the SVS measure of values (Schwartz, 1992) and a new measure of attitudes towards innovation (Lebedeva, Tatarko, 2009). There are significant cultural and gender-related differences in value priorities and innovative attitudes among the Canadian, Russian, and Chinese college students. As hypothesized, across the full set of participants, higher priority given to Opennes to change values (self-direction, stimulation) related to positive attitudes toward innovation whereas higher priority given to Conservation values (conformity, security) related negatively. This is compatible with the results reported by other researchers (Shane, 1992, 1995; Dollinger, Burke & Gump, 2007). There were, however, culture-specific variations in some of these associations, which may be explained by cultural differences in value priorities or meanings and in implicit theories of creativity and innovation. Applying the Multiple-Group Multiple Indicators Multiple Causes Model (MGMIMIC) (Muthen 1989) has shown that the type of Values-Innovation mediation is different in the three countries. Whereas in Russia and Canada the effects of gender and age are fully mediated by the values, this is not true for China, where a direct effect of gender on innovation was found. The cultural differences in values, implicit theories of innovation, and their consequences for attitudes to innovation and personal well-being is finally discussed.
Added: Aug 28, 2012
Working paper
Lebedeva N., Bushina E., Cherkasova L. L. Sociology. SOC. Высшая школа экономики, 2012. No. 10/SOC/2012.
This study examines the relationship of  values and social capital with attitudes towards innovations. The respondents (N = 1238) were asked to fill in a questionnaire, which included the Schwartz value survey SVS-57, a selfassessment scale of innovative personality traits [Lebedeva, Tatarko, 2009], and a method of assessing social capital [Tatarko, 2011]. The results of the correlation analysis revealed a positive correlation between values of Openness to Change and a positive attitude to innovation. It was also found that the components of social capital (trust, tolerance, perceived social capital) positively correlated with attitudes to innovation. The empirical model obtained by means of a structural equation modeling generally confirmed the hypothesis of the study and demonstrated the positive impact of the values of Openness to Change and social capital on attitudes towards innovations in Russia.
Added: Jul 5, 2012
Working paper
Nastina E., Almakaeva A. Sociology. SOC. Высшая школа экономики, 2020. No. 95.
This research focuses on emancipative value orientations, regional factors and their interaction in determining social capital in Russia. We are especially interested in how the effects vary for formal and informal social capital, measured as different types of civic engagement. Applying multilevel regression modeling on national survey data MegaFOM 2017 and available official statistics, we find that emancipative values significantly increase the probability of taking part in civic activities, yet the effect is larger and more uniform across regions for formal social capital. Contrary to expectations and previous cross-country studies, the moderating effect of emancipative values prevalence is either insignificant or rather unstable and goes in the negative direction. Moreover, other regional resources do not significantly moderate the relation between individual emancipative values preference and social capital. 
Added: Oct 7, 2020
Working paper
Lebedeva N., Tatarko A. Sociology. SOC. Высшая школа экономики, 2012. No. 03/SOC/2012.
This study has reviewed theoretical and empirical studies of values and behavior. The results of the research of the dynamics of basic personal values of Russians from the Central Federal district from 1999 until 2010 and the relations of basic personal values to economic attitudes are presented. Dynamics of values are presented on the basis of the 5 waves of measures (1999, 2005, 2008, 2009, 2010), each wave includes around 300 respondents. The sample from 2010 includes Russians and the respondents from the North Caucasus (N= 278). We have found that from 1999 until 2011, the value priorities and value structures of the Russians of Central Russia have remained stable. The data for 2008 demonstrates a small number of statistically significant differences with the data of the neighboring measures, which, probably, reflects the impact of the economic crisis of 2008. Statistically significant differences were found when comparing the value priorities of different groups of the Russian population: ethnic and religious groups. The relations between values and attitudes to different types of economic behavior were examined. The patterns of these relationships are similar as well as different among the representatives of Christianity (the Central Federal District and the North Caucasus Federal District) and Islam (the North Caucasus Federal District) in Russia. Thus, our study showed that values remain fairly stable within a single culture; however, they are different for people of different cultures and may have a different impact on attitudes to different types of economic behavior.
Added: Aug 28, 2012
Working paper
Koltsova O., Sergei Koltcov. Sociology. SOC. Высшая школа экономики, 2014. No. WP BRP 57/SOC/2014.
Following the discussion on the role of Internet in the formation of ties across space, this paper seeks to supplement recent findings on location-dependent preferential attachment online. For this purpose, instead of looking at egonetworks, we look at networks of online communities specifically aimed at development of location-independent ties. The paper focuses on professional communities of software developers. The data are obtained automatically from the VKontakte social networking site. Evidence suggests that membership, friendship, commenting and liking ties are overwhelmingly cross-city
Added: Feb 16, 2015
Working paper
Radaev V. V. Sociology. SOC. Высшая школа экономики, 2011. No. 02.
From the beginning of economic reform in 1992, the retail trade sector was one of the most liberalized market segments in the Russian economy. However, the state was suddenly brought back in during the late 2000s. A restrictive Federal trade law passed after continuous and furious debates in December 2009. It created a new precedent of administrative regulation imposed on a highly competitive industry. Where did the demand for state regulation come from? What interest groups stood behind this new helping hand policy? Which arguments in a course of political and expert debate were used to justify the state intervention? Who has benefited from the new formal institutional arrangements? The author addresses these issues by revealing the para-political practices of formal institutional building in the trade sector, which has been largely neglected by scholarly research. This paper uses data collected from two series of in-depth interviews with key market actors and political experts in 2008-2009 together with records from the expert meetings arranged by several Federal Ministries in which the author took part. Survey data of 512 retailers and suppliers collected in five Russian urban areas in 2010 are also employed to reveal interest groups that have benefited from the new regulatory policy. In conclusion, this paper argues that public officials used a liberal rhetoric of the competition protection to develop new instruments of political and administrative control over large and medium-sized businesses, and finds that the actual results of state intervention deviate remarkably from the declared goals.
Added: Aug 28, 2012
Working paper
Kazun A. P., Yakovlev A. A. Sociology. SOC. Высшая школа экономики, 2014. № 54.
We analyse the professional community of attorneys in Russia in order to understand their potential for collective action in an imperfect institutional environment. In 2013 we conducted a survey of 372 attorneys in 9 regions of Russia. Two main hypotheses are tested: 1) lawyers with strong ethical values have higher demand for collective actions; 2) the negative experience of clients rights violation by law enforcement officers can motivate attorneys to support the foundation of a strong professional association. Also we suggest that attorneys’ professional community with bona fide members at the core could be an instrument for an estimation of the quality of law enforcement in Russia.
Added: Oct 27, 2014
Working paper
Magun V., Rudnev M., Schmidt P. Sociology. SOC. Высшая школа экономики, 2012. No. 06/SOC/2012.
Country averages are the most popular instrument for studying cross-national variability of values, and within-country value diversity is rarely taken into consideration in such studies. Furthermore, traditional value indices only measure distinct value priorities, but do not allow researchers to grasp a system of value preferences. In order to find an alternative way to study within-country value diversity and cross-country differences, we employed latent class analysis (LCA). Respondents from the 33 European countries were classified on the basis of their responses to 21 items on the Schwartz Portrait Value Questionnaire. LCA resulted in six value classes. Five of these classes differ by their patterns of value preferences, and the particular feature of the largest class (38%) is the lack of any pronounced value preferences at all. The results showed that each of the 33 countries is internally diverse in its value class composition, and that most countries have representatives of all six value classes. At the same time, Nordic and Western European countries are substantively different from post-Communist and Mediterranean countries by their shares of various value classes. As a formal measure of within-country diversity we have used the value fractionalization index, which measures the evenness of membership distributions between classes. Nordic and Western European countries have higher fractionalization scores than post-Communist and Mediterranean countries. This means that value class distributions are more even in the Nordic and Western countries, which highlights the fact that higher fractionalization scores happen to coincide with country advancement. In Mediterranean and post-Communist countries, low value fractionalization means that the people are divided into unequal value majorities and value minorities, with a risk that the voices of minorities are not heard in the public space.
Added: Aug 28, 2012
Working paper
Zhirkov K., Verkuyten M., Weesie J. Sociology. SOC. Высшая школа экономики, 2012. No. 08.
Focusing on the Muslim populations in five Muslim-majority countries and four Western European countries, we examine the levels of support for suicide bombings and other forms of violence. We found that support for terrorism among Muslims is present but the percentage of radicals is quite low. In both samples, support for terrorism is stronger among those who see democracy as a solely Western political system. This pattern of association is similar across the Western European countries, whereas the association varies considerably across the Muslim countries. The perceived economic dominance of the West is related to more support for terrorism among Muslims in Europe. In the Muslim countries, blaming the West for negative international relations is associated with greater support for terrorism. We suggest that improvement of the relationships between the West and the Muslim world can reduce support for terrorism and prevent radicalization within Muslim societies.
Added: Aug 28, 2012