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Of all publications in the section: 121
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Working paper
Гимпельсон В. Е., Капелюшников Р. И., Шарунина А. В. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2018. № 05.
The paper discusses the composition and dynamics of low paid workers whose hourly wages do not exceed two thirds of the median value. Using RLMS-HSE data for 2002-2016, we analyze how the size and the composition of low-paid employment, and the likelihood of being low-paid have changed over time. Our findings suggest that the size of the group has decreased from 30 до 24% of the total employment over the study period, while the chances of being low-paid are significantly higher for those who have lower level of education, who are employed in low skilled jobs, and who reside outside large cities. However, the main focus of the study is on the earnings mobility of low paid workers. The key question is whether the low paid state is a dead-end and a long-term trap or is it just a stepping stone towards the high pay group? In order to answer this question, we apply a dynamic random effects multinomial logit-model, which allows to control for unobserved heterogeneity and to account for initial conditions problem. The study demonstrates high degree of structural dependence: two out of three low paid workers cannot exit this state over the year. This trap effect is stronger for women than for men. Though the stepping stone effect is also present, it is much weaker and relates to only one out of four low paid workers.
Added: Aug 23, 2018
Working paper
Гимпельсон В. Е., Капелюшников Р. И., Ощепков А. Ю. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2017. № WP3/2017/01.
Using panel data from the Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey for 1994–2014, the paper analyses the distribution of the Russian workers by tenure and estimates returns to it. We demonstrate that average tenure sharply decreased in 1990–2005 but later started to restore to its previous level, which was most likely associated with general stabilization of the Russian economy. As comparing with previous studies on tenure in Russia we provide several novelties. First, we attempt to take into account transition specificity and distinguish between “old” (before 1992) and “new” (after 1992) tenures. Second, we suggest that situation in private and state sectors of the Russian economy might differ and provide estimates separately for each. Third, we for the first time apply to the Russian case well-known Topel and Altonji – Shakotko methods to deal with the endogeneity problem. Our OLS estimates indicate that a cumulative premium for 15–20 years of tenure  in Russia reaches 15–20%. However, when instumental variable methods are used it is close to zero or even negative.
Added: Jan 13, 2017
Working paper
Гимпельсон В. Е., Капелюшников Р. И. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2012. № 09.
Added: Dec 15, 2012
Working paper
Гимпельсон В. Е. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2010. № 03.
Added: Mar 31, 2013
Working paper
Гимпельсон В. Е., Лукьянова А. Л. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2006. № 05.
The paper starts with discussing institutional framework for public sector wage setting in Russia. Given that individual choice of the sector is endogenous to wages, the authors recommend alternative econometric techniques for the public%private wage gap estimation. Applying switching regression and propensity score matching techniques that allow correcting for non%random sector selection, the paper provides wage gap estimates for various demographic, occupational, and territorial population subgroups. As it is shown, there is significant cross%group variation in the wage gap. The paper concludes that to eliminate the negative gap wages in the public sector should be linked to the private sector wages at the regional level.
Added: Mar 27, 2013
Working paper
Капелюшников Р. И. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2002. № 03.
Added: Mar 26, 2013
Working paper
Капелюшников Р. И. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2018. № 03.
Added: May 14, 2018
Working paper
Капелюшников Р. И. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2019. № 2019/02.
Added: Apr 5, 2019
Working paper
Лукьянова А. Л. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2010. № 03.
Added: Mar 31, 2013
Working paper
Рощина Я. М. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2008. № 05.
Added: Mar 31, 2013
Working paper
Громова А. С. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2021. № WP3/2021/02.
The choice of entrepreneurial activity and self-employment is associated with higher level of risk and requires a degree of love for it. The literature on risk preferences and entrepreneurship is extensive, but there are few empirical studies on the crossroads of these topics. The papers focused on the Russian labor market taking into account not only the number of entrepreneurs, but also their preferences are hardly exist. Based on the data of the RLMS of the Higher School of Economics for 2016–2018, I estimate a series of multinomial logit models for choosing entrepreneurial activity and analyze the effect of risk preferences on this choice. I show that risk preferences correlate positively and not linearly with the choice of entrepreneurial activity; however, this conclusion is stable only for groups of voluntary entrepreneurs.
Added: Jul 29, 2021
Working paper
Шайхутдинов А. Р., Локшин М. М. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2014. № 5.
In this paper we analyze the possible effect of the changes in the taxation of cross-border e-commerce on the poverty rates and income distribution in Russia. Our results suggest that lowering the limit of the value of goods for customs-free import would affect mostly rich households. The effect on the poor would be minimal. The redistribution of the collected tax revenues among poor households could be an effective measure for poverty reduction.
Added: Jul 2, 2014
Working paper
Лукьянова А. Л., Капелюшников Р. И. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2019. № WP3/2019/04.
The paper analyses changes in job opportunities of older workers in Russia in the period 2005–2017. The study uses the data from the Russian Labor Force Survey conducted by Rosstat. Changes in the occupational and industrial structure of employment of the elderly follow the trends demonstrated by other age groups: shifts from low- to high-skilled occupations, from physical to intellectual labor, and from material production to the service sector. We fi nd a stronger polarization among older workers as their occupational structure is biased in favor of, on the one hand, the most and, on the other hand, the least qualifi ed types of jobs. Employment of the elderly has fallen sharply in agriculture and manufacturing with a signifi cant increase in trade, education, and health. Although the employment structure of older workers is generally more “traditionalist”, recent decades have witnessed its transformation in “progressive” directions, similarly to other age groups. These fi ndings suggest that the legislated increase in the state pension age is not likely to give rise to sizeable unemployment among the elderly. Most of them will be able to work in the occupations and industries previously dominated by young and prime-age workers.
Added: May 21, 2019
Working paper
Ощепков А. Ю. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2020
The position and behavior of adult individuals in the labor market is usually linked with the presence of children. Numerous studies show that mothers suff er a wage penalty relative to wo men without children. A less studied issue is whether men’s earnings are somehow aff ected by children. In this paper, we analyze the relationship between wages and having children among Russian men, using RLMS–HSE panel micro-data of 2010–2018. In this period, fathers earned, on average, 25% more than non-fathers, suggesting a high wage premium for fatherhood in the Russian labor market. Estimating wage equations with individual fi xed eff ects we show, however, that this advan-tage vanishes after controlling for diff erences between fathers and non-fathers in socio-demo-graphic and unobserved individual characteristics. This suggests that the observed gap is caused by (self-)selection of initially more productive men in fatherhood. Estimating models that take into account the age and number of children as well as their biological relationship with men still al-lows to identify a 2.5–3% wage premium for one biological child under the age of 3 years. We show that a part of this premium may be explained by the increased gender division of labor within the household after the appearance of a child. Additionally, we fi nd Russian men receive a marriage premium of about 3%.
Added: Jun 30, 2020
Working paper
Капелюшников Р. И., Лукьянова А. Л. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2016
Using panel data from the Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey for 2006–2014, the paper provides an empirical analysis of reservation wages in Russia. The sample includes non-employed individuals wishing to get a job (both searchers and non-searchers). Comparison of subjective estimates of reservation wages with various objective indicators of actual wages implies that wage aspirations of majority of Russian non-employed individuals are overstated. However their wage expectations are rather flexible and decrease rapidly as search continues that prevents high long-term unemployment. Analysis of determinants of reservation wages shows that personal characteristics, the household income, unemployment duration and characteristics of local labor markets are important factors that affect reservation wage setting. The findings also indicate that non-employed individuals with higher reservation wages have higher probability of re-employment and receive higher wages on their new jobs. A general conclusion is that Russian workers set their reservation wages in economically rational way taking into account their real prospects in the labor market.
Added: May 10, 2016
Working paper
Лукьянова А. Л. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2012. № WP3/2012/02.
Added: Dec 26, 2012
Working paper
Brown J. D., Earle J. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2003. № 05.
How do economic policies and institutions affect job reallocation processes and their consequences for productivity growth? This paper studies the extreme case of economic system change and alternative transitional policies in the former Soviet Republics of Russia and Ukraine. Exploiting annual industrial census data from 1985 to 2000, we find that Soviet Russia displayed job flow behavior quite different from market economies, with very low rates of job reallocation that bore little relationship to relative productivity across firms and sectors. Since liberalization began, the pace, heterogeneity, and productivity effects of job flows have increased substantially. The increases occurred faster in rapidly reforming Russia than in “gradualist” Ukraine, as did the estimated effects of privatization and competitive pressures from product and labor markets on excess job reallocation and on the productivity-enhancing effects of job flows.
Added: Mar 26, 2013
Working paper
Рощин С. Ю. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2006. № 10.
Added: Mar 28, 2013
Working paper
Гимпельсон В. Е., Капелюшников Р. И. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2015. № 01.
Added: May 20, 2015
Working paper
Воскобойников И. Б., Баранов Э. Ф., Бобылева К. В. и др. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2020. № 6.
The global economy is in recession due to the pandemic of the coronavirus infection COVID-19. According to available estimates, Russia's GDP in 2020 will fall by 2–8%, so that in its consequences the current crisis may be tougher than the crises of 1998 and 2008. In the coming years, the Russian economy will have to recover and enter a new long-term growth path. At what expense and in which industries will this happen? The report based on the experience of previous crises using industry accounts of economic growth and Russia KLEMS data, examined possible sources of recovery of the Russian economy after the crisis of 2020. By analogy with the recovery after 2008, it is likely to be associated with increased demand for raw materials on world markets and the reaction of the Russian oil and gas complex. Stagnation after 2008 is due to a decrease in production efficiency, especially in the expanded mining complex, as well as the cessation of technological make-up. Growth stimulation measures should include finding ways to increase the efficiency of the expanded mining complex, stimulating the adaptation of advanced technologies, and preserving existing adaptation channels in times of crisis - for example, successful export-oriented industries integrated into global value chains.
Added: Sep 1, 2020
Working paper
Гимпельсон В. Е., Шарунина А. В. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2014. № 7.
We analyze mobility of Russian workers through the lens of major flows during the period of 2000–2012. The paper focuses on intensity and direction of flows and exploits panel micro-data from the RLMS for the corresponding period. Three simple techniques are used in this study. First, these are matrixes presenting probabilities of interstate transitions. Second, mobility indexes (first introduced by A.Shorrocks) estimate intensity of mobility and allow for cross-country comparisons. Third, we estimate dynamic multinomial logit model in order to get sense whether the current labour market state is predetermined by previous state and to estimate effects of observable individual characteristics. We note high intensity of labour flows and the important role of economic inactivity in cross-state reallocation of population. 
Added: Dec 8, 2014