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Of all publications in the section: 116
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Working paper
Гимпельсон В. Е., Лукьянова А. Л. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2006. № 05.
The paper starts with discussing institutional framework for public sector wage setting in Russia. Given that individual choice of the sector is endogenous to wages, the authors recommend alternative econometric techniques for the public%private wage gap estimation. Applying switching regression and propensity score matching techniques that allow correcting for non%random sector selection, the paper provides wage gap estimates for various demographic, occupational, and territorial population subgroups. As it is shown, there is significant cross%group variation in the wage gap. The paper concludes that to eliminate the negative gap wages in the public sector should be linked to the private sector wages at the regional level.
Added: Mar 27, 2013
Working paper
Капелюшников Р. И. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2002. № 03.
Added: Mar 26, 2013
Working paper
Капелюшников Р. И. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2018. № 03.
Added: May 14, 2018
Working paper
Капелюшников Р. И. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2019. № 2019/02.
Added: Apr 5, 2019
Working paper
Лукьянова А. Л. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2010. № 03.
Added: Mar 31, 2013
Working paper
Рощина Я. М. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2008. № 05.
Added: Mar 31, 2013
Working paper
Шайхутдинов А. Р., Локшин М. М. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2014. № 5.
In this paper we analyze the possible effect of the changes in the taxation of cross-border e-commerce on the poverty rates and income distribution in Russia. Our results suggest that lowering the limit of the value of goods for customs-free import would affect mostly rich households. The effect on the poor would be minimal. The redistribution of the collected tax revenues among poor households could be an effective measure for poverty reduction.
Added: Jul 2, 2014
Working paper
Лукьянова А. Л., Капелюшников Р. И. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2019. № WP3/2019/04.
The paper analyses changes in job opportunities of older workers in Russia in the period 2005–2017. The study uses the data from the Russian Labor Force Survey conducted by Rosstat. Changes in the occupational and industrial structure of employment of the elderly follow the trends demonstrated by other age groups: shifts from low- to high-skilled occupations, from physical to intellectual labor, and from material production to the service sector. We fi nd a stronger polarization among older workers as their occupational structure is biased in favor of, on the one hand, the most and, on the other hand, the least qualifi ed types of jobs. Employment of the elderly has fallen sharply in agriculture and manufacturing with a signifi cant increase in trade, education, and health. Although the employment structure of older workers is generally more “traditionalist”, recent decades have witnessed its transformation in “progressive” directions, similarly to other age groups. These fi ndings suggest that the legislated increase in the state pension age is not likely to give rise to sizeable unemployment among the elderly. Most of them will be able to work in the occupations and industries previously dominated by young and prime-age workers.
Added: May 21, 2019
Working paper
Ощепков А. Ю. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2020
The position and behavior of adult individuals in the labor market is usually linked with the presence of children. Numerous studies show that mothers suff er a wage penalty relative to wo men without children. A less studied issue is whether men’s earnings are somehow aff ected by children. In this paper, we analyze the relationship between wages and having children among Russian men, using RLMS–HSE panel micro-data of 2010–2018. In this period, fathers earned, on average, 25% more than non-fathers, suggesting a high wage premium for fatherhood in the Russian labor market. Estimating wage equations with individual fi xed eff ects we show, however, that this advan-tage vanishes after controlling for diff erences between fathers and non-fathers in socio-demo-graphic and unobserved individual characteristics. This suggests that the observed gap is caused by (self-)selection of initially more productive men in fatherhood. Estimating models that take into account the age and number of children as well as their biological relationship with men still al-lows to identify a 2.5–3% wage premium for one biological child under the age of 3 years. We show that a part of this premium may be explained by the increased gender division of labor within the household after the appearance of a child. Additionally, we fi nd Russian men receive a marriage premium of about 3%.
Added: Jun 30, 2020
Working paper
Капелюшников Р. И., Лукьянова А. Л. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2016
Using panel data from the Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey for 2006–2014, the paper provides an empirical analysis of reservation wages in Russia. The sample includes non-employed individuals wishing to get a job (both searchers and non-searchers). Comparison of subjective estimates of reservation wages with various objective indicators of actual wages implies that wage aspirations of majority of Russian non-employed individuals are overstated. However their wage expectations are rather flexible and decrease rapidly as search continues that prevents high long-term unemployment. Analysis of determinants of reservation wages shows that personal characteristics, the household income, unemployment duration and characteristics of local labor markets are important factors that affect reservation wage setting. The findings also indicate that non-employed individuals with higher reservation wages have higher probability of re-employment and receive higher wages on their new jobs. A general conclusion is that Russian workers set their reservation wages in economically rational way taking into account their real prospects in the labor market.
Added: May 10, 2016
Working paper
Лукьянова А. Л. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2012. № WP3/2012/02.
Added: Dec 26, 2012
Working paper
Brown J. D., Earle J. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2003. № 05.
How do economic policies and institutions affect job reallocation processes and their consequences for productivity growth? This paper studies the extreme case of economic system change and alternative transitional policies in the former Soviet Republics of Russia and Ukraine. Exploiting annual industrial census data from 1985 to 2000, we find that Soviet Russia displayed job flow behavior quite different from market economies, with very low rates of job reallocation that bore little relationship to relative productivity across firms and sectors. Since liberalization began, the pace, heterogeneity, and productivity effects of job flows have increased substantially. The increases occurred faster in rapidly reforming Russia than in “gradualist” Ukraine, as did the estimated effects of privatization and competitive pressures from product and labor markets on excess job reallocation and on the productivity-enhancing effects of job flows.
Added: Mar 26, 2013
Working paper
Рощин С. Ю. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2006. № 10.
Added: Mar 28, 2013
Working paper
Гимпельсон В. Е., Капелюшников Р. И. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2015. № 01.
Added: May 20, 2015
Working paper
Воскобойников И. Б., Баранов Э. Ф., Бобылева К. В. и др. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2020. № 6.
The global economy is in recession due to the pandemic of the coronavirus infection COVID-19. According to available estimates, Russia's GDP in 2020 will fall by 2–8%, so that in its consequences the current crisis may be tougher than the crises of 1998 and 2008. In the coming years, the Russian economy will have to recover and enter a new long-term growth path. At what expense and in which industries will this happen? The report based on the experience of previous crises using industry accounts of economic growth and Russia KLEMS data, examined possible sources of recovery of the Russian economy after the crisis of 2020. By analogy with the recovery after 2008, it is likely to be associated with increased demand for raw materials on world markets and the reaction of the Russian oil and gas complex. Stagnation after 2008 is due to a decrease in production efficiency, especially in the expanded mining complex, as well as the cessation of technological make-up. Growth stimulation measures should include finding ways to increase the efficiency of the expanded mining complex, stimulating the adaptation of advanced technologies, and preserving existing adaptation channels in times of crisis - for example, successful export-oriented industries integrated into global value chains.
Added: Sep 1, 2020
Working paper
Гимпельсон В. Е., Шарунина А. В. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2014. № 7.
We analyze mobility of Russian workers through the lens of major flows during the period of 2000–2012. The paper focuses on intensity and direction of flows and exploits panel micro-data from the RLMS for the corresponding period. Three simple techniques are used in this study. First, these are matrixes presenting probabilities of interstate transitions. Second, mobility indexes (first introduced by A.Shorrocks) estimate intensity of mobility and allow for cross-country comparisons. Third, we estimate dynamic multinomial logit model in order to get sense whether the current labour market state is predetermined by previous state and to estimate effects of observable individual characteristics. We note high intensity of labour flows and the important role of economic inactivity in cross-state reallocation of population. 
Added: Dec 8, 2014
Working paper
Капелюшников Р. И., Дёмина Н. В. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2020. № 07.
The paper is the first in the Russian economic and sociological literature that provides a general stylized picture of the consumption of cultural goods in Russia using microdata from representative household surveys. The empirical basis of analysis is Rosstat’s Complex Observation of the Living Conditions of the Population (KOUZH) for 2011–2018, which so far has ignored by researchers. Four main kinds of cultural goods are distinguished – cinema, theater, concerts and museums – and probabilities and intensity of their consumption are assessed. The analysis shows that at present in Russia, about every second adult individual during the year consumes some cultural goods. Cinema is the most popular, followed by concerts, theater and museums. A regular audience is approximately one fifth of the total. The primary focus of the paper is on evaluation of contributions of various factors to demand for cultural goods. A wide set of demographic, social and economic characteristics is considered, such as gender, marital status, age, household size, health status, size of settlement, education, occupation, income, working hours, territorial availability of cultural objects, and some others. There is also a detailed discussion of another important behavioral question: to what extent demand by individuals for any one cultural good stimulates their demand for all other ones? In econometric part of the paper two types of models are constructed and evaluated: ordinary logit (for likelihood of consumption) and multinomial logit (for intensity of consumption) ones. Results obtained show that two groups of factors make the highest contributions to demand for cultural goods: on the one hand, economic (such as income), and, on the other, cultural (such as education, occupation and experience in the Internet). In particular, in the Russian contest there is a visible empirical regularity: the higher the income of individuals, the more active they are culturally. The wealthiest groups go to the movies two and a half times more often, to the theaters seven times more often, to concerts twice as often, and to museums six times more often than the poorest ones.
Added: Nov 10, 2020
Working paper
Орловский Ю. П., Кузнецов Д. Л., Черняева Д. В. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2013. № WP3/2013/09.
This research is aimed at analyzing the prospects of the Russian minimum wage legislation reform from an international legislative perspective. Authors study historical aspects of conceptual development in the field worldwide, examine the “minimum wage” concept definitions suggested in international treaties and legislative sources of various countries from a comparative viewpoint, suggest a methodology of the minimum wage setting procedures and systemize relevant mechanisms of enforcement. A policy of abstention from the minimum wage setting on the national level has also been studied and the compensatory instruments have been singled out and described. On the basis of the results of this research major trends in the minimum wage regulations in contemporary world have been outlined. A study of the pressing problems of the minimum wage legal regulation in the Russian Federation and of the suggestions for its further development are given in a separate section of this paper.
Added: Nov 1, 2013
Working paper
Рощин С. Ю. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2003. № 02.
Added: Mar 26, 2013
Working paper
Гимпельсон В. Е. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2010. № 01.
Added: Mar 31, 2013
Working paper
Денисова И. А., Карцева М. А. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2005. № 02.
Added: Mar 27, 2013