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Regular version of the site
Of all publications in the section: 149
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Working paper
Yakovenko V. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2019. No. 176.
Added: May 27, 2019
Working paper
Lychakov N., Saprykin D., Vanteeva N. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2020
Using data from official manufacturing censuses, we compare labour productivity in Great Britain and the Russian Empire around 1908. We find that Russia’s labour productivity was at 81.9 per cent of the U.K. level. Russia’s productivity was on a par with France’s and significantly superior to Italy’s. We also find that the majority of Russian industries underperformed British ones. However, the industries that had been established or modernised during the state-induced industrialisation policies of the 1890s, such as the Southern metallurgy, performed on a par with their British counterparts. Russia’s alcohol, tobacco, and petrochemical sectors outperformed their British equivalents. Our findings suggest a revision of the view that, at the turn of the 20th century, Russian manufacturing was economically underdeveloped.
Added: Dec 10, 2020
Working paper
Kuleva M. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2016. No. 138.
In the past 20 years, the increasing number of papers in cultural studies, sociology of the arts and industrial sociology has been focused on creative/cultural workers. They critically reconsidered the over-optimistic view on creative workforce presented earlier by the cultural economists as R. Florida, C. Landry and others. However, there are still many topics, which remain understudied. First, most of the studies were focused on free-lancers, short contract and self-employed workers and still exclude those who are employed full-time or strongly tied with an institutional organization. Furthermore, while much research has been devoted to the UK, other regions or global concerns have gained little attention. This paper aims to bridge abovementioned gap at least partly by presenting an empirical case of full-time workers in Moscow art-centres, based on 20  in-depth interviews and 20 observations at the workplaces and public events of these centres.   
Added: Dec 8, 2016
Working paper
Gorbatova Y. V. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2012. No. 09.
This article deals with  the  concept of omnipotence, which is very  important for  contemporary analytic philosophy  of religion. Within the analytic tradition it is usual to  show  an apparent tension between God’s omnipotence and other divine attributes. In response, some authors have proposed their own ideas on how the classical problems of omnipotence can be solved in terms of possible worlds theory. In this paper we consider the approaches developed by Geach, Adams and Plantinga. While admitting that each of them has made a significant contribution to the refinement of the concept of omnipotence, we point out a number of important challenges that these authors were not able to overcome.
Added: Apr 30, 2013
Working paper
Gorbatov V. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2014. No. 53.
The ontological argument has been reintroduced into the area of analytical metaphysics in 20th century due to the development of modal logic and possible worlds semantics. However, there are few attempts to approach this argument with two-dimensional possible worlds framework. The present paper provides a new two-dimensional interpretation of Anselm's proof in terms of modal logic with an actuality operator (AML). It is argued that the standard modal explications of Anselm’s enigmatic concept “greater” and its connection with the concept of “actuality” have some essential shortcomings compared with the two-dimensional approach.
Added: May 13, 2014
Working paper
Ефимов А. В. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2019
The purpose of this paper is finding a method of calculating or at least reliably estimating the money supply in the 1710s’ Russia. The estimation is based on Gresham’s Law that states: “Bad money drive out good money.” The “good” and “bad” monies of Petrine era are identified. I argue that the “good” money was driven out by 1705 and, therefore, the emission of “bad” money in 1705–10 increased money supply. The increase is estimated to be about 40 percent. This conclusion calls for a further investigation of price dynamics of the period to determine effects of the increase.
Added: Mar 22, 2019
Working paper
Samutina N. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2014. No. 71.
The paper aims to provide analysis of the most general problems of the music industry in the digital age. It poses a question about the possibility of innovation and conceptual development in contemporary popular music, overflowed with retromania. A growing popularity of such form as a “concept album” and its transformation into concept multimedia projects is regarded as a positive sign of the changes in music production and distribution. Detailed cultural analysis of one particular case, the multimedia concept project by the British band Gorillaz, demonstrates how a substantial cultural and musical innovation can exist today in the framework of popular entertainment. The last studio album by Gorillaz, called Plastic Beach (2010) works with the concept of Utopia and utopian imagery, presenting music as a space for free and meaningful collaboration among musicians and for the creation of the diverse community of listeners.  
Added: Oct 22, 2014
Working paper
Papushina I. O. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2014. No. WP BRP 58/HUM/2014.
This paper employs the category “kul’turnost’” for the analysis of post-Soviet urban mass celebrations. Based on empirical data gathered during White Nights in Perm Festival – 2012, the paper delves into how Soviet ideological clichés and stereotypes are manifested in the language of contemporary Russian urban inhabitants. The research setting is the industrial city of Perm with approximately one million citizens. The research is based on a survey, conducted with 429 festival visitors. The results demonstrate that visitors have a complex structure of their opinions including the clichés rooted in Soviet discursive heritage. Applying Bourdieu’s idea of “the objectivisation of the objectifier”, the paper reflects on the influence of survey on the usage of Soviet discursive heritage. The results suggest the necessity to regard Soviet discursive heritage as an influential source of signifiers for articulating opinions in post-Soviet Russia. The paper also questions the usage of Western originated scales as the main tool for festival impact evaluation
Added: Aug 25, 2014
Working paper
Kuvshinskaya Y. M. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2013. No. WP BRP 22/HUM/2013.
This study deals with predicate agreement with quantifier phrases that contain mentioning of an indefinite or an approximate quantity. The author analyzes the frequency of occurrence for singular and plural predicates based on data from the Russian National Corpus during the period of 2000-2010 and investigates factors that influence the predicate choice.  The author concludes that the singular agreement is typical in the concerned expressions and is determined mainly by the meaning of indefiniteness. There are several factors that favor plural predicates. Also, some restrictions of predicate variation are revealed.
Added: May 6, 2013
Working paper
Khristoforov I. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2015. No. WP BRP 116/HUM/2015 .
The paper considers the role of public opinion and economic expertise in planning and realization of two important Russia’s financial reforms of the nineteenth century: the creation of the State Bank in 1860 and its reform in 1894. It aims at expanding the limits of institutional history and complimenting it with the analysis of ideological and political context. The focus on the images of «ideal» economic development that existed in public imagination as well as in expert opinion enables to look at the financial policy of the 1860s-1890s from a new prospective.
Added: Dec 17, 2015
Working paper
Savelieva I. M. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2013. No. WP BRP 34/HUM/2013.
The paper analyzes the contents and objectives of ‘public history’, the relationship between scholarly and popular knowledge, conventions governing the representation of the past outside the academic context, and the transfer of scholarly knowledge from academic to media environment. The article is divided into sections titled What? Who? When? Why? What for? and How? These lapidary subtitles reflect the fact that very little has been written about public history yet, and a preliminary review of the field is necessary. First of all, we need to determine what kind of new historical work it is, and to draw several distinctions between different types of historians who engage in professional and/or public history. Public history is treated as a specific type of historical judgment and historical practice, thus the analysis of ‘public history’ cover cognitive aspects as well as social ones.
Added: May 6, 2013
Working paper
Khitrov A. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2015. No. 84.
Contemporary police scholars have argued that it is important to study “how representations of the police and policing are produced and received” (Loader, 1997: 5) and what social meanings are created by them. Police scholars have claimed that police television series produce media images which frame social relations, and social relations, in turn, frame media images (Clarke, 1983, 1992; Lassiter, 1996; Leishman and Mason, 2003: 126, 134–138; Reiner, 2008: 315, 317, 2010: 178). Given that there is no common name for these theoretical assumptions, this paper proposes to use ‘feedback loop theory’ to unite these assumptions into a common framework. In addition to analysing the content of police shows, scholars have recently begun to focus on the stage of production (Colbran, 2014; Lam, 2013) and the stage of reception (Cummins et al., 2014; De Bruin, 2011; Dowler et al., 2006; McClean, 2011). The purpose of this study is to add empirically to reception studies and to test the feedback loop theory by analysing how people discussing fictional police dramas refer to the actual police and police-related issues. I answer these questions by carrying out a content analysis of popular Russian-language internet discussion forums where internet users review Russia’s most famous police show Glukhar’ (2008-2011). The paper shows that this police procedural frames what ordinary citizens and the police chiefs expect from the police, and thus the results of the study illustrate the feedback loop theory.
Added: Jan 27, 2015
Working paper
Selin A. A., Kukushkin K., Sablin I. et al. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2017. No. 149.
The working paper analysed the infrastructure of the Russian-Swedish border from a transcultural perspective. The history of the border was split into three periods following major changes in political border regimes. The first period covered the history of the border between Sweden and the Novgorod Republic after its formal delimitation in 1323. The annexation of the Novgorod Lands to the Grand Duchy of Moscow in 1478 marked the beginning of the second period. The third period, which is discussed in detail, covered the history of border infrastructure between the transition of large part of the Novgorod Lands to Sweden in 1617 and 1700. Departing from the debate whether the border was a line or a zone and overcoming state-centred approaches, the working paper demonstrated that the existence of several parallel border regimes during different periods enabled the simultaneous existence of the border as a line and a zone pertaining to different social interactions and subject to manipulation by authorities. The consolidation of the border did not follow the Treaty of Stolbovo (1617), but owed to local demands and an accidental event of an epidemic in 1629–1630. Following the temporary consolidation of the border, the state established firm border control used for duty collection.
Added: May 12, 2017
Working paper
Khitrov A. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2014. No. 41.
Studies of representations of the police are important because they affect what people think about the police as an organization, what people expect from day-to-day interactions with police officers, and how police officers themselves work in the media-saturated context of contemporary Western societies. This study is based on an approach, which does not strictly separate studies of the police as an organization from studies of how the police are represented. In this paper, I formulate a methodological framework for analysing representations of societal and state institutions in TV series, and I use this framework to then answer the question of how the police are represented in contemporary police TV series in Russia. This paper based on a single-case semiotic study of a popular Russian TV series called Glukhar’. I consider the show’s social and cultural contexts as well as its symbolic structures, such as visual and audial elements and its narrative. I develop a narrative model of the show, argue that the most prominent motif of the show is justification of the police’s illegal actions, and finally build a typology of these justifications. I propose a detailed analysis of two types of justifications and ultimately conclude that the TV show represents the police estranged from the state but not from society. Finally, I argue that my methodological framework can be applied to other TV series in studies, which address representations of societal and state institutions.  
Added: Apr 13, 2014
Working paper
Fedyukin I., Korchmina E. S. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2016
This articles uses the account records books from a variety of Golitsyn estates in the late eighteenth- early ninetieth century to assess the level of "routine corruption" in Imperial Russia. The data from these books allows us to identify individual cases of unofficial payments made by the estates and by peasant commune to the district-level officials; to delimit key types of payment situations; and to calculate the overall volumes of payments. The resulting numbers are compared to the overall volume of obligations carried by the serfs to the state and toothier landlords. Our conclusion is that while the routine unofficial payments were ubiquitous and accompanied any interaction with the state, by the time of Catherine II's reign their volume l was quite low and did not put significant burden on the population. Rather, officials made fortunes by extracting unofficial payments in more targeted ways. gift-giving
Added: Dec 7, 2016
Working paper
Davidson A. B. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2013. No. WP BRP 21/HUM/2013.
This paper is devoted to relations between Russia and South Africa from the mid-17th to the early 19th century. It covers first attempts at sending Russian expeditions around the Cape of Good Hope by Peter the Great and Catherine II and describes how the first Russians reached the Cape from the other end, from Kamchatka. It goes on to describe the trips to the Cape by Russian naval officers and other Russians, some of whom spent a long time in South Africa and left interesting descriptions of the Cape. A unique testimony to the fact that black South Africans knew about Russia is presented in the letter of a Pondo chief to the Russian tsar. The most significant part of Russia’s relations with South Africa was its preoccupation with South African affairs during the Anglo-Boer War of 1899–1900, when Russian volunteers went to fight for the Boers and two medical detachments were sent to treat their wounded. At that time Russia even established diplomatic relations with Transvaal. Mutual interest in the mining sphere is also analysed, and relations between some Russian and South African intellectuals are mentioned. Immigration of Russian Jews to South Africa is also described.
Added: Apr 21, 2013
Working paper
Davidson A. B. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2014. No. WP BRP 66/HUM/2014.
For decades of the Cold War and for centuries before it the interests of both Russian and British academics that studied the history of each other’s countries seemed to be centred mainly on differences and conflicts between them, providing multiple detailed accounts of mutual hostility. History, alas, gave enough ground for this.
Added: Oct 24, 2014
Working paper
Fayer V. V. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2014. No. 97.
The article deals with Russian translations of ancient epic texts that were made in the last few decades. The type of accentual verse that is frequently (but not universally) considered equirhythmic to Greek and Latin hexameter is called Russian hexameter. The first part of the article gives a brief outline of the metrical history of this verse. The second part classifies the trends in contemporary hexametric translations based on the statistics of dactylization. Some experimental forms of Russian hexameter, which have recently been the point of debate, are discussed in the final part of the present work.
Added: Apr 14, 2015
Working paper
Kormina J. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2012. No. 04.
The article analyzes the process of creation and promotion of a new type of saints, the so-called startsy (the elders), which emerged in the Russian Orthodox Church at the end of the 1990s. It focuses on debates about the “styles” of sanctity addressed by the term starets that are supported by different groups of believers. These groups support different strategies to articulate the charisma embodied in starets in terms of its legitimization and characteristics. The article studies these tendencies, using as an example the “career of starets” of the village priest from a remote island in the Pskovskoe lake, which is located 30 km from the Russian-Estonian border. First, I will outline the field of meanings ascribed to the term starchestvo. Then, I will analyze the three-stage “biography of starets Nikoly”, focusing on the ways that his devotees articulate his charisma.
Added: Aug 27, 2012
Working paper
Smilyanskaya E. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2014. No. WP BRP 55/HUM/2014 .
The Mediterranean policy of Catherine the Great gave rise to a discussion about how extreme her colonial ambitions in the Mediterranean were. This article argues against the theories that ‘the Greek idea’ was only a political game for Russia, that Russian activity on the Aegean islands was only military, and that the success of the Archipelago expedition (1769-1775) was primarily due to foreign support. It shows that Catherine II’s colonial ambitions were in fact rather limited compared to other powers of the period. Russia could not imagine having a colony in the eastern Mediterranean, but planned only a small military base surrounded by liberated self-governed Greek territories under the Catherine II’s protection. When the liberated Greek islands became an obstacle to enlarging Russian territory on the Black sea coast, however, they were exchanged, primarily for Crimea.  
Added: May 13, 2014
Working paper
Alexeev A. K. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2014. No. 75.
This paper analyzes the Shia-Sunni interactions in northeastern Iran (Khorasanan) and Central Asia. The Shia-Sunni disputes in the region date back to the Middle Ages after the establishmnet of the Safavids (1501 - 1722) in Iran and Shibanids (1501 -- 1601) in Mawara al-nahr at the beggining of the 16th century. This paper based on narrative sources, attempts to find the true reasons of this phenomenon and to estimate its influence on history and future of the region. An overview of both Sunni and Shiite religious community status in Iran, in Mawara al-nahr, has become particulary important when discussing this issue. 
Added: Nov 26, 2014