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Of all publications in the section: 49
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Working paper
Suchkov D. PSYCHOLOGY. WP BRP. Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2016. No. 64.
How one perceives one’s own level of autonomy has important consequences for motivational features of goal pursuit and well-being during this process. We tested the hypothesis, inspired by Self-Determination Theory, and the Self-Concordance model, that pursuit of self-concordant goals, emanating from autonomous motivation results in an increase of well-being. This study employed a prospective design assessing several variables related to the goal: intended effort, actual effort, and progress in achieving. In accordance with the self-concordance model, these variables mediated the influence of the autonomy of the goal on well-being during the process of achievement. We replicated the model using SEM methodology, on both the US (N = 200) and the Russian (N = 410) samples. The additional modifications we made in the model kept the main logic of the previous research. Implications and future directions are discussed.
Added: Nov 25, 2016
Working paper
Leontiev D., Fam A. K., Osin E. N. et al. PSYCHOLOGY. WP BRP. Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2015. No. 45.
This article is dedicated to analysis of the main parameters of choice as a self-determination activity and to elaboration of a special tool for their assessment. Our aim was to allocate process-related subjective indicators of the quality of concrete choices. We developed and validated a 16-item questionnaire (called the Subjective quality of choice technique) measuring four qualitative dimensions of choice: mindfulness, emotional valence, self-determination, and satisfaction with the outcome. This 4-factor structure of choice parameters was relatively invariant in different real life situations of significant choices (local elections, university attendance, vocational orientation at high school and etc.). The Subjective quality of choice technique allows us to explicate the subjective picture of making personal choice as an intrinsically vs. extrinsically regulated process and to study its phenomenology.
Added: Oct 23, 2015
Working paper
Colosio M., Rybina E., Shestakova A. et al. PSYCHOLOGY. WP BRP. Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2018
Cognitive dissonance arises as a reaction to conflict appearing in choices between two equally attractive options. It leads to changes in the desirability of these options. The chosen option becomes more desirable whereas the rejected option is devalued. Despite cognitive dissonance being largely used by social psychologists to explain social conformity and preference reevaluation, little is known about the neural mechanisms of such choice-induced preference changes. In this study, we modulated the activity of the posterior medial frontal cortex (pMFC), which has been found to be involved in cognitive dissonance in neuroimaging studies. We influenced the activity of the pMFC before individual choices using both cathodal and anodal transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) during a revised version of Brehm's free-choice paradigm. Our results showed that cathodal tDCS over the pMFC significantly decreased the typical choice-induced preference change relative to a sham stimulation. On the contrary, no significant effect of anodal tDCS was observed. Our findings of the influence cathodal tDCS on preference re-evaluation highlight the central contribution of the pMFC in cognitive dissonance and provide evidence that pMFC plays a key role in the implementation of subsequent post-decision preference change.
Added: Oct 1, 2018
Working paper
Tatarko A. PSYCHOLOGY. WP BRP. Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2014. No. 22.
This article presents the results of study dedicated to the interrelation of trust, cooperative behavior and the size of the winning prize in the multi-way decision modified prisoners’ dilemma. The experiment was organized using a specially designed computer program. The study involved six groups of participants and each group consisted of 7 players. The experiment consisted of a series of 15 rounds and included preliminary and final testing. The study found that cooperative behavior within the members in the group had fallen during 11 rounds, but there was a tendency to improve it. The trust level of an individual and his/her choice of cooperative strategy in the first series of the experiment are interrelated. Generalized trust is a rather stable construct, but it does not remain unchanged with an actual reduction of cooperative behavior.
Added: Feb 19, 2015
Working paper
Tatarko A., Mironova A. A. PSYCHOLOGY. WP BRP. Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2016. No. 61.
This article analyses the association between personal values and the acceptability of corruption in Russia, France, Germany, and Latvia. Several studies show that cultural values can be related to the level of corruption in the countries at the societal level. We look at the following two questions: (1) Can universal personal values influence the acceptability of corruption for an individual? (2) Is such an influence the same in different countries? A specialized methodology for assessing the acceptability of corruption for an individual was developed and validated. Individual values were assessed using the methodology developed by Schwartz. The studies were conducted in Russia (N=269), France (N=108), Germany (N=101) and Latvia (N=178). The results show that individual values have more inverse correlations with the acceptance of corruption than direct ones. In other words, values play an important role in limiting corrupt behaviour, but not in stimulating it. We discuss the correlations between personal values and the acceptability of corruption and analyse the psychology of these relationships.
Added: Jun 12, 2016
Working paper
Gorbunova E. S., Falikman M. PSYCHOLOGY. WP BRP. Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2017
The aim of the study was to better understand interconnection of visual attention, word processing and visual field asymmetries. Three experiments investigated visual search for a prespecified letter in displays containing 6-letter words or nonwords placed 7 degrees left and right to the fixation, with a variable target letter position within word and nonword strings. In Experiment 1, two letter strings of the same type (either words or nonwords) were presented to both sides of the visual field. In Experiment 2, there was only one letter string presented right or left to the fixation. In Experiment 3, two letter strings presented to both sides of the visual field were of different type (one word and one nonword). RT and accuracy data were collected. The results of Experiment 1 provide evidence for serial search for a letter within a word in the left visual field (LVF) and within a nonword in the right visual field (RVF) and parallel search for a letter within a nonword in the LVF and within a word in the RVF. The results of Experiment 3 were similar except for serial search for words in RVF. In Experiment 2, where perceptual load was twice lower, the search within both types of letter strings in both hemifields was serial. These results demonstrate the influence of the perceptual load and readiness to process a certain type of letter string, on the observers' choice  of search strategy.
Added: Feb 9, 2017
Working paper
Kostenko V. PSYCHOLOGY. WP BRP. Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2015. No. WP BRP 53/PSY/2015.
A theory of ego development (ED), established by Jane Loevinger (1966), remains one of the strongest theoretical approaches to exploration of personality development. The ego development process seems to be somehow determined by the more particular mechanisms. The author and her followers often marked the self-awareness, or reflection, as one of such mechanisms that advances a person through the stages. At the same time, the general perspective of the links between the ego level and the basic personality characteristics is still less than clear. The below research is aimed to clarify how different types of reflection, basic personality dimensions and satisfaction with life indicators proceed and interact at the different stages of the personality evolution process. A sample of 259 adolescents and youths, participants of a summer school in Russia, aged from 14 to 25, answered on the Washington University Sentence Completion Test, the Differential Test of Reflection, the Big Five Questionnaire, and Satisfaction with Life scale. The positive and negative facets of reflection behaved ambiguously through the different stages of ED. There was an ascending linear dependence between the productive (Systemic) type of reflection and the ED level. At the same time, non-productive types of reflection (Quasi-Reflection and Introspection), although they were positively associated with Neuroticism and negatively linked to Satisfaction with Life, had no significant connections with the Ego Development level.
Added: Oct 23, 2015