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Of all publications in the section: 121
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Working paper
Лукьянова А. Л. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2013. № WP3/2013/04.
In this paper, we investigate the impact of informality on earnings inequality in Russia using the RLMS – HSE data for 2000–2010. We apply decompositions based on the recentered influence functions of unconditional quantiles proposed by Fipro, Fortin and Lemieux (Fipro et al., 2009). Our results confi rm the heterogeneity of informal employment with specifi c standing of workers without permanent job. Informality increases the earnings polarization widening the both tails of the distribution. This effect, albeit small, is statistically signifi cant. Changes in structure and wage effects of informality did not have signifi cant contribution to the decline in overall earnings inequality in 2000–2010, except for a group of workers without permanent job.
Added: May 3, 2013
Working paper
Капелюшников Р. И. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2017. № 05.
The paper examines an origin and meaning of the phrase “dismal science” which in the mid of 19 century T. Carlyle used to castigate political economy of his days. Author demonstrates that it was Carlyle who marked the beginning to a persis-tent antagonism between economics and other social and humanitarian disciplines. In retrospect it seems evident that this inter-disciplinary schism had a detrimental effect on further progress of scientifi c knowledge about society.
Added: Dec 4, 2017
Working paper
Капелюшников Р. И. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2020. № 01.
The paper provides a critical assessment of an authoritative study “From Soviets to Oligarchs” (2017) on evolution of economic inequality in Russia by F. Novokmet, T. Piketty and G. Zucman where Russia is portrayed as a country with abnormally polarized income distribution by international standards. Author examines main quantitative results obtained by Piketty’s team, describes peculiar methodological features of their measuring procedure and analyses how they dissect available empirical datasets. A general conclusion is that trio uses an unconventional methodology that does not allow to apply equivalence scales; their argument suf ers from internal inconsistencies (dif erent u nits o f o bservation a nd dif erent defi ni tions of in come ar e us ed); th ey misunderstand nature of data that form a base for their calculations (simulated estimates are perceived as raw survey data, post-tax incomes as pre-tax ones etc.); deduction and declaration coef cients that they impose on tax data are empirically improbable; strangely enough but all their technical manipulations tend to infl ate inequality indicators; their fi nal estimates of income inequality for Russia are higher than empirically realistic ones approximately by one third (Gini coef cients 0.5–0.6 instead of 0.3–0.4 by other researchers). Pursuit for quantifi cation of anything and everything at any price leads Piketty’s team into analytical dead-end.
Added: Jul 27, 2020
Working paper
Капелюшников Р. И. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2009. № 06.
Added: Mar 31, 2013
Working paper
Капелюшников Р. И. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2019. № 2019/07.
Added: Aug 27, 2019
Working paper
Вишневская Н. Т. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2003. № 01.
Added: Oct 13, 2012
Working paper
Konings J., Lehmann H. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2002. No. 02.
Using a unique data set of medium and large enterprises (MLEs), which covers four Russian regions and the three sectors manufacturing and mining, construction and trade and distribution, we estimate fixed effects specifications of static labor demand equations for the year 1997. The most important conclusion that can be drawn is that, even though labor demand is relatively inelastic in international perspective, six years into transition Russian MLEs are responsive to wage changes in their employment decisions. A second interesting finding shows that there are distinct differences in the behavior of state-owned enterprises, which exhibit a weaker wage employment trade-off than privatized and partially privatized firms. Looking at the entire sample and various sub-samples we also try to relate the estimated wage elasticities to the empirical evidence on three of Marshall’s rules of derived demand. Our results show that investigating empirically these rules seems a promising avenue for establishing some of the driving forces behind labor demand in Russia.
Added: Mar 26, 2013
Working paper
Ощепков А. Ю. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2019. № WP3/2019/08.
This study analyses wage diff erentials between Russian regions. We focus on two long-term factors shaping them: diff erent regional economic structures and living conditions. To examine the role of these factors we use micro-data from the Rosstat’s enterprise sample surveys conducted in 2005–2015, combined with data from the aggregated regional-level statistics. By estimating mincer-type wage equations extended with regional-level variables we show that cross-regional diff erences in employment composition are able explain no more than one third of the total interregional variation in nominal wages. Wage compensations for relatively worse living conditions (higher price levels, colder winter, and worse environmental conditions) account for about half of the remaining variation. Both factors together explain about 60% of the total variation. These fi ndings contribute to a better understanding of the nature of interregional wage diff erentials in Russia and have important implications.
Added: Dec 27, 2019
Working paper
Чернина Е. М., Локшин М. М. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2012. № 08.
Added: Dec 15, 2012
Working paper
Капелюшников Р. И. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2010. № 02.
The paper analyses the contribution to economic theory by the Nobel laureates in economic sciences for 2009 Elinor Ostrom and Oliver Williamson.
Added: Mar 31, 2013
Working paper
Капелюшников Р. И. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2015. № 07.
Added: Oct 12, 2015
Working paper
Вишневская Н. Т. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2010. № 07.
Added: Oct 13, 2012
Working paper
Вакуленко Е. С., Гурвич Е. Т. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2014. № 08.
We investigate the relationship between the key labour market indicators: productivity, real wages, and unemployment rate. The analysis is based on quarterly data for the period Q1 1995 to Q3 2013. Period free of crises (early 1999 to mid-2008) is additionally considered to check the crisis effects. We estimate vector error correction model (VECM). Cointegration was found among the main labour market variables. The model coeffi cient signs fully corresponded to the economic logic, and their magnitudes were almost identical for both time spans. No signifi cant asymmetry to positive and negative deviations from the long-term trend was revealed at the Russian labour market. The model allowed to measure contribution of different channels to the wage growth. We fi nd that productivity growth and decline in unemployment had similar impact on the wage change over the period under consideration. Our results explain thus the observed unusual trend of marked increase of the wage share in GDP. Contrary to standard belefs cross-country comparisons do not show an increased reaction of wages nor weak reaction of employment to productivity or output shocks.
Added: Dec 22, 2014
Working paper
Лазарева О. В., Денисова И. А., Цухло С. В. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2006. № 11.
Results of an empirical research on the volume and forms of retraining at Russian enterprises are presented in the paper. The study is based on the survey of about a thousand of managers of industrial enterprises carried out by IET. The analysis demonstrates that the majority of industrial enterprises provide retraining to some groups of personnel. The scope of retraining is comparable with the scope of retraining taking place in the East European countries, while the share of retraining costs in the overall expenditure on workforce is comparable with the West European countries. The results of the study suggest that the state training programs fail to satisfy the demand for general training thus imposing additional costs on industrial enterprises.
Added: Mar 28, 2013
Working paper
Гимпельсон В. Е., Магун В. С. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2004. № 07.
Added: Mar 27, 2013
Working paper
Гимпельсон В. Е., Зудина А. А., Капелюшников Р. И. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2020. № 02.
There has been a fast rise of interest within the economic science for studying eff ects of noncognitive skills on individual economic behavior. Empirical analysis of this sort requires data lin king individual psychological and economic variables. Psychological variables can be operation-alized by using concepts of “the locus of control” and of “the big fi ve” of personal traits. This paper presents descriptive systematization of various indicators of non-cognitive skills introduced in various waves of the RLMS HSE household survey in 2000–2016. Non-cognitive skills are analyzed in the breakdown by major socio-demographic groups and in the association with indicators of life success.
Added: May 7, 2020
Working paper
Зудина А. А. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2017. № 02.
Added: Apr 17, 2017
Working paper
Гимпельсон В. Е., Капелюшников Р. И. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2005. № 05.
Added: Mar 27, 2013
Working paper
Капелюшников Р. И. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2012. № 04.

According to the existing literature, informality rates for Russia vary in a wide range from slightly more than 5 to nearly 30 percent. The question arises: what are causes and consequences of so huge variation? Using RMLS data for 2009 the paper investigates the degree of congruence between several alternative definitions of the informal employment in the context of Russian labor market. Analysis shows that depending on empirical definitions informality rates considerably differ – from 11 to 24 percent. With different approaches not only scale of the informal employment but also its socio-demographic profile radically changes. Furthermore, the econometric analysis reveals that the conditional impact of particular factors on the risk of informality varies considerably from one definition to another. This suggests that that estimates of the informal employment for Russia could hardly be regarded as methodologically robust.

Added: Dec 26, 2012
Working paper
Зудина А. А. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2013. № WP3/2013/01.
  Numerous studies of informal employment were focused on its possible impact on the income of informal workers. However consequences of informal employment for socioeconomic position of workers and  social inequality in general couldn’t be reduced to the monetary changes. This article presents the results of  the empirical study of the subjective social status of informal workers in Russia in 2000–2010. The study  was carried out on the basis of a large nationally representative panel: the Russia Longitudinal Monitoring  Survey of the Higher School of Economics (RLMS – HSE) for 2000–2010. Dynamics in average subjective  social status of different categories of informal employment is investigated and compared to the formal employment, unemployment and economically inactive state. Special attention is paid to the analysis of informal employment as a factor of subjective social status estimates using different econometric techniques. 
Added: Mar 20, 2013