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Of all publications in the section: 80
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Working paper
Matveeva N., Poldin O. V. Basic research program. WP BRP. National Research University Higher School of Economics, 2017
The most common quantitative estimates of scientific performance are based on citation indices, and it is meaningful to identify what affects these indicators. In this work, we analyze the correlations between the citation characteristics of researchers and their co-authorship network parameters, which indicate the position of scientists in an academic network. To surpass the shortcoming of previous works we use a large sample and separate researchers by the year of their first citation. For constructing a co-authorship network, we used data about researchers from different disciplines, who have profiles in Google Scholar. The results of a count data regression model indicate that citations positively correlate with the number of co-authors, with position of the researcher in the co-authorship network (closeness centrality), and with the average number of coauthor' citation. Also we reveal that the h-index and the i10-index are significantly associated with the number of co-authors and the average number of co-author citations. Based on these results, we can conclude that researchers who maintain more contacts and are more active than others have better bibliometric indicators on the average.
Added: Oct 1, 2017
Working paper
Alexander Yu. Apokin, Irina B. Ipatova. Basic research program. WP BRP. National Research University Higher School of Economics, 2016. No. 128.
In this paper we estimate the impact of R&D expenditures on the total factor productivity (TFP) and technical efficiency of two panels of countries in the period 1990-2011. We obtain TFP decomposition estimates using one- and two-step Stochastic Frontier Analysis (SFA) and a modified (O’Donnell, 2008) Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) framework. Our estimates of TFP growth rates correlate highly with those of OECD, The Conference Board and PWT. The efficiency-based rankings of the countries are similar to those from the results of other studies. The estimates of R&D’s impact on TFP and technical efficiency were obtained controlling for various factors, including the structure of the economy, institutional and infrastructural development and R&D expenditures over a total of five hundred possible model specifications. We found that the increase in total R&D expenditures by 1% of GDP in five years raises the average TFP growth rate by 5.0 to 7.7 percentage points, depending on the sample. Also, raising total R&D expenditures by $1,000 per researcher raises TFP growth five years later by 0.013 to 0.025 percentage points, depending on the sample. Also we have identified a significant impact of lagged R&D expenditures (up to ten years) on the dynamics of the global technology frontier component in the presence of a number of control variables.
Added: Jun 20, 2016
Working paper
Sirotkina E., Zavadskaya M. Basic research program. WP BRP. National Research University Higher School of Economics, 2017. No. WP BRP 47/PS/2017.
Economic crises are expected to erode domestic political support for the existing regime. However, in comparison with democracies, autocracies enjoy more of a leeway responding to economic downturns due to their ability to strengthen their clientelist ties and increase the level of repression ('the tragic brilliance'). Since 2013, the Russian economy has been undergoing a deep and protracted recession, which was further aggravated by the annexation of Crimea and the subsequent imposition of international sanctions. The latter slashed the purchasing capacity and disposable income of the Russian citizens by half. At the same time, the annexation of Crimea provided the regime with a significant boost in popularity. The latter consolidated the citizens and reinvigorated the feeling of national pride. Taking into consideration these two contradictory tendencies - economic downturn and patriotic consolidation - is there evidence of Russian citizens willing to punish the incumbent authorities for the economic crisis? Does the 'the rally around the flag' help the incumbent in the times of economic crisis? We carried out a survey experiment on the eve of the State Duma elections in August 2016 to scrutinize the causal effects of perception of crisis and patriotic uprising on political blame attribution. First, we find the priming effect of question about Crimea: those who were exposed to this question evaluate the president more favorably, but this tendency does not extend to their assessment of the State Duma and the government. Those exposed to the question about the economic crisis, reveal a more critical assessment of the State Duma and the government, while the president's approval remains unchanged. The State Duma does not benefit from 'the rally 'round the flag', while the president is not punished for the crisis. Second, when we compare the mediation effect of the rally 'round the flag under economic crisis with the economic crisis alone, we find that the presidential support increases while those of the State Duma and the government decreases. In the opposite case, when economic crisis intervenes with patriotic fervor - the president's support is not affected, while the Duma and the government do not seem to benefit.
Added: Jul 6, 2017
Working paper
Arefiev N. Basic research program. WP BRP. National Research University Higher School of Economics, 2016. No. 125/EC/2016.
I identify and estimate the monetary policy rule and the monetary policy shocks within a structural vector autoregression model for the US economy. I make two contributions to the literature. First, for identification I propose to use restrictions consistent with the literature on dynamic stochastic general equilibrium (DSGE) models. Typical DSGE model produces more restrictions than is required for the identification, so overidentifying restrictions can be tested against the data. The second contribution is a new method of testing the overidentifying restrictions. This method divides the set of identifying restrictions into subsets, and tests each subset independently of the others. This method does not reject most restrictions produced by the DSGE model. The only rejections provide evidence that the Federal Reserve uses delayed information about the inflation in policy making. The proposed approach to identification helps explain and solve the price puzzle problem reported in the previous literature. 
Added: Apr 14, 2016
Working paper
Alipova O., Litvinova L., Lovakov A. et al. Basic research program. WP BRP. National Research University Higher School of Economics, 2018. No. 48EDU2018.
This paper studies the publication productivity of inbreds and non-inbreds among Russian academics. The literature provides ambiguous results on the relationship between inbred status and productivity. This may be explained by the focus on different segments of academia as well as by using different indicators for measuring publication productivity. We exploit data from 3 datasets covering different segments of the academic population and included different indicators of the publication productivity to see whether inbreds and non-inbreds differ in their productivity. We did not find any difference in current publication productivity between s and non-inbreds. We found, however, a difference between inbreds and non-inbreds in whole career publication productivity; non-inbreds are more productive on an individual level. While focusing on Russian data, an analysis of the 3 datasets suggests an explanation for the contradictory existing results on the relationship between academic inbreeding and productivity in general.
Added: Nov 2, 2018
Working paper
Gracheva K., Polishchuk L., Schoors K. et al. Basic research program. WP BRP. National Research University Higher School of Economics, 2015. No. 114.
We study the impact on visa restrictions of institutions and social norms in a sending country. To this purpose, we unbundle institutions into “institutions-services”, which complement productive activities and serve as public production inputs, and “institutions-rules”, which strengthen the rule of law and constrain unproductive behavior. We propose a theoretical model which incorporates spillover effects of domestic institutional changes and shows that while stronger institutions-services reduce visa barriers, stronger institutions-rules have the opposite effect. Furthermore, visa barriers are affected by norms and values, which complement formal institutions as factors of visa regimes. We use various empirical models to test and confirm the above conjectures.
Added: Oct 15, 2015
Working paper
Виноградов А. Ю. Basic research program. WP BRP. National Research University Higher School of Economics, 2016
The article is dedicated to the international position of Christian Alania in the 10th century, including defeat by the Khazars after 932 and expulsion of the clergy, and re-Cristianization about 950. Narrative, sigillographic, epigraphic and archaeological sources are used. As result the international position of Christian Alania in the 10th century is reconstructed.
Added: Apr 10, 2017
Working paper
Tatarko A. Basic research program. WP BRP. National Research University Higher School of Economics, 2013. No. 25.
  The present study reveals the role of individual social capital in the implementation of a person’s intention to start their own business and reveals how individual social capital contributes to this action. The basic premise of our study is that individual social capital facilitates people’s implementation intention to start their own business. The sample consists of a group of respondents (N=269) who intended to start their own business (intenders) and another group (non-intenders) who did not intend to (N=270). We combined the reasoned action approach (Fishbein & Aizen, 2010) with the individual social capital approach (Van Der Gaag & Snijders, 2004) to study intention and implementation. The study showed that the intenders had more resources provided by formal (organizations and associations) and informal networks and relationships. These resources had a direct and indirect impact (through the perceived behavioral control) on their intention to start their own business. We concluded, that individual social capital can facilitate the implementation of entrepreneurial intention. A year later, we performed panel research and carried out another study by re-interviewing respondents who had expressed their intention to start their own business in the next 2 years. It was found that respondents who opened a business only a year later had higher social capital than those who did not. To explain the psychological mechanism underling the relation between intention and implementation, we use the term “the buffering effect of social support”, which means that people who feel potential support are less susceptible to stressful situations and circumstances than people who do not feel potential support. Key words: individual social capital, entrepreneurial intention, theory of planned behavior, the buffering effect of social support, perceived behavioral control. JEL Classification: Z13.
Added: Sep 14, 2013
Working paper
Tatarko A. Basic research program. WP BRP. National Research University Higher School of Economics, 2013. No. WP BRP 25/SOC/2013.
The present study reveals the role of individual social capital in the implementation of a person’s intention to start their own business and reveals how individual social capital contributes to this action. The basic premise of our study is that individual social capital facilitates people’s implementation intention to start their own business. The sample consists of a group of respondents (N=269) who intended to start their own business (intenders) and another group (non-intenders) who did not intend to (N=270). We combined the reasoned action approach (Fishbein & Aizen, 2010) with the individual social capital approach (Van Der Gaag & Snijders, 2004) to study intention and implementation. The study showed that the intenders had more resources provided by formal (organizations and associations) and informal networks and relationships. These resources had a direct and indirect impact (through the perceived behavioral control) on their intention to start their own business. We concluded, that individual social capital can facilitate the implementation of entrepreneurial intention. A year later, we performed panel research and carried out another study by re-interviewing respondents who had expressed their intention to start their own business in the next 2 years. It was found that respondents who opened a business only a year later had higher social capital than those who did not. To explain the psychological mechanism underling the relation between intention and implementation, we use the term “the buffering effect of social support”, which means that people who feel potential support are less susceptible to stressful situations and circumstances than people who do not feel potential support.
Added: Mar 24, 2014
Working paper
Daniel M. Basic research program. WP BRP. National Research University Higher School of Economics, 2013. No. WP BRP 27/HUM/2013.
The paper treats several issues in the syntax of Khinalug, an East Caucasian language of Northern Azerbaijan, presenting some results of the author’s ongoing research of Khinalug syntax. The analysis is based on corpus data and covers three issues that can not be adequately accounted for by mere elicitation: the locus of expression of shared participants in a polypredicative construction; the non-coordinative uses of the additive particle; and some properties of the constructions involving the quotative particle.
Added: May 16, 2013
Working paper
Aleskerov F. T., Meshcheryakova N. G., Nikitina A. et al. Basic research program. WP BRP. National Research University Higher School of Economics, 2016. No. 56.
We propose a new method for assessing agents' influence in financial network structures, which takes into consideration the intensity of interactions. A distinctive feature of this approach is that it considers not only direct interactions of agents of the first level and indirect interactions of the second level, but also long-range indirect interactions. At the same time we take into account the attributes of agents as well as the possibility of impact to a single agent from a group of other agents. This approach helps us to identify systemically important elements which cannot be detected by classical centrality measures or other indices. The proposed method was used to analyze the banking foreign claims for the end of 1Q 2015. Under the approach, two types of key borrowers were detected: a) major players with high ratings and positive credit history; b) intermediary players, which have a great scale of financial activities through the organization of favorable investment conditions and positive business climate.
Added: Aug 3, 2016
Working paper
Doroshenko M. E., Miles I., Vinogradov D. Basic research program. WP BRP. National Research University Higher School of Economics, 2013. No. WP BRP 12/STI/2013.
Knowledge Intensive Business Services (KIBS) are widely argued to be important actors in innovation systems. They are active both innovating themselves, and by providing their clients with important knowledge and learning opportunities. This study uses survey data to investigate the mechanisms of knowledge transfer and innovativeness improvement through the provision of KIBS. The empirical core of the paper is a set of Russian surveys of KIBS and their clients: KIBS are a fairly new phenomenon in Russia, so this provides an opportunity to contrast KIBS supplier-client relationships featuring more and less experienced customers. Many of the KIBS firms’ services are highly tailored to customer specificities, and we consider how far this is minor customisation and how far novel products (and thus potentially product innovations) are involved. These services typically involve KIBS consumers into a coproduction process, where both the formal supplier and the formal user of the service are engaged together in service production. Knowledge transfers through learning-by-doing in such cases affect customers' propensity to innovate and improve their absorptive capacity. The paper concludes that the generation of innovations through KIBS may well be a self-sustaining process. In this process, service providers are incentivised to engage in service innovations by more innovative customers’ demand for highly individualised services. In turn, the process stimulates the innovativeness of customers, as they engage in learning-by-doing through coproduction.
Added: Jun 27, 2018
Working paper
Ganenkov D. Basic research program. WP BRP. National Research University Higher School of Economics, 2016. No. 46/LNG/2016.
This article introduces new empirical data on the syntax of the biabsolutive construction in Lak that sheds new light on the analysis of this construction presented in Gagliardi et al. (2014). Some case-agreeing elements, such as compound anaphors, are shown to be able to bear ergative case despite the fact that no ergative DP is overtly present in the biabsolutive construction; this evidence necessitates a refinement of the structural analysis presented by Gagliardi et al., which precludes the possibility of ergative marking within the biabsolutive construction. I propose to capture the difference between ergative and biabsolutive constructions by exploiting a potential ambiguity in the content of the functional head Aux above AspP. On my account, the biabsolutive construction is understood as an instance of subject-to-subject raising with a reduced non-restructuring complement: the raising predicate ‘be involved in’ sits in Aux, assigning absolutive case to the closest DP in its c-command domain. All functional heads above AuxP thus bear gender agreement with the absolutive subject.
Added: Dec 9, 2016
Working paper
Aleksandrova E., Behrens K., Kuznetsova M. Basic research program. WP BRP. National Research University Higher School of Economics, 2018
We document geographic concentration patterns of Russian manufacturing using microgeographic data. About 42–52% of 4-digit and 63–75% of 3-digit industries are localized, with a higher share in the European part than in the Asian part. About 70% of 3-digit industry pairs are coagglomerated, especially those with stronger buyer-supplier links, more knowledge sharing, and lower transport costs. Pairs with a more similar workforce are, however, less coagglomerated, which points to impediments in labor mobility between regions and firms. Overall, the agglomeration forces are fairly similar to those operating in developed countries, with transportation likely to be a key driver.
Added: Apr 26, 2018
Working paper
Kazakov S. P. Basic research program. WP BRP. National Research University Higher School of Economics, 2016
Purpose – This paper examines the influence of Market Orientation on business performance in the local service industry in Russia. Design/methodology/approach – The MKTOR and MARKOR models of Market Orientation were studied and evaluated. This led to the elaboration and proposal of a localized Market Orientation model which counts the peculiarities of doing business and the market in an emerging market. Such a model then provided the basis for a set of hypotheses tested by a field study of 133 organizations operating in the service industry. The impact of Market Orientation on business performance then was examined. Findings – The results demonstrate that Market Orientation produces a positive effect on performance. Practical implications – Companies may benefit by implementing Market Orientation. In the service industry, inter-functional coordination between different departments, competitive service product offers and a customer centred philosophy are the most crucial Market Orientation components. Others should not be overlooked as they also commonly provide a substantial basis for improved business performance. Being applied systematically, the Market Orientation paradigm may produce a positive effect on the business and its competitive position in the marketplace. Originality/value – This paper follows a stream of publications dedicated to the Market Orientation paradigm. Even with the number of publications on Market Orientation there is a lack of studies on its application to different markets, countries and industries. This paper contributes to the small number of publications dedicated to Market Orientation in one of the most multifaceted emerging markets, Russia. It is also the first that studies Market Orientation applied solely to service industry organizations in Russia.   
Added: Feb 3, 2016
Working paper
Kondratev A., Nesterov A. S. Basic research program. WP BRP. National Research University Higher School of Economics, 2018
We study voting rules with respect to how they allow or limit a majority to dominate minorities. For this purpose we propose a novel quantitative criterion for voting rules: the qualified mutual majority criterion (q, k)-MM. For a fixed total number of m candidates, a voting rule satisfies (q, k)-MM if whenever some k candidates receive top k ranks in an arbitrary order from a majority that consists of more than q ∈ (0, 1) of voters, the voting rule selects one of these k candidates. The standard majority criterion is equivalent to (1/2, 1)-MM. The standard mutual majority criterion (MM) is equivalent to (1/2, k)-MM, where k is arbitrary. We find the bounds on the size of the majority q for several important voting rules, including the plurality rule, the plurality with runoff rule, Black’s rule, Condorcet least reversal rule, Dodgson’s rule, Simpson’s rule, Young’s rule and monotonic scoring rules; for most of these rules we show that the bound is tight.
Added: Sep 18, 2018
Working paper
Daniel M. Basic research program. WP BRP. National Research University Higher School of Economics, 2015
In this paper, I provide an overview of the verb morphology of Mehweb, a lect of the Dargwa branch of East Caucasian languages, spoken in the village of the same name in the Gunib district of the Republic of Daghestan. The paper is mostly focused on formal and synthetic morphology. Periphrastic forms are treated only peripherally, and the semantics of the TAME categories is not discussed at all. As a result, labels provided for different inflectional categories are conventional and to a large extent based on previous research. While formation of deverbal nominal forms – nominalizations and participles – is covered, their further inflection as nominals is also left out. The previous treatment of the Mehweb morphology, (Magometov 1986), provided basis for many analytic solutions.   The paper treats various elements of verbal inflection in the following order.   Mehweb verbs agree with the gender (nominal class) of their nominative argument, distinguishing three primary classes – masculine (M), feminine (F) and neuter (N), and human plural (HPL) and non-human plural (NPL) in the plural. There is an additional class of unmarried girls and women. Agreement marking is largely similar to agreement in adjectives, spatial forms, numerals etc., which are not treated in this paper. Agreement morphology is discussed in Section 2. Additionally, and unlike other parts of speech, some verbal forms show special inflection with the subject of the first or second person, depending on the illocution. The subject forms are discussed in Section 3. The whole inflectional paradigm of the verb is divided into two parallel sets of forms, based on perfective and imperfective stems, whose relation to each other is complex and follows several different formal patterns with most verbs and is irregular with the few irregular verbs. Many forms are formed from both stems. This is discussed in Section 4. In Mehweb, there are three distinct verbal inflectional classes, distinguished by the suffix they take in the perfective past (aorist), -ib, -ur or -un. The aorist stem is used in the participle and the forms derived from it. Many other forms, including all forms in the imperfective, are however formed in the same way for all verbs. This is discussed in Section 5, which also provides a table showing all inflectional forms known so far. Verbal negation is discussed in Section 6. The structure of the verbal paradigm as a whole is discussed in Section 7. Some of the forms follow specific rules, independent from the classification into three inflectional classes. These include imperatives and infinitives and are described in Section 8. Inflection of the copula are discussed in Section 9. Verbs with irregular morphology are discussed in Section 1; and verbs of motion, highly irregular, in Section 10. 
Added: Dec 3, 2015
Working paper
Chernina E. Basic research program. WP BRP. National Research University Higher School of Economics, 2019. No. 214.
Added: Apr 19, 2019
Working paper
Häuberer J., Tatarko A. Basic research program. WP BRP. National Research University Higher School of Economics, 2014. No. 38.
This article deals with the influence of cultural background on the sources of social capital. We analyse four different culture groups – Czechs and Russians representing post-modernized cultures and Dagestanis and Chechens representing traditional cultures. Applying univariate comparisons and Structural Equation Modelling, our results indicate a clear difference between post-modern and traditional cultures. Postmodernity seems to come along with less family network density and greater formal network size; however, also with higher family social capital access than traditionalism. No clear distinction can be drawn regarding size of friendship network and social capital accessed by the friendship network.  
Added: Apr 14, 2014
Working paper
Timofeev D. V. Basic research program. WP BRP. National Research University Higher School of Economics, 2015. No. 20.
Russian recession of 2014/2015 began with ruble run and rise of inflation. It is just the opposite of the western-type deflationary slump combined with money hoarding. Does it mean that Russians need different micro-model to describe saving and consumption behavior? This study show that work-horse log-linearized rational SDF with CRRA utility still provides good explanation for Russian consumers. It explains dollarization, domestic equity market avoidance, preference for real estate, and chiefly - wary attitude towards rubles. Expectations derived from the past and interactive preferences lock macro economy in the state of steadfast distrust in ruble, prone to inflation. For a while one should not expect Keynesian-type deflationary cycle in Russia. The next recession is likely to be inflationary, requiring monetary tightening. This reasoning is generalized for other emerging countries. Free-floating currency and inflation targeting do not mean easy way ahead for the country with recent negative inflation experience.  
Added: Nov 20, 2015
Working paper
Nora A. Kirkizh, Olessia Y. Koltsova. Basic research program. WP BRP. National Research University Higher School of Economics, 2018. No. WP BRP 58/PS/2018.
The availability of alternative information via online news sources is often said to induce social discontent, especially in states, where traditional media are under state control. But does this relation really exist, and is it universal? In contrast to previous studies, where generalized Internet use is treated as a proxy for online news consumption and general political participation is a proxy for protest participation, we render a test of relationship specifically between online news and protest participation. We explore survey data from WVS for 48 nations in 2010-2014. The analysis provides evidence that the likelihood of individual protest participation is positively associated with online news consumption. The study also shows that the magnitude of the effect varies depending upon the political context: surprisingly, despite supposedly unlimited control offline as well as online media, autocratic countries demonstrated higher effects of online news than transitional regimes, where the Internet media are relatively uninhibited.  
Added: Jan 28, 2019