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Of all publications in the section: 121
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Working paper
Шарунина А. В. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2015. № 05.
In this paper, I explore public-private wage gaps across Russian regions. Using the October wage survey data for 2005-2013, I show that the wage gap varies significantly across space. My analysis suggests that this variation can be explained by the demographic composition of regional population (or by demand for the public services) and by fiscal positions of the regional budgets (affecting the supply side).
Added: Jul 24, 2015
Working paper
Капелюшников Р. И. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2018. № 01.
The paper analyses discursive methods that M. Weber used in his “The Protestant Ethics and the Spirit of Capitalism”. The analysis shows that Weber’s exegetics of religious texts is incorrect totally or at least partially; that his claim about much higher economic achievements of Protestants as compared with Catholics is based on arithmetic error; that his concept of “the capitalist spirit” suffers from unavoidable internal contradictions; that his portrait of B. Franklin has almost nothing in common with the original; that his attempt to explain a fast capital accumulation in England in 17–18 centuries deals with non-existed economic phenomenon; that results of current empirical studies are mostly unfavorable for Weber’s Thesis. However the Weberian idea about origin of “the capitalist spirit” from the protestant ethics has so strong hypnotical power over human minds that phantoms of ‘the protestant ethics” and “the spirit of capitalism” would for a long time excite imagination of academic researchers and walk over mass-media.
Added: May 14, 2018
Working paper
Гимпельсон В. Е., Капелюшников Р. И., Жихарева О. Б. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2014. № 02.
Added: Jun 4, 2014
Working paper
Lehmann H., Muravyev A., Razzolini T. et al. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2011. No. 07.

This paper is the first to analyze the costs of job loss in Russia, using unique new data from the Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey over the years 2003–2008, including a special supplement on displacement that was initiated by us. We employ fixed effects regression models and propensity score matching techniques in order to establish the causal effect of displacement for displaced individuals. The paper is innovative insofar as we investigate fringe and in-kind benefits and the propensity to have an informal employment relationship as well as a permanent contract as relevant labor market outcomes upon displacement. We also analyze monthly earnings, hourly wages, employment and hours worked, which are traditionally investigated in the literature. Compared to the control group of non-displaced workers (i.e. stayers and quitters), displaced individuals face a significant income loss following displacement, which is mainly due to the reduction in employment and hours worked. This effect is robust to the definition of displacement. The losses seem to be more pronounced and are especially large for older workers with labor market experience and human capital acquired in Soviet times and for workers with primary and secondary education. Workers displaced from state firms experience particularly large relative losses in the short run, while such losses for workers laid off from private firms are more persistent. Turning to the additional non-conventional labor market outcomes, there is a loss in terms of the number of fringe and in-kind benefits for reemployed individuals but not in terms of their value. There is also some evidence of an increased probability of working in informal jobs if displaced. These results point towards the importance of both firm-specific human capital and of obsolete skills obtained under the centrally planned economy as well as to a wider occurrence of job insecurity among displaced workers.

Added: Dec 27, 2012
Working paper
Хан Т., Савченко Е. М., Gimpelson V. E. et al. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2007. No. 04.
In the transition to a market economy, the Russian workforce underwent a wrenching period of change, with excess supply of some industrial skills coexisting with reports of skill shortages by many enterprises. This paper uses data from the Russia Investment Climate Survey (ICS) and related local research to gain insights into the changing supply and demand for skills over time, and the potential reasons for reported staffing problems and skill shortages, including labor turnover, compensation policies and the inhibiting effects of labor regulations. It discusses in-service training as an enterprise strategy for meeting staffing and skill needs, and presents evidence on the distribution, intensity and determinants of in-service training in Russia. It investigates the productivity and wages outcomes of in-service training, and the supportive role of training in firms’ research and development (R&D) and innovative activities. A final section concludes with some policy implications of the findings.
Added: Mar 28, 2013
Working paper
Лукьянова А. Л. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2007. № 06.
The paper documents changes in the structure of earnings and earnings inequality in Russia during the period of economic growth. The study is based ob the RLMS data for 1998—2005. The results indicate an overall fall in earnings inequality by about 10%. The decline in inequality occurred due to the faster rise of wages in the lower tail of the distribution. We find some evidence of falling returns to schooling in the most recent years: college and university premiums have slightly gone down. Contrary to the expectations returns to experience do not show any signs of recovery after initial collapse in the early phase of the transition to a market economy. A regression-based decomposition reveals that 80% of the decrease in earnings inequality is explained by declining within-group inequality and falling inter-regional wage differentials. Employee’s residence settlement type acts to widen earnings inequality.
Added: Mar 31, 2013
Working paper
Зудина А. А. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2015. № 06.
Numerous economic, sociological and psychological studies show that job loss leads to the major decline of social position measured by various indicators like income level, subjective wellbeing, life chances, job-search abilities. Job loss also leads to the serious downfall of subjective social status. However the connection between job loss and subjective social status dynamics remains to be insuffi ciently investigated. Thus little is actually known about the differences in perceptions of social position decline that come as a result of occupation-specifi c characteristics of previous employment. Given the considerable heterogeneity of employment itself, the effect of previous occupation membership on subjective social status dynamics in case of job loss may differ considerably. So the question occurs: for which occupational groups job loss is more painful in terms of subjective social status decline? Do unemployment transition and labour market exit differ in terms of its consequences for subjective social status decline for various occupational groups? Present study was conducted on the basis of the Russia Longitudinal Monitoring Survey – Higher School of Economics (RLMS – HSE) for 2000–2012 and focuses on the role of previous occupation engagement on the dynamics of subjective social status of the unemployed and out of labour force individuals. Empirical stage of analysis included both descriptive measures (transition probabilities matrices analysis, comparisons of occupation-specifi c subjective social status means before and after job loss, identifi cation of occupations with higher probabilities of job loss) and estimations of panel regression models with fi xed effects. Results presented clarify the social penalty of job loss for various occupations on the Russian labour market and position of occupational groups in a modern Russian society.
Added: Sep 1, 2015
Working paper
Магун В. С. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2006. № 09.
The paper relies on data from four all-Russian representative surveys conducted within 1991—2004 period. It shows that most of the work values have undergone significant changes suggesting for enough flexibility in mass labour culture in Russia and therefore contrasting with the widely held view on its rigidity and low sensitivity to changes. Four work values (attached to high wages, to job security, to interesting job, and to opportunities to achieve something on the job) were more popular in 2004 compared to 1991. Values attached to generous holidays, to matching one's abilities and to opportunities for using initiative on the job lost their popularity during the same period. Respondents’ attitudes to such values as a public respect, responsibility on the job and escaping too much pressure on employees didn’t change at all. The factor analytic indexes confirm remarkable changes taken place over time. The basic, materialistic needs dominate in the value dimension during all the period under study and they are associated with two alternative behavioral strategies. If the first one assumes a reserved use of resources possessed by individuals, the second involves performance-oriented actions. The values of enterprising self-realization as well as of seeking social recognition and of personal responsibility are still at the periphery of the Russian labour consciousness.
Added: Mar 28, 2013
Working paper
Лукьянова А. Л. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2010. № 10.
Added: Mar 31, 2013
Working paper
Гимпельсон В. Е., Монусова Г. А. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2012. № 05.
Added: Dec 16, 2012
Working paper
Гимпельсон В. Е., Капелюшников Р. И., Шарунина А. В. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2016. № 2016/02.
In this paper, using the RLMS-HSE data for 2006-2013, we explore two interconnected forms of labour mobility: vertical intrafirm promotions and horizontal inter-firm transitions. Our focus is on the dynamics and driving factors of this mobility, on how the latter relates to accumulation and utilization of the human capital, and what are payoffs in wage termsto job changes. During the period under study, about 22% of all workers changed annually their employers or moved to new positions within firms. The external mobility was almost three times higher than the internal one, and promotions were much more frequent than demotions. Gradually the intensity of mobility tended to decrease. Labour mobility emerges as a rational strategy that matches wage to productivity. Job-to-job moves lead to higher wage but may disrupt stability of labour relations. Before changing job externally mobile workers earn on average a little lower than the prevailing market rate, while internally mobile get the market wage. Return to the external mobility decreased gradually, eroding incentives to voluntary inter-firm transitions.
Added: Mar 1, 2016
Working paper
Lehmann H., Wadsworth J. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2003. No. 03.
We examine the implications for estimates of wage relativities and inequality when countries experience wage arrears on a substantial scale, using the Russian labour market as a test case. The increase in wage inequality in Russia during its transition process has far exceeded the increase in wage dispersion observed in other European countries undergoing transition. Russia also has much the largest incidence of wage arrears. Given data on wages and the incidence of wage arrears we show that it is possible to construct counterfactual wage distributions, derived from a variety of different methods. The results suggest that conventional measures of earnings dispersion in Russia would be some 20 to 30% lower in the absence of arrears. Since the incidence of arrears is not random, we then go on to show how wage gaps across gender, education, region and industry are influenced by a failure to allow for wage arrears. If those in arrears are distributed uniformly across the underlying wage distribution, as appears to be the case in Russia, then it may be feasible to use wage information on the subset of those not in arrears and still get close to the underlying population parameters.
Added: Mar 26, 2013
Working paper
Gimpelson V. E., Kapeliushnikov R., Lukyanova A. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2009. No. 07.
The efficiency of the labour market critically depends on the design of its institutions with employment protection legislation (EPL) playing a special role here. However, since formal laws can be observed or ignored to varying degrees, the actual enforcement regime shapes incentives and constraints. Most of the studies exploring EPL effects on labour market performance implicitly assume that EPL compliance is near to complete and therefore all firms bear full adjustment costs incurred by the regulations. This seems to be a very strong assumption for any country but it sounds especially strong and hardly plausible for developing and transition economies. But if compliance and enforcement varies widely across regions/cities or segments of firms, then this variation is likely to cause variation in performance. This paper looks at Russia in particular. The main idea of this paper is to reveal and describe cross-regional and inter-temporal variation in EPL enforcement and to explore empirically whether it is translated into regional labour market outcomes. The paper employs unique data set based on the State Labour Inspectorate data and the Supreme court statistics on labour disputes.
Added: Mar 31, 2013
Working paper
Капелюшников Р. И. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2008. № 01.
The paper provides a comprehensive assessment of quantitative and qualitative characteristics of human capital accumulated by the Russian economy. Using the cross-country perspective it investigates both educational attainment and quality of education of the Russian workforce. Labor market outcomes of educational upgrading are discussed with a special reference to returns to human capital. A final section concludes that under-utilization of existing human capital and erosion of its quality might make it impossible to create in Russia an effective knowledge-based economy.
Added: Mar 31, 2013
Working paper
Капелюшников Р. И. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2015. № 02.
Added: May 20, 2015
Working paper
Капелюшников Р. И. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2006. № 02.
The Coase theorem provides a conceptual foundation for modern neo(institutional analysis. Regrettably new Russian publications on the Coase theorem produced a long list of fallacies, misunderstandings and false interpretations. Using as a striking example the recently published intermediate textbook on institutional economics ed. by A. Oleynik author reveals typical errors committed by Russian commentators of the Coase theorem. His critical analysis demonstrates that even some leading Russian authorities on the institutional economics often have vague and biased notions about theoretical ideas of R. Coase.
Added: Mar 27, 2013
Working paper
Вишневская Н. Т. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2005. № 03.
The paper examines the institute of minimum wage in developed and transition economies and in a number of the developing countries. First of all the institutional mechanism of minimum wage fixing is considered. One of the sections explores the dynamics of absolute and relative levels of minimum wage. The special attention is paid to the impact of the institute of minimum wage on the labour market. The author considers the mechanism of transmission of the minimum wage increases on the employment and unemployment dynamics. The paper also contains the result of the empirical research. The experience of many countries witnesses that large increases in minimum wage levels lead to the stagnation of the employ-ment, especially of the disadvantaged groups. The negative effect is larger for the companies with higher share of labour costs and more active use of unqualified labour, that is small businesses and agricultural enterprises. One of the main conclusions is that the minimum wage is not an effective tool of the poverty reduction as the majority of the recipients live in households of average and upper average income.
Added: Oct 13, 2012
Working paper
Леман Х., Muravyev A. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2010. No. 08.
This paper studies the relationship between labor market institutions and policies and labor market performance using a new and unique dataset that covers the countries of Eastern Europe and Central Asia, which in the last two decades experienced radical economic and institutional transformations. We document a clear trend towards liberalization of labor markets, especially in the countries of the former Soviet Union, but also substantial differences across the countries studied. Our econometric analysis implies that institutions matter for labor market outcomes, and that deregulation of labor markets improves their performance. The analysis also suggests several significant interactions between different institutions, which are in line with the idea of beneficial effects of reform complementarity and broad reform packages. Finally, we show that there are important advantages of focusing on a broader set of labor market outcomes, and not only on the unemployment rate, which until now has been the main approach in the empirical literature.
Added: Mar 31, 2013
Working paper
Вишневская Н. Т., Капелюшников Р. И. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2007. № 02.
This paper looks at differences in enforcement of employment protection legislation (EPL) across regions of the Russian Federation. The research is based on data from regional courts, State labour inspections and trade unions. These data have never been used by researchers. A special section explores institutional peculiarities of the EPL enforcement in regions. Authors reveal substantial differences in the effectiveness of enforcement of EPL across Russian regions. The EPL violations are more often reported in the northern territories and in the ethnic republics. The regions with more diversifi ed economy and more favorable situation on the local labour market demonstrate lower probability of reporting EPL violation.
Added: Oct 13, 2012