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Of all publications in the section: 4 012
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Working paper
Chernyavskiy A. EU Frontiers Policy Brief. ISSN 2498-7875. Center for European Neighborhood Studies, 2016. No. 12.
This paper looks into Russian economy growth rates versus the emerging and advanced economies and the world in general. It contains the analysis of key federal budget indicators dynamics in 2000−2016, as well as the draft 2017−2019 Federal Budget law. The paper highlights the challenges associated with the planned budget consolidation. In addition it reviews Russian corporate foreign debt dynamics or the period after imposing sanctions. The paper emphasizes that currently Russian corporations are successfully coping with external debt redemption and servicing.
Added: Mar 14, 2017
Working paper
Khovanskaya I. A., Sonin K., Yudkevich M. M. CEFIR / NES Working Paper. Центр экономических и финансовых исследований и разработок в российской экономической школе, Российская экономическая школа, 2007. No. 112.
We study hiring decisions made by competing universities in a dynamic framework, focusing on the structure of university finance. Universities with annual state-approved financing underinvest in high-quality faculty, while universities that receive a significant part of their annual income from returns on endowments hire fewer but better faculty and provide long-term contracts. If university financing is linked to the number of students, there is additional pressure to hire low-quality short-term staff. An increase in the university’s budget might force the university to switch its priorities from ‘research’ to ‘teaching’ in equilibrium. We employ our model to discuss the necessity for state-financed endowments, and investigate the political economics of competition between universities, path-dependence in the development of the university system, and higher-education reform in emerging market economies.
Added: Apr 4, 2013
Working paper
Rozhkov A. Changing Europe Summer School. Research Centre for East European Studies at the University of Bremen, 2012
Current paper brings into consideration the issue of building and developing customer relations in emerging Russian market. Usually multinational companies enter Russian market and try to apply here their business solutions developed in mature markets. Many researchers argue that emerging markets require customer education rather than customer orientation. We develop a complex model of customer orientation and relationship development and test it on the Russian subsidiaries of Finnish construction companies. Qualitative study based on in-depth interviews with middle- and top-managers suggests that processes of customer relations differ dramatically from those established in European market.
Added: Jan 22, 2013
Working paper
Noah Buckley, Garifullina G., Reuter O. J. Political Science. PS. Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2012. No. 11.
Scholars associate bureaucratic quality with economic development. One particularly important component of a well-functioning bureaucracy is meritocratic promotion. This paper explores the conditions under which politicians will appoint high-level bureaucrats on the basis of economic performance. We argue that two key features of democracy—electoral competition and media freedom—  increase  the incidence of performance-based appointments among high-level bureaucrats. We test these claims using original data on turnover among 3762 vice governors in Russia’s 89 regions between 2001 and 2011. We also find that levels of bureaucratic turnover depend on the characteristics of the principal making those appointments.    
Added: Jan 17, 2013
Working paper
Kitrar Liudmila, Lipkind Tamara, Gumeniuk K. et al. Inclusive and Sustainable Development Working Paper Series. WP. United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), 2020. No. 7/2020.
This study determines the effectiveness of using assessments and expectations of economic agents in the analysis of macroeconomic development. The paper tests the hypothesis of the cyclical interaction between economic growth and entrepreneurial behaviour. The authors used the composite economic sentiment indicator (ESI), which combined the confidence indicators of all sectoral business and consumer surveys by the Federal State Statistic Service and the Higher School of Economics reflecting the aggregate sentiment and expectations of approximately 24 thousand entrepreneurs and 5 thousand consumers. The empirical relationship and joint cyclical sensitivity of ESI and GDP growth time series are revealed based on cross-correlations, statistical filtering, a long-term linear regression, and through a two-dimensional vector autoregression model. This model is used further for GDP growth until the end of 2021. Forecasting considers the expected impact of new corona crisis shocks for the Russian economy, which have been growing since March 2020, on the aggregate economic sentiment. The forecasting results show the expected sharp decline in the GDP dynamics in mid-2020 after coronavirus containment measures and a tremendous drop in oil prices, then a slow and unstable recovery in GDP growth by the end of 2021 only to the level of Q4 2019.
Added: May 22, 2020
Working paper
Safonkina E. International Relations. WP BRP. НИУ ВШЭ, 2015
In the modern globalized world new actors, in particular business, exert increasing influence on the international decision-making processes. The business is generally important and influential actor in the regional governance promoting the group`s common interests. The article aims to test this hypothesis drawing on the findings from study of the APEC Business Advisory Council (ABAC). The author analyses the Asia-Pacific business priorities promoted by the ABAC, actions implemented to make other regional actors acting in line with these priorities and ABAC achievements in that process. The official ABAC and APEC documents constituted the evidence base for the analysis. The research methods used in the article include qualitative content analysis and comparative historical analysis. The author comes to conclusion that business is an influential actor in the Asia-Pacific regional governance due to its capability to promote business priorities implementation at the state level. 
Added: Sep 2, 2015
Working paper
Liudmila Kitrar, Tamara Lipkind. SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, INNOVATION. SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, INNOVATION. НИУ ВШЭ, 2019. No. 96/STI/2019.
The paper presents the Business Climate Indicator (BCI) in the Russian manufacturing including the medium and high-tech (MHT) manufacturing industries. The authors explain the feasibility of a new alternative measure that summarizes common information of business tendency surveys cleared up of specific fluctuations in individual variables, and give arguments to prove its effectiveness. The resulting BCI reflects the quantitative changes in manufacturing growth more accurately and with a lead compared to the traditional confidence indicator. Identification of the BCI cyclic profile and its visualization through a tracer demonstrate all significant waves of manufacturers’ optimism and pessimism for the period from January 2005 to January 2019. To construct BCI-MHT, the units of observation and the input information are divided into three groups according to the technological level of industries. The dynamics of BCI-MHT is close to those of BCI; however, during the protracted recession in 2016-2018, the sentiments of manufacturers of medium- and high-tech products were less pessimistic compared with the sentiments of all manufacturers.
Added: Aug 26, 2019
Working paper
Maslennikova S. Law. LAW. Высшая школа экономики, 2013. No. 14/LAW/2013.
The author analyzes the different forms of relationships between businesses and bodies of state power in Russia: private and public partnership, the delegation of public powers and property, self-regulation, the transfer of government authority to the private organizations, self-regulation, and how public power is influenced including by specialists. The experience of foreign countries and the legal view on the social responsibility of business are provided. The political-legal traditions of the relationships between private organizations and bodies of state power are analyzed. This has predetermined the current legislation.  The informal and relatively new mechanisms of protection of the rights of businesses are described.
Added: Apr 27, 2013
Working paper
Волконицкая К. Г. Science, Technology and Innovation. WP BRP. Высшая школа экономики, 2015. No. 55.
The working paper is based on research findings concerning the functioning of 35 Russian technology parks in 2013 – the first half of 2015. The analysis of the performance of these technology parks has been carried out on the basis of the CANVAS framework, proposed by Osterwalder and Pine in 2010. The research was conducted in the domain of 9 key blocks business model of technology parks, including infrastructure and services provided, companies’ residents, cooperation with partners, including regional and federal authorities, scientific and education institutions, financial and economic indicators of technoparks and key performance indicators used. On the basis of empirical data 7 business models of functioning of Russian technology parks were revealed, including IT-park, university park, 2 types of facilitators of innovation processes in a region and 3 types of entrepreneurial technoparks. The classification allows differentiating the nature and level of support of technology parks as objects of innovation infrastructure. Detailed profile of business models reveals the competitive advantages and weaknesses of technoparks, as well as mechanisms to improve the efficiency of these objects of innovation infrastructure.
Added: Dec 8, 2015
Working paper
Totyev K. Y. Law. LAW. Высшая школа экономики, 2016. No. 2.
This paper explores business transactions in the context of the principle of legality. It will be argued that Article 168 of the Russian Civil Code, as a meta-rule, contains three types of rules: 1) rules dealing with the priority of special rule and exceptions (exclusive rules); 2) rules dealing with the interpretation of general, special and exclusive rules as well as with the requirements of statutes or other legal acts violated by a transaction and established outside Article 168 of the Civil Code; 3) rules dealing with the admissibility of special rule and exceptions, as well as with the conditions of admissibility of these rules. With regard to the first group of the rules, the legislature and commercial courts consider Article 168 of the Civil Code a common base with respect to other grounds in the Civil Code and in certain other statutes for declaring transactions invalid. According to the second group of rules, the subject-matter (object) of legal interpretation consists of two elements: а) the text of Article 168 of the Civil Code; and b) the texts of legal acts, described by the generic term “statute or other legal act.” Article 168 of the Civil Code provides instructions not only for rules as objects of application of the article, but also for the methods of interpreting violated requirements. The rules of admissibility for special rule and exceptions, as well as the conditions of admissibility for these standards, are aimed at the numerous cases in which the legislature, in the Civil Code or in other legal acts, expressly establishes nullity (voidness), voidability and other legal consequences for illegal transactions. The paper also answers questions regarding the impact of recent amendments to the Russian Civil Code on using rules for business transaction invalidity in commercial courts.
Added: Feb 27, 2016
Working paper
Bucciol A., Adani R. C., Valbonesi P. Working Paper. . Department of Economics of the University of Verona, 2017. No. 16.
  
Added: Nov 29, 2017
Working paper
Vaskin I. Political Science. PS. Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2020. No. 73.
The paper investigates the impact of an electoral support for president for short- and long-term transfers between national and provincial governments in tutelary regimes. The research uses the case of Iran; the database covers 330 observations for 30/31 provinces for 2005-2015. The results show that Iranian presidents target short-term transfers for disloyal provincial elites, while long-term transfers do not show political connection with voting patterns. The results also allow for assuming that the key factor for the logic of distribution is a political competition.
Added: Aug 10, 2020
Working paper
Rybnikov L. G. arXiv math. QA. Cornell University, 2016. No. 1409.0131.
Cactus group is the fundamental group of the real locus of the Deligne-Mumford moduli space of stable rational curves. This group appears naturally as an analog of the braid group in coboundary monoidal categories. We define an action of the cactus group on the set of Bethe vectors of the Gaudin magnet chain corresponding to arbitrary semisimple Lie algebra g. Cactus group appears in our construction as a subgroup in the Galois group of Bethe Ansatz equations. Following the idea of Pavel Etingof, we conjecture that this action is isomorphic to the action of the cactus group on the tensor product of crystals coming from the general coboundary category formalism. We prove this conjecture in the case g=sl2 (in fact, for this case the conjecture almost immediately follows from the results of Varchenko on asymptotic solutions of the KZ equation and crystal bases). We also present some conjectures generalizing this result to Bethe vectors of shift of argument subalgebras and relating the cactus group with the Berenstein-Kirillov group of piecewise-linear symmetries of the Gelfand-Tsetlin polytope.
Added: Sep 29, 2014
Working paper
Kuznetsov A. arxiv.org. math. Cornell University, 2015
We discuss Calabi–Yau and fractional Calabi–Yau semiorthogonal components of derived categories of coherent sheaves on smooth projective varieties. The main result is a general construction of a fractional Calabi–Yau category from a rectangular Lefschetz decomposition and a spherical functor. We give many examples of application of this construction and discuss some general properties of Calabi–Yau categories.
Added: Nov 15, 2015
Working paper
Zamulin O. A., Sosunov K. A. CEFIR / NES Working Paper. Центр экономических и финансовых исследований и разработок в российской экономической школе, Российская экономическая школа, 2006. No. 83.
The paper investigates whether the 80% real appreciation of the Russian ruble in 1998-2005 can be explained by the increase in oil revenues in a calibrated general equilibrium model. It is shown that the oil prices alone cannot account for the appreciation with forward-looking permanent-income consumers, unless the oil price increase is assumed permanent. Accounting for the increase in the volume of oil exports, however, can help, provided that the increase is assumed to be permanent.
Added: May 29, 2013
Working paper
Bodzenta A., Bondal A. I. math. arxive. Cornell University, 2017
Given a relatively projective birational morphism f:X→Y of smooth algebraic spaces with dimension of fibers bounded by 1, we construct tilting relative (over Y) generators TX,f and SX,f in Db(X). We develop a piece of general theory of strict admissible lattice filtrations in triangulated categories and show that Db(X) has such a filtration L where the lattice is the set of all birational decompositions f:X→gZ→hY with smooth Z. The t-structures related to TX,f and SX,f are proved to be glued via filtrations left and right dual to L. We realise all such Z as the fine moduli spaces of simple quotients of OX in the heart of the t-structure for which SX,g is a relative projective generator over Y. This implements the program of interpreting relevant smooth contractions of X in terms of a suitable system of t-structures on Db(X).
Added: Aug 28, 2017
Working paper
Kuzmina Y. Education. EDU. Высшая школа экономики, 2016
Researchers have postulated that there is a positive effect of autonomy-supportive teacher practices on academic interest. Few studies, however, investigate how these practices can reduce the gender gap in mathematics interest. The goal of our study is to examine how autonomy-supportive practices effect on attitudes toward mathematics for girls and boys with different level of mathematics achievements. We used data from the Russian longitudinal study “Trajectories in Education and Career” (TrEC) to identify teacher practices which can reduce the gender gap in mathematics interest. Using hierarchical linear regression analysis we focused on two types of teacher practices: autonomysupportive and controlling. We conducted analysis for boys and girls separately and evaluated how the effect of teacher practices on mathematics interest varies for boys and girls in general and according to their level of mathematics achievements. Our analysis demonstrates that girls are more sensitive to different teacher practices and some autonomy-supportive practices have a positive effect on mathematics interest for girls only and no effect on boys’ interest. We also identified that some teacher practices have different effects on students’ interest according to the level of their prior achievements. Autonomy-supportive practices are more important for students with high achievements.
Added: Sep 16, 2016
Working paper
Dabrowski M. Bruegel blog. Bruegel blog. Bruegel, 2020
The ‘new enlargement methodology’ may help overcome the impasse triggered by the inability of the European Council to open accession negotiations with North Macedonia and Albania
Added: Oct 29, 2020
Working paper
Morozova N. International Relations. WP BRP. Высшая школа экономики, 2014. No. WP BRP 08/IR/2014.
This article aims to explicate the conceptual relationship between two intellectual traditions that informed Russian post-Soviet foreign policy discourse: European inter-war geopolitics and Russian post-revolutionary Eurasianism. It is argued that European geopolitics provided an important theoretical and normative point of departure for Russian Eurasians. The latter took issue with the politics of territorial expansionism underpinning European geopolitics. They therefore attempted to develop an idea of qualitatively different and better politics by subjugating politics to culture.
Added: Nov 21, 2014
Working paper
Peiris U., Sokolova A., Tsomocos D. WP 2017. Saïd Business School . University of Oxford, 2017. No. 03.
The post-2008 period focused attention on "twin-crises". Banking crises may lead to sovereign crises where fiscal vulnerabilities are exacerbated by the extension of support for the banking system. We develop a model that describes private sector generated capital inflow that is used to finance investment and consumption expenditure. In the event of an economic contraction, the (convex) haircut on outstanding debt is negotiated, or bargained, centrally by the sovereign. Two results arise: the volume of debt and haircut rate are inefficient. In this setting the accumulation of capital achieves two goals. First, it generates sufficient optimism about future income to allow the debt market to function. Second, and counter-intuitively, it increases expected haircuts by raising the value of the outside option of complete default. These competing forces characterize the optimal balanced-budget macroprudential policy targeting capital investment.
Added: Nov 28, 2017
Working paper
Makarov I. A., Sokolova A. FIW Working Paper. The Federal Ministry of Science, Research and Economy (BMWFW), 2015. No. 149.
According to current international climate change regime countries are responsible for greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, which result from economic activities within national borders, including emissions from producing goods for exports. At the same time imports of carbon intensive goods are not regulated by international agreements. In this paper emissions embodied in exports and imports of Russia were calculated with the use of inter-country input-output tables. It was revealed that Russia is the second largest exporter of emissions embodied in trade and the large portion of these emissions is directed to developed countries. The reasons for high carbon intensity of Russia’s exports are obsolete technologies (in comparison to developed economies) and the structure of commodity exports. Because of large amount of net exports of carbon intensive goods the current approach to emissions accounting does not suit interests of Russia. On the one hand, Russia, as well as other large net emissions exporters, is interested in the revision of allocation of responsibility between producers and consumers of carbon intensive products. On the other hand, current technological backwardness makes Russia vulnerable to the policy of “carbon protectionism”, which can be implemented by its trade partners.
Added: Mar 19, 2015