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Of all publications in the section: 3 772
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Working paper
Sokolov B. Sociology. SOC. Высшая школа экономики, 2015. No. WP BRP 66/SOC/2015.
This paper presents a new approach to the measurement of attitudinal polarization for cross-national or repeated cross-sectional studies. The proposed approach is a two-stage one. At the first step, order-constrained Latent Class Analysis (LCA) is used to identify a categorical latent construct underlying a set of observed items. Basing on the best LCA solution, class membership is assigned for each individual in the sample. At the second step, a broad family of categorical polarization indices may be computed for that categorical latent scale in respect to any grouping variable of interest (e.g., country of living, or wave of study). The data from the 4th wave of the European Values Study are used, and polarization between survival and self-expression values in 28 European countries is measured. The resulting polarization scores are used to test a hypothesis assuming positive aggregate-level association between values polarization and support for radical right parties and ideologies
Added: Dec 15, 2015
Working paper
Nina. I. Zhukova, Galaev A. S. arxiv.org. math. Cornell University, 2017
The paper is focused on the existence problem of attractors for foliations. Since the existence of an attractor is a transversal property of the foliation, it is natural to consider foliations admitting transversal geometric structures. As transversal structures are chosen Cartan geometries due to their universality. The existence problem of an attractor on a complete Cartan foliation is reduced to a similar problem for the action of its structure Lie group on a certain smooth manifold. In the case of a complete Cartan foliation with a structure subordinated to a transformation group, the problem is reduced to the level of the global holonomy group of this foliation. Each countable automorphism group preserving a Cartan geometry on a manifold and admitting an attractor is realized as the global holonomy group of some Cartan foliation with an attractor. Conditions on the linear holonomy group of a leaf of a reductive Cartan foliation sufficient for the existence of an attractor (and a global attractor) which is a minimal set are found. Various examples are considered.  
Added: Mar 23, 2017
Working paper
Sakharov A. G., Shelepov A. V., Safonkina E. et al. International Relations. WP BRP. НИУ ВШЭ, 2015
The 2014 Australian presidency took place against the backdrop of multiple challenges in both global economy and international politics, with Ukrainian crisis, Syrian conflict, Islamic State, and Ebola. Thus, despite being an economic forum, the G20 could not avoid addressing these issues, with discussions taking place during the bilateral meetings and on the sidelines of the forum. The article attempts to analyze the Australian G20 Presidency within a functional paradigm, assessing G20 performance on the three main objectives of plurilateral summitry institutions: strengthening capacity for political leadership to launch new ideas and overcome deadlocks; reconciling domestic and international pressures; and consolidating collective management. The analysis revealed that, despite a number of setbacks, the 2014 Australian presidency managed to steer the G20 members’ cooperation on the four major pillars of the institution’s agenda, reflecting a consistently high level of the G20 commitment to fulfilling its key mission of ensuring strong, sustainable, balanced and inclusive growth.  The research was carried out with financial support of Russian Humanities Research Foundation within the framework of a research project “Elaborating a Supply – Demand Model to Balance External Demand and National Priorities in the Presidency Proposals for Agenda in G20, G8 and BRICS”, project  №12-03-00563.  
Added: Sep 4, 2015
Working paper
Peresetsky A., Yakubov R. MPRA Paper. University Library of Munich, Germany, 2015. No.  64579.
In this paper a Kalman-filter type model is used to extract a global stochastic trend from discrete nonsynchronous data on daily stock market index returns from different markets. The model allows for the autocorrelation in the global stochastic trend, which means that its increments are predictable. It does not necessarily mean the predictability of market returns, since the global trend is unobservable. The performance of the model for the forecast of market returns is explored for three markets: Japan, UK, US.
Added: Jun 21, 2015
Working paper
Lyashevskaya O., Пантелеева И. М. Linguistics. WP BRP. НИУ ВШЭ, 2017
The paper presents a Universal Dependencies (UD) annotation scheme for a learner English corpus. The REALEC dataset consists of essays written in English by Russian-speaking university students in the course of general English. The essays are a part of students' preparation for the independent final examination similar to the international English exam. While adjusting existing dependency parsing tools to a learner data, one has to take into account to what extent students' mistakes provoke errors in the parser output. The ungrammatical and stylistically inappropriate utterances may challenge parsers' algorithms trained on grammatically appropriate written texts. In our experiments, we compared the output of the dependency parser UDpipe (trained on UD-English 2.0) with the results of manual parsing, placing a particular focus on parses of ungrammatical English clauses. We show how mistakes made by students influence the work of the parser. Overall, UDpipe performed reasonably well (UAS 92.9, LAS 91.7). The following cases cause the errors in automatic annotation a) incorrect detection of a head, b) incorrect detection of the relation type, as well as c) both. We propose some solutions which could improve the automatic output and thus make the assessment of syntactic complexity more reliable.
Added: Dec 15, 2017
Working paper
Khazova A. Linguistics. WP BRP. НИУ ВШЭ, 2018. No. 71.
The article deals with the method of automatic detection of authors ' gender identity on the material of fiction prose of 1980-2000. During this period, there is a special construct, called "women's prose", which is characterized by a special genre and stylistic originality. We set ourselves the task to find out whether the concept of “women's prose” refers only to the non-text reality or is clearly reflected at the level of language. We have collected corpus of texts 1980-2000 and conducted that identified the most effective machine learning algorithms for the classification of male and female prose.
Added: Dec 11, 2018
Working paper
Moroz G., Plaskovitskaya A. A., Rudnev P. Linguistics. WP BRP. НИУ ВШЭ, 2018. No. 74.
The present paper applies Multiple Correspondence Analysis to test the validity of an existing theoretical model of the phonological system of Russian Sign Language (RSL). We show that comparing the importance of phonological features using ratio plots and MCA is a promising way of revealing non-binary oppositions in phonological systems of human languages irrespective of modality.
Added: Dec 3, 2018
Working paper
Klezovich A. Linguistics. WP BRP. НИУ ВШЭ, 2019. No. 86.
The Prosodic model of phonology (Brentari 1998) implies that all signs in any sign language have prosodic and inherent features. This dichotomy (movement feature vs. all other features) occurs to some extent in all phonological theories. The idea derives from Liddell & Johnson’s (1994) Movement-Hold model, where they proposed that movements can be in most cases derived from the knowledge of holds and their relative order, and that it is sufficient to describe in-detail only holds. Therefore, when it comes to describing phonemic inventories of a particular sign language, researchers focus on the building of separate phonemic inventories for each of the inherent features (or for features of holds) (Channon & Hulst 2011), namely handshape, location, and orientation (e.g. van der Kooij (2002) for Sign Language of the Netherlands (NGT) – only handshapes inventory, Nyst (2007) for Adamorobe Sign Language (AdaSL) – handshapes and locations inventories, etc.). This research focuses on handshapes inventory for Russian Sign Language (RSL). First, I automatically extract positions without movement (i.e. holds) using an algorithm developed on the basis of Börstell’s (2018) script. Then I manually annotate holds for the handshapes with respect to Hamburg Notation System (HamNoSys; Hanke 2004) and describe resulting phonetic handshapes inventory for RSL, comparing this data with other sign languages. The last but not the least, the enventory of phonemic hanshapes for RSL is derived from the phonetic one under van der Kooij’s (2002) model of phonology.
Added: Dec 14, 2019
Working paper
Prokhorov Y., Shramov K. math. arxive. Cornell University, 2017
We study automorphism groups and birational automorphism groups of compact complex surfaces. We show that the automorphism group of such surface X is always Jordan, and the birational automorphism group is Jordan unless X is birational to a product of an elliptic and a rational curve.
Added: Aug 22, 2017
Working paper
Prokhorov Y., Shramov K. math. arxive. Cornell University, 2018
We prove that automorphism groups of Inoue and primary Kodaira surfaces are Jordan.
Added: Jun 8, 2019
Working paper
Shramov K., Prokhorov Y. math. arxive. Cornell University, 2019
We show that automorphism groups of Moishezon threefolds are always Jordan.
Added: Jun 8, 2019
Working paper
Gayfullin S. math. arxive. Cornell University, 2018. No. arXiv:1709.09237.
In 2007, Dubouloz introduced Danielewski varieties. Such varieties general- ize Danielewski surfaces and provide counterexamples to generalized Zariski cancellation problem in arbitrary dimension. In the present work we describe the automorphism group of a Danielewski variety. This result is a generalization of a description of automorphisms of Danielewski surfaces due to Makar-Limanov. 
Added: Sep 1, 2018
Working paper
Kurnosov N., Ясинский Е. math. arxive. Cornell University, 2018
We study groups of bimeromorphic and biholomorphic automorphisms of projective hyperkähler manifolds. Using an action of these groups on some non-positively curved space, we deduce many of their properties, including finite presentation, strong form of Tits' alternative and some structural results about groups consisting of transformations with infinite order.
Added: Dec 2, 2018
Working paper
Shramov K., Vologodsky V. arxiv.org. math. Cornell University, 2018
For a geometrically rational surface X over a perfect field of characteristic different from 2 that contains all roots of 1, we show that either X is birational to a product of a projective line and a conic, or the group of birational automorphisms of X has bounded finite subgroups. As an auxiliary result, we show boundedness of finite subgroups in anisotropic linear algebraic groups of bounded rank and number of connected components. Also, we provide applications to Jordan property for groups of birational automorphisms.
Added: Oct 21, 2018
Working paper
Shramov K., Przyjalkowski V. math. arxive. Cornell University, 2019
We show that smooth well formed weighted complete intersections have finite automorphism groups, with several obvious exceptions.
Added: Nov 19, 2019
Working paper
Панюшева Т. Д., Efremova M. PSYCHOLOGY. WP BRP. Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2012. No. 4.
The aim of this study is to validate a Russian version of the Schwartz Value Survey using cognitive interviewing. This paper aims to explore the issue of whether respondents interpret the values proposed in the survey in the way intended by the author. An analysis of the results reveals problems with understanding the wording, which are due both to subtle differences in translation and the cultural context. The findings of the qualitative analysis allow for a better understanding of the quantitative data. A number of recommendations are given to the researchers applying this Russian-language SVS.
Added: Dec 13, 2012
Working paper
Carneiro P., Lokshin M., Ridao-Cano C. Policy Research Working Paper. WPS. World Bank Group, 2011. No. 5878.
This paper estimates average and marginal returns to schooling in Indonesia using a non-parametric selection model estimated by local instrumental variables, and data from the Indonesia Family Life Survey. The analysis finds that the return to upper secondary schooling varies widely across individual: it can be as high as 50 percent per year of schooling for those very likely to enroll in upper secondary schooling, or as low as -10 percent for those very unlikely to do so. Returns to the marginal student (14 percent) are well below those for the average student attending upper secondary schooling (27 percent).
Added: Oct 26, 2012
Working paper
Granin S., Maximov Y. math. arxive. Cornell University, 2015
Added: Oct 30, 2015
Working paper
Hassanpour N. Comparative Politics. PS. academia.edu, 2016
Why did the Russian experiment with electoral democracy fail in the early Twentieth century? I examine the results of the elections to the first Duma in 1906 on the province (Guberniya) level in conjunction with the socioeconomic data from the 1897 national census, in order to show that at the onset of the first Duma elections, economic class partitions, an emblem of the radical oppositional campaign, mapped only onto the Center Right party politics of the Octobrists, not the rest of the political spectrum. The Bolshevik vote distribution on the Guberniya level in the 1917 elections to the Constituent Assembly, on the other hand, reveals significant correlations with those of the Octobrists’ in 1906. For both parties, the industrial sector, in contrast to the agricultural workforce, provided a significant boost in the votes. The same reinforcing link between the electorate and the Duma was severed, following interventions in favor of the landed elite from 1907 onward.
Added: Dec 14, 2016
Working paper
Anton Afanasiev. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2017
This study aims to present that A.V. Mikhailov’s historical method is systematic. Special attention is given to historical-anthropological dimension of the A. V. Mikhailov's theory of baroque. The article shows that Mikhailov's historical anthropology should be viewed as a constitutive part of his “Kulturwissenschaft”, opposed both to the literary science and to the positivist historiography by means of commitment to historize human sciences (the notion of «new historiсism»).
Added: Oct 20, 2017
Working paper
Smyth R., Sobolev A. S., Soboleva I. V. Political Science. PS. Высшая школа экономики, 2012. No. WP BRP 05/PS/2012.
The paper illustrates the governement’s agility in response to opposition protests and the debacle of parliamentary elections. We explore the evolution of Kremlin strategies from a reliance on cooptation to more coercive strategies—a trend that continued after Putin’s election in March. These strategies were successful in mobilizing core voters, creating common identity among participants, and containing the electoral effects of the opposition protests. However, the governement’s’s strategy also embodied significant costs that are likely to have longer-term influences and did little to build a true movement of regime loyalists. The Kremlin’s rigid definition of both the symbols and rhetoric of Putinism left little room for participants to participate in the production of symbols and language. While the narratives imposed from above help Putin’s supporters to participate in political life in limited ways, they remain unable to formulate and articulate independent political positions. As a result, supporters remain highly dependent on the state. Deprived of the benefit of hearing supporters’ demands, this strategy also leaves the state in peril of further losing touch with its political base.
Added: Jan 22, 2013