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Of all publications in the section: 3 816
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Working paper
Abankina T., Derkachev P., Filatova L. et al. Management. MAN. Высшая школа экономики, 2015. No. WP BRP 43/MAN/2015.
Accessibility is a key priority of public policy in the social sphere, a necessary condition to ensure equal opportunities and cultural participation. Analysis of the international practice reveals that the issue of accessibility has two aspects - objective and subjective. Regression models were used to conduct empirical analysis of the impact of economic factors on the museum attendance. The factor analysis of the data for the period of 2010-2012 conducted with the principle component method allowed to identify five factors. As a result, we estimated the impact of each factor on the museum attendance.
Added: Dec 3, 2015
Working paper
Ducomet B., Zlotnik A., Romanova A. V. arxiv.org. math. Cornell University, 2013. No. 1309.7280 .
An initial-boundary value problem for the $n$-dimensional ($n\geq 2$) time-dependent Schrödinger equation in a semi-infinite (or infinite) parallelepiped is considered. Starting from the Numerov-Crank-Nicolson finite-difference scheme, we first construct higher order scheme with splitting space averages having much better spectral properties for $n\geq 3$. Next we apply the Strang-type splitting with respect to the potential and, third, construct discrete transparent boundary conditions (TBC). For the resulting method, the uniqueness of solution and the unconditional uniform in time $L^2$-stability (in particular, $L^2$-conservativeness) are proved. Owing to the splitting, an effective direct algorithm using FFT (in the coordinate directions perpendicular to the leading axis of the parallelepiped) is applicable for general potential. Numerical results on the 2D tunnel effect for a P\"{o}schl-Teller-like potential-barrier and a rectangular potential-well are also included.
Added: Oct 1, 2013
Working paper
Siliverstov B., Smirnov S. V., Tsukhlo S. KOF Working Papers. KOF. KOF Swiss Economic Institute, 2012. No. 306.
This study investigates usefulness of business tendency surveys in industrial sector for out-of-sample prediction of growth of industrial production in Russia. A special attention is paid to performance of survey-augmented models during the recent Great Recession 2008/2009. Using the real-time data vintages of the index of industrial production in Russia we conclude that the use of surveys positively contributes to boosting forecast accuracy of industrial production compared with forecasts based on a benchmark univariate autoregressive model.
Added: Apr 12, 2013
Working paper
Pikalova A. G., Korobeynikova M. N. SEARCH Working Paper. WP4. Университет Барселоны, 2013. No. 27.
The European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) remains the basis on which the EU works with its neighbours to achieve the closest possible political association and the greatest possible degree of economic integration. Knowledge creation precisely research and technological development (RTD) is a shaping basis of up-to-date economy and measures focused on responding to the global challenges. International RTD cooperation and transfer of knowledge is essential to reinforce research capacity of involved parties, to share respective resources and risks as well as to lay the foundation for joint innovative activities. EU RTD programmes are open for participation of scientists from any countries world-wide including the EECA countries and Russia in cooperation with the European researchers. The EU policy actively promotes integration of the EECA and Russian scientists into the European Research Area. The present paper offers assessment of EU-EECA and EU-Russia cooperation within FP5-7 (1998-2012) classified by country, by discipline and by type of organisation. The conducted assessment is based on the collection and systematisation of data on joint EU-EECA and EU-Russia projects extracted from the EU CORDIS Project database. The synergy with the FP7 IncoNet EECA and FP6 SCOPE-EAST projects has been used. The part on Russian participation in projects within FP7 includes data presented by the European Commission at the workshops. The Case-study of 5 functioning EU-EECA thematic research networks was carried out via a specially elaborated questionnaire addressed to EU and EECA partners of ongoing research projects under the 7th EU Framework RTD Programme. The Case-study contributed to analysis of the effects of EU-EECA thematic research networks, formed in the course of FP7 projects including identification of added value, success stories and barriers to EU-EECA collaboration. It helped to understand what barriers scientists face implementing joint research projects under EU Framework RTD Programme.
Added: Jul 31, 2014
Working paper
Rudnev M. PsyArxiV. n3tak. osf.io, 2020
Added: Aug 2, 2020
Working paper
Kosareva N., Polidi T. D., Puzanov A. et al. Urban and Transportation Studies. WP BRP 03/URB/2016. HSE Working Papers, 2016
Russian cities currently feel the utmost need both for improving the affordability of housing and upgrading the quality and enhancing the beautification of the urban environment, developing public spaces, expanding the diversity of forms of housing tenure for different categories of citizen. Implementation of the housing policy objectives necessitates a considerable update of urban planning policy which is currently characterized by minimum urban planning regulations and inadequate enforcement of those in place. Urban development regulation and land use system remains a source of ‘administrative rent’ and appears to be unable to ensure a transparent legal framework for investors and developers, which is replaced by high administrative barriers. The paper reviews the current state of housing and urban planning policies in Russia, the practice of reconciling the goals, objectives and instruments of the foregoing policies. Housing and urban planning policies both at federal and local levels are described and case studies of inconsistencies in implementation of housing and urban planning policies in Russian cities are analyzed. The paper also sets forth the proposals on how to streamline housing and urban planning policies with a view to improving the affordability of housing and upgrading the quality of urban environment.
Added: Feb 19, 2016
Working paper
Lazareva O., Rachinsky A., Stepanov S. CEFIR / NES Working Paper. Центр экономических и финансовых исследований и разработок в российской экономической школе, Российская экономическая школа, 2007. No. 103.
Added: Nov 25, 2013
Working paper
Dranev Y., Babuskin M. Financial Economics. FE. Высшая школа экономики, 2014
This work contributes to the literature on exchange-rate exposure in emerging markets. We studied datasets of exchange-listed companies from four BRIC countries and discovered that exchange rate movements in the US dollar and euro affected more than 10% of these firms between 2003 and 2013. The most interesting finding of this research is that stock returns behaved differently with increasing and decreasing currency rates. For capturing the asymmetric relationship of stock and exchange rate movements, we applied a nonlinear dynamic model, which significantly improved our results compared to the empirical findings of simple versions of the Adler Dumas (1984) and Jorion (1990) models. We studied determinants of exposure to positive and negative currency movements separately. Although significant determinants in both cases were mostly similar, their weights were different. For example, the ratio of export sales was asymmetrically correlated to exchange rate exposures for all countries except Russia. For a better understanding of the sources of asymmetry in exchange rate exposure, we separately studied the positive and negative coefficients of currency exposure from the non-asymmetric model. This was never done before and natural in a way that determinants should affect positive and negative currency exposures differently. We found evidence of the contrasting impact of export sales and foreign debt in both cases.
Added: Feb 6, 2014
Working paper
Vyacheslav V. Chistyakov. Functional Analysis. arXiv [math.FA]. Cornell University, NY, USA, 2019. No. 1901.09722.
Under certain initial conditions, we prove the existence of set-valued selectors of univariate compact-valued multifunctions of bounded (Jordan) variation when the notion of variation is defined taking into account only the Pompeiu asymmetric excess between compact sets from the target metric space. For this, we study subtle properties of the directional variations. We show by examples that all assumptions in the main existence result are essential. As an application, we establish the existence of set-valued solutions $X(t)$ of bounded variation to the functional inclusion of the form $X(t)\subset F(t,X(t))$ satisfying the initial condition $X(t_0)=X_0$.  
Added: Jan 29, 2019
Working paper
Ivan Cheltsov, Rubinstein Y. A. arxiv.org. math. Cornell University, 2013
Motivated by the study of Fano type varieties we define a new class of log pairs that we call asymptotically log Fano varieties and strongly asymptotically log Fano varieties. We study their properties in dimension two under an additional assumption of log smoothness, and give a complete classification of two dimensional strongly asymptotically log smooth log Fano varieties. Based on this classification we formulate an asymptotic logarithmic version of Calabi's conjecture for del Pezzo surfaces for the existence of K\"ahler--Einstein edge metrics in this regime. We make some initial progress towards its proof by demonstrating some existence and non-existence results, among them a generalization of Matsushima's result on the reductivity of the automorphism group of the pair, and results on log canonical thresholds of pairs. One by-product of this study is a new conjectural picture for the small angle regime and limit which reveals a rich structure in the asymptotic regime, of which a folklore conjecture concerning the case of a Fano manifold with an anticanonical divisor is a special case.
Added: Dec 27, 2013
Working paper
Ulyanov V. V., Goetze F., Naumov A. Collaborative Research Centre 701, Bielefeld University. 15025. CRC 701, Bielefeld University, Bielefeld, Germany, 2015. No. 15025.
In this paper we consider asymptotic expansions for a class of sequences of symmetric functions of many variables. Applications to classical and free probability theory are discussed.
Added: Jul 13, 2015
Working paper
V.L. Chernyshev, Tolchennikov A. arxiv.org. math. Cornell University, 2014. No. 1403.0263.
We study a topological space obtained from a graph by replacing vertices with smooth Riemannian manifolds, i.e. a decorated graph. We construct a semiclassical asymptotics of the solutions of Cauchy problem for a time-dependent Schroedinger equation on a decorated graph with a localized initial function. The main term of our asymptotic solution at an arbitrary finite time is the sum of Gaussian packets and generalized Gaussian packets. We study the number of such packets as time goes to infinity. We prove asymptotic estimations for this number for the following decorated graphs: cylinder with a segment, two dimensional torus with a segment, three dimensional torus with a segment.
Added: Mar 4, 2014
Working paper
Ukolova E., Shumskiy V. Psychology. PSY. Высшая школа экономики, 2014. No. WP BRP 25/PSY/2014 .
We developed a questionnaire with the intention of measuring existential fulfillment in interpersonal relationships. The paper presents the purpose, methodological basis, and structure of the Test of Existential Motivations in Interpersonal Relationships (TEMIR), as well as the validation process and research findings which were obtained using the TEMIR.
Added: Dec 16, 2014
Working paper
Arefiev N. Economics/EC. WP BRP. Высшая школа экономики, 2014. No. WP BRP 79/EC/2014 .
I propose a method identification of structural vector autoregressions (SVARs) and simultaneous equations models (SEMs) with orthogonal structural shocks using testable identification restrictions. If some sparsity conditions are satisfied, the method produces a set of testable inclusions and exclusions, sufficient for the full identification. The method stems from the theory of probabilistic graphical models and from the theory of identification of SVARs and SEMs, merging them into a unified approach. In the application example, I estimate a SVAR monetary model of the US economy with 6 variables, where all but one identifying restrictions are testable. The method produces relatively narrow confidence intervals for the impulse-response functions, does not generate any anomalies such as the price puzzle, and reveals importance of informational channels through which news about structural shocks spread throughout the economy.
Added: Nov 28, 2014
Working paper
Karpov A. V. AWI Discussion Paper Series. DP600. Heidelberg University, 2015. No. 600.
This paper provides nested sets and vector representations of knockout tournaments. The paper introduces classification of probability domain assumptions and a new set of axioms. Two new seeding methods are proposed: equal gap seeding and increasing competitive intensity seeding. Under different probability domain assumptions, several axiomatic justifications are obtained for equal gap seeding. A discrete optimization approach is developed. It is applied to justify equal gap seeding and increasing competitive intensity seeding. Some justification for standard seeding is obtained. Combinatorial properties of the seedings are studied.
Added: Aug 10, 2015
Working paper
Lyusin D. PSYCHOLOGY. WP BRP. Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2018
The well-known modern dimensional models of affect include two or three dimensions. They are typically based on self-reports using English emotion terms. It remains unclear to what extent these models can be applied to different cultures and languages. The present study is aimed at finding the dimensions underlying the descriptions of emotional states in Russian and suggests a structural model of affect based on these findings. At the first stage, a comprehensive list of Russian nouns denoting emotional states was compiled. It comprised 330 words and was reduced to a list of 56 words. At the second stage, participants rated their emotional states using this list. The exploratory factor analysis yielded three dimensions that underlay participant descriptions of the emotional states – negative affect with low activation, positive affect with high activation, and tension. This model is compared to other structural models of affect and its special features are discussed. This model can be used for developing Russian-based measures for the assessment of mood.
Added: Apr 9, 2018
Working paper
Chernyshev B. V., Lazarev I., Иванов М. В. et al. Psychology. PSY. Высшая школа экономики, 2012. No. 06.
The causes of everyday errors made by most people remain largely unknown. In order to investigate spontaneous lapses in attentional processing a new task was designed. This task creates an increased attentional load because it is based on impeded decision making involving both stimuli feature binding and response selection. Participants made errors  in 9.6 ± 1.1% of trials and re-sponse omissions in 5.4 ± 0.7% of trials. In the ERP pattern the N1 and P2 peaks were well pronounced, while P3 peak was almost indistinguishable. The P2 peak was greater in trials with errors and response omissions compared to correct responses. The results obtained substantiate the hypothesis that attentional lapses may be a consequence of mind-wandering, which may compete with the overt task for the attentional resources.  
Added: Jan 17, 2013
Working paper
Chernyshev B. V., Lazarev I. E., Иванов М. В. et al. PSYCHOLOGY. WP BRP. Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2012. No. 6.
Added: Oct 21, 2014
Working paper
Kostenko V., Kuzmichev P., Ponarin E. Sociology. SOC. Высшая школа экономики, 2014. No. 50.
This paper analyzes the relationship between support of democracy and attitudes to human rights: in particular, support for gender equality in the countries covered by the first wave of the Arab Barometer project. We used cluster analysis and negative binomial regression modeling to show that, unlike in most countries of the world, the correlation between support of democracy and gender equality is very low in Arab countries. There is a group of people in the region who support both democracy and gender equality, but they are a small group (about 17% of the population) of elderly and middle-aged people characterized by higher education and social status. A substantial number of poorly educated males express support for democracy, but not for gender equality. Many people (especially young males aged 25-35 in 2007) are against both gender equality and democracy. Younger people tend to be both better educated and more conservative -- those belonging to the 25-34 age group are the most patriarchal in their gender attitudes. Controlling for age, education still has a positive effect on gender equality attitudes. Nevertheless, this phenomenon probably means that there are two simultaneous processes going on in the Middle East. On the one hand, people are becoming more educated, urbanized etc., which means the continuation of modernization. On the other hand, we observed a certain retrogression of social values.
Added: Aug 27, 2014
Working paper
Yakovlev A. A., Levina I. A., Kazun A. D. Economics/EC. WP BRP. Высшая школа экономики, 2015. No. 98.
This paper considers two issues. First, it evaluates the changes in Russia’s investment climate in 2012-2014 after the announcement of an ambitious governmental program to improve the conditions for doing business. Second, because the relevant reforms were personally initiated by Vladimir Putin, we carried out a survey experiment designed to find out how references to a popular politician influence respondents’ opinions about the business climate. We used the data of a large-scale survey of top managers in Russian manufacturing sector conducted in July-October of 2014. Contrary to the World Bank report, Easy Doing Business, our empirical data shows that there was practically no improvement in the investment climate in Russia in 2012-2014. Also contrary to the results of population surveys showing extremely high public support for Vladimir Putin after Crimea’s accession to Russia, our survey experiment demonstrated that referring to the President Putin as the initiator of business climate reform improves assessments of the business climate change only slightly. However, the effect of reference to the President’s initiative differs significantly for firms from different size groups – we revealed no effect of question wording in the group of small firms, much higher share of non-answers in the group of large firms and a significant increase in the share of positive assessments of business climate among mid-size firms when Vladimir Putin was mentioned.
Added: Sep 17, 2015
Working paper
Fedotova (Goldyreva) V. PSYCHOLOGY. WP BRP. Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2015. No. 44.
The paper demonstrates the results of a study which aimed to identify the relationship between individual values and attitude towards innovation. 380 respondents, young and adult representatives of the Russian population, took part in the research. The respondents belonged to the younger generation (under 25 years old) or to the adult generation (over 45 years old). The principal instrument used was the method of questionnaires. The methodic inventory consists of three main blocks oriented to the study of the following constructs: the PVQ-R method of measuring individual values (Schwartz et al., 2011) and the method of “Self-assessment of innovative qualities of a personality” (Lebedeva, Tatarko, 2009).The goal of the research is to reveal the age differences in values and attitudes towards innovation, and to find out which values determine positive or negative attitude towards innovations among representatives of different generations of Russians. The younger generation values " Self-Direction Thought", "Stimulation", "Achievement", " Power Dominance" stimulate the adoption of innovations.
Added: Oct 23, 2015