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Of all publications in the section: 49
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Working paper
Grigoryev D. PSYCHOLOGY. WP BRP. Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2016. No. 58.
This  article  presents  the  results  of  a  study  on  the  relationship  of  acculturation  profiles  of Russian-speaking immigrants in Belgium, the duration of their stay in the host country, and their  level  of  socio-economic  adaptation.  The  data  obtained  is  the  result  of  a  socio-psychological survey of Russian-speaking immigrants in Belgium and was processed using latent  profile  analysis  (LPA).  It  was  obtained  from three  groups  of  immigrants  with relevant  acculturation  profiles:  integration,  assimilation  and  separation.  It  was  found  that orientation toward the host society (assimilation and integration) has a positive association with a high level of socio-economic adaptation among immigrants, but the level of socio-economic adaptation for the group of immigrants with an assimilation profile is higher than that  for  the  group  of  immigrants  with  an  integration  profile.  Also,  the level  of  socio-economic adaptation is higher for immigrants who have stayed in the host country for more than 5 years.
Added: Feb 29, 2016
Working paper
Nedelko A., Лупова О. А., Gorin A. et al. PSYCHOLOGY. WP BRP. Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2017. No. 77.
In this paper, a novel application of the event-related potential (ERP) method is proposed. The authors applied an N400 evoked potential for brand perception analysis, particularly for brand associations. Traditionally, N400 has been used as a marker of semantic incongruence of a word to a context. The N400 activity is manifested in a more negative deflection of ERP response to incongruent stimuli. We recorded N400 in response to congruent and incongruent sentence endings in marketing and non-marketing contexts, respectively. In the main experimental condition, congruent and incongruent brand associations (nouns) presented before brand names were selected from real marketing campaigns building brand communities. In the control semantic memory N400 condition, the incongruent sentence endings evoked significant fronto- centrally distributed N400 brain response at 300–500 ms. The N400 response in the brand association condition was delayed for 250 ms compared to incongruent words in the context of short sentences and appeared in the central brain area. In this study, we showed for the first time the possibility of applying the N400 method to identify the strength of brand associations using ecologically valid stimuli.   
Added: Nov 30, 2017
Working paper
Lyusin D., Mohammed A. PSYCHOLOGY. WP BRP. Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2018
The temporal dynamic characteristics of mood play an important role in various aspects of our lives including our psychological health and well-being. It is assumed that the individuals with high emotional intelligence (EI) are characterized by more positive and stable moods. However, most studies analyze how EI is related to emotional traits or momentary assessments of mood; there are almost no findings on EI relationships with mood dynamics. The present study fills this gap. Two research questions were asked. How mood dynamics characteristics are related to each other and to what extent are they independent? Which aspects of EI are related to particular characteristics of mood dynamics? Method. To collect data on mood dynamics, an experience sampling procedure was implemented. Twenty-six female participants reported their mood for two weeks, three times a day, using the EmoS-18 questionnaire. Their emotional intelligence was measured with the EmIn questionnaire. Mean mood scores calculated across all measurement points were regarded as static characteristics showing a mood background typical for the participant. Also, three dynamic characteristics of mood were calculated, namely variability, instability, and inertia. Results. Mood variability and instability were found to be very closely related to each other, measuring essentially the same construct. Inertia is relatively independent. EI was not related to mean mood scores which contradicts the results of other studies and can be explained by the use of the experience sampling procedure. EI was positively related to the inertia of a positive mood with high arousal and a negative mood with low arousal. In addition, a negative relationship between EI and the instability of tension was found. Most of the correlations were low. Further studies with higher statistical power are needed for more decisive conclusions. However, the results show that experience sampling provides new important insights on the role of EI in mood
Added: Apr 9, 2018
Working paper
Lyusin D. PSYCHOLOGY. WP BRP. Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2018
The well-known modern dimensional models of affect include two or three dimensions. They are typically based on self-reports using English emotion terms. It remains unclear to what extent these models can be applied to different cultures and languages. The present study is aimed at finding the dimensions underlying the descriptions of emotional states in Russian and suggests a structural model of affect based on these findings. At the first stage, a comprehensive list of Russian nouns denoting emotional states was compiled. It comprised 330 words and was reduced to a list of 56 words. At the second stage, participants rated their emotional states using this list. The exploratory factor analysis yielded three dimensions that underlay participant descriptions of the emotional states – negative affect with low activation, positive affect with high activation, and tension. This model is compared to other structural models of affect and its special features are discussed. This model can be used for developing Russian-based measures for the assessment of mood.
Added: Apr 9, 2018
Working paper
Chernyshev B. V., Lazarev I. E., Иванов М. В. et al. PSYCHOLOGY. WP BRP. Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2012. No. 6.
Added: Oct 21, 2014
Working paper
Fedotova (Goldyreva) V. A. PSYCHOLOGY. WP BRP. Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2015. No. 44.
The paper demonstrates the results of a study which aimed to identify the relationship between individual values and attitude towards innovation. 380 respondents, young and adult representatives of the Russian population, took part in the research. The respondents belonged to the younger generation (under 25 years old) or to the adult generation (over 45 years old). The principal instrument used was the method of questionnaires. The methodic inventory consists of three main blocks oriented to the study of the following constructs: the PVQ-R method of measuring individual values (Schwartz et al., 2011) and the method of “Self-assessment of innovative qualities of a personality” (Lebedeva, Tatarko, 2009).The goal of the research is to reveal the age differences in values and attitudes towards innovation, and to find out which values determine positive or negative attitude towards innovations among representatives of different generations of Russians. The younger generation values " Self-Direction Thought", "Stimulation", "Achievement", " Power Dominance" stimulate the adoption of innovations.
Added: Oct 23, 2015
Working paper
Панюшева Т. Д., Efremova M. PSYCHOLOGY. WP BRP. Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2012. No. 4.
The aim of this study is to validate a Russian version of the Schwartz Value Survey using cognitive interviewing. This paper aims to explore the issue of whether respondents interpret the values proposed in the survey in the way intended by the author. An analysis of the results reveals problems with understanding the wording, which are due both to subtle differences in translation and the cultural context. The findings of the qualitative analysis allow for a better understanding of the quantitative data. A number of recommendations are given to the researchers applying this Russian-language SVS.
Added: Dec 13, 2012
Working paper
Orel E., Kochergina E. V., Nye J. V. PSYCHOLOGY. WP BRP. Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2013
  We study which Big Five personality traits are associated with academic performance among a sample of Russian university students using results from the Unified State Examination (for university admissions) and their current grade point averages as measures of academic performance. We find that Introversion, Agreeableness, Neuroticism, and Openness to experience have observable ties to academic performance. Those results partially confirm existing international studies, but our findings are notable for the relative unimportance of  conscientiousness for success in our Russian sample. We suggest that cross-cultural differences  in educational environment may explain why this trait seems less obviously important in the analysis.
Added: May 20, 2013
Working paper
Priestley Y., Beknazar-Yuzbashev G. PSYCHOLOGY. WP BRP. Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2015. No. 52.
Political attitudes and positions may tend to change in critical and unstable times, especially for young minds. Social environment of individuals, mostly presented by their social networks, has significant impact on their evaluations. The relationship between political views and social affiliations is difficult to analyze: do people influence each other’s opinions so that they shift over time, or do their political attitudes act as a ground for attraction of individuals to each other and social network construction? In this research, we use longitudinal attitudinal and network data on a sample of one hundred first-year students, analyzed with social network analysis methods and structural-equation modeling. We found tendencies to conformity and shifting individuals’ positions toward the political views of their peers, formed by friendship, rather than by study task ties. Also, political attitudes are appeared to be a driver of relationships formation. 
Added: Dec 8, 2015
Working paper
Nikita A. Novikov, Dmitri V. Bryzgalov, Anna A. Lapina et al. PSYCHOLOGY. WP BRP. Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2015. No. WP BRP 56/PSY/2015.
Successful performance in complex tasks depends upon the functioning of the cognitive control system involving the maintenance of sustained attention, retention and activation of task rules, as well as the inhibition of preliminary responses. Failure of any of these functions can lead to performance errors. In this study, we investigated behavioral data obtained from participants performing the auditory condensation task, which is highly demanding of the level of cognitive control but does not require participants to inhibit or override any prepotent automatic responses. We identified pre-error speeding and error slowing, while post-error slowing was not evident. Our results suggest that there are three factors contributing to the variability within the behavioral measures obtained. The first factor is related to the overall response latency, the second to the main individual mechanism of performance errors, and the third to the subject’s ability to increase motor threshold in the event of uncertainty and choice ambiguity. The data obtained evidence that the auditory condensation task is a promising model for studying cognitive control.
Added: Dec 22, 2015
Working paper
Krasovskaya S., Zhulikov G., MacInnes W. PSYCHOLOGY. WP BRP. Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2018. No. 93/PSY/2018..
Approximately twenty years ago, Laurent Itti and Christof Koch created a model of saliency in visual attention in an attempt to recreate the work of biological pyramidal neurons by mimicking neurons with centre-surround receptive fields. The Saliency Model has launched many studies that contributed to the understanding of layers of vision and the sphere of visual attention. The aim of the current study is to improve this model by using an artificial neural network that generates saccades similar to how humans make saccadic eye movements. The proposed model uses a Leaky Integrate-and-Fire layer for temporal predictions, and replaces parallel feature maps with a deep learning neural network in order to create a generative model that is precise for both spatial and temporal predictions. Our deep neural network was able to predict eye movements based on unsupervised learning from raw image input, as well as supervised learning from fixation maps retrieved during an eye-tracking experiment conducted with 35 participants at later stages in order to train a 2D softmax layer. The results imply that it is possible to match the spatial and temporal distributions of the model to spatial and temporal human distributions.
Added: Oct 15, 2018
Working paper
Markov Y., Tiurina N., Utochkin I. S. PSYCHOLOGY. WP BRP. Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2018
The question whether visual working memory (VWM) stores individual features or bound objects as basic units is actively debated. Evidence exists for both feature-based and object-based storages, as well as hierarchically organized representations maintaining both types of information at different levels. One argument for feature-based storage is that features belonging to different dimensions (e.g., color and orientations) can be stored without interference suggesting independent capacities for every dimension. Here, whether the lack of crossdimensional interference reflects genuinely independent feature storages or mediated by common objects. In three experiments, participants remembered and recalled the colors and orientations of sets of objects. We independently manipulated set sizes within each feature dimension (making colors and orientations either identical or differing across objects). Critically, we assigned to-be-remembered colors and orientations either to same spatially integrated or to different spatially separated objects. We found that the precision and recall probability within each dimension was not affected be set size manipulations in a different dimension when the features belonged to integrated objects. However, manipulations with color set sizes did affect orientation memory when the features were separated. We conclude therefore that different feature dimensions can be encoded and stored independently but the advantage of the independent storages are mediated at the object-based level. This conclusion is consistent with the idea of hierarchically organized VWM.
Added: Nov 14, 2018
Working paper
Kuzmina Y., Ivanova A., Antipkina I. PSYCHOLOGY. WP BRP. Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2017
The main aim of this study was to estimate direct and indirect effects of phonological ability and vocabulary knowledge on subsequent mathematics and reading performance. To achieve our goals we used two-wave longitudinal data from the international Performance Indicators in Primary Schools (iPIPS) data set, which was produced in Russia in 2015-2016. We used rhyming skills and ability to repeat words/pseudowords as indicators of phonological ability, and identified three types of mathematical skills (digit identification, number manipulations and formal math). The results of our analysis confirmed the predictive role of preschool phonological ability as a domain-general precursor of later achievements. Phonological ability had a positive direct and indirect effects on the subsequent reading and math performance. Moreover, the direct effect was higher than the indirect effect. Reading fluency mediated the effect of phonological ability and did not mediate the effect of vocabulary knowledge. Vocabulary knowledge had insignificant direct effect on math achievement and positive indirect effect via phonological ability.
Added: Aug 28, 2017
Working paper
Tatarko A., Mironova A. PSYCHOLOGY. WP BRP. Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2017. № 72.
This  research  assesses  which  values  were  related  to  the  voting  results  of  the  Russian  presidential  election  in  March  2012.  This  empirical  study  was  based  on  the  results  of  a  representative poll conducted in two federal districts of Russia (N=2058), which was held shortly  after  the elections.  Participants were given Schwartz’s values questionnaire and were asked which  of  the  five  Russian  presidency  candidates  they  voted  for.  Empirical  analysis  showed  that  the  respondents’  values  were  related  to  their  political  preferences.  The  study  showed  that  the  conservation–openness  to  change  values  were  related  to  participants’  voting  choices.  The  conservation values were related to four of the five candidates, which  suggest  an absence of  key differences in the values represented by these politicians.
Added: Apr 20, 2017
Working paper
Stankovskaya E. B. PSYCHOLOGY. WP BRP. Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2014. No. 29/PSY/14.
Modern culture has a keen in interest in the embodiment and comprehensive psychological approaches of conceptualizing the human body. Frankl proposed the theory of ‘dimensional ontology’, which included clear analytical models of human body but which were insufficient in many respects. This paper attempts to integrate existential-analytical ideas about embodiment and enrich them with other investigations in this sphere. The central argument is that the theory of four fundamental motivations developed by Längle is a useful way to comprehend the complexity of embodiment. This paper discusses the four levels of embodiment and the way in which the four fundamental existential themes are represented through embodiment.  
Added: Mar 9, 2015
Working paper
Utochkin I. S., Khvostov V., Stakina Y. PSYCHOLOGY. WP BRP. Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2017. No. 78.
Although objects around us vary in a number of continuous dimensions (color, size, orientation, etc.), we tend to perceive the objects using more discrete, categorical descriptions. For example, in the variety of colors and shapes on a bush, we can see a set of berries and a set of leaves. Previously, we described how the visual system transforms the continuous statistics of simple features into categorical classes using the shape of distribution. In brief, “sharp” distributions with extreme values and a big gap between them are perceived as “segmentable” and as consisting of categorically different objects, while “smooth” distributions with both extreme and moderate features are perceived as “non-segmentable” and consisting of categorically identical objects. Here, we tested this mechanism of segmentation for more complex conjunctions of features. Using a texture discrimination task with texture difference defined as length-orientation correlation, we manipulated the segmentability of length and orientation. We found that observers are better at discriminating between the textures when both dimensions are segmentable. We assume that the segmentability of both dimensions leads to rapid (within 100- 200 ms, as our data show) segmentation of conjunction classes which facilitates the comparison between the textures containing these classes.
Added: Oct 16, 2017
Working paper
Grigoryev D. PSYCHOLOGY. WP BRP. Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2015. No. 37.
This article describes the construction and testing of a theoretical model of the socio-economic adaptation (SEA) of immigrants, considering psychological factors as basic. In the analysis of previous studies, acculturation attitudes of immigrants were identified as key psychological factors of SEA for the construction of a theoretical model; the length of stay in the host country and language skills were used as control variables; ethnic and religious identification were used as predictors of acculturation attitudes. A survey of Russian-speaking immigrants in Belgium was carried out and path analysis was used to test the model. We found that (1) acculturation attitudes of immigrants is associated with their level of SEA independently, i.e. regardless of length of stay in the host country or language skills; (2) a high level of SEA is positively associated with orientation toward the host society (integration and assimilation), and negatively associated with orientation toward their own ethnic group (separation); (3) strong ethnic and religious identification may facilitate the orientation of immigrants to their ethnic group, and strong ethnic identification prevents assimilation.
Added: Apr 18, 2015
Working paper
Sheldon K. M., Osin E. N., Gordeeva T. O. et al. PSYCHOLOGY. WP BRP. Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2015. No. 48.
We conducted a psychometric evaluation of the "relative autonomy continuum" postulated by Selfdetermination theory (SDT), a continuum whose validity has recently been questioned. We started by a) examining all of the RAI items we could find, across multiple published and unpublished scales; b) extracting the core repeating words and concepts via paired-item paraphrase analysis; and c) expressing all of the resulting concepts in 38 simple, clear new items. We administered the 38 items to multiple Russian and American samples, asking participants to rate their academic motivations. Initial psychometric analyses eliminated several items, leaving 35 items for analysis. The traditional RAI dimensions of amotivated, external, introjected, identified, and intrinsic were confirmed via confirmatory factor analyses, simplex congruency analyses, and multidimensional scaling (MDS) analyses. We also tested a sixth dimension first proposed by Assor, Vansteenkiste et al. (2009), positive introjection, and confirmed its location between negative introjection and identification on the relative autonomy continuum. In addition to confirming the predicted sequence of the items and the six subscales along a primary dimension, MDS analyses also identified a second dimension corresponding to the distance of the item from the center of the continuum, suggesting that using weighting procedures when constructing aggregate motivation scores may be justified. In an attempt to provide the field with a standardized relative autonomy index (SRAI) with known properties, that can be flexibly applied to assess motivation in any and every behavioral domain, we empirically compared several methods of scoring and analyzing the data, focusing on maximizing the associations between academic motivation and subjective well-being. These scoring methods included computing and analyzing each of the six subscales separately; computing and analyzing autonomous and controlled motivation separately; computing a relative autonomy score (autonomous minus controlled motivation); and computing relative autonomy scores in which greater weight is given to subscales nearer to the two extremes of the continuum. Weighted and Unweighted RAI scores predicted SWB equally, indicating that unweighted scoring, which minimizes the number of assumptions made, should be preferred. The positive effect of autonomous motivation was stronger than the negative effect of controlled motivation; intrinsic and introjected motivation were the strongest stand-alone predictors among the 6 sub-scales.
Added: Oct 23, 2015
Working paper
Chernyshev B. V., Medvedev V. PSYCHOLOGY. WP BRP. Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2016. No. WP BRP 70/PSY/2016.
In tasks involving response choice based on certain stimulus-to-response mappings, at least two stages of information processing may be involved: (1) formation of sensory stimulus object representations leading to stimulus identification, and (2) application of stimulus-to-response mappings (i.e. “task rules”) to these representations leading to response selection. Most of the research done in this area involved simple reflex-like stimulus-to-response mappings, thus addressing mostly the perceptual aspect of decision making. Here we used the condensation task, which involves more complex stimulus-to-response mappings. Within each subject, we divided participants’ responses into four conditions depending upon performance speed and accuracy: fast correct, fast erroneous, slow correct and slow erroneous responses. We compared event-related potentials between these conditions. We found that P2 amplitude was related to performance accuracy, the effect being evident for fast but not for slow responses. N2 amplitude was increased for slow responses – both correct and erroneous. We suggest that fast errors result mostly from erroneous sensory representations that immediately become translated into actions in conditions of low motor threshold. On the contrary, slow responses happen in conditions of low executive attention, through reevaluation of sensory representations and invocation of cognitive control process via the mechanisms of response conflict detection.
Added: Dec 25, 2016
Working paper
Evina E., Pronko P. K., Goyaeva D. E. et al. PSYCHOLOGY. WP BRP. Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2013. No. 07/PSY/2013.
The illusory contour is one of the most often used models in studies of Gestalt perception. In our MEG study we observed the so-called illusory contour effect (IC-effect): the activity of non-primary visual and associative cortical areas was increased during the 150-250 ms time window after a stimulus onset in response to illusory stimulus, compared with the control stimulus. In addition to the positive IC-effect, the inverted IC-effect was revealed for the first time in adults. In our study it was manifested during the 60-120 ms window after the onset of stimulus. The in-verted IC-effect is an early decrease in the activity of the visual cortex in response to the illusory contour compared with the control stimulus. The mechanism of the inverted IC-effect is yet un-clear. The “bottom-up” and “top-down” hypotheses of the origin of the inverted IC-effect are discussed.
Added: Mar 4, 2013
Working paper
Fam A. K., Leontiev D., Osin E. N. PSYCHOLOGY. WP BRP. Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2017. No. 82.
The study was focused on choicework in situations of different subjective importance. Psychology students (N=74) and Internet sample respondents (N=1833) were asked to recollect several choice situations of varying importance from their experience and to name, describe, and evaluate them using a number of self-report measures. Combining qualitative and quantitative data analysis, we devised a series of qualitative indicators of choicework (context and content of choice, emotional attitude to choice process, satisfaction with choice, its mindfulness, autonomy, difficulty, and significance) and compared the choice situations on these parameters. Significant and trivial choices differed on a number of variables (more significant situations were characterized by more complicated and conscious choicework). Choice situations with different thematic content also differed in their subjective importance and other parameters of choicework. The results imply the necessity to consider the scale of significance and the thematic content of situations used in choice studies.
Added: Oct 19, 2017