• A
  • A
  • A
  • ABC
  • ABC
  • ABC
  • А
  • А
  • А
  • А
  • А
Regular version of the site
Of all publications in the section: 121
Sort:
by name
by year
Working paper
Капелюшников Р. И. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2019. № 2019/03.
Added: Aug 27, 2019
Working paper
Wang F., Liang Z., Lehmann H. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2021. No. WP3/2021/08.
This paper investigates the effects of trade liberalisation induced labour demand shocks on informal employment in China. We employ a local labour market approach to construct a regional measure of exposure to import tariffs by exploiting initial differences in industrial composition across prefectural cities and then link it with the employment status of individuals. Using three waves of household survey data between 1995 and 2007, our results show that workers from regions that experienced a larger tariff cut were more likely to be employed informally. Further results based on firm-level data reveal a consistent pattern; tariff reductions increased the share of informal workers within firms. Such effects are more salient among smaller and less productive firms. Our findings suggest an important margin of labour market adjustment in response to trade shocks in developing countries, i.e. employment adjustment along the formal-informal dimension. 
Added: Sep 9, 2021
Working paper
Slonimczyk F. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2013
Informality is a deаfining characteristic of labor markets in developing countries. This paper analyzes patterns of mobility across different forms of formal and informal employment in Russia. Using transition matrices and a dynamic multinomial logit model, we find little evidence of entry barriers to the formal sector. The main exception involves casual and irregular activities, which seem to be weakly integrated to the rest of the labor market. There is evidence that informal entrepreneurship acts as a stepping-stone toward formal entrepreneurship. Informal employees, on the contrary, are not more likely than unemployed individuals to get a formal position. An analysis of earnings and life satisfaction confirms that entrepreneurship is the most desirable position. Individual performing irregular activities are the least happy.
Added: May 15, 2013
Working paper
Lehmann H. F., Ananyev M., Dohmen T. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2020. No. 2020/05.
Deferred payments, as implicit contracts, are predicted to bind workers to firms as long as workers believe that firms adhere to these implicit contracts. We employ a unique personnel data set from a Russian manufacturing firm to investigate whether wage arrears, delayed payments of wages, induce bonding effects. We find that workers’ separation rates decrease dramatically when workers experience wage arrears, providing evidence for the bonding effects of deferred compensation schemes. After workers are repaid nominal wages, but have suffered real wage losses due to unexpectedly high inflation, we observe that workers affected by wage arrears again become much more likely to separate during and after the repayment period of a second episode of wage arrears, providing evidence for the weakening of the bonding effect after the firm’s reputation for adequately compensating for deferred payments has been jeopardized.
Added: Jul 27, 2021
Working paper
Ge Y., Lehmann H. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2013. No. WP3/2013/06.
This paper analyzes the costs of job loss in China, using unique new data from the Rural-to-Urban Migration in China (RUMIC) data set for the year 2009. We investigate conventional labor market outcomes upon displacement like the length of unemployment spells, hours worked and monthly earnings. We also analyze whether displaced workers are more likely to be in informal employment relationships or selfemployed or less happy than their non-displaced counterparts. We also look at health and psychic costs as additional outcomes. Displaced migrant workers do not encounter losses in terms of longer unemployment spells or wage penalties, while urban displaced workers incur very large costs in terms of these two outcomes. These results point to segmented urban labor markets in China. All displaced workers have an increased likelihood of being informal, while only migrants among the displaced experience a lowered incidence of self-employment. Also, health costs and psychic costs can be linked to displacement although these costs are not prevalent in a uniform fashion. Stratification of the data by gender, level of development and ownership seems important as it shows substantial heterogeneity of the costs of job loss across these dimensions.
Added: Oct 1, 2013
Working paper
Rodina A. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2021. No. 2491.
In 2018, the official retirement age in Russia was abruptly raised from 60 to 65 for men and from 55 to 60 for women. The rise was motivated by the necessity to keep the deficit of the Russian Pension Fund, caused by population ageing and a shrinking labor force, under control. During years preceding this decision, the authorities had assured the population that no measures of this sort would be considered. The study assesses the initial causal effects of the 2018 increase in retirement age on the subjective well-being and economic sentiments of Russian individuals. Using the difference-in-differences and the synthetic control approaches, we show that people close to the retirement threshold and presumably most affected by the pension reform became less confident in the current and future economic situation in the country and in their personal future prospects and financial situation.
Added: Jun 18, 2021
Working paper
Treisman D. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2008. No. 02.
Russia’s mortality rate has risen sharply since 1990. Most experts agree that a major cause of this has been increasing alcohol abuse. But why have ever more Russians been drinking themselves to death? Various evidence suggests the main reason is not public despair in the face of painful economic change, as some have argued, but a dramatic increase in the affordability of vodka, the price of which fell by 77 percent in real terms between December 1990 and December 1994. Variation in the affordability of vodka — both over time and across Russia’s regions — closely matches variation in the death rate. Although increased market competition and failure to collect excise taxes may have contributed, the main reason the real price of vodka fell appears to have been populist price regulation by governments at all levels during periods of high inflation.
Added: Mar 31, 2013
Working paper
Гимпельсон В. Е., Лукьянова А. Л. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2006. № 07.
Added: Mar 28, 2013
Working paper
Ощепков А. Ю. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2013
In this paper, we study the infl uence of the state-regulated minimum wage on informal employment in Russia. In order to estimate minimum wage effects we apply a methodology originally presented by D. Newmark and W. Washer (Neumark and Wascher (1992) “Employment Effects of Minimum Wages and Subminimum Wages: Panel Data on State Minimum Wage Laws”) on quarterly regional panel data from 2001 to 2010. Our main robust fi nding is that minimum wage hikes increase both the share of informal employment (% of total employment) and the level of informal employment (% of population), while the level of formal employment is reduced. These effects occur within 2–4 months after raising the minimum wage, and are most apparent in the period from 2007 to 2010, when there were two strong increases of the federal minimum wage, and the regions were able to set their own minimum wage above the federal level.
Added: May 15, 2013
Working paper
Slonimczyk F. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2011. No. 5.
The 2001 Russian tax reform reduced average tax rates for the personal income tax and the payroll or social tax. It also made the tax structure more regressive. Because individuals in the lower income bracket were for the most part not affected, it is possible to estimate the effects of the reform using a differences-in-differences approach. I study the effect of the reform on informal employment. Informality is defined using information on employment registration and self-employment. Applying parametric and semi-parametric techniques, I find evidence that the tax reform led to a significant reduction in the fraction of informal employees. Among the different forms of informality I study, the reform seems to have had the strongest effect on the prevalence of informal irregular activities. I also document stronger effects on individuals who benefited from the largest reductions in tax rates. The strong response to the tax reform lends support to the hypothesis that informal and formal labor markets are well integrated.
Added: Dec 27, 2012
Working paper
Котырло Е. С., Варшавская Е. Я. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2021
Added: May 27, 2021
Working paper
Абанокова К. Р., Локшин М. М. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2014
Added: Aug 11, 2014
Working paper
Гимпельсон В. Е. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2018. № 07.
Added: Jan 17, 2019
Working paper
Капелюшников Р. И. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2018. № 04.
Added: May 14, 2018
Working paper
Гимпельсон В. Е., Монусова Г. А. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2014. № 3.
Added: May 21, 2014
Working paper
Brown J. D., Earle J., Telegdy Á. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2006. No. 01.
We analyze the effects of privatization on wages and employment using comprehensive manufacturing firm panel data in Hungary, Romania, Russia, and Ukraine. Contrary to workers’ fears, aggregate correlations, and ordinary least squares estimates, our fixed-effects and random trend models show little effect of domestic privatization, and they provide some evidence of positive foreign effects on both wages and employment. The negligible employment impact of domestic privatization results from large, positive, but offsetting effects on efficiency and scale in Hungary and Romania, and from small effects of both types in Russia and Ukraine. The positive foreign effect on employment reflects scale expansion dominating the efficiency effect. The results imply that efficiency-enhancing owners may sometimes be beneficial for workers.
Added: Mar 27, 2013
Working paper
Гимпельсон В. Е. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2004. № 02.
Labor relations were strongly regulated in Soviet economy and nonstandard working arrangements as a rule were not allowed. In 1992, the labor market was largely deregulated but a wide use of fixedterm contacts still remains very restricted. The 2002 Labor Code made only marginal changes in this policy. These restrictions are however poorly enforced and may not work outside unionized and well monitored large and medium sized enterprises. In this paper, using the LFS microdata we explore the evolution of temporary employment in Russia dur ing the last 10 years. We show its gradual rise and distribution across major sociodemographic and occupational groups in the Russian labor force. We conclude that the rate of nonpermanent employment is comparable with that on average in the OECD countries.
Added: Mar 27, 2013
Working paper
Чернина Е. М. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2015. № 8.
In this paper we study how the previous destination choices of household members might affect current location choice by labor migrants from Tajikistan in Russia. We use 2007 and 2009 waves of Tajikistan Living Standards Survey combined with Rosstat regional statistics to analyze the effect of 2007 destinations and receiving regions characteristics on 2008–2009 migrants’ location choice within Russia. Our results suggest existing inertia in the geography of migrants’ concentration: previously chosen destinations largely defi ne future ones. We fi nd that migration experience restricts the effect of receiving regions’ economic characteristics: their effect is weaker for repeated migrants in comparison with the new migrants. When controlled for the previous migration choices, regression coeffi cients for repeated migrants become statistically insignifi cant for migrant stock and drop for migrant fl ow.
Added: Feb 8, 2016
Working paper
Рощина Я. М., Другов М. А. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2002. № 04.
Added: Mar 26, 2013
Working paper
Гимпельсон В. Е., Капелюшников Р. И., Карабчук Т. С. и др. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2009. № 03.
Added: Mar 31, 2013