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Of all publications in the section: 105
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Working paper
Slonimczyk F. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2013
Informality is a deаfining characteristic of labor markets in developing countries. This paper analyzes patterns of mobility across different forms of formal and informal employment in Russia. Using transition matrices and a dynamic multinomial logit model, we find little evidence of entry barriers to the formal sector. The main exception involves casual and irregular activities, which seem to be weakly integrated to the rest of the labor market. There is evidence that informal entrepreneurship acts as a stepping-stone toward formal entrepreneurship. Informal employees, on the contrary, are not more likely than unemployed individuals to get a formal position. An analysis of earnings and life satisfaction confirms that entrepreneurship is the most desirable position. Individual performing irregular activities are the least happy.
Added: May 15, 2013
Working paper
Ge Y., Lehmann H. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2013. No. WP3/2013/06.
This paper analyzes the costs of job loss in China, using unique new data from the Rural-to-Urban Migration in China (RUMIC) data set for the year 2009. We investigate conventional labor market outcomes upon displacement like the length of unemployment spells, hours worked and monthly earnings. We also analyze whether displaced workers are more likely to be in informal employment relationships or selfemployed or less happy than their non-displaced counterparts. We also look at health and psychic costs as additional outcomes. Displaced migrant workers do not encounter losses in terms of longer unemployment spells or wage penalties, while urban displaced workers incur very large costs in terms of these two outcomes. These results point to segmented urban labor markets in China. All displaced workers have an increased likelihood of being informal, while only migrants among the displaced experience a lowered incidence of self-employment. Also, health costs and psychic costs can be linked to displacement although these costs are not prevalent in a uniform fashion. Stratification of the data by gender, level of development and ownership seems important as it shows substantial heterogeneity of the costs of job loss across these dimensions.
Added: Oct 1, 2013
Working paper
Treisman D. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2008. No. 02.
Russia’s mortality rate has risen sharply since 1990. Most experts agree that a major cause of this has been increasing alcohol abuse. But why have ever more Russians been drinking themselves to death? Various evidence suggests the main reason is not public despair in the face of painful economic change, as some have argued, but a dramatic increase in the affordability of vodka, the price of which fell by 77 percent in real terms between December 1990 and December 1994. Variation in the affordability of vodka — both over time and across Russia’s regions — closely matches variation in the death rate. Although increased market competition and failure to collect excise taxes may have contributed, the main reason the real price of vodka fell appears to have been populist price regulation by governments at all levels during periods of high inflation.
Added: Mar 31, 2013
Working paper
Гимпельсон В. Е., Лукьянова А. Л. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2006. № 07.
Added: Mar 28, 2013
Working paper
Ощепков А. Ю. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2013
In this paper, we study the infl uence of the state-regulated minimum wage on informal employment in Russia. In order to estimate minimum wage effects we apply a methodology originally presented by D. Newmark and W. Washer (Neumark and Wascher (1992) “Employment Effects of Minimum Wages and Subminimum Wages: Panel Data on State Minimum Wage Laws”) on quarterly regional panel data from 2001 to 2010. Our main robust fi nding is that minimum wage hikes increase both the share of informal employment (% of total employment) and the level of informal employment (% of population), while the level of formal employment is reduced. These effects occur within 2–4 months after raising the minimum wage, and are most apparent in the period from 2007 to 2010, when there were two strong increases of the federal minimum wage, and the regions were able to set their own minimum wage above the federal level.
Added: May 15, 2013
Working paper
Slonimczyk F. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2011. No. 5.
The 2001 Russian tax reform reduced average tax rates for the personal income tax and the payroll or social tax. It also made the tax structure more regressive. Because individuals in the lower income bracket were for the most part not affected, it is possible to estimate the effects of the reform using a differences-in-differences approach. I study the effect of the reform on informal employment. Informality is defined using information on employment registration and self-employment. Applying parametric and semi-parametric techniques, I find evidence that the tax reform led to a significant reduction in the fraction of informal employees. Among the different forms of informality I study, the reform seems to have had the strongest effect on the prevalence of informal irregular activities. I also document stronger effects on individuals who benefited from the largest reductions in tax rates. The strong response to the tax reform lends support to the hypothesis that informal and formal labor markets are well integrated.
Added: Dec 27, 2012
Working paper
Абанокова К. Р., Локшин М. М. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2014
Added: Aug 11, 2014
Working paper
Гимпельсон В. Е. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2018. № 07.
Added: Jan 17, 2019
Working paper
Капелюшников Р. И. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2018. № 04.
Added: May 14, 2018
Working paper
Гимпельсон В. Е., Монусова Г. А. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2014. № 3.
Added: May 21, 2014
Working paper
Brown J. D., Earle J., Telegdy Á. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2006. No. 01.
We analyze the effects of privatization on wages and employment using comprehensive manufacturing firm panel data in Hungary, Romania, Russia, and Ukraine. Contrary to workers’ fears, aggregate correlations, and ordinary least squares estimates, our fixed-effects and random trend models show little effect of domestic privatization, and they provide some evidence of positive foreign effects on both wages and employment. The negligible employment impact of domestic privatization results from large, positive, but offsetting effects on efficiency and scale in Hungary and Romania, and from small effects of both types in Russia and Ukraine. The positive foreign effect on employment reflects scale expansion dominating the efficiency effect. The results imply that efficiency-enhancing owners may sometimes be beneficial for workers.
Added: Mar 27, 2013
Working paper
Гимпельсон В. Е. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2004. № 02.
Labor relations were strongly regulated in Soviet economy and nonstandard working arrangements as a rule were not allowed. In 1992, the labor market was largely deregulated but a wide use of fixedterm contacts still remains very restricted. The 2002 Labor Code made only marginal changes in this policy. These restrictions are however poorly enforced and may not work outside unionized and well monitored large and medium sized enterprises. In this paper, using the LFS microdata we explore the evolution of temporary employment in Russia dur ing the last 10 years. We show its gradual rise and distribution across major sociodemographic and occupational groups in the Russian labor force. We conclude that the rate of nonpermanent employment is comparable with that on average in the OECD countries.
Added: Mar 27, 2013
Working paper
Чернина Е. М. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2015. № 8.
In this paper we study how the previous destination choices of household members might affect current location choice by labor migrants from Tajikistan in Russia. We use 2007 and 2009 waves of Tajikistan Living Standards Survey combined with Rosstat regional statistics to analyze the effect of 2007 destinations and receiving regions characteristics on 2008–2009 migrants’ location choice within Russia. Our results suggest existing inertia in the geography of migrants’ concentration: previously chosen destinations largely defi ne future ones. We fi nd that migration experience restricts the effect of receiving regions’ economic characteristics: their effect is weaker for repeated migrants in comparison with the new migrants. When controlled for the previous migration choices, regression coeffi cients for repeated migrants become statistically insignifi cant for migrant stock and drop for migrant fl ow.
Added: Feb 8, 2016
Working paper
Рощина Я. М., Другов М. А. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2002. № 04.
Added: Mar 26, 2013
Working paper
Гимпельсон В. Е., Капелюшников Р. И., Карабчук Т. С. и др. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2009. № 03.
Added: Mar 31, 2013
Working paper
Шарунина А. В. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2015. № 05.
In this paper, I explore public-private wage gaps across Russian regions. Using the October wage survey data for 2005-2013, I show that the wage gap varies significantly across space. My analysis suggests that this variation can be explained by the demographic composition of regional population (or by demand for the public services) and by fiscal positions of the regional budgets (affecting the supply side).
Added: Jul 24, 2015
Working paper
Капелюшников Р. И. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2018. № 01.
The paper analyses discursive methods that M. Weber used in his “The Protestant Ethics and the Spirit of Capitalism”. The analysis shows that Weber’s exegetics of religious texts is incorrect totally or at least partially; that his claim about much higher economic achievements of Protestants as compared with Catholics is based on arithmetic error; that his concept of “the capitalist spirit” suffers from unavoidable internal contradictions; that his portrait of B. Franklin has almost nothing in common with the original; that his attempt to explain a fast capital accumulation in England in 17–18 centuries deals with non-existed economic phenomenon; that results of current empirical studies are mostly unfavorable for Weber’s Thesis. However the Weberian idea about origin of “the capitalist spirit” from the protestant ethics has so strong hypnotical power over human minds that phantoms of ‘the protestant ethics” and “the spirit of capitalism” would for a long time excite imagination of academic researchers and walk over mass-media.
Added: May 14, 2018
Working paper
Гимпельсон В. Е., Капелюшников Р. И., Жихарева О. Б. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2014. № 02.
Added: Jun 4, 2014
Working paper
Lehmann H., Muravyev A., Razzolini T. et al. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2011. No. 07.

This paper is the first to analyze the costs of job loss in Russia, using unique new data from the Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey over the years 2003–2008, including a special supplement on displacement that was initiated by us. We employ fixed effects regression models and propensity score matching techniques in order to establish the causal effect of displacement for displaced individuals. The paper is innovative insofar as we investigate fringe and in-kind benefits and the propensity to have an informal employment relationship as well as a permanent contract as relevant labor market outcomes upon displacement. We also analyze monthly earnings, hourly wages, employment and hours worked, which are traditionally investigated in the literature. Compared to the control group of non-displaced workers (i.e. stayers and quitters), displaced individuals face a significant income loss following displacement, which is mainly due to the reduction in employment and hours worked. This effect is robust to the definition of displacement. The losses seem to be more pronounced and are especially large for older workers with labor market experience and human capital acquired in Soviet times and for workers with primary and secondary education. Workers displaced from state firms experience particularly large relative losses in the short run, while such losses for workers laid off from private firms are more persistent. Turning to the additional non-conventional labor market outcomes, there is a loss in terms of the number of fringe and in-kind benefits for reemployed individuals but not in terms of their value. There is also some evidence of an increased probability of working in informal jobs if displaced. These results point towards the importance of both firm-specific human capital and of obsolete skills obtained under the centrally planned economy as well as to a wider occurrence of job insecurity among displaced workers.

Added: Dec 27, 2012