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Of all publications in the section: 56
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Working paper
Sawada T. Psychology. PSY. Высшая школа экономики, 2019
It is commonly believed that the visual system requires oculomotor information to perceive depth from binocular disparity. However, any effect of the oculomotor information on depth perception is too restricted to explain depth perception under natural viewing conditions. In this study, I describe a computational model that can recover depth from a stereo-pair of retinal images without using any oculomotor information. The model shows that, at least from a computational perspective, any oculomotor information is not necessary for perceiving depth from the stereo retinal images.
Added: Apr 20, 2019
Working paper
Lovakov A., Agadullina E. Psychology. PSY. Высшая школа экономики, 2014. No. WP BRP 18/PSY/2014.
The aim of this study is to examine the validity and reliability of the Leach et al. model of in-group identification in 2 studies of Russian samples. In study 1, the confirmatory factor analysis revealed that the hierarchical model of in-group identification, which included the second-order factors of self-definition (individual self-stereotyping, and in-group homogeneity) and self-investment (satisfaction, solidarity, and centrality) fitted the data well for all four group identities (ethnic, religious, university, and gender) and was a better fit than the alternative models. In study 2, we examined the construct validity and reliability of the Russian version of in-group identification measure. Results show that these measure have adequate psychometric properties. In short, our results show that the Leach et al. model is reproduced in Russian culture. The Russian version of this measure can be used in future in-group research conducted using Russian-language samples.
Added: May 21, 2014
Working paper
Elena B. Starovoytenko. Psychology. PSY. Высшая школа экономики, 2013. No. 15.
“Achieving oneself” is not a subject of a systematic scientific research in Russian personality psychology. The goal of the current study is to justify the significance of such research in current socio-cultural and scientific context. “Achieving oneself” is understood in this paper as an integral reflectively mediated fulfillment of the I’s potential in leading vital relations hips of a person. The field of study is “the new personology”, the method is hermeneutics. This study offers a reflective model of the I’s potential towards the Other and presents an application of this model to the analysis of the process of achieving one self in a loving relationship.
Added: Jan 28, 2014
Working paper
Lyusin D., Ovsyannikova V. V. Psychology. PSY. Высшая школа экономики, 2014. No. WP BRP 16/PSY/2014.
A new measure for emotion recognition abilities, the Videotest of Emotion Recognition, is described. Two aspects in emotion recognition are distinguished, accuracy of recognition of emotion types that constitute the emotional state of the observed person and sensitivity to the intensity of the observed emotions. The Videotest of Emotion Recognition allows obtaining the accuracy and sensitivity indices that reflect these two aspects of emotion recognition. Psychometric analysis showed satisfactory reliability and validity of the indices
Added: Feb 13, 2014
Working paper
Lytkina E. Psychology. PSY. Высшая школа экономики, 2015. No. WP BRP 32/PSY/2015.
Unlike commonly used, anomie and alienation not only have different theoretical backgrounds, but also different indicators and predictors. I examine the highly institutionalized alienation scale originally introduced by Middleton (1963), reapplied as a measurement of alienation (Seeman, 1991) and anomie (Huschka and Mau 2005, 2006) in a very relevant context for an anomic situation – the post-Communist countries Russia and Kazakhstan (round six of the World Values Surveys fielded the alienation question in just these two countries). Based on confirmatory factor analysis and multiple group comparisons, I find that the scale consists of two dimensions, which can be described as an anomie and alienation. The anomic dimension consists of indicators “normlessness” and “powerlessness,” whereas the alienative one is comprised by “social isolation”, “meaninglessness,” and “job dissatisfaction.” Though the structure proves to have full invariance in both countries, the predictors for anomie and alienation are different. For both countries, only income is an important predictor for anomie, and though to a lower degree, for alienation. In Kazakhstan, the level of urbanization also provides an impact on the level of anomie. Apart from income, in Russia alienation can be predicted by gender, and type of occupation (manual or intellectual), whereas in Kazakhstan it can be predicted by age
Added: Feb 20, 2015
Working paper
Lovakov A. Psychology. PSY. Высшая школа экономики, 2014. No. WP BRP 30/PSY/2014.
The aim of this study is to examine the specific antecedents and consequences of the commitment of university teachers to their university. Academia has specific features that distinguish universities from other types of organizations: universities have the opportunity to hire their own graduates (academic inbreeding); university teachers are able to work in several higher education institutions or combine teaching with work in business; university teachers have the opportunity to combine several professional roles (teaching, administrative work, research, etc.); university teachers have several options to change their job; publication activity is an important indicator of the efficiency and competitiveness of university teachers. This study is an online survey of 317 teachers of different disciplines from several types of state higher education institutions from different regions of Russia. The results of the regression analysis show that antecedents of affective commitment include belonging to a group of insiders (working in university from which they graduated), having an additional administrative position, role clarity, and role conflict. Structural equation modelling shows that an additional administrative position had a direct positive effect and an indirect negative effect (through role conflict) on the affective commitment to the university. Having work experience at another university predicts only a normative commitment to the university. The affective component of commitment to the university was a better negative predictor of the intention to leave the position, profession and institution. No components of the commitment predict publication activity.
Added: Jan 20, 2015
Working paper
Tatarko A. Psychology. PSY. Высшая школа экономики, 2012. No. 03.
This study analyzes the phenomenology of socio-psychological capital viewed as a resource for psychological relations which constitutes the basis for the formation of social capital. A cross-cultural analysis of the impact of value orientations on socio-psychological capital has been performed. Based on a sample of 3 ethnic groups (Russians, n = 103; Chechens, n = 100; Ingush, n = 109), it has been demonstrated that although the impact of individual values on socio-psychological capital obeys logic, it may be culture-specific. Values of Self-Transcendence (Benevolence and Universalism) have a positive impact on the socio-psychological capital of a multicultural society, whereas values of Self-Enhancement influence it negatively. Openness to Change values positively influence civic identity but have a negative effect on perceived social capital. Conservation values positively affect the civic (Russian) identity of the representatives of the Ingush ethnic group.
Added: Jul 9, 2012
Working paper
Ukolova E., Shumskiy V. Psychology. PSY. Высшая школа экономики, 2014. No. WP BRP 25/PSY/2014 .
We developed a questionnaire with the intention of measuring existential fulfillment in interpersonal relationships. The paper presents the purpose, methodological basis, and structure of the Test of Existential Motivations in Interpersonal Relationships (TEMIR), as well as the validation process and research findings which were obtained using the TEMIR.
Added: Dec 16, 2014
Working paper
Chernyshev B. V., Lazarev I., Иванов М. В. et al. Psychology. PSY. Высшая школа экономики, 2012. No. 06.
The causes of everyday errors made by most people remain largely unknown. In order to investigate spontaneous lapses in attentional processing a new task was designed. This task creates an increased attentional load because it is based on impeded decision making involving both stimuli feature binding and response selection. Participants made errors  in 9.6 ± 1.1% of trials and re-sponse omissions in 5.4 ± 0.7% of trials. In the ERP pattern the N1 and P2 peaks were well pronounced, while P3 peak was almost indistinguishable. The P2 peak was greater in trials with errors and response omissions compared to correct responses. The results obtained substantiate the hypothesis that attentional lapses may be a consequence of mind-wandering, which may compete with the overt task for the attentional resources.  
Added: Jan 17, 2013
Working paper
Orel E., Куликова Алена Александровна. Psychology. PSY. Высшая школа экономики, 2016. No. WP BRP 66/PSY/2016 .
Recent research indicates that behavioral problems may lead to low academic performance. The present study is aimed to discover, what differences exist between primary school students who meet a sufficient number of ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) criteria and those who do not experience any behavioral problems, in terms of academic achievements in reading and mathematics, annual progress in these subjects and personal, social and emotional development, based on the Russian sample of first-graders. This paper is a part of Russian iPIPS project and the instruments developed as part of this study were used. The sample consists of 3021 first-graders from two big regions of the Russian Federation. The results showed significant differences in both cognitive and social-emotional development but no differences in annual progress. The absence of differences in progress means that the development of children with behavior problems within the school system goes with the same speed but from the lower start level compared to other children. The results of the study provide important knowledge for the teachers and open a large area of further investigations in the field of ADHD in Russian school settings.
Added: Jan 24, 2017
Working paper
Kolpachnikov V. Psychology. PSY. Высшая школа экономики, 2013. No. WP BRP 14/PSY/2013.
This article analyzes Client-Centered (Person-Centered) and Existential approaches in counseling and psychotherapy. The proximity of these approaches, both in theoretical and practical terms, is demonstrated
Added: Nov 12, 2013
Working paper
Sergey Yagolkovskiy. Psychology. PSY. Высшая школа экономики, 2013. No. 11.
We examine how idea exposure produces cognitive stimulation. Study participants were given stimulus ideas with a low or high level of originality, or with absurd content.  Stimuli were exposed in conditions of face-to-face communication and with computer and paper mediation, respectively. Three parameters of creativity were analyzed: Fluency, flexibility, and originality. Results revealed a positive effect on fluency scores for face-to-face communication. This effect is the most evident for the exposure of absurd stimulus ideas. We also found a positive effect on originality scores for highly original stimulus ideas.
Added: Jul 2, 2013
Working paper
Utochkin I. S. Psychology. PSY. Высшая школа экономики, 2013
Guided search is a mechanism that controls and optimizes the deployment of attention during visual search and allows one to pay attention only to highly relevant items. For instance, when searching for a conjunction of two features, we are able to select a feature-marked subset (e.g., all items sharing same color) prior to focusing attention on particular items. Standard models assume that only separate features can guide attention since they are only available at the preattentive stage of visual analysis and no conjunction information is available at that stage. Here I show that search performance is affected by both the distribution of features across the visual field and their conjunctions in particular items. It appears that people are unable to use “pure”, unbound features for selecting relevant subsets. This major finding requires reconsidering the standard models of guided search. The concept of distributed attention, which represents multiple items as imperfectly bound objects, seems promising in explaining this finding.
Added: Sep 6, 2013
Working paper
Porshnev A., Sircova A., Hartmut G. Psychology. PSY. Высшая школа экономики, 2012. No. 05.
The Integration of Russia into European educational space invoke many questions, one of them is a cross-cultural universality of learning motivation. In this paper we discuss the methodology of a learning motivation traits questionnaire and results of its cross-cultural validation at the sample of 332 German and 865 Russian students. In our study we found measurement invariance of intrinsic orientation, test anxiety and performance avoidance scales of Russian and German form of questionnaire. We showed also invariance of learning motivation traits structure. At the same time we found differences in extrinsic orientations of Russian and German students.
Added: Jan 17, 2013
Working paper
Olga N. Molchanova, Tatyana Y. Nekrasova. Psychology. PSY. Высшая школа экономики, 2014. No. 17.
This article describes the creation of a Russian-language version of the Contingencies of Self-Worth Scale (CSWS). We report the process and the three stages of adapting the questionnaire and report the results of the stage three version (N = 422); an internal consistency test (Cronbach's Alpha – from 0.67 to 0.84); item discrimination (0.55 to 0.86); retest reliability (0.54 to 0.79, p < 0.001); and construct validity. The analysis of the psychometric characteristics of the questionnaire confirmed the possibility of its appropriateness as a research tool to elicit the basis of self-esteem.
Added: Mar 28, 2014
Working paper
Chernyshev B. V., Lazarev I. E., Chernysheva E. G. et al. Psychology. PSY. Высшая школа экономики, 2012. No. 01.
The nature of interrelations of brain event-related potentials to behavioral measures and temperament dimensions was studied in the situation of attention under the auditory oddball paradigm. Several components of event-related potentials were found to be related to Extraversion, Mobility, Ergonicity and Emotionality. The results are discussed within the framework of the resource model of attention. New putative internal dimensions of temperament are suggested. The data obtained lay the foundation for further psychophysiological studies of attention in the context of individual differences.
Added: Jul 20, 2012
Working paper
Dubrov D. Psychology. PSY. Высшая школа экономики, 2017. No. 75.
The research examines the role of the family social capital for parents and adolescents’ subjective well-being. As the construct "family social capital" is relatively new, the article presents data of validated methods for measuring it. I interviewed Russians (n=397) to identify whether family social capital is a significant predictor of parents and adolescents’ subjective well-being. Current results indicate the studied construct to be a predictor of adolescents’ subjective well-being. As for parents, this construct can be a predictor of their subjective well-being in case to consider their level of income.   
Added: May 16, 2017
Working paper
Dubrov D., Tatarko A. Psychology. PSY. Высшая школа экономики, 2016. No. 68.
This paper examines the role of the place of living (rural and urban society) and its social-cultural context in determining the parent-adolescent child value similarity. To determine it, we interviewed representatives of two generations: parents and children from 90 families in Moscow and 62 families in villages (n=304 people). Our findings indicate the influence of socio-cultural context (urban-rural) on the transmission of values. Conservation values are primarily transmitted from parents to children in more traditional, rural context. Openness to change, Self-Enhancement and Self-Transcendence values are transmitted from parents to children mainly in the urban context. Perceived psychological closeness between parents and adolescents (in adolescents’ perception) predicts value transmission in urban and rural contexts. All values of adolescents are more similar to the values of peers than parents, in both urban and rural contexts.
Added: Dec 2, 2016
Working paper
Federiakin D., Alexandrova E. Psychology. PSY. Высшая школа экономики, 2017. No. 87.
Although Relational Reasoning (RR) is regarded as an extraordinarily important research field, relatively little is known about its measurement. The Test of Relational Reasoning (TORR) is a non-verbal instrument claimed to measure four forms of RR: analogy, anomaly, antinomy, and antithesis. At the time of writing, there is only one study systematically investigating the dimensionality and psychometric properties of TORR within the IRT methodology of the original authors, which does not give unambiguous result. The goal of this paper is to replicate the original study on an independent Russian sample of participants in the paradigm of Rasch measurement. Despite several limitations, the independent investigation of TORR dimensionality supports the results of the original study.
Added: Jan 24, 2018
Working paper
Tyumeneva Y. A., Kuzmina Y., Kardanova E. Psychology. PSY. Высшая школа экономики, 2014. No. WP BRP 24/PSY/2014.
Previous work has already established the reliability and validity of the Grit scale, based on the classical test theory (Duckworth, Peterson, Matthews, & Kelly, 2007). This study tests the psychometric properties and the dimensionality of the scale by employing an IRT analysis of data collected from a Russian sample of 3383 15 year-old students (Study 1). The results showed that the Grit Scale is two-dimensional, but unlike the early results, both the Consistency of Interests and Perseverance of Effort subscales are quite separate measures for different traits. The construct validation (Study 2) included a retest of the obtained internal structure of the scale via CFA, and a determination of whether two subscales show reasonable patterns of correlations with external measures. Collectively, the data supports the reliability and the validity of both subscales as separate measures.
Added: Nov 19, 2014
Working paper
Бочавер А. А., Корзун А. Н., Polivanova K. N. Psychology. PSY. Высшая школа экономики, 2016. No. WP BRP 71/PSY/2016.
Street activities are recognized as playing significant role in children and teenage socialization. However, the socialization mechanism of street activities is gradually changing. Active play and street gangs remain in past, as most parents today acknowledge.  The present article investigates the forms of street leisure activities of Russian kids and teenagers born in different decades of late XX and early XXI centuries. The research is based on the answers of 251 participants to the two developed thematic questionnaires. Content-analysis of the answers allows to identify five principal categories of street leisure activities, namely: games, communication, exploratory activities, risk behaviors, and cultural activities. The article describes the main components of each of the categories and analyses their representation in both adult and teenage samples’ leisure time. The results allow to manifest the relation between children's leisure activities dynamics and their social environment, as regards increased social insecurity and uncertainty, urbanization rates, overpopulation, etc. The research also investigates the areas of street leisure activities, level of parental control, as well as types of rules and regulations set by parents regarding their children’s travel and leisure. The future research suggestions given the results are made
Added: Mar 9, 2017