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Regular version of the site
Of all publications in the section: 135
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Working paper
Sokolov P., Ivanova J. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2012. No. 08.
This article examines the relation of two models of civil science in the early modern political literature: the rhetorical science of contingency (rhetorica primaria), and mathesis politica, associated with Descartes by some early Enlightenment authors. The authors analyze the reception of the rhetorical aspect of Hobbes’s civil science with a special focus on Vico’s criticism of Hobbes’s constructivist state model, showing how Vico counters the Hobbesian ‘protosociological’ style of theorizing with his own historical way of reflecting on the social and ‘open’ structure of political action.
Added: Nov 22, 2012
Working paper
Ilina K. A. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2014. No. WP BRP 81/HUM/2014.
The article presents an analysis of the practice of awarding degrees in Russia in the 1830s. The author considered legal and regulatory acts, memoirs and archival documents and studied the ways of climbing the academic or bureaucratic ladders, which were open to graduates. The article describes some typical and atypical cases of degree awards. The analysis revealed the turbulent way that the state regulated this sphere, and the existence of alternative ways of acquiring an academic degree, which made it possible for a Minister of Education to interfere in the procedures for academic attestation.
Added: Dec 18, 2014
Working paper
Svetlana Bankovskaya. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2014. No. 70.
   The paper is based on the outcomes and inferences from the experiment with urban heterotopia found on the Manezhnaya square in Moscow. The main point of the experimental design (ethnomethodological in its intent) is to explore in vivo the heterotopical properties of the urban environment as the condition of this environment’s creativity and its interaction with the mobile actors. Creativity of the urban environment was interpreted as a particular kind of spatial order accumulating in counterfinal effects of collective behavior in the unique constellation --“heterotopia”. The flâneur was chosen as the most appropriate actor displaying the properties of an object and that of a receptive mobile interactant. The object of the experiment was the fragment of the metropolitan environment which combines the logic of the urban social organization (embodied in its concrete place) and the paralogy of the counterfinality of the mobilities inside this particular environment.Two modes of interaction were provoked in the experiment: first, intended, but unpurposive action observed by the passage through the ambiances of the specific fragment of the city by the flâneur, and focusing on his affective states during these actions (the affective profile of the place thus was achieved); and second, observing and mapping the flâneur’s movements as a purposive interaction with the same fragment of the environment, but in the form of dérive (observation of the movement by the means of movement). The end of the observation in movement was to focus on the flâneur’s movements and to depict his route through the observable details of the spatial/social order of the environment.
Added: Oct 22, 2014
Working paper
Lavrinovich M. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2017. No. WP BRP 155/HUM/2017.
This paper discusses the problem of the adaptation of a new cultural model by the educated members of the Russian “middle class” in the late 18th century when new social skills and new kinds of the perception of social reality were transmitted to the public through the emotionally very intensive theatre performances. Examining the translation of the drama Poverty and Nobleness of Mind by August von Kozebue and taking into account that the drama was staged at the private theatre of Alexandr Vorontsov, Malinovskii’s patron, in 1799, I suggest that he had some apprehensions about his own noble status which he obtained in a specific way. He seems to face the choice: to act on his feelings as sentimental dramas instructed him and marry a poor but noble girl in 1790s, or wait until Vorontsov’s niece became a wealthy heiress what actually happened in a decade.
Added: Oct 20, 2017
Working paper
Yudin G. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2015. No. WP BRP 93/HUM/2015.
Alfred Schütz has paid considerable attention to the position of scientist in the world and particularly to that of social scientist. His analyses make extensive use of phenomenological concepts and contain detailed descriptions of scientific cognitive style in its relation to the everyday life. However, Schütz is surprisingly silent on the motives that could justify quitting the ordinary 'world of working' and entering the scientific attitude. This paper discusses whether the Schütz normative justification for science can be deduced from Husserl's philosophy of science. It is argued that despite the fact that Schütz was in fact considerably influenced by Husserl's system of science suggested in 'Ideas II', the two thinkers diverge radically on the cultural mission and methodology of science. While Husserl advocates the critical method of reduction as the sole way to pursue genuine science, Schütz in fact explores the possibility of building a 'naive science'. He accepts relying on ordinary knowledge in social science and ends up by rejecting the methodology of reduction in general. Schütz's opposition to the idea of science contained in Husserl's phenomenology, together with his neglect of normative grounding of science, suggest that he considered the value of science as laying beyond rational philosophical justification
Added: Apr 2, 2015
Working paper
Anton Afanasiev. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2017
This study aims to present that A.V. Mikhailov’s historical method is systematic. Special attention is given to historical-anthropological dimension of the A. V. Mikhailov's theory of baroque. The article shows that Mikhailov's historical anthropology should be viewed as a constitutive part of his “Kulturwissenschaft”, opposed both to the literary science and to the positivist historiography by means of commitment to historize human sciences (the notion of «new historiсism»).
Added: Oct 20, 2017
Working paper
Tenisheva K., Alexandrov D. A. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2013
Our study contributes to the debate on the interaction between academic context, individual achievement, and mathematics self-concept in schools. It is known that high-achieving peers positively influence the individual achievements of all group members. At the same time, it has been shown that the self-concept of students tends to decrease in the presence of high-achieving peers, as individuals make relative judgments of their abilities vis-à-vis their peer group. Stu-dents with mediocre performance feel more confident about their abilities in a group of poor achievers (the Big-Fish-Little-Pond Effect – BFLPE – introduced by H.Marsh). On the other hand, perceived prestige of a school enhances the self-confidence of students as people tend to “bask in the glory” of others (the “reflected glory” effect). We test the two effects mentioned above – BFLPE and the “reflected glory” effect. We hypothesize that both effects are stronger in highly stratified education systems where there is a stronger explicit difference between high- and poor-achieving students, and schools are ranked by their prestige. We compare the interac-tion of academic context, achievement, and mathematics self-concept in stratified (Russia and Czech Republic) and non-stratified (Norway and Sweden) educational systems on the TIMSS’07 database using HLM7. Our study shows: 1) an absence of BFLPE for all four countries, i.e. the achievement of others is positively related to an individual’s math self-concept; 2) strong support for the “reflected glory” effect is found only in stratified educational systems; and 3) greater pos-itive effect on self-concept for students with poor achievement who study in the best schools.
Added: Jun 11, 2013
Working paper
Shpakovskaya L. L. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2015. No. WP BRP 87/HUM/2015.
The working paper represents a study of motherhood as a specific semantic construct in contemporary Russia. The author analyses the ways in which knowledge about motherhood produces specific maternal experience. The general theoretical framework is the foucauldian concept of discursive power based on knowledge. At the same time, motherhood is viewed as a class differentiated practice. The primary focus of the analysis is motherhood as experienced by Russian middle class women. The paper discuss how motherhood is discursively produced in the Russian context. The author is interested in the knowledge and discourses that Russian middle class women employ in order to become aware of their motherhood and describe themselves as mothers. The paper describes critical sociological theories of motherhood connecting this phenomenon to such concepts as power, social order and social inequalities. These critical approaches deconstruct the motherhood discourse and reveal that the mother becomes a point of production of social and political order of the modern societies. The analysis of the Russian discourse on motherhood in the political and cultural context is presented by the author as well. The paper elaborates upon the category of “responsibility” as the primary meaning component of middle class motherhood. In the conclusion the issue of why and when Russian mothers are considered “responsible” is discussed
Added: Feb 20, 2015
Working paper
Levinson K. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2016. No. WP BRP 141/HUM/2016.
This article analyzes changes in contemporary Latvian historical culture as regards the place it assigns to Baltic Germans in the country's past. During most of the twentieth century, their past presence in the region was represented as not really important. German noblemen and burghers were reckoned to the exploitative classes and, as such, received negative appraisal. After Latvia became independent from the USSR, German heritage came to be cherished as a symbol of Latvia’s Europeanness and a major attraction for international tourists, which is especially visible in Riga. In smaller towns, such as Koknese, partnership with a German town may originate from historic ties linking former Baltic Germans to the place, but this does not necessarily involve a historical policy emphasizing their positive presence in the history of the town. In the rural community of Irši, a transformation of the local historical culture largely takes place under the influence of the so-called ‘homesick tourists’ from Germany who come to visit the former German colony Hirschenhof that existed between 1766 and 1939.
Added: Dec 30, 2016
Working paper
Акифьева Р. Н. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2016. № WP BRP 140/HUM/2016.
This working paper is based on the results of a study of the child-rearing practices of Russian-speaking women in the context of a migration perspective focusing on their migration experience, language, and other features that are perceived as cultural and an integration context as determining many important aspects of child-rearing. The analysis shows that a mother’s choice of structured activities for the child can be caused by structural factors, such as the national peculiarities of the system of school and pre-school education, family policy, the specifics and set of programs offered at schools and available in the area. Regardless of the social segment, in which migrants are incorporated, children begin to prefer speaking Spanish than Russian if there is not any special effort from the adults. This leads to the fact that the study of the Russian language in some families affects all spheres of life, and many aspects of child-rearing. Many women develop and share ideas about the differences in the parenting approach and style of women from the post-Soviet space and from Spain. Women perceive the stylistic features of the behavior of Russian women as highly demanding and share the view of the low demands of Spanish parents, yet differ in how they perceive their level of responsiveness to them.
Added: Dec 14, 2016
Working paper
Akifyeva R. N. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2015. No. WP BRP 103/HUM/2015.
The article is drawn on a study of the families of migrants, having school-age children, from Central Asia. The transnational practices of migrants are closely tied to integration processes, and this is reflected in generational differences. In some families, children that, unlike their parents, go or used to go to a Russian school, try to distance themselves from their parents’ generation, refuse to identify with it, and do not want to speak the native language of their parents. In some ways, these trends are a consequence of parentage practices that orient children toward the local social milieu and encourage the use of Russian. Despite the significance of transnational practices in the life of migrant families, the outcome of the study demonstrates the importance of examining the intergenerational dynamics in the incorporation process.
Added: Sep 7, 2015
Working paper
Margarita Kuleva. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2015. No. 85.
Clothing and fashion play significant role in the process of ageing, and help put bodily experiences in the context of culture. It is especially important for young people as social subjects, who are starting to become independent but do not have sufficient experience and social competences to do this.    This paper explores how youth of middle and working class in Russia use clothing to denote their social identity and construct boundaries.The paper is based on materials of 81 IDI with young people from St. Petersburg.
Added: Feb 3, 2015
Working paper
Sokolov P. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2015. No. WP BRP 92/HUM/2015.
This article deals with the ways of approaching plagiarism in the early modern Europe, mostly in the writings of two German intellectuals, J. Thomasius and J. C. Schwartz. The phenomenon of plagiarism is treated not only as an instrument of “symbolic violence” and “policing force of knowledge” in the Republic of letters, but primarily as a point of intersection of different discourses of the erudite culture: jurisprudence, moral medicine, Ciceronian rhetoric, hermeneutics and simultaneously – as a touchstone revealing the various dimensions of rival models of scientific knowledge (Protestant Aristotelianism, Barock eruditism, enlightened rationalism)
Added: Mar 30, 2015
Working paper
Fedyukin I., Gabdrakhmanov S. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2014
This study employs a unique database covering 2,293 cadets who graduated from the Noble Land Cadet Corps in St Petersburg from 1732 – 1762 to investigate the role of cultural capital in early modern Russia. Our analysis suggests that within this sample cultural capital was negatively correlated with wealth, but positively with father’s rank within the state service. At the corps itself, wealth and social status of families did not directly affect the success of their sons. The only significant factor of success at this school (promotion to a particular rank at graduation) was the family’s access to “Western” education and cultural skills. The results indicate the state was able to create an institutional framework where the possession of new “imported” knowledge and social skills gave the holder a measurable advantage over his peers. This could be considered one of the mechanisms which contributed to the sustainability of the cultural and social regime created by Peter I.
Added: Aug 20, 2014
Working paper
Savelieva I. M. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2013. No. 13/HUM/2013.
The paper analyzes the objects, concepts and methods of cultural history / histoire culturelle / Kulturgeschichte / kulturnaya istoriya, a modern historical subdiscipline that exists in different national historiographical traditions. This subdiscipline’s objects of study, such as social institutions, social networks, daily interactions, childhood, cultural memory, corporality, etc., lie in a borderland. Therefore, the paper focuses on interdisciplinary interaction in relation to history and raises the question of the institutional boundaries of disciplines.
Added: Mar 4, 2013
Working paper
Rezvykh P. V. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2013. No. 24/HUM/2013.
Using a discussion on the significance of Ancient Greek ordinances between F.W.J. Schelling and Count S.S. Uvarov as an example, this article analyses the complex interaction between theological, philosophical, religious, and political factors in the reception of Schelling’s philosophical ideas in Russia in the XIX century.
Added: May 2, 2013
Working paper
Iserov A. A. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2015. No. WP BRP 115/HUM/2015.
This research is devoted to the comparison of the declarations of independence of the United States and Spanish American nations. For the first time in historiography the exhaustive list of Spanish American declarations of independence is compiled. The questions risen by this attempted comparison lead to a reconsideration of the main problems of the New World independence movements and in the final account, to the discussion of a nature of the British and the Spanish colonial societies in Americas, and thus do not have clear and final answers.
Added: Mar 15, 2016
Working paper
Pogorelov M. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2016. No. 139.
The article examines the role of degeneration theory in Russian medical and public discourses at the turn of the 20th century. Drawing on a wide range of historiography and primary sources, including archival records and medical writings, the article aims to outline different contexts of the concept’s usages: from rhetorical idioms to “scientific”, clinical and instrumental applications. Then, it seeks how psychiatrists defined the category of “socially dangerous” and tried to modify the existed institutional and legal framework. This focus could explain degeneration theory influence on social policy and the late imperial institutional system.
Added: Jan 18, 2017
Working paper
Gushchin V. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2015. No. WP BRP 101/HUM/2015 .
The article analyzes the role of the aristocracy in democratic Athens, i.e. in the Vth Century B.C. What happened to the aristocracy in democratic Athens? Whether the aristocrats were able to adapt themselves to new social and political realities? It is suggested that there took place their division into democratic and aristocratic politicians, a separation of democratically-oriented leaders (prostates tou demou), who managed to adapt to democratic institutions. The political actions of prostatai had features of demagogy. Thus we can assume that such a phenomenon as demagogy appeared much earlier than previously thought. The other part of aristocracy was not alien to demagogy as well. Suffice it to mention the efforts made by Thucydides son of Melesias, who created a political hybrid, of an aristocratic hetaireia which did not shun demagogic techniques
Added: Jun 22, 2015
Working paper
Dobrohotov A. L. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2015. No. 89.
Proposed study aims to clarify the nature of the rationality crisis in the European culture of Modernity. This crisis manifested itself in many ways already in the 17th-19th centuries, i.e. at the peak of rationalism. The study considers certain aspects of Cartesianism, which prevented it from dissolving entirely in the epistemology and methodology of Modernity and which, moreover, presuppose certain steps to be taken toward reconsidering the new European rationalism within the framework of overlapping philosophical ideas and literary images. The study focuses on three subjects implied by ‘cogito’: self-consciousness, will, and law.
Added: Apr 6, 2015
Working paper
Vladimir V. Fayer. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2012. No. 11.
This study questions a widespread opinion that Alexandrian scholars did not influence Homeric vulgate (or at least did not influence it substantially), because the overwhelming majority of their readings was  absent from the manuscript tradition of  The  Iliad. This opinion is based on the calculations of Alexandrian readings made by Thomas W. Allen, and they are demonstrably  in need of revision. If we also take into account not-attested Aristarchean readings that are cited in Martin L. West’s edition of The  Iliad,  there will  be a strong tendency for them to agree with vulgate variants.  All those  adjustments  may  seriously affect  the proportion of Aristarchus–vulgate discrepancies. Moreover, it is not impossible that our vulgate is generally identical to the Aristarchean edition of The Iliad.
Added: Jan 17, 2013