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Of all publications in the section: 190
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Working paper
Svetlana Bankovskaya. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2014. No. 70.
   The paper is based on the outcomes and inferences from the experiment with urban heterotopia found on the Manezhnaya square in Moscow. The main point of the experimental design (ethnomethodological in its intent) is to explore in vivo the heterotopical properties of the urban environment as the condition of this environment’s creativity and its interaction with the mobile actors. Creativity of the urban environment was interpreted as a particular kind of spatial order accumulating in counterfinal effects of collective behavior in the unique constellation --“heterotopia”. The flâneur was chosen as the most appropriate actor displaying the properties of an object and that of a receptive mobile interactant. The object of the experiment was the fragment of the metropolitan environment which combines the logic of the urban social organization (embodied in its concrete place) and the paralogy of the counterfinality of the mobilities inside this particular environment.Two modes of interaction were provoked in the experiment: first, intended, but unpurposive action observed by the passage through the ambiances of the specific fragment of the city by the flâneur, and focusing on his affective states during these actions (the affective profile of the place thus was achieved); and second, observing and mapping the flâneur’s movements as a purposive interaction with the same fragment of the environment, but in the form of dérive (observation of the movement by the means of movement). The end of the observation in movement was to focus on the flâneur’s movements and to depict his route through the observable details of the spatial/social order of the environment.
Added: Oct 22, 2014
Working paper
Piskunova N. African Horn: Security Challenged. 111. The Edwin Mellen Press, 2014
This monograph  reviews key challenges to security in the region of North-East Africa, specifically in the area of the African Horn region. The issues discussed in this book, include the problems of soft security in this region, namely the problem of democratic transitions and hybrid regimes, terrorism and radicalization of muslim organizations, foreign policy issues and conflict between Ethiopia and Eritrea in 1998-2000, issue of state failure in Somalia and other related issues.
Added: May 6, 2014
Working paper
Vinogradov A. Working Papers of Humanities. WP. Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2013. No. WP BRP 31/HUM/2013.
The Acts of Andrew and Matthias contains in a not evident form a feast cycle, which could represent a liturgical practice of the 4th c.-community where the Acts were written. Three days of Andrew’s torments could be linked with Holy Wednesday, Holy Thursday and Good Friday. They are preceded by 27 or 28 days, i.e., 4 weeks of grief and some kind of fast. Andrew’s torments are followed by his miraculous healing that could be compared to Resurrection and Easter. After it Andrew is most likely to have baptized the cannibals ; it reminds one of an ancient tradition of single baptism on Holy Saturday. Finally Andrew has to remain in the city for seven more days ; together with the day of baptism they form those eight days for neophytes’ confirmation before ablutions and at the same time complete the Octave of Easter, that ends with taking baptismal cloths off the neophytes. Andrew’s departure could also be compared with Ascension that was linked with While Sunday. A liturgical circle could be seen on a lower level as well in ch. 2–3 : Matthias’ prayer – Christ’s admonition with citation of the Gospel – «peace be with you» – Matthias’ exclamation – singing of Psalms.
Added: May 15, 2013
Working paper
Olga V. Klimova. Basic research program. WP BRP. National Research University Higher School of Economics, 2016. No. 135/HUM/2016.
This study will introduce and examine the work of Sugita Genpaku - "A monologue about foreign ships ("Yaso:dokuwa") - valuable historical document that introduces the reaction of the Japanese government to the expedition of Khvosotv and Davidov to Sakhalin in 1806-1807. It was written in the begiining of the 19th century, the period which is believed to be a turning point in the early Russo-Japanese relationship, when Russia began to be percieved as a major dangerous ebemy.
Added: Nov 28, 2016
Working paper
Bessmertnaya O. Basic research program. WP BRP. National Research University Higher School of Economics, 2017. No. 158/HUM/2017.
The paper discusses constructing various versions of Muslim identity by politically opposite actors, the government and Muslim activists, involved in ‘placing’ Muslims in modernizing late-imperial Russia. The problem is approached through the extreme case of M.-B. Hadjetlaché (ca 1870-1929), a baptized Jew reinventing himself as Circassian and Muslim and as such working as a State agent against Muslim opposition and vice versa. His strategies of deceit and reasons to trust him in different cultural and political milieus reveal reciprocal and often shared Orientalisms of the ‘regimes of truth’ defining the processes under study.
Added: Nov 15, 2017
Working paper
Anton Afanasiev. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2017
This study aims to present that A.V. Mikhailov’s historical method is systematic. Special attention is given to historical-anthropological dimension of the A. V. Mikhailov's theory of baroque. The article shows that Mikhailov's historical anthropology should be viewed as a constitutive part of his “Kulturwissenschaft”, opposed both to the literary science and to the positivist historiography by means of commitment to historize human sciences (the notion of «new historiсism»).
Added: Oct 20, 2017
Working paper
Churilova E., Zakharov S. V. Working Papers. SSRN, 2017
The collapse of the USSR and structural changes in society gave rise to family and marriage transformations in Russia and other post-Soviet countries of Eastern Europe. Estonia is among the examples of rapid marriage transformation and the spread of cohabitations and extramarital births. At the same time, throughout the post-war era Estonia accepted Russian migrants. Studies show that the adaptation of the Russian population in Estonia proceeds slowly, and that patterns of matrimonial behavior among the Russian migrants and their descendants in Estonia are closer to patterns of ethnic Russians in Russia. In this study, the Generation and Gender Survey data for Russia (2004) and Estonia (2005) were used to analyze the prevalence of first and second childbirths in first and higher-order unions and the determinants of fertility after repartnering among the Russian and Estonian populations in Estonia and Russians in Russia. We consider the impact of partners’ age and parenthood status at the beginning of higher-order unions, as well as social variables (e.g. education, type of settlement and ethnicity).  The results show that the contribution of higher-order unions to total fertility increased significantly in all studied populations. However, first childbirths in high-order unions are rare among both the Russians and the Estonians, second births after repartnering are more widespread among Russians in Russia. Divorces and separations significantly increase the interval between first and second births, but there is no difference in time interval duration between the three considered population groups. The determinants of childbearing among Russians in Russia and Estonia in higher-order unions are very similar: they are the age of women, the type of habitation and the initial nature of the union. The effect of the parenthood status and marriage cohort is individual for each population group: in Russia, if a male partner has no child(ren) from previous relationships, the couple has a higher chance of having a mutual child. The probability of childbearing after repartnering significantly increased in 1990-1999 in Estonia.
Added: Mar 5, 2018
Working paper
Alferova N., Tarasenko A. V. Working Papers of Humanities. WP. Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2015
Throughout history Chinese artistic culture has developed a fairly complex system of diverse art forms and styles. Chinese export art, being created particularly to satiate constantly growing appetite of the Western world for Chinese goods, holds a specific place among them. In spite of being considered as insignificant in terms of artistic merits, nevertheless, Chinese export painting succeeded to cover a modest segment in the European market in the XVIII – XIX centuries. Unlike most other types of Chinese decorative and applied arts, Chinese export painting until recently has never been taken as a subject of scientific research. The collection of the National Library of Russia possesses a number of Chinese painting albums. Comprehensive study of these art works might bridge lacunas for research of other multitudinous kinds of Chinese export arts and crafts of the XVIII-XIX centuries.
Added: Dec 4, 2015
Working paper
Самутина Н. В. Гуманитарные исследования. WP6. Высшая школа экономики, 2008. № 01.
This article is a part of collective pro ject which investigates the notion of “classics” and shows how it functions in contempor ary humanities and cultural practices. The author analyses the construction of nor ms in cinema (as cultural institute and mass communication medium) and accents the strategies of spectator ’s reception. Fro m sociologist’s point of view, we can’t use the notion of “classics” to describe cinema, as we do with art and literature: cinema is a part of mass culture, it work s as universal, anti-traditionalist and easily accessible medium, and it’s character contradicts the main sense of notion “classics”. But the common sense usage and the constructions of cult and classics in cinema made by or dinary spectator s work as impor tant cultural symptoms — first of all, the symptoms of histor ical thinking in cinema mechanism itself. These pro cesses of creating classics by common reception in or der to preserve a gap between different gro ups of images can be seen first in genre classics, and second in classical Hollywoo d cinema, as this notion is applied by or dinary spectator s. The author shows the impor tance of the notion of “cult movies” for contempor ary cinema studies methodology and compares cult cinema and cinema classics as two influential and insufficiently understoo d strategies of reception.
Added: Mar 24, 2013
Working paper
Fedyukin I., Gabdrakhmanov S. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2014
This study employs a unique database covering 2,293 cadets who graduated from the Noble Land Cadet Corps in St Petersburg from 1732 – 1762 to investigate the role of cultural capital in early modern Russia. Our analysis suggests that within this sample cultural capital was negatively correlated with wealth, but positively with father’s rank within the state service. At the corps itself, wealth and social status of families did not directly affect the success of their sons. The only significant factor of success at this school (promotion to a particular rank at graduation) was the family’s access to “Western” education and cultural skills. The results indicate the state was able to create an institutional framework where the possession of new “imported” knowledge and social skills gave the holder a measurable advantage over his peers. This could be considered one of the mechanisms which contributed to the sustainability of the cultural and social regime created by Peter I.
Added: Aug 20, 2014
Working paper
Savelieva I. M. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2013. No. 13/HUM/2013.
The paper analyzes the objects, concepts and methods of cultural history / histoire culturelle / Kulturgeschichte / kulturnaya istoriya, a modern historical subdiscipline that exists in different national historiographical traditions. This subdiscipline’s objects of study, such as social institutions, social networks, daily interactions, childhood, cultural memory, corporality, etc., lie in a borderland. Therefore, the paper focuses on interdisciplinary interaction in relation to history and raises the question of the institutional boundaries of disciplines.
Added: Mar 4, 2013
Working paper
Iserov A. A. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2015. No. WP BRP 115/HUM/2015.
This research is devoted to the comparison of the declarations of independence of the United States and Spanish American nations. For the first time in historiography the exhaustive list of Spanish American declarations of independence is compiled. The questions risen by this attempted comparison lead to a reconsideration of the main problems of the New World independence movements and in the final account, to the discussion of a nature of the British and the Spanish colonial societies in Americas, and thus do not have clear and final answers.
Added: Mar 15, 2016
Working paper
Pogorelov M. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2016. No. 139.
The article examines the role of degeneration theory in Russian medical and public discourses at the turn of the 20th century. Drawing on a wide range of historiography and primary sources, including archival records and medical writings, the article aims to outline different contexts of the concept’s usages: from rhetorical idioms to “scientific”, clinical and instrumental applications. Then, it seeks how psychiatrists defined the category of “socially dangerous” and tried to modify the existed institutional and legal framework. This focus could explain degeneration theory influence on social policy and the late imperial institutional system.
Added: Jan 18, 2017
Working paper
Vladimir V. Fayer. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2012. No. 11.
This study questions a widespread opinion that Alexandrian scholars did not influence Homeric vulgate (or at least did not influence it substantially), because the overwhelming majority of their readings was  absent from the manuscript tradition of  The  Iliad. This opinion is based on the calculations of Alexandrian readings made by Thomas W. Allen, and they are demonstrably  in need of revision. If we also take into account not-attested Aristarchean readings that are cited in Martin L. West’s edition of The  Iliad,  there will  be a strong tendency for them to agree with vulgate variants.  All those  adjustments  may  seriously affect  the proportion of Aristarchus–vulgate discrepancies. Moreover, it is not impossible that our vulgate is generally identical to the Aristarchean edition of The Iliad.
Added: Jan 17, 2013
Working paper
Gusejnov G. Arbeitsheft der Forschungsstelle Osteuropa № 12. Рабочие тетради Исследовательского центра Восточной Европы в Бремене. Forschungsstelle Osteuropa and der Uni Bremen, 1996
Added: Apr 17, 2013
Working paper
Vishlenkova E. A. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2013. No. 29.
  This article is a reconstruction of archival policies pursued by Russian universities in the nineteenth century and their effects. By comparing ‘old’ and ‘new’ archive inventories, archivists’ records and ministerial instructions, Elena Vishlenkova detects sets of documents that were destroyed in the ministerial and university archives. Furthermore, the author explains the logic of keeping certain types of documents and assigning them specific addresses within the archives. The study explains the contradictions that exist in the source evidence as well as in researchers’ conclusions, and presents hitherto unknown aspects of the university culture in the Russian Empire.
Added: May 15, 2013
Working paper
Belkovich R. Law. LAW. Высшая школа экономики, 2013
Traditional ideas sometimes turn into revolutionary ones because of changing circumstances in which they continue to exist. Their revolutionary appearance, however, might be intentionally accentuated by the new followers of these ideas. Consequently, a legitimate and respectable tradition of thought becomes marginal and ridiculed. It is an aim of the history of political thought then to reveal the true origins of these ideas. This paper focuses on one such case, namely, the equitable commerce theory of the first American anarchist Josiah Warren. The study seeks to show that the novel character of this theory is overestimated and that an essentially conservative idea of just price lies in the foundation of the whole American anarchist movement.
Added: May 14, 2013
Working paper
Shilnikova I. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2013. No. 23/HUM/2013.
This paper examines the main measures taken to stimulate textile workers during the years of “War Communism” and the New Economic Policy and identifies the dynamics of the roles of the main elements of the labour stimulation system (compensation, coercion, and commitment). We discover what stimuli proved to be the most efficient during “War Communism” and the New Economic Policy. We analyse whether there was succession in the industrial labour stimulation system in pre-revolutionary (1880-1914) and Soviet (1918-1929) Russia and how actively Soviet managers employed the best practices of the pre-revolutionary factory administration. This paper also analyses the question of new practices introduced in the changing political and socio-economic circumstances. This paper is mainly based on archival sources.
Added: May 3, 2013
Working paper
Afanasieva A. E. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2017. No. WP BRP 145/HUM/2017.
A series of plague outbreaks that occurred in the Kazakh steppe between 1899 and 1910s, with several thousand people dead, made the region a focus of medical, state and public attention of the period. The epidemics initiated a wide-scale research on the ways of life and conditions of living of the local population, resulting in the largest amount of texts ever written on the Kazakh steppe. The region turned into an arena of cutting-edge medical research performed by the leading bacteriologists of Russia, whose findings played an important role in the development of plague epidemiology worldwide. This paper concentrates on both the scope of the measures undertaken by Russian medical administration to control the disease, and the range of explanatory theories produced by the doctors in their attempts to identify the cause of the recurrent epidemic and provide the means of its eradication.
Added: Apr 11, 2017
Working paper
Ilyin M., Khavenson T., Meleshkina E. Y. et al. Political Science. PS. Высшая школа экономики, 2012. No. 03.
Stateness is the capacity of the state to exercise its fundamental functions. The collapse of the socialist system prompted the former USSR countries to „re-invent‟ their stateness. The paper focuses on factors that impede or smooth stateness transformations in post-socialist countries. First, the paper examines internal and external factors of state formation in our selected countries. Next, it introduces empirical research vehicles and empirical findings that present alternative patterns of stateness and outcomes of state formation. The paper concludes with a detailed review of certain cases that may be considered prototypes of state formation for the post-Soviet countries.
Added: Aug 27, 2012
Working paper
Yatsyk S. Working Papers of Humanities. WP. Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2014. No. WP BRP 74/HUM/2014.
William, Ninth Duke of Aquitaine (1071-1127) was one of the most powerful feudal lords of his day. Probably inspired by the intricate verse forms he discovered in Arabic Spain and Syria, he seems to have created the first troubadour lyrics (in his own words, “a chansoneta nueva” (new song), “un vers ... totz mesclatz d'amor e de joy e de joven” (a verse ... all mixed with love and joy and youth)). The fact that he shared courtly values and behaved himself has never been called in question in historiography. The cornerstone problem of this research is as follows: how and for what reason did William apply the specific feudal formulas in his poetry. In his canzones one can face a number of turns which were then recorded by later troubadours and became a kind of clichés displaying the ceremonies practiced in the South French society and connected to the formation of feudal system, especially to relations between vassal and his lord
Added: Nov 20, 2014