Winning by Losing: Incentive Incompatibility in Multiple Qualifiers
This study is devoted to the consideration of the peculiarities of organizational leadership research. The researches of leadership in organizations are often aimed at revealing the relationships between power and leadership, the influence of different leadership styles on organizational successfulness which can be connected both with production and employees. In every research definite leadership styles and particular aspects of organizational successfulness are selected. The effectiveness of a leadership style is determined by different situational factors. Methods which can be relevant for organizational leadership research are observed in this study.
Лидерство, организационное лидерство, организация, Власть, СОЦИОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ ИССЛЕДОВАНИЯ, МЕТОДЫ, Leadership, organizational leadership, Organization, Power, Sociological research, relevant methods
In this paper we deal with mathematical modeling of team sport games based on cellular automata (CA). We describe some developments of CA models of football. Presumable learning and optimization problems in team modeling based on CA are discussed. Some general problems are discussed which are related to the accounting of mentality of game participants.
The tutorial discusses the current state , interdisciplinary relations and promising areas of research , developed a new applied-scientific discipline - organizational psychology. Methodical approaches and complex psychological techniques used in solving organizational diagnosis , the provision of advice, when evaluating staff , conducting training and procedures to support the mental health professionals. The content of the textbook prepared on the basis of training programs designed to meet the requirements of a new generation of state educational standards of professional education in the Russian Federation , operating in the field of training of psychologists in specializations " Organizational Psychology " and " Organizational Consulting ." Recommended for students, graduate and post-graduate students enrolled in institutions of higher education and psychological profile in related specialties , as well as for executives, management specialists , employees, employment agencies , services for Personnel and retraining in enterprises.
A celebrated result in the theory of tournaments is that relative performance evaluation (tournaments) is a superior compensation method to absolute performance evaluation (piece rate contracts) when the agents are risk-averse, the principal is risk- neutral or less risk-averse than the agents and production is subject to common shocks that are large relative to the idiosyncratic shocks. This is because tournaments get closer to the first best by filtering common uncertainty. This paper shows that, sur- prisingly, tournaments are superior even when agents are liquidity constrained so that transfers to them cannot fall short of a predetermined level. The rationale is that, by providing insurance against common shocks through a tournament, payments to the agents in unfavorable states increase and payments in favorable states decrease which enables the principal to satisfy tight liquidity constraints for the agents without pay- ing any ex ante rents to them, while simultaneously providing higher-power incentives than under piece rates. The policy implication of our analysis is that firms should adopt relative performance evaluation over absolute performance evaluation regardless of whether the agents are liquidity (wealth) constrained or not
The article examines the problems of delegation of public powers of authority to self-regulated organizations: public powers of authority which may be delegated, spheres of state administration, where delegation of powers is not allowed, validity of control over realization of delegated powers in all cases of such delegation and responsibility of the state for the acts of private persons who exercise public powers of authority.
The chapter briefly cover the history of the formation and maintenance of the modern concept of "organization", the existing theoretical concepts of the organization are viewed through the prism of images of organization and images of human-worker, the importance of a systematic approach to the analysis of the organization for a psychologist is stressed.ор
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.