Winning by Losing: Incentive Incompatibility in Multiple Qualifiers
This is the first fundamental textbook on the problems of regulation football. It introduced the concept of football law as the latest substructure of sports law and part of the legal system. The author generalized, systematized and commented the existing legal base in the field of football. The practice of application of regulations is analyzed, areas of improvement is identified. The experience of football relations regulation in foreign countries is analyzed. For students, graduate students and teachers of economics, jurisprydence and physical cultura schools and faculties, researchers, sports managers and sports agents, legal specialists, employees of sports organizations and the relevant governing bodies, athletes, coaches, referees and sports doctors, to all citizens engaged in physical culture and sports.
This study is devoted to the consideration of the peculiarities of organizational leadership research. The researches of leadership in organizations are often aimed at revealing the relationships between power and leadership, the influence of different leadership styles on organizational successfulness which can be connected both with production and employees. In every research definite leadership styles and particular aspects of organizational successfulness are selected. The effectiveness of a leadership style is determined by different situational factors. Methods which can be relevant for organizational leadership research are observed in this study.
Лидерство, организационное лидерство, организация, Власть, СОЦИОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ ИССЛЕДОВАНИЯ, МЕТОДЫ, Leadership, organizational leadership, Organization, Power, Sociological research, relevant methods
In this paper we deal with mathematical modeling of team sport games based on cellular automata (CA). We describe some developments of CA models of football. Presumable learning and optimization problems in team modeling based on CA are discussed. Some general problems are discussed which are related to the accounting of mentality of game participants.
A celebrated result in the theory of tournaments is that relative performance evaluation (tournaments) is a superior compensation method to absolute performance evaluation (piece rate contracts) when the agents are risk-averse, the principal is risk- neutral or less risk-averse than the agents and production is subject to common shocks that are large relative to the idiosyncratic shocks. This is because tournaments get closer to the first best by filtering common uncertainty. This paper shows that, sur- prisingly, tournaments are superior even when agents are liquidity constrained so that transfers to them cannot fall short of a predetermined level. The rationale is that, by providing insurance against common shocks through a tournament, payments to the agents in unfavorable states increase and payments in favorable states decrease which enables the principal to satisfy tight liquidity constraints for the agents without pay- ing any ex ante rents to them, while simultaneously providing higher-power incentives than under piece rates. The policy implication of our analysis is that firms should adopt relative performance evaluation over absolute performance evaluation regardless of whether the agents are liquidity (wealth) constrained or not
The article examines the problems of delegation of public powers of authority to self-regulated organizations: public powers of authority which may be delegated, spheres of state administration, where delegation of powers is not allowed, validity of control over realization of delegated powers in all cases of such delegation and responsibility of the state for the acts of private persons who exercise public powers of authority.
The chapter briefly cover the history of the formation and maintenance of the modern concept of "organization", the existing theoretical concepts of the organization are viewed through the prism of images of organization and images of human-worker, the importance of a systematic approach to the analysis of the organization for a psychologist is stressed.ор
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.