Diachronic Dialectal Classification of Mansi: Evidence from Basic Vocabulary
Easy Chair , 2022. No. 9012.
This paper deals with diachronic classification of Mansi dialect groups based on new resources. The previous research on this data was focused on highlighting the phonetic isoglosses between the discovered dialects, so now it is possible to compare the results based on phonetics with the results gained from lexicostatistics. This research aims to define the dialect groups of Mansi from the 18th to 21st centuries, based on the lists of basic vocabulary, using new expeditional and archival data published on the linguistic platform LingvoDoc and field materials gathered by the author. As a result, for the first time, lists were compiled of the basic vocabulary of seven archival and three contemporary dictionaries that became known to researchers in recent years, an appropriate questionnaire was also completed by a native speaker of Sosva Mansi. Judging by a comparison with the 19th century data, the most distinctive dialect group is North Mansi, as it has retained many features from the 18th century. Other dialect groups have not been so stable. In the late 18th century there were dialects of the Perm province, although not homogenous enough as a group, and out of them the Kungur and Solikamsk dialects were closer to the Tavda (southern) dialect, which is known from recordings from the 19th-20th century. The eastern dialects disappeared at the beginning of the 21st century. Judging by the data obtained from the last native speakers, the Yukonda (eastern) dialect shared 93% of basic vocabulary with the northern dialects.
, Вестник угроведения 2021 Т. 11 № 2 С. 338-346
Introduction. This paper deals with diachronic classification of Mansi dialect groups based on the new resources. The previous research on this data was focused on highlighting the phonetic isoglosses between the discovered dialects, so now it is possible to compare the results based on phonetics with the results gained from lexicostatistics. Objective of this paper is ...
Added: October 19, 2021
, , Altalanos Nyelveszeti Tanulmanyok 2018 No. 30 P. 207-232
This paper presents an overview of Hill Mari participles, their verbal and nominal features, temporal characteristics, morphological and syntactic restrictions, and most common syntactic functions. It further describes the participial paradigm in the language and the main oppositions it is based on. Further, it discusses the relativizing capacity of participles and examines the cases of competition ...
Added: November 20, 2018
, Annual Review of Linguistics 2021 Vol. 7 P. 351-369
Recent progress in comparative linguistics, distributional typology, and linguistic geography allows a unified model of Uralic prehistory to take shape. Proto-Uralic first introduced an eastern grammatical profile to central and western Eurasia, where it has remained quite stable. Proto-Indo-European and Proto-Uralic had no connection, either genealogical or areal, until the spreading Indo-Iranian branch of Indo-European ...
Added: December 10, 2020
, , Linguistica Uralica 2019 Vol. 55 No. 2 P. 81-108
The main goal of this paper is compiling the Swadesh lists for five Finnic varieties: Votic, Estonian, Finnish, and the Soikkola and Lower Luga dialects of the Ingrian language. The lists are compiled using the methodology developed by the Moscow School of Comparative Linguistics. The meaning of the target words is specified not just with ...
Added: June 19, 2019
, , Шаги/Steps 2015 С. 208-214
One of the most important issues in modern historical linguistics is that of verifcation of hypotheses of deep level relationship between various linguistic families. Most noncontroversial theories of genetic relationship do not deal with time depths that surpass 5 or 6 thousand years ago, and the classic comparative method is often found insuffcient to reliably ...
Added: October 21, 2017
, / Easy Chair. Series code "EasyChair preprints". 2022. No. 8989.
Nowadays there is a trend for compiling cross-linguistic databases on semantic shifts (DatSemShift 2.0) and colexifications (CLICS), as it serves objectives of typological studies and provides vast data for comparative studies. However, there are no such cross-linguistic databases for diachronic semantic shifts that would describe shifts from a proto-language meaning to the meaning in descendant ...
Added: October 5, 2022
, Utrecht : LOT, 2014
This dissertation analyzes the reflexivity patterns in Uralic languages from the point of view of a minimalist approach to binding. The languages under consideration are five Uralic languages spoken in the Russian Federation: Meadow Mari, Komi-Zyrian, Khanty, Besermyan Udmurt, and Erzya. The empirical data were compiled during fieldwork, and are used to test and assess ...
Added: October 26, 2014
СПб. : Наука, 2015
Настоящий том включает преимущественно работы, написанные на основе докладов, сделанных в рамках конференции "Редкие и уникальные явления в языках народов Российской Федерации" ...
Added: October 11, 2015
, Amsterdamer Beiträge zur älteren Germanistik 2014 Vol. 71 P. 262-264
This review discusses the new German edition of Viktor M. Schirmunski's "German Dialectology", which is a seminal work in German language studies. ...
Added: March 13, 2016
, , Linguistica Uralica 2022 Vol. 58 No. 2 P. 132-145
This article describes the linguistic situation among the Ivdel (Upper Lozʹva) Mansi, a small community residing mostly in the north of the Sverdlosvk region in Russia. The Ivdel Mansi dialect is actively used by speakers of all generations, while other Northern Mansi dialects (and most other indigenous languages of Northern Siberia) are spoken almost exclusively ...
Added: October 26, 2022
, Journal of Language Relationship 2020 Vol. 18 No. 2 P. 111-125
The paper continues the authorʼs efforts to build up a lexicostatistical basis for the hypothesis of a genetic relationship between several African language groups and families collectively known as «East Sudanic». Here, on the basis of lexical comparison between core basic vocabularies, I argue that the small Nyimang language group of the Nuba Mountains is ...
Added: October 30, 2020
, , , The Journal of Indo-European Studies 2015 Vol. 43 No. 3/4 P. 301-347
In this paper we discuss the results of an automated compari-son between two 50-item groups of the most generally stable elements on the so-called Swadesh wordlist as reconstructed for Proto-Indo-European and Proto-Uralic. Two forms are counted as potentially related if their first two consonantal units, transcribed in simplified consonantal class notation (a rough variant of ...
Added: October 21, 2017
, / National Research University Higher School of Economics. Series WP BRP "Basic research program". 2017. No. 54.
It is generally assumed that the syntactic structure of participial relative clauses is impoverished, “reduced” in comparison to that of regular RCs (see a. o. Burzio 1981; Chomsky 1981; Hazout 2001; Siloni 1995; Stowell 1981). Participial RCs are often analysed as VP-like structures (for some, embedded under a nominalizing node, Doron & Reintges 2005; Hazout ...
Added: April 15, 2017
, Русская речь 2016 № 3 С. 119-124
Rus. кутёнок ʻpuppyʼ, dial. кутя ʻpuppyʼ, ʻchickenʼ are traditionally acknowledged as onomatopoeic words. The article offers the following amendment: кутя ʻchicken, henʼ has onomatopoeiс roots, whereas кутя ʻpuppyʼ (Proto-Slavic *kutę) derives from Proto-Slavic *kutiti to care, to guardʼ. ...
Added: October 24, 2014
Chinese basic lexicon from a diachronic perspective: implications for lexicostatistics and glottochronology
, Journal of Language Relationship 2019 Vol. 17 No. 2 P. 153-176
In this paper, I attempt to compare the relative rates of replacement of basic vocabulary items (from the 100-item Swadesh list) over four specific checkpoints in the history of the Chinese language: Early Old Chinese (as represented by documents such as The Book of Songs), Classic Old Chinese, Late Middle Chinese (represented by the language ...
Added: August 20, 2019
Первая конференция по уральским, алтайским и палеоазиатским языкам. Памяти А. П. Володина. Тезисы докладов международной научной конференции. Санкт-Петербург 6—8 декабря 2018 г.
СПб. : Институт лингвистических исследований РАН, 2018
Тезисы докладов международной научной конференции "Первая конференция по уральским, алтайским и палеоазиатским языкам. Памяти А. П. Володина". Конференция прошла в Санкт-Петербурге 6—8 декабря 2018 г. ...
Added: December 11, 2018
СПб. : Издательство Нестор-История, 2015
В сборник статей, издаваемый к 150-летию со дня рождения академика Алексея Александровича Шахматова (1864–1920), вошли исследования, посвященные жизни и творчеству ученого, а также статьи по современным проблемам тех направлений истории и филологии, развитие которых во многом определили его труды: изучение русского летописания, история русского языка, русская грамматика, русская диалектология, лексикология и лексикография. Сборник предназначен для ...
Added: October 18, 2016
, Journal of Language Relationship 2016 Vol. 14 No. 4 P. 293-302
Proto-Khanty is traditionally reconstructed with a retroflex nasal phoneme *ṇ, whose origin remains disputed. According to one theory, it is directly inherited from Proto-Uralic. The other theory holds that Proto-Uralic *n, usually preserved as *n in Khanty, sporadically yielded *ṇ. We argue that Proto-Khanty *ṇ results from a regularly conditioned sound change. ...
Added: October 2, 2018
, , Вестник угроведения 2022 Т. 12 № 1 С. 185-197
Introduction: the article describes the linguistic situation among the Ivdel (Upper Lozva) Mansi people, a small community residing mostly in the North of the Sverdlovsk Oblast in Russia. The Ivdel Mansi dialect is actively used by speakers of all generations, while other Mansi dialects are spoken almost exclusively by elderly and middle-aged people. The degree ...
Added: October 26, 2022
In The Precursors of Proto-Indo-European some of the world’s leading experts in historical linguistics shed new light on two hypotheses about the prehistory of the Indo-European language family, the so-called Indo-Anatolian and Indo-Uralic hypotheses. The Indo-Anatolian hypothesis states that the Anatolian branch of the Indo-European family should be viewed as a sister language of ‘classical’ Proto-Indo-European, the ...
Added: November 19, 2019
M. Miestamo, A. Tamm, B. Wagner-Nagy (eds.). Negation in Uralic languages. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 2015.
, Вопросы языкознания 2017 № 6 С. 131-139
В статье описываются основные стратегии отрицания в уральских языках, наиболее известной из которых является сочетание отрицательного глагола и смыслового глагола в форме коннегатива. Отдельно рассматривается стандартное и нестандартное отрицание, уделяется внимание влиянию отрицания на выражение грамматических категорий, периферийным отрицательным показателям и конструкциям, неопределенным местоимениям и наречиям в отрицательных предложениях. Работа представляет собой рецензию на сборник ...
Added: October 6, 2017
, , , Slovo a Slovesnost 2016 Vol. 77 No. 4 P. 392-415
The paper presents a brief assessment of “Nostratic” – the controversial, but promising hypothesis on deeper linguistic connections of the Indo-European family, as envisaged by Vladislav Illich-Svitych and his contemporaries (particularly Aharon Dolgopolsky). We discuss some of the most important developments of the theory since the 1960s, and explain how emphasis on “quantity over quality” ...
Added: October 9, 2018
, , Linguistica Uralica 2021
This article describes the linguistic situation among the Ivdel (Upper Lozʹva) Mansi, a small community residing mostly in the north of the Sverdlosvk region in Russia. The Ivdel Mansi dialect is actively used by speakers of all generations, while other Northern Mansi dialects (and most other indigenous languages of Northern Siberia) are spoken almost exclusively by elderly and middle-aged ...
Added: December 6, 2021
Open Book Publishers, 2021
The Neo-Aramaic dialects are modern vernacular forms of Aramaic, which has a documented history in the Middle East of over 3,000 years. Due to upheavals in the Middle East over the last one hundred years, thousands of speakers of Neo-Aramaic dialects have been forced to migrate from their homes or have perished in massacres. As ...
Added: October 19, 2020