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Working paper

Системы обмена

Биггарт Н., Делбдриж Р.
In recent years organization theorists have developed an interest in the organ ization of exchange, not just the organization of firms. Unsatisfied with the abstract conceptualization of markets used by mainstream economics, organization theorists have developed two important alternative conceptualizations:markets as social structures and markets as cultural arenas. Although representing alternative perspectives on the market, we believe all three approaches contribute to our understanding of the organization of exchange. In this paper we use insights from each in order to develop a classification scheme of systems of exchange, of which the «free market» is but one type. This classifi cation helps to distinguish analytically between qualitatively different types of exchange arrangements and suggests bases from which to develop theories about the organization of markets and exchange systems of various types.