Межфирменная мобильность молодых работников на российском рынке труда
The article analyses the determinants of job mobility of young workers on the Russian labor market as well as the impact of high level of job mobility on future wages. The analysis is based on the data of the Russia Longitudinal Monitoring Survey (RLMS) for 2000–2010. The results show that mobility decreases as the person ages; more educated young workers change their jobs more often than less educated ones. The estimations also show that 1 or 2 moves during 4 years (compared to zero moves) positively affect future wages, whereas 3 moves during 4 years do not have significant impact on it.
The principal result of this research is that the valuable skills have a negative and significant effect on alcohol abuse. We found that a higher professional level is consistent with a stronger negative relationship between earnings and alcohol-related behaviors and problems. The explanation of the result is proposed in that the pecuniary losses imposed on an individual by alcohol-related physical inability are positively conditioned by the valuable skills.
Article gives a characteristics of workforce and examines principals and approaches to development of it s innovation in modern conditions.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.