Normative study of 500 general-knowledge for true-false questions in Russian
fqy42 , 2021.
A little bias goes a long way: The effects of feedback on the strategic regulation of accuracy on formula-scored tests.
, , , Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 2013 Vol. 19 P. 383-402
Under formula-scoring rules for multiple-choice exams, a penalty is applied to incorrect responses to reduce noise in the observed score. To avoid the penalty individuals are allowed to “pass,” and therefore they must be able to strategically regulate the accuracy of their reporting by deciding which and how many questions to answer. To investigate the ...
Added: October 23, 2015
, , , The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology 2022 Vol. 75 No. 4 P. 730-741
Research on conversational pragmatics demonstrates how interlocutors tailor the information they share depending on the audience. Previous research showed that, in informal contexts, speakers often provide several alternative answers, whereas in formal contexts, they tend to give only a single answer; however, the psychological underpinnings of these effects remain obscure. To investigate this answer selection ...
Added: October 14, 2021
, , , Теоретическая и экспериментальная психология 2021 Т. 14 № 4 С. 49-65
The article provides an overview of modern theoretical concepts and empirical data on mental stability. It examines theoretical approaches to the study of this psychological construct, which allows you to overcome negative stressful circumstances. Various theoretical models of mental stability are presented, as well as various methods for measuring it. The relationship of mental stability ...
Added: May 31, 2022
, , Cognitive Processing 2013 Vol. 14 P. 347-356
The hypothesis that the retrieval of correct source memory cues, those leading to a correct source attribution, increases confidence, whereas the retrieval of incorrect source memory cues, those leading to a source misattribution, decreases confidence was tested. Four predictions were derived from this hypothesis: (1) confidence should be higher for correct than incorrect source attribution ...
Added: October 23, 2015
, , The European Journal of Psychology Applied to Legal Context 2010 Vol. 2 P. 55-71
Added: October 23, 2015
, , in : Contemporary Legal and Economic Issues II. : Osijek : Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek, 2009. P. 189-198.
According to the information from the 15th round of RLMS (Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey) the existence of law and order and fair courts are very important for Russian citizens. At the same time the considerable majority of Russian citizens do not trust the Government of the Russian Federation, the State Duma, Courts, Police etc. Some ...
Added: May 29, 2013
Communication as a discipline and as a field: Sharing experiences to construct a dialogue. Psychology of Self-disclosure in communicative dialogue.
, , M. : HSE, 2015
The phenomenon of self-disclosure can be considered at different levels of scientific exploration being approached either from the socio-psychological viewpoint or from the individually determined personal perspective, where the subject of openness may serve as an individual with his personal potential in the field of social communications, and social groups or corporations as well. At ...
Added: November 26, 2015
, , , Frontiers in Psychology 2023 Vol. 14 Article :1004524
Previous studies in conversational pragmatics have showed that the information people share with others heavily depends on the confidence they have in the correctness of a candidate answer. At the same time, different social contexts prompt different incentive structures, which set a higher or lower confidence criterion to determine which potential answer to report. In ...
Added: May 25, 2023
, , et al., PsyArXiv 2019 P. 1-16
Normative studies are needed to ensure adequate experimental control. Complex materials such as general-knowledge questions are specially critical because general knowledge can differ enormously from one country to another. In this study we aimed to normativize 500 general-knowledge questions in Russia. Currently there are banks of normative questions in several languages and countries, such as ...
Added: December 7, 2019
, , Социальная психология и общество 2015 Т. 6 № 2 С. 76-89
The paper presents outcomes of a research on the correlation between one's confidence in communication, self-attitude and his/her satisfaction with relationships with significant others. The tested hypothesis was that self-attitude and confidence are the interrelated characteristics of personality, with self-confidence as their common element, and that positive self-attitude and high levels of self-confidence in the ...
Added: February 24, 2015
, Вестник Южно-Уральского государственного университета. Серия: Социально-гуманитарные науки 2018 Т. 18 № 2 С. 89-94
In the article presents a sociological interpretation of the problem of the fall of confidence in the television institute. A set of methods is used: content analysis and discourse analysis of information programs of federal and regional TV channels; secondary analysis of the results of sociological research (both own author’s projects and the results of ...
Added: September 17, 2018
, , et al., , in : Neurobiology of Speech and Language. Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Neurobiology of Speech and Language. : St. Petersburg : Scifiya-print, 2020.
Added: May 30, 2022
, , , Consciousness and Cognition 2017 Vol. 54 P. 47-55
The magnitude of power in the alpha-band (8–13 Hz) of the electroencephalogram (EEG) prior to the onset of a near threshold visual stimulus predicts performance. Together with other findings, this has been interpreted as evidence that alpha-band dynamics reflect cortical excitability. We reasoned, however, that non-specific changes in excitability would be expected to influence signal and ...
Added: September 4, 2017
, , Applied Cognitive Psychology 2012 Vol. 26 P. 289-295
The confidence–accuracy relationship has primarily been studied through recognition tests and correlation analysis. However, cued recall is more ecological from a forensic perspective. Moreover, there may be more informative ways of analysing the confidence–accuracy relationship than correlations. In the present study, participants viewed a video of a bank robbery and were asked cued recall questions ...
Added: October 23, 2015
, , et al., Frontiers in Psychology 2020 Vol. 11 P. 545304
General knowledge varies from one country to another; therefore, the mere translation of knowledge-based experimental tools from one language to another is usually not enough. This is one of the conclusions that can be extracted from the results of the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA), a measure of the knowledge achieved by 15-year-olds. Over the years, this periodic measure ...
Added: September 21, 2020
, , Memory 2014 Vol. 22 P. 813-823
The objective was to examine whether the lower accessibility of studied items (Rp-) that follows retrieval practice with studied items from the same category (Rp+; retrieval-induced forgetting) is correctly monitored by our cognitive system. If monitored, lower confidence for Rp- items would be expected which, in turn, would allow the control of the retrieval-induced forgetting ...
Added: October 15, 2015
, В кн. : Психологические исследования. Вып. 3.: М. : Институт психологии РАН, 2008. С. 81-92.
В статье представлено теоретическое исследование подходов к пониманию психологической природы религиозной веры. Критически анализируются представления о религиозной вере как о когнитивном явлении, явлении эмоциональной сферы, феномене доверия к авторитету и др. Опираясь на философское различение религиозной веры как обладания идеей Бога (Р. Декарт) и жизненной связи с Богом (Б. Паскаль), а также ориентируясь на принцип ...
Added: October 11, 2021
, , Управленческое консультирование 2013 № 5 (23) С. 121-126
The article discusses the main aspects of the existence of confidence and mutual suspicion in the modern system of international relations. To study this phenomenon the authors resort to a review of the opposite variants of its manifestations — in conflict and full consent. The paper also attempts to link the phenomenon of confidence to ...
Added: October 20, 2015
, , Управление экономическими системами: электронный научный журнал 2013 № 12
The article contributes to behavioral financial economics a type of empirical research on possible occasions of animal spirit of confidence for the case of venture capitalists based on analysis of impulse response functions derived from corresponding autoregressions describing reaction of some proxies for investment optimism to their spontaneous shocks. For time series of venture capitalists’ ...
Added: March 28, 2015
, , Управление экономическими системами: электронный научный журнал 2013 № 1
Game-theoretic model of Minsky’s tension is proposed. This model illustrates logic of actions for potential sellers in the context of «animal spirit» of confidence realization and herding behavior for situation when sufficient mass of players has doubts about further market price rise in a period from the end of euphoria until the beginning of panic. ...
Added: March 28, 2015