Values and Attitudes towards Innovation among Canadian, Chinese and Russian Students
Sociology. SOC. Высшая школа экономики , 2012. No. 04/SOC/2012.
Lebedeva N., Schmidt P.
This study investigated relations of basic personal values to attitudes towards innovation among students in Russia, Canada, and Сhina. Participants completed a questionnaire that included the SVS measure of values (Schwartz, 1992) and a new measure of attitudes towards innovation (Lebedeva, Tatarko, 2009). There are significant cultural and gender-related differences in value priorities and innovative attitudes among the Canadian, Russian, and Chinese college students. As hypothesized, across the full set of participants, higher priority given to Opennes to change values (self-direction, stimulation) related to positive attitudes toward innovation whereas higher priority given to Conservation values (conformity, security) related negatively. This is compatible with the results reported by other researchers (Shane, 1992, 1995; Dollinger, Burke & Gump, 2007). There were, however, culture-specific variations in some of these associations, which may be explained by cultural differences in value priorities or meanings and in implicit theories of creativity and innovation. Applying the Multiple-Group Multiple Indicators Multiple Causes Model (MGMIMIC) (Muthen 1989) has shown that the type of Values-Innovation mediation is different in the three countries. Whereas in Russia and Canada the effects of gender and age are fully mediated by the values, this is not true for China, where a direct effect of gender on innovation was found. The cultural differences in values, implicit theories of innovation, and their consequences for attitudes to innovation and personal well-being is finally discussed.
, , Values and Attitudes Towards Innovation Among Canadian, Chinese and Russian Students / Университет Барселоны. Series WP5 "SEARCH Working Paper". 2013. No. WP5/08.
This study investigated relations of basic personal values to attitudes towards innovation among students in Russia, Canada, and China. Participants completed a questionnaire that included the SVS measure of values (Schwartz, 1992) and a new measure of attitudes towards innovation (Lebedeva, Tatarko, 2009). There were significant cultural and gender-related differences in value priorities and attitudes ...
Added: March 29, 2013
, , Values of Russians: the Dynamics and Relations towards Economic Attitudes / Высшая школа экономики. Series SOC "Sociology". 2012. No. 03/SOC/2012.
This study has reviewed theoretical and empirical studies of values and behavior. The results of the research of the dynamics of basic personal values of Russians from the Central Federal district from 1999 until 2010 and the relations of basic personal values to economic attitudes are presented. Dynamics of values are presented on the basis ...
Added: August 28, 2012
, Общественные науки и современность 2012 № 5 С. 25-40
The results of cross-cultural research of implicit theories of innovativeness among students and teachers, representatives of three ethnocultural groups: Russians, the people of the North Caucasus (Chechens and Ingushs) and Tuvinians (N=804) are presented. Intergroup differences in implicit theories of innovativeness are revealed: the ‘individual’ theories of innovativeness prevail among Russians and among the students, ...
Added: May 12, 2012
, , Implicit theories of innovativeness: a cross-cultural analysis / Высшая школа экономики. Series SOC "Sociology". 2013. No. 16.
This study reveals and examines cultural differences in values, implicit theories of innovativeness, and attitudes toward innovation across three ethnocultural groups: Russians, representatives of the peoples of North Caucasus (Ingush and Chechens), and Tuvins (N = 801). Individual theories of innovativeness appeared to be more pronounced in Russians, whereas social theories of innovativeness are more ...
Added: March 7, 2013
, , Implicit Theories of Innovativeness: a Cross-Cultural Analysis / Университет Барселоны. Series WP5 "SEARCH Working Paper". 2013. No. WP5/10.
This study revealed and examined cultural differences in values, implicit theories of innovativeness and attitudes to innovation across three ethnocultural groups: Russians, representatives of the peoples of North Caucasus (Ingush and Chechens), and Tuvins (N = 804). Individual theories of innovativeness appeared to be more pronounced in Russians; whereas social theories of innovativeness are more ...
Added: March 29, 2013
Does Milk Matter? Genetic Adaptation to Environment: The Effect of Lactase Persistence on Cultural Change
, Does Milk Matter? Genetic Adaptation to Environment: The Effect of Lactase Persistence on Cultural Change / Высшая школа экономики. Series SOC "Sociology". 2015.
Considering diet as often a product of adaptation to geographic environment, this paper suggests that not only amount of food (food abundance) is important, but what kind of foods people eat may also affect social change. One of the reasons for variation in diet is food intolerances as a result of adaptation to the environment. ...
Added: September 17, 2015
Clashing Values: Supranational Identities, Geopolitical Rivalry and Europe’s Growing Cultural Divide
, , Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology 2020 P. 1-23
Soon after the collapse of Soviet-type communism in Central and Eastern Europe, a new geopolitical division began to reshape the continent. Our study demonstrates that this newly emerging geopolitical divide has been underpinned by a corresponding cultural divergence, of which “emancipative values” are the most powerful marker. Using the European Values Study/World Values Survey 1990 ...
Added: September 21, 2020
, European Journal of Political Research 2019 Vol. 58 No. 2 P. 388-411
The European Union (EU) is considered to be a unique economic and political union that integrates most European countries. This article focuses on the cultural aspect of European integration, which has been increasingly debated over the course of deepening and widening integration and in the context of the legitimation crisis of the EU. Among the ...
Added: September 23, 2020
, The choice of interpretation as a problem of social epistemology / Basic Research Programme. Series HUM "Humanities". 2013. No. 19/HUM/2013.
Social epistemology is a set of attempts to assign a philosophical meaning to sociological studies of cognitive processes within their social context. These attempts are being made through competition of philosophical interpretations. The choice of interpretation is governed by the desire to bring value orientations of science in line with the challenges from a changing ...
Added: April 27, 2013
, Psychology. Journal of the Higher School of Economics 2016
Attitudes towards immigrants remain a relevant psychological outcome as they are related to prejudice, discrimination, and adaptation of migrants. Recent studies showed that basic human values could be used to explain considerable proportion of variance in attitudes towards immigrants and immigration. These studies reported that across cultural contexts the value dimension of self-transcendence is positively ...
Added: October 16, 2015
Интервью с Виктором Ни. Часть 2. Если социология хочет прогрессировать, она должна быть открыта для интеллектуального обмена с родственными дисциплинами
, Экономическая социология 2014 Т. 15 № 3 С. 11-23
В майском номере журнала «Экономическая социология» представлена вторая часть интервью с Виктором Ни (первая часть — «Для социологов особенно характерно стремление каждый раз изобретать концептуаль ную карту, которая по-новому расставляет акценты» — опубликована в мартовском выпуске; см.: Экономическая социология. 2014. 15 (2):11–21). Беседу провёл старший преподаватель кафедры экономической социоло гии НИУ ВШЭ Александр Куракин. В помещаемой теперь части интервью профессор Виктор Ни ...
Added: October 15, 2014
Horizontal and Vertical Gender Segregation in Russia—Changes upon Labour Market Entry before and after the Collapse of the Soviet Regime
, , , European Sociological Review 2015 Vol. 31 No. 5 P. 573-590
Using retrospective data from the Russian Education and Employment Survey, we examine labour market entry in Russia in terms of changes in horizontal gender segregation and vertical gender inequalities before and after the collapse of the Soviet regime in 1991. Our results provide evidence for horizontal gender segregation across branches of the economy among labour ...
Added: June 23, 2015
, Goteborg : University of Goteborg, 2011
The general aim of this thesis is to explore the gendered and classed nature of social work and social welfare in Russia to show how social policy can be a part of and reinforce marginalisation. The overall research question is in what ways class and gender are constructed in Russian social work practice and welfare ...
Added: February 28, 2013
, Свободная мысль 2015 № 4 С. 208-216
В рецензии осущеслён обзор элетронной публикации дневников А. Дмитриева - рабочего авиамоторного завода в г. Молотов. [О. Л. Лейбович, А. С. Кимерлинг и др. Дневник рабочего (III.1946 – XII.1955). Документальная публикация. Пермь: ПермГАНИ, 2014 (Электронный ресурс)] Особенности развития политических процессов в современной России способствуют поиску исторических и иных параллелей с периодом правления И. Сталина. Российская власть ...
Added: October 4, 2015
Материалы XVIII Международной конференции памяти профессора Л.Н. Когана «Культура, личность, общество в современном мире: методология, опыт эмпирического исследования» ISBN 978-5-91416-008-8
Екатеринбург : Уральский федеральный университет им. первого Президента России Б.Н. Ельцина, 2015
В сборник трудов вошли материалы XVIII Международной конференции памяти профессора Л.Н. Когана «Культура, личность, общество в современном мире: методология, опыт эмпирического исследования» ISBN 978-5-91416-008-8 ...
Added: February 26, 2016
, , Employee Relations 2020 Vol. 42 No. 1 P. 262-279
Purpose When a major Russian energy provider introduced a new technology that required organisational adjustment, the company’s management was surprised by the degree of internal resistance these changes provoked. The paper aims to discuss this issue. Design/methodology/approach The authors took reference to the work on readiness to change and studied how the future time perspective, which connects with ...
Added: January 9, 2020
, , Anthropology of East Europe Review 2012 Vol. 30 No. 2 P. 77-90
The purpose of this article is to analyze the features of a modern social movement from the perspective of social capital as a combination of knowledge, skills and social practices, existing and reproduced in social networks. First we will discuss the social and historical context of societies in the era of late socialism when the ...
Added: January 27, 2013
, Социологическое обозрение 2020 Т. 19 № 3 С. 167-231
Inequality is amongst the most fundamental and formidable social problems of modernity. It thus does not come as a surprise that it is a major theme that cuts through multiple areas of sociology. However, the major limitation of most social research on inequality is that its focus is often limited to the redistribution of resources, ...
Added: October 16, 2020
, Вестник Московского государственного лингвистического университета. Серия: Общественные науки 2017 № 3 (787) С. 115-124
Globalization is an immanent historical process of not unification but rapprochement of cultures, formation of a global civilization as a “federation” of local civilizations. However, the present historical time is characterized by especially intensive and irreversible globalization. Due to the appearance of postcolonial states and rapid growth of migrations from the “global South” to the ...
Added: May 28, 2018
Система "наука-технологии-инновации": методология, опыт, перспективы. Материалы Международной научно-практической конференции, г. Минск, 1 декабря 2016г. Минск, 2016.
Мн. : Центр системного анализа и стратегических исследований НАН Беларуси, 2016
Problematics of the International scientific-practical conference "Science-Technology-Innovation System": methodology, experience, prospects " (Minsk, December 1, 2016) is devoted to one of the most actual directions of social and economic policy in the Republic of Belarus - innovative development. In proceedings of the conference presented plenary talks and papers presented in three breakout sessions: "Current trends, models and ...
Added: February 13, 2018
, , Вестник Нижегородского университета им. Н.И. Лобачевского. Серия: Социальные науки 2009 № 1(14) С. 41-48
Analyzed campaigns of German and Russian sociologists to problems of values in transformed societies. The special attention is given to problems of values of the market and a place of youth in system of market relations. ...
Added: November 28, 2012
Culture and cognition: The Durkheimian principle of sui generis synthesis vs. cognitive-based models of culture
, American Journal of Cultural Sociology 2020 Vol. 8 No. 1 P. 63-89
Cultural sociology must catch up in taking seriously recent initiatives in the sociology of culture and cognition, represented by the works of Omar Lizardo, John Levi Martin, Stephen Vaisey, and others. However, aiming at progress in cultural analysis, these theories are partly driven by an epistemic logic alien to cultural theorizing, making the very concept ...
Added: October 14, 2019
Developing and evaluating the social axioms survey in eleven countries: Its relationship with the five-factor model of personality
, , et al., Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology 2012 Vol. 43 No. 5 P. 833-857
Based on a deductive, culturally decentered approach, new items were generated to improve the reliability of the original Social Axioms Survey, which measures individuals’ general beliefs about the world. In Study 1, results from 11 countries support the original five-factor structure and achieve higher reliability for the axiom dimensions as measured by the new scale. ...
Added: November 16, 2012
Материалы XXI Международной конференции памяти проф. Л.Н. Когана «Культура, личность, общество в современном мире: методология, опыт эмпирического исследования»
Екатеринбург : Изд-во УрФУ, 2018
Added: March 26, 2018