The Advent of Grants: Personal Experiences of Grant-Based Funding in the 1990s Russia
In the book, the authors collected the richest history material from the funds of the regional, city and family archives of relatives and living witnesses to the formation of ambulance stations in Kostroma. History and memories can be interesting to doctors, historians, social activists and everyone involved in the history of the Ambulance station of Kostroma.
The paper contains attempt to develop theory which try to explain – in the Post Keynesian “spirit” – why can stagflation be inherent in the modern market advanced economy. The treatment of such economy as the “inside money economy” is very important. The author shows that stagflation is the inevitable feature of any recession in the inside money economy, when price-controlling firms try to avoid immediately the bankruptcies in the conditions of a “debt crisis", higher and/or rising interest rates and decrease in the aggregate demand. In other words, a recession in such economy is always a stagflation. The paper also shows that cyclical expansion together with redemption of debts by some firms and the bankruptcies of other firms can deliver the economy from stagflation, but only until the beginning of a next recession. All this reasoning can be very important in the current period of the 2007 – 2012 Global Financial Crisis.
The paper reviews the problem of Russian regions inequality and the mechanisms for its solving. To use only the minimum level of fiscal capacity as the main calculated indicator of the intergovernmental transfers is not effective. In the article there are suggestions for improving the system of intergovernmental relations and the perspectives to use the Investment Fund for smoothing regional disparities.
This paper proposes a method of allocation of grant funds within the scientific and academic groups. We consider the allocation process automation through the use of Internet technologies. The study was conducted on the basis of scientific and educational group «Theoretical Foundations of energy efficient wireless sensor networks», National Research University «Higher School of Economics».
In Chapter discusses the origins of oral history and the formation of oral history as a scientific direction. In addition to the Genesis of oral history in Western Europe and the USA, understand the basic stages and directions of development of the oral tradition in the USSR and modern Russia. It shows the specificity of oral sources, including rumors. Understanding the features of collecting and interpreting verbal materials.
The monograph is devoted to the oral history of the events of World War II. Eyewitness survivors of the dramatic events - from the Finnish Occupation of Soviet Karelia to the experienc of Ukrainian and Russian Ostarbaiters who worked in German labor camps, children in concentration camps, - represent the other side of the war, voiced not only by those who fought at the front, but also lived and worked at this difficult time.
This chapter is devoted to the foundation and first years of the oldest State university of the West: the studium generale of Naples, created, 1224, by the Hohenstaufen emperor Frederick II. The author analyses texts of the corresponding charters issued by the Magna curia, destinies of and works by the first eminent professors and students of this university, among them Thomas of Aquino.
Students' internet usage attracts the attention of many researchers in different countries. Differences in internet penetration in diverse countries lead us to ask about the interaction of medium and culture in this process. In this paper we present an analysis based on a sample of 825 students from 18 Russian universities and discuss findings on particularities of students' ICT usage. On the background of the findings of the study, based on data collected in 2008-2009 year during a project "A сross-cultural study of the new learning culture formation in Germany and Russia", we discuss the problem of plagiarism in Russia, the availability of ICT features in Russian universities and an evaluation of the attractiveness of different categories of ICT usage and gender specifics in the use of ICT.
The results of cross-cultural research of implicit theories of innovativeness among students and teachers, representatives of three ethnocultural groups: Russians, the people of the North Caucasus (Chechens and Ingushs) and Tuvinians (N=804) are presented. Intergroup differences in implicit theories of innovativeness are revealed: the ‘individual’ theories of innovativeness prevail among Russians and among the students, the ‘social’ theories of innovativeness are more expressed among respondents from the North Caucasus, Tuva and among the teachers. Using the structural equations modeling the universal model of values impact on implicit theories of innovativeness and attitudes towards innovations is constructed. Values of the Openness to changes and individual theories of innovativeness promote the positive relation to innovations. Results of research have shown that implicit theories of innovativeness differ in different cultures, and values make different impact on the attitudes towards innovations and innovative experience in different cultures.