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Working paper

Mapping fuel poverty risk at municipal level: a small scale analysis on Italian Energy Performance Certificates, Census and Survey data

"Marco Fanno" Working Papers 0252 . 0252. Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche "Marco Fanno"., 2020
Valbonesi P., Camboni R., Corsini A., Miniaci R.
We use the nearest neighbour propensity score matching to link dwellings holding Energy Performance Certificates (EPCs) in the Italian province of Treviso with information on the socio-economic characteristics of households most likely to inhabit them. We construct a database of 17,405 dwellings for which information on standardized energy needs is matched to data on (potential) inhabitants and their imputed income, based respectively on census records and survey data. Our analysis shows that EPC registers can be exploited to investigate how income and housing conditions affect fuel poverty and to identify municipal areas with higher fuel poverty risk. Our findings highlight that when designing interventions to reduce fuel poverty, policymakers should target households based not only on their income but also on type of heating fuel, and on efficiency and the size of their accommodation.