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Working paper

Multiband superconductors with degenerate excitation gaps

arxiv.org. cond-mat. Cornell University, 2020. No. 2001.07531.
Cavalcanti P., Saraiva T.T., Aguiar J., Vagov A., Shanenko A.
There is a tacit assumption that multiband superconductors are essentially the same as multigap superconductors. More precisely, it is usually assumed that the number of excitation gaps in the single-particle energy spectrum of a uniform superconductor determines the number of contributing bands in the corresponding superconducting model. Here we demonstrate that contrary to this widely accepted viewpoint, the superconducting magnetic properties are sensitive to the number of contributing bands even when the corresponding excitation gaps are degenerate and cannot be distinguished. In particular, we find that the crossover between superconductivity types I and II - the intertype regime - is strongly affected by difference between characteristic lengths of multiple contributing condensates. The reason for this is that condensates with diverse characteristic lengths coexisting in one system interfere constructively or destructively, which results in multi-condensate magnetic phenomena regardless of the presence/absence of the multigap structure in the singleparticle excitation spectrum.