From financial crisis to revolution: Russia 1899-1905
Collection of articles dedicated to the activities of the outstanding French historian E. Le Roy Ladurie. The various aspects of his multifaceted work: historical anthropology, the history of climate, cliometrics, economic history, history of the peasantry, visual anthropology, etc., and especially the perception of his work by the teaching community of different countries.
The paper analyzes the characteristics of perception of creativity E. Le Roy Ladurie in the USSR and Russia. Pathways of information was the academic medievalists reviews, reviews of professional critics of bourgeois historiography, abstract journals and collections. During the perestroika years the popularity of Le Roy Ladurie has increased significantly, but the introduction to his work was limited by methodological declarations, not research monographs.
In Bankers and Bolsheviks, financial historian Hassan Malik tells a fascinating story of one of the world's most lucrative financial markets at the beginning of the twentieth century and one of the most eventful periods in human history—the late 1890s to 1918 in Imperial Russia.
Nick Srnicek writes a convincing history of the modern digital economy, which has managed to develop numerous myths, hoaxes, and prescientific interpretations. Critical reconstruction of the events that preceded the birth and explosive growth of the digital technologies and products market, on the one hand, avoids their perception and understanding in the self-evident logic of the field (market), and on the other hand, provides an opportunity to perceive the future of digital capitalism. Srnicek is consistently detached from an optimistic view of the economy of the recent past and the near future. However, his argument does not involve discussions between “technopessimists” and “technoptimists,” rather Srnicek analyzes the digital economy and the model of platforms in the logic of a capitalist mode of production and a ruthless competitive race. Its intrinsic logic determines the sequence of economic agents’ actions and the possible image of the future. The crisis dynamics of capitalism of the last decades provide limited space for historical maneuvering and less and less space for political action, so any normative statements mostly lose their power. The analysis focuses on the business model of platforms from the perspective of the historical logic of capitalism aimed at seeking a new source of profitability in the condition of market exhaustion. This condition leads to a redefinition of PO the key categories of perception of the role of technologies in everyday life and in the scale of the economic system in terms of political economy. The reviewer gives a patient exposition of the basic concepts of the book and the theses on which Srnicek’s analysis is based. The text is mainly focused on the reconstruction of the main point of the book but also appeals to an important author for Srnicek, the historian Robert Brenner. The review concludes with a modest critical commentary on the book and a call for a Russian-language discussion of the book, which has already become very influential abroad.
This article investigates features of the subject position of the English monarchs in relation to the merchants of the Antwerp bourse where they borrowed money between 1544 and 1574 when they quitted the foreign borrowing having found it irksome. However, the thirty years that it borrowed the money internationally allow looking at the mechanisms of how the absolutist monarchs dealt with the consolidated merchant community that was formed in Antwerp in the 16th c. and what ideology lay behind the monarchs’ attitude towards this practice. The study is based on the correspondence of the English royal financial agent in the Netherlands, merchant Thomas Gresham (1519?–1579) with the English statesmen. He served Edward VI, Mary Tudor and Elizabeth Tudor. This correspondence helps investigate the understanding of the foreign borrowing on the part of a merchant, as well as on the part of the absolutist monarchs. The analysis shows that whereas the international merchant community functioned on the ground of the reputation concept, according to which a borrower could get credit only if they proved to be a trustworthy partner, be it even a monarch, the English crown tended to deal with foreign creditors in the same way as with its own subjects within the royal prerogative. Gresham tried to teach his masters that it was the reputation that mattered in acquiring access to unlimited credit resources on the foreign market. However, these resources did not seem so appealing to the English crown in the 16th century, so that it preferred to quit rather than play the reputation games.