The Impact of Institutional Quality on Manufacturing Sectors in Russia: Panel Data Analysis
The paper outlines a link between two theoretical perspectives on the prerequisites of high institutional quality and long run growth. One framework is based on the trade-off between disorder and dictatorship and introduces the notion of the institutional possibility frontier (IPF). The idea of IPF implies that social institutions can be situated on the continuum between two extrema of dictatorship and disorder; each point on the continuum has an associated level of social losses. It is implied that the dictatorship-disorder trade-off is more severe in some societies than in others. The other theoretical perspective focuses upon the role of total factor productivity (TFP) as a parameter underlying long run growth (TFP can be represented as a parameter A in the Cobb-Douglas function). It is possible to associate different social groups with different productivity factors in the Cobb-Douglas function and, further, with different institutional preferences on the dictatorship-disorder continuum. As a result, the linkage between TFP and IPF emerges and the effects of TFP can be interpreted in the framework of the IPF theory. The formalization of the linkage between two theoretical perspectives is presented in outline and it is shown that high TFP can mitigate the trade-off between dictatorship and disorder. The second part of the paper contains a tentative empirical analysis of the link between TFP and major institutional characteristics. It is demonstrated that this link is present and has from medium to high strength. An interesting innovation concerns the method of estimating TFP. By and large, the paper sheds some light on the nature of TFP and designates directions for further research on the fundamental conditions for high-quality development.
Abstract for a talk on discoursive functions of the Northern Khanty possessive marker -en [POSS.2SG] and the grammatical properties of human names. This marker highly resembles a definite article. In Northern Khanty human names are grammatically nouns (are of type <e, t>), which is supporte by ethnographical data. For this reason these names necessarily bear this marker.
On the basis of the author's methodological scheme "image of the world - a way of life" and the image of the world of models and lifestyle professional, regional and ethno-cultural features of the way of the world and way of life are described. The scheme for following description are offered/
The article is devoted to the investigation of the problem of identifying the psychological conditions of effective social positioning of the personality. The object of the empirical investigation is the relation “I - beloved Other”, which have the high potential for achieving dialogicality. New theoretical model of dialogic and reflexive representation of the relationship of personality to Other was developed and empirically verified. The empirical study confirmed the hypothesis about the possibility of achievement of dialogic relationship “I –Other’’ on the basis of implementation and reflection of its four “dimensions”.
The article is focused on marking factive complement clauses in Russian (in particular, in constructions with emotional verbs) in unreal contexts. Contexts like these are especially problematic, since non-reality and factivity by nature constitute a logically strange combination. Factivity is associated with real contexts, and the degree of reality is equal for the matrix factive predicate and the complement event. However, as I will show, the two values are combinable. Importantly, the two ways of marking differ semantically, one of them being a default one, and the other one having de dicto special interpretation in most cases. This de dicto reading is facilitated by a sort of ‘agreement’ taking place between several components of the utterance: the participant NPs tend to have a non-specific reading, while the complement clause tends to be marked with subjunctive and has a maximally possible degree of non-reality
The paper studies a problem of optimal insurer’s choice of a risk-sharing policy in a dynamic risk model, so-called Cramer-Lundberg process, over infinite time interval. Additional constraints are imposed on residual risks of insureds: on mean value or with probability one. An optimal control problem of minimizing a functional of the form of variation coefficient is solved. We show that: in the first case the optimum is achieved at stop loss insurance policies, in the second case the optimal insurance is a combination of stop loss and deductible policies. It is proved that the obtained results can be easily applied to problems with other optimization criteria: maximization of long-run utility and minimization of probability of a deviation from mean trajectory.